马可福音10 Mark

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

10:1 耶稣从那里起身,来到犹太的境界,并约旦河外。众人又聚集到他那里,他又照常教训他们。

And he arose from thence, and cometh into the coasts of Judaea by the farther side of Jordan: and the people resort unto him again; and, as he was wont, he taught them again.

10:2 有法利赛人来问他说,人休妻可以不可以,意思要试探他。

And the Pharisees came to him, and asked him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife? tempting him.

10:3 耶稣回答说,摩西吩咐你们的是什么。

And he answered and said unto them, What did Moses command you?

10:4 他们说,摩西许人写了休书便可以休妻。

And they said, Moses suffered to write a bill of divorcement, and to put her away.

10:5 耶稣说,摩西因为你们的心硬,所以写这条例给你们。

And Jesus answered and said unto them, For the hardness of your heart he wrote you this precept.

10:6 但从起初创造的时候,神造人是造男造女。

But from the beginning of the creation God made them male and female.

10:7 因此人要离开父母,与妻子连合,二人成为一体。

For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife;

10:8 既然如此,夫妻不再是两个人,乃是一体的了。

And they twain shall be one flesh: so then they are no more twain, but one flesh.

10:9 所以神配合的,人不可分开。

What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.

10:10 到了屋里,门徒就问他这事。

And in the house his disciples asked him again of the same matter.

10:11 耶稣对他们说,凡休妻另娶的,就是犯奸淫,辜负他的妻子。

And he saith unto them, Whosoever shall put away his wife, and marry another, committeth adultery against her.

10:12 妻子若离弃丈夫另嫁,也是犯奸淫了。

And if a woman shall put away her husband, and be married to another, she committeth adultery.

10:13 有人带着小孩子来见耶稣,要耶稣摸他们,门徒便责备那些人。

And they brought young children to him, that he should touch them: and his disciples rebuked those that brought them.

10:14 耶稣看见就恼怒,对门徒说,让小孩到我这里来,不要禁止他们。因为在神国的,正是这样的人。

But when Jesus saw it, he was much displeased, and said unto them, Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God.

10:15 我实在告诉你们,凡要承受神国的,若不像小孩子,断不能进去。

Verily I say unto you, Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he shall not enter therein.

10:16 于是抱着小孩子,给他们按手,为他们祝福。

And he took them up in his arms, put his hands upon them, and blessed them.

10:17 耶稣出来行路的时候,有一个人跑来,跪在他面前问他说,良善的夫子,我当作什么事,才可以承受永生。

And when he was gone forth into the way, there came one running, and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?

10:18 耶稣对他说,你为什么称我是良善的。除了神一位之外,再没有良善的。

And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God.

10:19 诫命你是晓得的,不可杀人,不可奸淫,不可偷盗,不可作假见证,不可亏负人,当孝敬父母。

Thou knowest the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Defraud not, Honour thy father and mother.

10:20 他对耶稣说,夫子,这一切我从小都遵守了。

And he answered and said unto him, Master, all these have I observed from my youth.

10:21 耶稣看着他,就爱他,对他说,你还缺少一件。去变卖你所有的,分给穷人,就必有财宝在天上。你还要来跟从我。

Then Jesus beholding him loved him, and said unto him, One thing thou lackest: go thy way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, take up the cross, and follow me.

10:22 他听见这话,脸上就变了色,忧忧愁愁的走了。因为他的产业很多。

And he was sad at that saying, and went away grieved: for he had great possessions.

10:23 耶稣周围一看,对门徒说,有钱财的人进神的国是何等的难哪。

And Jesus looked round about, and saith unto his disciples, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!

10:24 门徒希奇他的话。耶稣又对他们说,小子,倚靠钱财的人进神的国,是何等的难哪。

And the disciples were astonished at his words. But Jesus answereth again, and saith unto them, Children, how hard is it for them that trust in riches to enter into the kingdom of God!

10:25 骆驼穿过针的眼,比财主进神的国,还容易呢。

It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.

10:26 门徒就分外希奇,对他说,这样谁能得救呢。

And they were astonished out of measure, saying among themselves, Who then can be saved?

