马可福音15 Mark

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

15:1 一到早晨,祭司长和长老文士全公会的人大家商议,就把耶稣捆绑解去,交给彼拉多。

And straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate.

15:2 彼拉多问他说,你是犹太人的王吗。耶稣回答说,你说的是。

And Pilate asked him, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answering said unto him, Thou sayest it.

15:3 祭司长告他许多的事。

And the chief priests accused him of many things: but he answered nothing.

15:4 彼拉多又问他说,你看,他们告你这吗多的事,你什么都不回答吗。

And Pilate asked him again, saying, Answerest thou nothing? behold how many things they witness against thee.

15:5 耶稣仍不回答,以致彼拉多觉得希奇。

But Jesus yet answered nothing; so that Pilate marvelled.

15:6 每逢这节期,巡抚照众人所求的,释放一个囚犯给他们。

Now at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired.

15:7 有一个人名叫巴拉巴,和作乱的人一同捆绑。他们作乱的时后,曾杀过人。

And there was one named Barabbas, which lay bound with them that had made insurrection with him, who had committed murder in the insurrection.

15:8 众人上去求巡抚,照常例给他们办。

And the multitude crying aloud began to desire him to do as he had ever done unto them.

15:9 彼拉多说,你们要我释放犹太人的王给你们吗。

But Pilate answered them, saying, Will ye that I release unto you the King of the Jews?

15:10 他原晓得祭司长是因为嫉妒才把耶稣解了来。

For he knew that the chief priests had delivered him for envy.

15:11 只是祭司长挑唆众人,宁可释放巴拉巴给他们。

But the chief priests moved the people, that he should rather release Barabbas unto them.

15:12 彼拉多又说,那吗样你们所称为犹太人的王,我怎吗办他呢。

And Pilate answered and said again unto them, What will ye then that I shall do unto him whom ye call the King of the Jews?

15:13 他们又喊着说,把他钉十字架。

And they cried out again, Crucify him.

15:14 彼拉多说,为什么呢,他作了什么恶事呢。他们便极力的喊着说,把他钉十字架。

Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done? And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him.

15:15 彼拉多要叫众人喜悦,就释放巴拉巴给他们,将耶稣鞭打了,交给人钉十字架。

And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified.

15:16 兵丁把耶稣带进衙门院里。叫齐了全营的兵。

And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium; and they call together the whole band.

15:17 他们给他穿上紫袍,又用荆棘编作冠冕给他戴上。

And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head,

15:18 就厌贺他说,恭喜犹太人的王阿。

And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews!

15:19 又拿一根苇子,打他的头,吐唾沫在他脸上屈膝拜他。

And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him.

15:20 戏弄完了,就给他脱了紫袍,仍穿上他自己的衣服,带他出去,要钉十字架。

And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him.

15:21 有一个古利奈人西门,就是亚历山大和鲁孚的父亲,从乡下来,经过那地方。他们就勉强他同去,好背着耶稣的十字架。

And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross.

15:22 他们带耶稣到了各各他地方,(各各他翻出来,就是髑髅地)

And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull.

15:23 拿没药调和的酒给耶稣,他却不受。

And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not.

15:24 于是将他钉在十字架上,拈阄分他的衣服,看是谁得什么。

And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take.

15:25 他在十字架上,是巳初的时候。

And it was the third hour, and they crucified him.

15:26 在上面有他的罪状,写的是犹太人的王。

And the superscription of his accusation was written over, THE KING OF THE JEWS.

15:27 他们又把两个强盗,和他同钉十字架。一个在右边,一个在左边。(有古卷在此有

And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left.

15:28 这就应了经上的话说,他被列在罪犯之中)

And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors.

15:29 从那里经过的人辱骂他,摇着头说,咳,你这拆毁圣殿,三日又建造起来的。

And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days,

15:30 可以救自己从十字架上下来吧。

Save thyself, and come down from the cross.

15:31 祭司长和文士也是这样戏弄他,彼此说,他就了别人,不能救自己。

Likewise also the chief priests mocking said among themselves with the scribes, He saved others; himself he cannot save.

15:32 以色列的王基督,现在可以从十字架上下来,叫我们看见,就信了。那和他同钉的人也是讥诮他。

Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him.

15:33 从午正到申初遍地都黑暗了。

And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.

