马可福音2 Mark

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

2:1 过了些日子,耶稣又进了迦百农。人听见他在房子里,

And again he entered into Capernaum after some days; and it was noised that he was in the house.

2:2 就有许多人聚集,甚至连进门前都没有空地,耶稣就对他们讲道。

And straightway many were gathered together, insomuch that there was no room to receive them, no, not so much as about the door: and he preached the word unto them.

2:3 有人带着一个瘫子来见耶稣,是用四个人抬来的。

And they come unto him, bringing one sick of the palsy, which was borne of four.

2:4 因为人多,不得进前,就把耶稣所在的房子,拆了房顶,既拆通了,就把瘫子连所躺卧的褥子都缒下来。

And when they could not come nigh unto him for the press, they uncovered the roof where he was: and when they had broken it up, they let down the bed wherein the sick of the palsy lay.

2:5 耶稣见他们的信心,就对瘫子说,小子,你的罪赦了。

When Jesus saw their faith, he said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven thee.

2:6 有几个文士坐在那里,心里议论说,

But there were certain of the scribes sitting there, and reasoning in their hearts,

2:7 这个人为什么这样说呢。他说僭妄的话了。除了神以外,谁能赦罪呢。

Why doth this man thus speak blasphemies? who can forgive sins but God only?

2:8 耶稣心中知道他们的心里这样议论,就说,你们心里为什么这样议论呢。

And immediately when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, Why reason ye these things in your hearts?

2:9 或对瘫子说,你的罪赦了,或说,起来拿你的褥子行走,那一样容易呢。

Whether is it easier to say to the sick of the palsy, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise, and take up thy bed, and walk?

2:10 但要叫你们知道人子在地上有赦罪的权柄,就对瘫子说,

But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (he saith to the sick of the palsy,)

2:11 我吩咐你起来,拿你的褥子回家去吧。

I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy bed, and go thy way into thine house.

2:12 那人就起来,立刻拿着褥子,当众人面前出去了。以致众人都惊奇,归荣耀与神说,我们从来没有见过这样的事。

And immediately he arose, took up the bed, and went forth before them all; insomuch that they were all amazed, and glorified God, saying, We never saw it on this fashion.

2:13 耶稣又出到海边去,众人都就了他来,他便教训他们。

And he went forth again by the sea side; and all the multitude resorted unto him, and he taught them.

2:14 耶稣经过的时候,看见亚勒腓的儿子利未,坐在税关上,就对他说,你跟从我来。他就起来跟从了耶稣。

And as he passed by, he saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting at the receipt of custom, and said unto him, Follow me. And he arose and followed him.

2:15 耶稣在利未家里坐席的时候,有好些税吏和罪人,与耶稣并门徒一同坐席。因为这样的人多,他们也跟随耶稣。

And it came to pass, that, as Jesus sat at meat in his house, many publicans and sinners sat also together with Jesus and his disciples: for there were many, and they followed him.

2:16 法利赛人中的文士,(有古卷作文士和法利赛人)看见耶稣和罪人并税吏一同吃饭,就对他的门徒说,他和税吏并罪人一同吃喝吗。

And when the scribes and Pharisees saw him eat with publicans and sinners, they said unto his disciples, How is it that he eateth and drinketh with publicans and sinners?

2:17 耶稣听见,就对他们说,健康的人用不着医生,有病的人才用得着。我来本不是召义人,乃是召罪人。

When Jesus heard it, he saith unto them, They that are whole have no need of the physician, but they that are sick: I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.

2:18 当下,约翰的门徒和法利赛人禁食。他们来问耶稣说,约翰的门徒和法利赛人的门徒禁食,你的门徒倒不禁食,这是为什么呢。

And the disciples of John and of the Pharisees used to fast: and they come and say unto him, Why do the disciples of John and of the Pharisees fast, but thy disciples fast not?

2:19 耶稣对他们说,新郎和陪伴之人同在的时候,倍伴之人岂能禁食呢。新郎还同在,他们不能禁食。

And Jesus said unto them, Can the children of the bridechamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them? as long as they have the bridegroom with them, they cannot fast.