10:27 耶稣看着他们说,在人是不能,在神却不然。因为神凡事都能。

And Jesus looking upon them saith, With men it is impossible, but not with God: for with God all things are possible.

10:28 彼得就对他说,看哪,我们已经撇下所有的跟从你了。

Then Peter began to say unto him, Lo, we have left all, and have followed thee.

10:29 耶稣说,我实在告诉你们,人为我和福音,撇下房屋,或是弟兄,姐妹,父母,儿女,田地。

And Jesus answered and said, Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my sake, and the gospel’s,

10:30 没有不在今世得百倍的,就是房屋,弟兄,姐妹,母亲,儿女,田地,并且要受逼迫。在来世必得永生。

But he shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life.

10:31 然而有许多在前的将要在后,在后的将要在前。

But many that are first shall be last; and the last first.

10:32 他们行路上耶路撒冷去。耶稣在前头走,门徒就希奇,跟从的人也害怕。耶稣又叫过十二个门徒来,把自己将要遭遇的事,告诉他们说,

And they were in the way going up to Jerusalem; and Jesus went before them: and they were amazed; and as they followed, they were afraid. And he took again the twelve, and began to tell them what things should happen unto him,

10:33 看哪,我们上耶路撒冷去,人子将要被交给祭司长和文士,他们要定他死罪,交给外邦人。

Saying, Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be delivered unto the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles:

10:34 他们要戏弄他,吐唾抹在他脸上,鞭打他,杀害他。过了三天,他要复活。

And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him: and the third day he shall rise again.

10:35 西庇太的儿子雅各,约翰进前来,对耶稣说,夫子,我们无论求你什么,愿你给我们作。

And James and John, the sons of Zebedee, come unto him, saying, Master, we would that thou shouldest do for us whatsoever we shall desire.

10:36 耶稣说,要我给你们作什么。

And he said unto them, What would ye that I should do for you?

10:37 他们说,赐我们在你的荣耀里,一个坐在你右边,一个坐在你左边。

They said unto him, Grant unto us that we may sit, one on thy right hand, and the other on thy left hand, in thy glory.

10:38 耶稣说,你们不知道所求的是什么。我所喝的杯。你们能喝吗。我所受的洗,你们能受吗。

But Jesus said unto them, Ye know not what ye ask: can ye drink of the cup that I drink of? and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?

10:39 他们说,我们能。耶稣说,我所喝的杯,你们也要喝。我所受的洗,你们也要受。

And they said unto him, We can. And Jesus said unto them, Ye shall indeed drink of the cup that I drink of; and with the baptism that I am baptized withal shall ye be baptized:

10:40 只是坐在我的左右,不是我可以赐的。乃是为谁豫备的,就赐给谁。

But to sit on my right hand and on my left hand is not mine to give; but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared.

10:41 那十个门徒听见,就恼怒雅各,约翰。

And when the ten heard it, they began to be much displeased with James and John.

10:42 耶稣叫他们来,对他们说,你们知道,外邦人有尊为君王的,治理他们。有大臣操权管束他们。

But Jesus called them to him, and saith unto them, Ye know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority upon them.

10:43 只是在你们中间,不是这样。你们中间,谁愿为大,就必作你们的用人。

But so shall it not be among you: but whosoever will be great among you, shall be your minister:

10:44 在你们中间,谁愿为首,就必作众人的仆人。

And whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all.

10:45 因为人子来,并不是要受人的服事,乃是要服事人,并且要舍命,作多人的赎价。

For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

10:46 到了耶利哥。耶稣同门徒并许多人出耶利哥的时候,有一个讨饭的瞎子,是底买的儿子巴底买,坐在路旁。

And they came to Jericho: and as he went out of Jericho with his disciples and a great number of people, blind Bartimaeus, the son of Timaeus, sat by the highway side begging.

10:47 他听见是拿撒勒的耶稣,就喊着说,大卫的子孙耶稣阿,可怜我吧。

And when he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out, and say, Jesus, thou son of David, have mercy on me.

