马太福音23 Matthew

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

23:1 那时,耶稣对众人和门徒讲论,

Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples,

23:2 说,文士和法利赛人,坐在摩西的位上。

Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat:

23:3 凡他们所吩咐你们的,你们都要谨守,遵行。但不要效法他们的行为。因为他们能说不能行。

All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not.

23:4 他们把难担的重担,捆起来搁在人的肩上。但自己一个指头也不肯动。

For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men’s shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.

23:5 他们一切所作的事,都是要叫人看见。所以将佩戴的经文做宽了,衣裳的繸子做长了。

But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,

23:6 喜爱筵席上的首座,会堂里的高位。

And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues,

23:7 又喜爱人在街市上问他安,称呼他拉比。(拉比就是夫子)

And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.

23:8 但你们不要受拉比的称呼。因为只有一位是你们的夫子。你们都是弟兄。

But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren.

23:9 也不要称呼地上的人为父。因为只有一位是你们的父,就是在天上的父。

And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.

23:10 也不要受师尊的称呼。因为只有一位是你们的师尊,就是基督。

Neither be ye called masters: for one is your Master, even Christ.

23:11 你们中间谁为大,谁就要作你们的用人。

But he that is greatest among you shall be your servant.

23:12 凡自高的必降为卑,自卑的必升为高。

And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.

23:13 你们这假冒为善的文士和法利赛人有祸了。因为你们正当人前把天国的门关了。自己不进去,正要进去的人,你们也不容他们进去。(有古卷在此有

But woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for ye neither go in yourselves, neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in.

23:14 你们这假冒为善的文士和法利赛人有祸了,因为你们侵吞寡妇的家产,假意作很长的祷告,你们要受更重的刑罚)

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows’ houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation.

23:15 你们这假冒为善的文士法利赛人有祸了。因为你们走遍洋海陆地,勾引一个人入教。既入了教,却使他作地狱之子,比你们还加倍。

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye compass sea and land to make one proselyte, and when he is made, ye make him twofold more the child of hell than yourselves.

23:16 你们这瞎眼领路的有祸了。你们说,凡指着殿起誓的,这算不得什么。只是凡指着殿中金子起誓的,他就该谨守。

Woe unto you, ye blind guides, which say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor!

23:17 你们这无知瞎眼的人哪,什么是大的,是金子呢,还是叫金子成圣的殿呢。

Ye fools and blind: for whether is greater, the gold, or the temple that sanctifieth the gold?

23:18 你们又说,凡指着坛起誓的,这算不得什么。只是指着坛上礼物起誓的,他就该谨守。

And, Whosoever shall swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever sweareth by the gift that is upon it, he is guilty.

23:19 你们这瞎眼的人哪,什么是大的,是礼物呢,还是叫礼物成圣的坛呢。

Ye fools and blind: for whether is greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifieth the gift?

23:20 所以人指着坛起誓,就是指着坛和坛上一切所有的起誓。

Whoso therefore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, and by all things thereon.

23:21 人指着殿起誓,就是指着殿和住在殿里的起誓。

And whoso shall swear by the temple, sweareth by it, and by him that dwelleth therein.

23:22 人指着天起誓,就是指着神的宝座和那坐在上面的起誓。

And he that shall swear by heaven, sweareth by the throne of God, and by him that sitteth thereon.

23:23 你们这假冒为善的文士和法利赛人有祸了。因为你们将薄荷、茴香、芹菜献上十分之一。那律法上更重的事,就是公义,怜悯,信实,反倒不行了。这更重的是你们当行的;那也是不可不行的。

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone.

23:24 你们这瞎眼领路的,蠓虫你们就滤出来,骆驼你们倒吞下去。

Ye blind guides, which strain at a gnat, and swallow a camel.

23:25 你们这假冒为善的文士和法利赛人有祸了。因为你们洗净杯盘的外面,里面却盛满了勒索和放荡。

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and excess.

23:26 你这瞎眼的法利赛人,先洗净杯盘的里面,好叫外面也乾净了。

Thou blind Pharisee, cleanse first that which is within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean also.

23:27 你们这假冒为善的文士和法利赛人有祸了。因为你们好像粉饰的坟墓,外面好看,里面却装满了死人的骨头,和一切的污秽。

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are like unto whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of dead men’s bones, and of all uncleanness.

23:28 你们也是如此,在人前,外面显出公义来,里面却装满了假善和不法的事。

Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within ye are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.

23:29 你们这假冒为善的文士和法利赛人有祸了。因为你们建造先知的坟,修饰义人的墓,说,

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous,

23:30 若是我们在我们祖宗的时候,必不和他们同流先知的血。

And say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.

23:31 这就是你们自己证明,是杀害先知者的子孙了。

Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets.

23:32 你们去充满你们祖宗的恶贯吧。

Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.

23:33 你们这些蛇类,毒蛇之种阿,怎能逃脱地狱的刑罚呢。

Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?

23:34 所以我差谴先知和智慧人并文士,到你们这里来。有的你们要杀害,要钉十字架。有的你们要在会堂里鞭打,从这城追逼到那城。

Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city:

23:35 叫世上所流义人的血,都归到你们身上。从义人亚伯拉罕的血起,直到你们在殿和坛中间所杀的巴拉加的儿子撒迦利亚的血为止。

That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar.