2:20 但日子将到,新郎要离开他们,那日他们就要禁食。

But the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then shall they fast in those days.

2:21 没有人把新布缝在旧衣服上。恐怕所补上的新布,带坏了旧衣服,破的就更大了。

No man also seweth a piece of new cloth on an old garment: else the new piece that filled it up taketh away from the old, and the rent is made worse.

2:22 也每有人把新酒装在旧皮带里。恐怕把皮袋裂开,酒和皮袋就都坏了。惟把新酒装在新皮袋里。

And no man putteth new wine into old bottles: else the new wine doth burst the bottles, and the wine is spilled, and the bottles will be marred: but new wine must be put into new bottles.

2:23 耶稣当安息日,从麦地经过。他的门徒行路的时候,掐了麦穗。

And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn.

2:24 法利赛人对耶稣说,看哪,他们在安息日为什么作不可作的事呢。

And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?

2:25 耶稣对他们说,经上记着大卫和跟从他的人,缺乏肌饿之时所作的事,你们没有念过吗。

And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him?

2:26 他当亚比亚他作大祭司的时候,怎样进了神的殿,吃了陈设饼,又给跟从他的人吃。这饼除了祭司以外,人都不可吃。

How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him?

2:27 又对他们说,安息日是为人设立的,人不是为安息日设立的。

And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath:

2:28 所以人子也是安息日的主

Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

马可福音2参考

我曾为谁感动过?感动以外还有甚么?
2:3 这个瘫子的需要感动了他的朋友,使他们有所行动,带他到耶稣那里去。当你知道别人的需要后,你会作出行动吗?许多人都有身体上和属灵上的需要,一些是你一个人就能去解决的,一些则需要其他人一同帮忙。瘫子的需要使这四个人作出行动,让别人的需要也叫你作出怜悯的行动吧。

打开屋顶,把瘫子放下去,不太可能吧?
2:4 当时的房子是用石头建造的,房顶是平的,用泥混合草建成,屋外有楼梯通到房顶。这几位朋友可能是把瘫子从屋外的楼梯运上房顶,然后轻易地拆开房顶,把瘫子缒到耶稣那里去。

犹太人对耶稣的认识不正确,错失了在耶稣里的丰盛;我又如何?
2:5-7 犹太领袖认为,声称自己做到只有神才可以做的事就是亵渎神,根据律法,这是死罪(参利24:15-16)。
  耶稣宣称自己有神的赦罪权柄,宗教领袖没有误解他的话,却下了错误的判断。耶稣没有亵渎神,他所说的是事实。耶稣是神,他藉著治好这个瘫子,证实自己的宣告是真的(2:9-12)。

为甚么人需要耶稣?
2:10 这是马可福音第一次记载耶稣自称为“人子”。“人子”这个称号强调了耶稣完全是人;“神的儿子”(参约20:31)则强调了耶稣完全是神。他是神,有赦罪的权柄;他是人,能体会我们最深处的需要和痛苦,帮助我们胜过罪恶(参8:29-31注释)。

神从一个人人都讨厌的行业,提拔他的用人,这可会改变你对厌恶的定义?
2:14 当时的税吏负责向指定地区的居民和商旅徵收税款。税吏本可以从徵收的税款中抽取佣金,但他们大多滥收税金以肥己。他们非但诈取金钱,充当罗马政府的走狗,甚至用部分税金支持异教,因此犹太人恨他们。
  利未是使徒马太的别名,他写了马太福音。他是犹太人,曾受罗马政府委任作税吏。(参太9章人物介绍)

我信了主多久才向人作见证?
2:14-15 利未遇见耶稣当日就在家里举行宴会,把耶稣介绍给朋友。他没有浪费一分一秒,立刻作见证。有些人认为初信者要等受过训练、属命成熟后才可向别人介绍耶稣。其实,初信者也可以像利未一样运用已有的知识、技巧和经验,马上跟熟悉的人分享信仰。