15:34 申初的时候,耶稣大声喊着说,以罗伊,以罗伊,拉马撒巴各大尼。翻出来,就是,我的神,我的神,为什么离弃我。

And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?

15:35 旁边站着的人,有的听见就说,看哪,他叫以利亚呢。

And some of them that stood by, when they heard it, said, Behold, he calleth Elias.

15:36 有一个人跑去,把海绒蘸满了醋,绑在苇子上,送给他喝,说,且等着,看以利亚来不来把他取下。

And one ran and filled a spunge full of vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink, saying, Let alone; let us see whether Elias will come to take him down.

15:37 耶稣大声喊叫,气就断了。

And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost.

15:38 殿里的幔子,从上到下裂为两半。

And the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom.

15:39 对面站着的百夫长,看见耶稣这样喊叫断气,(有古卷无喊叫二字)就说,这人真是神的儿子。

And when the centurion, which stood over against him, saw that he so cried out, and gave up the ghost, he said, Truly this man was the Son of God.

15:40 还有些妇女,远远的观看。内中有抹大拉的马利亚,又有小雅各和约西的母亲马利亚,并有撒罗米。

There were also women looking on afar off: among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the less and of Joses, and Salome;

15:41 就是耶稣在加利利的时候,跟随他,服事他的那些人,还有同耶稣上耶路撒冷的好些妇女在那里观看。

(Who also, when he was in Galilee, followed him, and ministered unto him;) and many other women which came up with him unto Jerusalem.

15:42 到了晚上,因为这是豫备日,就是安息日的前一日,

And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath,

15:43 有亚利马太的约瑟前来,他是尊贵的议士,也是等候神国的。他放胆进去见彼拉多,求耶稣的身礼。

Joseph of Arimathaea, an honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus.

15:44 彼拉多诧异耶稣已经死了。便叫百夫长来,问他耶稣死了久不久。

And Pilate marvelled if he were already dead: and calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead.

15:45 既从百夫长得知实情,就把耶稣的尸首赐给约瑟。

And when he knew it of the centurion, he gave the body to Joseph.

15:46 约瑟买了细麻布,把耶稣取下来,用细麻布裹好,安放在磐石凿出来的坟墓里。又辊过一个石头来挡住墓门。

And he bought fine linen, and took him down, and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre which was hewn out of a rock, and rolled a stone unto the door of the sepulchre.

15:47 抹大拉的马利亚,和约西的母亲马利亚。都看见安放他的地方。

And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses beheld where he was laid.

马可福音15参考

犹太人为甚么让外人来管他们的事?
15:1 犹太人把耶稣带到罗马巡抚彼拉多那里,是因为在罗马政府统治下,他们没权判人死刑。犹太领袖知道必须由一个罗马官员来宣判耶稣死罪。

耶稣的罪是……
15:3-4 犹太人要带耶稣到彼拉多面前受审,就要鹝造新的罪状来控告耶稣。指耶稣犯亵渎神的罪,对罗马巡抚来说毫无意义。他们控告耶稣另外三项罪:(1)鼓动百姓不向罗马政府缴税;(2)自称为犹太人的王;(3)诱惑国民,在全国引起骚乱。这几样都是彼拉多所关注的(参路23:2, 5)。

耶稣竟不趁机自辩?
15:5 耶稣不回答彼拉多的问题,是因为他即使回答了也没用,而且舍命拯救世人的时刻已经到了,他没有理由要延长审讯的时间或求脱险。他自信和镇静的表现是最高的典范,是一般犯人模仿不到的。没有任何事情可以阻止耶稣完成他在地上的工作(参赛53:7)。

巴拉巴是个恐布分子吧……
15:7 巴拉巴因参与对抗罗马政府的叛乱而被捕。他虽然杀了人,但在犹太人心中却是个英雄。狂热的犹太人蔑视罗马政府和罗马人的假神,他们恨恶被外邦人统治,更讨厌纳税给他们。罗马官员常要解决犹太人的纷争,因此也讨厌犹太人。这正是造反的成熟时机。

今天我像这些善变的人,还是仍然站在耶稣的一边?
15:8 这群人大概是忠于领袖的犹太人,但门徒和前几天高呼“高高在上和散那”的人(11:10)到哪里去了?同情耶稣的人害怕犹太领袖,都躲藏起来。或许在群众中,有许多当日(今天称为棕榈主日)拿著棕榈树枝参加游行的人,发觉耶稣并非要反抗罗马政府自立为王,便转过来反对他。