10:48 有许多人责备他,不许他作声,他却越发大声喊着说,大卫的子孙哪,可怜我吧。

And many charged him that he should hold his peace: but he cried the more a great deal, Thou son of David, have mercy on me.

10:49 耶稣就站住,说,叫他过来。他们就叫那瞎子,对他说,放心,起来,他叫你喇。

And Jesus stood still, and commanded him to be called. And they call the blind man, saying unto him, Be of good comfort, rise; he calleth thee.

10:50 瞎子就丢下衣服,跳起来,走到耶稣那里。

And he, casting away his garment, rose, and came to Jesus.

10:51 耶稣说,要我为你作什么。瞎子说,拉波尼,我要能看见。(拉波尼就是夫子)

And Jesus answered and said unto him, What wilt thou that I should do unto thee? The blind man said unto him, Lord, that I might receive my sight.

10:52 耶稣说,你去吧。你的信救了你了。瞎子立刻看见了,就在路上跟随耶稣。

And Jesus said unto him, Go thy way; thy faith hath made thee whole. And immediately he received his sight, and followed Jesus in the way.

马可福音10参考

我有时也会为了辩论而辩论,但耶稣却是与众不同的……
10:2 法利赛人企图用这个问题来引耶稣跌入设定的圈套里:如果耶稣说可以,就是支持他们的观点。如果他说不可以,群众中一些曾藉律法取巧、为著私利休了妻的人就会反对他;更严重的是会惹起希律的愤怒,施洗约翰就是因为反对希律休妻和斥责他通奸(6:17-28)而招杀身之祸的。法利赛人正希望藉此机会铲除耶稣。
  法利赛人视休妻为法律上的问题,而非属灵上的事情。耶稣抓著他们的试探,乘机重申神订立婚姻的目的,并揭露法利赛人自私的动机。他们并不思考神对婚姻的期望,只满足于为方便而结婚。另外,他们这样断章取义地引用摩西的话并不公正。耶稣指出这些律法专家的知识其实肤浅得很。

人常说:不到最后一步,不要离婚。但离婚真是可行的最后一步吗?
10:5-9 神容许离婚,是对人类罪恶的容忍。神不赞成离婚,却订立离婚的做法,其实是为了在恶劣的情况下,保障受害的一方。可惜法利赛人以此作为离婚的藉口(参申24:1)。耶稣解释这并不是神的心意,相反,神希望人视婚姻为永久的盟约。不要在婚姻中想著离婚,从开始就决心永远向对方委身,婚姻才会美满。不要像法利赛人那样冷酷,倒要靠著神的帮助,定下心志,永远与配偶在一起。

神设立的理想婚姻是……你期待过吗?
10:6-9 当时,妇女只是男人的资产,结婚离婚就是如土地买卖般的交易。耶稣指责这种态度,申明神设立婚姻的原意是要二人成为一体(参创2:24)。他指明神对婚姻的期望,让门徒朝著这个理想努力。

耶稣让需要他的人接近他,今天在我身边的多是甚么人?
10:13-16 有些人经常批评耶稣花太多时间跟不适当的人,如小孩子、罪人(参太9:11)、税吏(参路15:1-2;19:7)在一起。有些门徒也认为耶稣应该多跟重要的领导人和虔诚的宗教人士一起,这样才能够提高他的地位,避免批评。不过,耶稣是神,用不著刻意提高地位。他要跟最需要他的人说话。

信仰其实可以很简单……
10:14 成年人不像小孩子那样容易信任别人。小孩子只需要关心他的人亲切地看看他,温柔地摸摸他,就会有安全感,不需要在道理上明白一切。他们信任我们,就会相信我们。耶稣说人都要以小孩子那样单纯的信心来相信他。我们毋须明白宇宙一切的奥秘,只要知道神爱我们、赦免我们的罪便够了。这不是说我们应该幼稚、不成熟,而是我们应该像小孩子一样单纯地接受神。