23:36 我实在告诉你们,这一切的罪,都要归到这世代了。

Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon this generation.

23:37 耶路撒冷阿,耶路撒冷阿,你常杀害先知,又用石头打死那奉差遣到你这里来的人。我多次愿意聚集你的儿女,好像母鸡把小鸡聚集在翅膀底下,只是你们不愿意。

O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!

23:38 看哪,你们的家成为荒场,留给你们。

Behold, your house is left unto you desolate.

23:39 我告诉你们,从今以后,你们不得再见我,直等到你们说,奉主名来的,是应当称颂的。

For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.


23:2-3 法利赛人把自己的传统、对律法的解释和应用看成与律法本身同样重要。这些规条并非全都不好,有些还很有价值,但问题是:(1)宗教领袖把人所定的规条看得如同神的律法同样重要。(2)教导人去遵行这些规条,自己却不遵行。(3)遵从规条却不尊重神,徒有外表。耶稣通常不谴责他们的教训,只斥责他们的虚伪。

23:5 佩戴的经文是指用细小的皮盒装著的经文,虔诚的人为遵守圣经的吩咐(参申6:8;出13:9, 16),将这些盒子戴在额上和手上。但这些佩戴的经文已成了身分地位的象徵,失去了佩戴的原意。

23:5-7 耶稣再次揭露了宗教领袖的虚伪心态:他们认识圣经却没有实践出来;不关注“成为圣洁”,只关心是否被“看为圣洁”,使别人羡慕和欣赏自己。今天,许多人像法利赛人一样,认识圣经,却没有让真理改变他们的生命;说跟随耶稣,却没有按著他的爱的标准来生活,这样就是假冒为善的生活。我们必须确定自己所行的要与所信的相符。

23:5-7 人不单希望在事业上领导别人,同样也希望在教会中作领袖,喜爱地位的高升过于对神的效忠是十分危险的!法利赛人和文士就是我们的鉴戒了。耶稣并不是反对所有的领导权,我们也需要基督徒领袖,他谴责的是服事自己而不是服事人的领导。

23:11-12 耶稣向社会的观念挑战,对他而言,伟大是由服事而来的──献出你的力量来服事神和他人。服事使我们保持对别人需要的敏感,亦停止我们专顾自己的心态,耶稣以奴仆的身分来到世上,你要寻求甚么形式的伟大呢?

23:13-14 当时作宗教领袖,与今天在世俗的社会中作牧师有很大分别。以色列的历史、文化和生活起居都是围绕著与神的关系,宗教领袖是所有领袖中最有名望、最有能力、最受尊敬的。耶稣对他们作出这些尖锐的控告,因为他们渴求更多权力、金钱、地位,令他们看不见神,也影响到整个民族看不见神。

23:15 法利赛人被规条而不是被神所吸引。他们被附加于律法规条的繁琐细则所辖制,以致完全失去了律法所指的神。行善的宗教给人很大的压力,要在所知所行的事上超越别人,因此伪善的教师往往会有更伪善的学生。我们必须小心,不要牺牲内心的更新而强调外表的顺服,制造出“法利赛人”来。

23:23-24 我们遵从了律法的细则,却仍然有可能在一般的行为上违背神,例如我们忠心地把十分之一的金钱献给神,却拒绝付出时间帮助别人。十一奉献是重要的,但这并不表示我们可以豁免遵从神其他的指示。

23:24 根据律法蠓虫是不洁的昆虫,法利赛人过滤饮用的水,避免吞下蠓虫。他们这样仔细地注意洁净礼仪的细则,却失去了对真正洁净的透视力;有外表礼仪上的洁净,内心却败坏了。

23:25-28 耶稣斥责法利赛人和宗教领袖只有外表上的圣洁,内心仍然充满了败坏和贪婪。我们的宗教生活若只做给别人看,就好像只洗净外面的杯一样,徒有其表。如果我们里面是乾净的,那清洁的外表就不虚假了。

23:34-36 这些先知、智慧人和文士可能是指耶稣所预言那些被逼迫、蹂□和杀害的初期教会领袖。当时的人口口声声说不会像他们的祖先那样,杀害神所差来的先知(23:30),心里却想著杀害弥赛亚及他忠心的跟从者。所以,历代流义人血的罪都归到他们身上。

23:35 亚伯是第一个殉道者(参创4章),撒迦利亚则是希伯来圣经记载的最后一位殉道者(参代下24:20-21),是属神的人被自称为神的子民所杀害的典型例子。

23:37 耶稣希望招聚属他的人在一起,正如母鸡用翅膀覆庇小鸡一样,但人却不肯让耶稣这样做。只要我们来到他那里,他就会保护我们。许多时候我们受伤害,但拒绝基督的帮助,认为他不能把我们所需的给我们,但有谁会比我们的创造主更知道我们的需要呢?那些转向耶稣的人将发现他的帮助和安慰是无人能及的。

23:37 耶路撒冷是神选民的首都,是以色列伟大君王大卫的京城、神在地上的居所,本应是敬拜真神的中心、全人类公义的象徵,但耶路撒冷变得看不见神,对人的需要麻木不仁。这里,我们看到耶稣对失落了的子民及他所爱又将快毁灭的圣城的伤痛。

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