彼拉多也看穿宗教领袖的心……
15:10 犹太领袖憎恨彼拉多,来找他,只为要定耶稣死罪,钉他十字架。彼拉多看出他们的阴谋。他知道这群人憎恨自己和罗马政府,他们来与他见面,并无别的原因,只是想处死一个他们所不喜欢的人。

为何一定要耶稣死在十字架上?
15:13 钉十字架是罗马人惩罚造反者的刑法,罗马政府只会钉死奴隶或非罗马公民。把耶稣钉十字架,就表示他是造反者,是奴隶,而不是他所自称的王。这正合犹太领袖的心意,因为他们相信被钉十字架是神的诅咒(参申21:23),这样就能说服百姓,神是咒诅耶稣而不是祝福他。再者,犹太领袖把钉死耶稣的责任推在罗马人身上,群众就不能责怪他们了。

耶稣的死,谁要负责?
15:14-15 其实,每一个人都要对耶稣的死负责:门徒因为惊恐而离弃耶稣,彼得不认他,犹大出卖他;曾经跟从他的群众袖手旁观;彼拉多讨好群众,推卸责任;宗教领袖控告他,促使他受死;罗马官兵折磨他……假如当日你在场,亲眼看见这些事发生,你会有甚么反应呢?

为取悦利己者而牺牲无辜,是政治智慧,是小人所为?
15:15 彼拉多管辖的犹太地区,只是罗马帝国的一个哨站,由于远离罗马,这里只有少量军队驻防。彼拉多最基本的工作是保持管辖区和平。他曾因其管辖区发生几次暴动而被上司警告。虽然他找不出耶稣的罪,也没有理由治死他,但当他听到犹太群众的恐吓,要上告凯撒(参约19:12)时,就犹豫不决了。因为群众若真的向凯撒上告有暴动,彼拉多的地位和前途就不保了。

取悦他人以求自保,是一件很自然的事──不是?
15:15 虽然根据罗马法律,耶稣是无辜的,彼拉多却屈服于政治压力下,放弃正义,尝试猜度犹太领袖的意图,取悦他们以求自保。神对是非曲直立场鲜明,我们若放弃神的立场,根据群众的意愿做决定,就是妥协,目无法纪。神应许要嘉许行为正直的人,而不是取悦所有人的人。

突然跑出另一个西门来?
15:21 在外地居住的犹太人西门,在逾越节期间由北非的古利奈来到耶路撒冷朝圣。这儿提到他的儿子亚历山大和鲁孚,他们可能是初期教会有名的人(参罗16:13)。

拈阄分衣服?
15:24 拈阄类似于掷骰子或抽签。罗马兵丁有权得到被钉十字架的人的衣服。兵丁拈阄分耶稣的衣服,应验了旧约的预言(参诗22:18)。

十字架上的痛苦,你想像得到吗?
15:25 钉十字架是一种可怕和羞耻的死刑,犯人要背著自己的十字架走一段很长的路到刑场,以示警告。十字架有不同的形状,行刑也有不同的方式。耶稣是被钉在十字架上,有的罪犯是被绳绑在十字架上。无论是哪一种方式,犯人的体力都会逐渐消失,身体的重量使呼吸越来越困难,最后窒息而死。

犹太人钉死犹太人的王……
15:26 在十字架上,通常会放一个牌,写著犯人的罪状,以收警告之效。彼拉多找不到耶稣的罪,惟有写耶稣的“罪名”是“犹太人的王”。

耶稣救了我,牺牲了自己,我仍无动于衷,我还是人吗?
15:31 耶稣本来可以救自己,不承受这些痛苦和侮辱,并把嘲笑他的人杀掉,但他爱我们,爱世人甚至仇敌,甘愿忍受这一切苦难与伤痛。当日下午发生的事件中,我们也有分,因为我们的罪也被钉在十字架上。耶稣的死代我们受了犯罪的刑罚,我们惟一可以做的就是认罪,承认耶稣为我们付了本应由我们自己来付的代价。不要无动于衷,再令他伤痛。