我最讨厌的是甚么人?我怎样看待这些人?
2:16-17 自义的法利赛人看见耶稣与罪人一起吃饭就摆出义愤填胸的样子。耶稣乐意跟罪人交往,他爱他们,知道他们需要听他讲的话。不论是富是贫、是善是恶,只要是需要或渴望听他的信息的,他都会花时间跟他们在一起。需要基督的人不一定可爱可交心,但我们也得跟他们交朋友。你曾忽略过一些声誉不好的人吗?也许他们就是最需要你的人,要从你感受基督的爱,听他的信息。

现代的青年人也有的在禁食,常是为著减肥,殊不知禁食有更深的用意……
2:18-22 约翰本人有两个目标:领人悔改,预备人迎接基督。他这严肃的信息使他自己和门徒禁食。禁食是谦卑和悔罪的表现,也是静思和警醒的操炼。禁食倒空身体,使身体不被食物填满;悔改倒空生命,使生命不被罪恶充塞。耶稣的门徒不用禁食,因为耶稣跟他们在一起。耶稣没有谴责禁食的人,他自己也禁食了四十天(参太4:2)。然而,他强调禁食要有正确的动机。法利赛人一个星期禁食两次,为要显示给别人看自己是多么的圣洁。耶稣要说明,为了给别人留下深刻印象而禁食,就歪曲了禁食的意义。

神用新郎新娘比喻自己与子民的关系,你用甚么来比喻目前你跟神的关系呢?
2:19 耶稣把自己比作新郎。圣经也常把神的子民比作新娘,把爱他们的神比作新郎(参赛62:5;太25:1-14;启21:2)。

墨守成规的法利赛人不能接受耶稣的新思想,你对新事物又抱甚么态度?
2:21-22 当时,人们用不漏水的羊皮袋子装酒。新酒变陈,便会膨胀,使皮袋拉伸,所以新酒不能倒进已经拉伸的旧皮袋里,否则那又旧又硬的羊皮就会破裂。
  法利赛人就好像旧皮袋一样僵硬,被人为的思想和规矩限制,不能接受耶稣,不能相信他。我们的心灵也可能会像旧皮袋一样变得僵硬,而不能领受基督所赐的新生命。所以,要时刻保持心灵开放,领受耶稣改变人生命的真理。

未割尽的麦穗是留给穷人和旅客的,你有没有给有需要的人留下“麦穗”?
2:23 律法说明农夫收割时,不可以割尽田角和田头,好让旅客和穷人可以拾遗落的麦穗吃(参利19:9-10;申23:25)。在田边掐麦穗吃是当时社会可以接受的行为,不算犯法。走在人家田间的阡陌上也不算是闯入私人重地。

法利赛人只看到律法的外衣,看不见律法的真义。我对属灵规矩的了解是不是也这么肤浅?
2:24 神的律法说明在安息日不可以收割(参出34:21)。这条律法的原意是让农夫不要因贪心在安息日下田工作而忽略了神;同时也让工人可以休息。法利赛人却把耶稣和门徒掐麦穗说成收割。耶稣和门徒显然不是摘来售卖赚取利益,只是找东西吃罢了。法利赛人只看律法字面上的解释,漠视了它的真正意义。

维持制度,合理;体恤人的需要,合情。要二者选其一,我可怎选?怎样可以情理兼备?
2:24 很多法利赛人甘于被人订的条例和传统囚禁,以致看不清楚甚么是善是对。耶稣暗示安息日是行善的日子(3:4)。神设立安息日作为休息和敬拜的日子,不是要我们只顾休息,连举手之劳也不帮助人。不要让你的“安息日”变成纵容自己自私自利的机会。

我有时也会只要求别人遵守规则,而忽略了其背后的……
2:25-28 耶稣用大卫的例子(参撒上21:1-6)来指出法利赛人的指摘是何等的荒谬。神设立安息日是为人而不是他自己的益处。人在安息日休息,不会叫神得到甚么好处,却可使人花时间亲近神,让身体和灵性都能够恢复元气。法利赛人却认为安息日的条例比其意义还重要。大卫和耶稣都明白神律法的真正本义是增进人对神和其他人的爱。我们若不明白律法的本义,就不要把律法强加于别人身上,否则只会作出不适当的判断,伤害别人。

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