我已把一切交给耶稣了。我已把一切都交给耶稣了?
10:17-23 这个年轻人想确实知道自己可以得到永生,所以问耶稣他要做些甚么。他说自己从未犯过耶稣所提的任何一条律法(10:19),也许他甚至遵守了法利赛人自定的规条。耶稣充满慈爱地向他提出一个要求──变卖所有的,分给穷人。这个要求击破了这个年轻人的骄傲心态,披露了他的真正动机,也揭示了他不能进入天国的原因──贪爱钱财,金钱显示了他对自己的成就和努力的自豪感。最讽刺的是,他自认为守了诫命,但是,他这种态度已触犯了第一条诫命──除了神以外,人不可有别的神(参出20:3)。他不能符合耶稣提出的惟一要求──全心全意地归向神。这个人来到耶稣那里要看看自己可以做甚么;离开时,他就知道自己做不到甚么。有甚么障碍使你不能够把生命交给基督呢?

耶稣这个反问教人有点招架不住……
10:18 其实,耶稣在问:“你真的知道你跟谁说话吗?”只有神是良善的,无论这人明白与否,他称呼耶稣为“良善的”,就等于称他为“神”了。

变卖所有?真的要?
10:21 虽然耶稣希望这个人变卖所有,把钱分给穷人,但并不是说每一个信徒都要把自己所有的一切卖掉。大部分跟随耶稣的人都以自己所拥有的去服事别人,但不都是把所有的卖掉。这个故事其实是要告诉我们:不要让任何我们所拥有或想拥有的东西阻碍我们去跟随耶稣。我们必须除去一切障碍,全心全意地去事奉耶稣。如果耶稣向你提出要求,你是否能放弃你的房子、汽车、优越的生活、晋升机会?你的反应会显出你对钱财的态度,显出钱财究竟是你的仆人,还是你的主人。

“耶稣看著他,就爱他”,爱就是……
10:21 耶稣知道这个人不会跟从他,但仍然向他表达真挚的爱。爱让我们严厉地劝告别人,不避讳,不隐瞒真理。基督爱我们到一个地步,坦率地对我们说话,为我们死。假如他表面上爱我们,就会放纵我们做任何事。然而,他完全地爱我们,则要求我们改变。

有钱人进神国难,难在……
10:23 耶稣说有钱人很难进天国,因为他们能满足自己肉体上的各种需要,往往便会倚靠自己。心灵感到空虚的时刻本来是到神面前的好机会,但有钱人可以藉购物而不是藉神来填补空虚,他们的富足反成为他们的缺乏。在世上拥有巨大财富的人仍会缺乏最重要的东西──永生。

有人说,信心越大,财富越多,你说呢?
10:26 门徒感到诧异,难道财富不是神赐的福,不是行善的赏赐吗?今天仍然有许多人抱有这个错误的观念。虽然许多信徒享受到丰裕的物质生活,但也有很多信徒生活艰苦。财富并不是信心的标志,也不代表神偏待人。

我可以像彼得豪迈地对耶稣说“我已撇下所有跟从你”吗?
10:29-30 耶稣向门徒保证,任何人若为他舍弃珍宝,虽然不一定得回同样的东西,却可在今生得到百倍的报偿。例如因接受基督而遭家人拒绝的人,可得到一个更大的信徒家庭。不过,由于世人憎恨神,信徒得到报偿的同时,也会受到逼迫。耶稣强调逼迫是要提醒我们,不要因为自私的原因或只想得到回报而跟随他。

在后的将要在前?但今天的世界明说成功的永在前。耶稣此话何解?
10:31 在将来的世界里,今世的价值观都将要颠倒过来。今生追求名誉地位的,在天国里将会一无所有;今生谦卑度日的,在天国里将会受到尊崇。当今社会的腐败促使价值观变得混乱,如何成为重要人物、如何令自己快乐的声音从四面八方来冲击我们,耶稣要我们服事别人的教导又似乎不合时宜。但谦卑服事人的,最有资格在神国里为大。