通往天国的道路,就是十字架的道路,你可曾想过?
15:32 雅各和约翰曾求耶稣让他们在他荣耀的国度里坐在他两旁,当时耶稣说他们不明白自己究竟求甚么(10:35-39)。现在耶稣要以死来开创他的国度,在他两旁的是被判死刑的罪犯。耶稣曾向那两个权力欲高涨的门徒解释,人要就近他,就要准备受苦舍命,像他所做的一样。通往天国的道路就是十字架的道路,我们想得到天国的荣耀,就必须甘愿与钉十字架的基督联合。

耶稣凄厉的叫喊,闻者悲痛心酸,只因为与神隔绝了,我对与神的关系如此敏感吗?
15:34 耶稣不是因为惊惧或绝望而发出这个问题,而是引用诗篇22篇1节来表达他的痛苦。诗篇22篇预言了弥赛亚为世人的罪受死所忍受的痛苦。耶稣知道承担起全人类的罪的一刻,会暂时与神隔绝。他在客西马尼园祷告时所惧怕的就是这个。虽然肉体的痛苦很可怕,但在灵里与神隔绝更可怕。

耶稣临死最后一句话……
15:37 耶稣这声呼叫,大概就是他最后所说的话:“父啊!我将我的灵魂交在你手里。”(参路23:46)

耶稣断气,殿里的幔子从上而下裂开……
15:38 圣殿的至圣所是神留给自己的地方,前面挂著一幅厚厚的幔幕,象徵满身罪污的人与圣洁的神隔开,只有大祭司在每年的赎罪日可以进入至圣所一次,为百姓的罪献祭求赦免。耶稣死时,幔子裂为两半,表明耶稣为我们的罪受死,替我们打开通往圣洁的神的路。幔子由上而下裂开,表示是神开启这条路(参来9章)。

耶稣在安息日前断气也有意义,你知道吗?
15:42-47 犹太人的安息日由星期五日落开始到星期六日落结束,耶稣刚好在星期五日落前几小时断气。根据犹太律法,人们在安息日不可从事体力劳动或走远路,也不可让死尸留在空旷地方过夜(参申21:23),所以约瑟就在安息日开始之前埋葬耶稣的遗体。若耶稣在安息日死去,约瑟不能在当日安葬耶稣,罗马人便会搬走耶稣的遗体。这样,没有犹太人能确定耶稣的死,反对的人也定会质疑他的复活。

即或有可能名誉尽失,约瑟也要安葬耶稣,我有没有这样的勇敢和信心为主做见证?
15:42-43 耶稣死后,亚利马太人约瑟要求收殓耶稣的遗体,安放在新墓中。他是犹太公会的成员,享有盛名,却是耶稣的秘密信徒。其实不是所有宗教领袖都憎恨耶稣,约瑟冒著名誉被毁的危险,把他所跟随的主安葬了。即使是为了公义,牺牲个人名声也总是一件叫人害怕的事。今天,约瑟流芳教会历史,而当日公会中其他成员却无人记念。当你想到为基督作见证会损害声望时,请回想亚利马太人约瑟。

对耶稣的复活你还怀疑吗?
15:44 彼拉多奇怪耶稣这么快就死去,所以叫一个士兵再查清楚。今天许多人否认耶稣的复活,便硬说他没有真的死去。然而,百夫长、彼拉多、亚利马太人约瑟、宗教领袖和亲眼看到耶稣下葬的妇女,都能够证实耶稣的死。耶稣实在已经死在十字架上了。

耶稣被安葬好了……
15:46 这个墓穴大概是在山间以人手凿成的洞穴,人可走进去。宗教领袖们也看见安葬耶稣的地方,派人守住墓穴,又在石
头上加封条,以防有人偷走耶稣的遗体,说他从死里复活(参太27:62-66)。

我可以为耶稣做甚么,在今天?
15:47-16:1 这些妇女能够做的不多,她们不能在公会上替耶稣辩护,也不能向彼拉多上诉;她们不能抵抗群众,也不能制伏罗马守卫;但她们做了所能做的事。当门徒都四散逃走时,她们留在十字架下,跟随耶稣的遗体到墓穴,又为耶稣的遗体预备香膏。她们把握所有的机会为耶稣做事,神因她们的忠心和努力赐福给她们,让她们最先看到耶稣复活。我们作信徒的,也要充分利用一切有利条件,把握所有机会,为基督做力所能及的事。

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