路得记4 Ruth

章:1 2 3 4

4:1 波阿斯到了城门,坐在那里,恰巧波阿斯所说的那至近的亲属经过。波阿斯说,某人哪,你来坐在这里。他就来坐下。

Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! turn aside, sit down here. And he turned aside, and sat down.

4:2 波阿斯又从本城的长老中拣选了十人,对他们说,请你们坐在这里。他们就都坐下。

And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down.

4:3 波阿斯对那至近的亲属说,从摩押地回来的拿俄米,现在要卖我们族兄以利米勒的那块地。

And he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the country of Moab, selleth a parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelech’s:

4:4 我想当赎那块地的是你,其次是我,以外再没有别人了。你可以在这里的人面前,和我本国的长老面前说明,你若肯赎就赎,若不肯赎就告诉我。那人回答说,我肯赎。

And I thought to advertise thee, saying, Buy it before the inhabitants, and before the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem it: but if thou wilt not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know: for there is none to redeem it beside thee; and I am after thee. And he said, I will redeem it.

4:5 波阿斯说,你从拿俄米手中买这地的时候,也当娶(原文作买十节同)死人的妻摩押女子路得,使死人在产业上存留他的名。

Then said Boaz, What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi, thou must buy it also of Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance.

4:6 那人说,这样我就不能赎了,恐怕于我的产业有碍。你可以赎我所当赎的,我不能赎了。

And the kinsman said, I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I mar mine own inheritance: redeem thou my right to thyself; for I cannot redeem it.

4:7 从前,在以色列中要定夺什么事,或赎回,或交易,这人就脱鞋给那人。以色列人都以此为证据。

Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things; a man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbour: and this was a testimony in Israel.

4:8 那人对波阿斯说,你自己买吧。于是将鞋脱下来了。

Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew off his shoe.

4:9 波阿斯对长老和众民说,你们今日作见证,凡属以利米勒和基连,玛伦的,我都从拿俄米手中置买了。

And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech’s, and all that was Chilion’s and Mahlon’s, of the hand of Naomi.

4:10 又娶了玛伦的妻摩押女子路得为妻,好在死人的产业上存留他的名,免得他的名在本族本乡灭没。你们今日可以作见证。

Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place: ye are witnesses this day.

4:11 在城门坐着的众民和长老都说,我们作见证。愿耶和华使进你家的这女子,像建立以色列家的拉结,利亚二人一样。又愿你在以法他得亨通,在伯利恒得名声。

And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses. The LORD make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem:

4:12 愿耶和华从这少年女子赐你后裔,使你的家像他玛,从犹大所生法勒斯的家一般。

And let thy house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar bare unto Judah, of the seed which the LORD shall give thee of this young woman.

4:13 于是,波阿斯娶了路得为妻,与她同房。耶和华使她怀孕生了一个儿子。

So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, the LORD gave her conception, and she bare a son.

4:14 妇人们对拿俄米说,耶和华是应当称颂的。因为今日没有撇下你使你无至近的亲属。愿这孩子在以色列中得名声。

And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel.

4:15 他必提起你的精神,奉养你的老,因为是爱慕你的那儿妇所生的。有这儿妇比有七个儿子还好。

And he shall be unto thee a restorer of thy life, and a nourisher of thine old age: for thy daughter in law, which loveth thee, which is better to thee than seven sons, hath born him.

4:16 拿俄米就把孩子抱在怀中,作他的养母。

And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it.

4:17 邻舍的妇人说,拿俄米得孩子了。就给孩子起名叫俄备得。这俄备得是耶西的父,耶西是大卫的父。

And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David.

4:18 法勒斯的后代,记在下面。勒斯生希斯仑。

Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron,

4:19 希斯仑生兰,兰生亚米拿达。

And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab,

4:20 亚米拿达生拿顺,拿顺生撒门。

And Amminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat Salmon,

4:21 撒门生波阿斯,波阿斯生俄备得。

And Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed,

4:22 俄备得生耶西,耶西生大卫。

And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David.

路得记4参考

要找人竟是坐在城门口?这波阿斯也真是……
4:1 波阿斯知道他能在城门口找到他的亲属。因为该处是城中的活动中心。任何出入城的人都得经过这个门。在城门附近商人设立他们的临时商店,这里具有“市政厅”的职能。市民们聚集在一起处理各项事务。由于如此频繁的活动在这里进行,所以也成为波阿斯寻找见证人和处理这事的最合适之处。

波阿斯提出条件也颇合理,那所谓至亲究竟怕甚么而不答应?
4:3 波阿斯机智地向亲属们陈述了有关事项。首先,他引出了尚未提到的新情况:拿俄米的丈夫以利米勒遗留的一些财产,现在要出售。那位至近亲属有优先权买这些土地(参利25:25),而且他也有意买下。但波阿斯接著说,根据律法,如果那位近亲买这分遗产(也可能是以利米勒的儿子、路得的前夫玛伦的遗产),就必须娶寡妇路得为妻。鉴于这项规定,那位至近亲属退缩了,因为他不想使自己的财产陷入混乱,也可能他害怕如果与路得有了儿子,他自己的财产将会有一部分流到以利米勒的家。不管怎样,波阿斯将娶路得为妻已成必然。

在别人眼中的路得是──在别人眼中的我是──
4:15 路得对婆婆的仁爱,在伯利恒是有口皆碑的,她对其他人的友善贯穿于路得记的始终。

到最后,拿俄米何其幸福!我想想其中原因,啊,是因为……
4:15 在拿俄米的悲剧经历中,神极大地赐福给她,赐与她的这个儿媳妇甚至比有“七个儿子”还好。拿俄米恒心信奉神,神也不断地大大赐福给她。即使在悲哀和灾难之际,神总能大大赐福给我们。我们要像拿俄米一样,面临不幸时,也决不离弃神。不要埋怨神为甚么会允许灾难降临,只须坚信在任何艰难的时刻,神总是与你同在。

看完了,你看到的──是一个美丽的爱情故事?一段动人的婆媳关系?还是还有其他?
4:16-17 对于某些人来说,路得记也许只是一段发生在一个幸运女子身上的美好故事。但事实上,它所记载的是神计划的一部分──大卫和他所应许的弥赛亚耶稣的诞生。就像路得不明白在她的生命中有如此宏伟的蓝图一样,我们现在也同样不知道自己整个人生历程的目的和意义,这只有在我们将来获得永生生命而回首往事时才有可能领悟。我们必须就神所应许的永恒价值而作出选择。走精神上的捷径和追求短暂的消遣,并不是进取的好方法。由于路得虔诚地敬畏神,尽管她自己没能看见所有的结果,她的生命和遗产却是意味深长的。生活在对神的信奉之中,就知道你生活的意义不只局限于你的有生之年,神的恩赐将会远远超过你所付出的。

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