面对死亡,谁──不怕?
10:32 耶稣刚刚跟门徒谈过面对逼迫的事情。门徒想到在耶路撒冷会有逼迫等待他们,就十分震惊。

虽然耶稣讲得仔细,但门徒不尽明白,我听道又明白多少呢?
10:33-34 门徒对耶稣将来的死和复活的事不应该感到震惊。这儿,耶稣清楚地向他们说明将会发生在他身上的事,可惜他们没有听清楚他的话:耶稣说他是弥赛亚,他们却以为弥赛亚是一位好战的王;他讲到复活,他们却只听见他的死。因为耶稣常常讲比喻,门徒或许以为他说及死和复活的话,是一个他们听不明白的比喻,因为他们不够聪明。福音书记载了耶稣对自己的死和复活的预言,表明这些事都是神在起初已定下的计划,并不是偶然发生的。

“求主帮助……求你……”你常常向他求甚么?
10:35-36 马可记载是约翰和雅各向耶稣提出请求,马太则记载是他们的母亲来提出请求。这两段记述并没有冲突,母亲与儿子一致要求基督,在他的国里给他们尊贵的位分。

要先求他的国和他的义,有时候我也不太明白……
10:37 门徒跟当日许多犹太人一样,对旧约先知所预言的弥赛亚国度抱有错误的观念。他们以为耶稣会在地上建立一个王国,把以色列从罗马的压迫中解放出来。雅各和约翰想在其中得到尊贵的位置。不过,耶稣的国度并不属于这个世界,他国度的中心也不在皇宫和宝座,而在信徒的心里和生命中。门徒直等到耶稣复活了才明白这一点。

为主受苦,易讲不易做,我真的甘愿受苦吗?
10:38-39 雅各和约翰表示愿意为耶稣面对任何磨难,他们的确为主受了苦:在十二使徒中雅各最先为主殉道(参徒12:2),约翰被放逐(参启1:9)。我们很轻易就说要为基督忍受任何苦楚,但往往因为极微小的困难而埋怨。我们若愿意为基督的缘故赴汤蹈火,也必须愿意为服事别人而受苦。

常常我都是很用心祷告,为何他却没有答应……
10:38-40 耶稣没有嘲笑雅各和约翰,却拒绝他们的要求。我们可向神求任何东西,不过神要给我们最好的,而不单是我们想要的东西。所以为我们著想,他会拒绝我们某些请求。

个人的成就,就是人的价值的指标?你是这样想吗?
10:42-45 雅各和约翰想得到神国度中最尊贵的位分,但耶稣告诉他们,只有服事人的人才是至尊至大的(参彼前5:1-4)。
  大部分的公司、团体、机构都以个人成就的高低来衡量人的价值;然而,在基督的国度里,服事人才是成功之路。想要飞黄腾达的欲望只是我们的□脚石,没有任何帮助。要满足个人的需要,倒不如找方法满足别人的需要。

耶稣用自己把我从罪中赎回来?让我细想……
10:45 耶稣揭示了他工作的目的,更显示了人得救的基础。赎价指释放奴隶所需的金钱。我们没有能力赎自己,耶稣就替我们付这赎价(参彼前1:18-19)。耶稣受死,把人从罪的奴役中释放出来。门徒以为耶稣会拯救他们脱离罗马政府的辖制;耶稣却说因为罪的奴役比罗马政府的奴役更甚,他要藉死亡来拯救他们脱离罪恶,

耶利哥是甚么地方?
10:46 耶利哥是一个著名的旅游胜地。希律王在犹太旷野距离约旦河不远的地方重建这城。耶稣正在上耶路撒冷途中(10:32),经过比利亚后,很自然就进入耶利哥了。

街上的乞丐问你要钱,你通常有甚么反应?耶稣亲近他们……
10:46-52 当时大部分的工作都是体力劳动,这对残障人士极之不利。即使神的律法命令百姓要照顾有需要的人(参利25:35-38),但残障人士一般都被迫行乞,所以很多市镇都有乞丐。当时的人认为瞎眼是因犯罪而被神咒诅(参约9:2),但是耶稣医治瞎眼的人,驳倒了这个观念。

瞎子的呼求,也是你的呼求?
10:47 人们都知道弥赛亚是大卫的后代(参赛9:7),所以往往称弥赛亚为大卫的子孙。巴底买称耶稣为大卫的子孙,表示他承认耶稣是弥赛亚。他的信心使他得痊愈。

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