路加福音22 Luke

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

22:1 除酵节,又名逾越节,近了。

Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.

22:2 祭司长和文士,想法子怎吗才能杀害耶稣,是因为他们惧怕百姓。

And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people.

22:3 这时,撒但入了那称为加略人犹大的心,他本是十二门徒里的一个,

Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve.

22:4 他去和祭司长并守殿官商量,怎吗可以把耶稣交给他们。

And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them.

22:5 他们欢喜,就约定给他银子。

And they were glad, and covenanted to give him money.

22:6 他应允了,就找机会要趁众人不在跟前的时候,把耶稣交给他们。

And he promised, and sought opportunity to betray him unto them in the absence of the multitude.

22:7 除酵节,须宰逾越羊羔的那一天到了。

Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed.

22:8 耶稣打发彼得,约翰,说,你们去为我们豫备逾越节的筵席,好叫我们吃。

And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat.

22:9 他们问他说,要我们在那里豫备。

And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare?

22:10 耶稣说,你们进了城,必有人拿着一瓶水迎面而来。你们就跟着他,到他所进的房子里去。

And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in.

22:11 对那家的主人说,夫子说,客房在那里,我与门徒好在那里吃逾越节的筵席。

And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?

22:12 他必指给你们摆设整齐的一间大楼,你们就在那里豫备。

And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready.

22:13 他们去了,所遇见的,正如耶稣所说的。他们就豫备了逾越节的筵席)。

And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.

22:14 时候到了,耶稣坐席,使徒也和他同坐。

And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.

22:15 耶稣对他们说,我很愿意在受害以先,和你们吃这逾越节的筵席。

And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:

22:16 我告诉你们,我不再吃这筵席,直到我成就在神的国里。

For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.

22:17 耶稣接过杯来,祝谢了,说,你们拿这个,大家分着喝。

And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves:

22:18 我告诉你们,从今以后,我不再喝这葡萄汁,直等神的国来到。

For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.

22:19 又拿起饼来祝谢了,就擘开递给他们,说,这是我的身体,为你们舍的。你们也应当如此行,为的是记念我。

And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.

22:20 饭后也照样拿起杯来,说,这杯是用我血所立的新约,是为你们流出来的。

Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

22:21 看哪,那卖我之人的手,与我一同在桌子上。

But, behold, the hand of him that betrayeth me is with me on the table.

22:22 人子固然要照所豫定的去世。但卖人子的人有祸了。

And truly the Son of man goeth, as it was determined: but woe unto that man by whom he is betrayed!

22:23 他们就彼此对问,是那一个要作这事。

And they began to enquire among themselves, which of them it was that should do this thing.

22:24 门徒起了争论,他们中间那一个可算为大。

And there was also a strife among them, which of them should be accounted the greatest.

22:25 耶稣说,外邦人有君王为主治理他们。那掌权管他们的称为恩主。

And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors.

22:26 但你们不可这样。你们里头为大的,倒要像年幼的。为首领的,倒要像服事人的。

But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve.

22:27 是谁为大,是坐席的呢,是服事人的呢。不是坐席的大吗。然而我在你们中间,如同服事人的。

For whether is greater, he that sitteth at meat, or he that serveth? is not he that sitteth at meat? but I am among you as he that serveth.

22:28 我在磨炼之中,常和我同在的就是你们。

Ye are they which have continued with me in my temptations.

22:29 我将国赐给你们,正如我父赐给我一样。

And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me;

22:30 叫你们在我国里,坐在我的席上吃喝。并且坐在宝座上,审判以色列十二个支派。

That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

22:31 主又说,西门,西门,撒但想要得着你们,好筛你们,像筛麦子一样。

And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:

22:32 但我已经为你们祈求,叫你不至于失了信心。你回头以后,要坚固你的弟兄。

But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.

22:33 彼得说,主阿,我就是同你下监,同你受死,也是甘心。

And he said unto him, Lord, I am ready to go with thee, both into prison, and to death.

22:34 耶稣说,彼得,我告诉你,今日鸡还没有叫,你要三次说不认得我。

And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, before that thou shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me.

22:35 耶稣又对他们说,我差你们出去的时候,没有钱囊,没有口袋,没有鞋,你们缺少什么没有。他们说,没有。

And he said unto them, When I sent you without purse, and scrip, and shoes, lacked ye any thing? And they said, Nothing.

22:36 耶稣说,但如今有钱囊的可以带着,有口袋的也可以带着。没有刀的要卖衣服买刀。

Then said he unto them, But now, he that hath a purse, let him take it, and likewise his scrip: and he that hath no sword, let him sell his garment, and buy one.

22:37 我告诉你们,经上写着说,他被列在罪犯之中。这话必应验在我身上,因为那关系我的事,必然成就。

For I say unto you, that this that is written must yet be accomplished in me, And he was reckoned among the transgressors: for the things concerning me have an end.

22:38 他们说,主阿,请看,这里有两把刀。耶稣说,壳了。

And they said, Lord, behold, here are two swords. And he said unto them, It is enough.

22:39 耶稣出来,照常往橄榄山去。门徒也跟随他。

And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to the mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him.

22:40 到了那地方,就对他们说,你们要祷告,免得入了迷惑。

And when he was at the place, he said unto them, Pray that ye enter not into temptation.

22:41 于是离开他们,约有扔一块石头那吗远,跪下祷告,

And he was withdrawn from them about a stone’s cast, and kneeled down, and prayed,

22:42 说,父阿,你若愿意,就把这杯撤去。然而不要成就我的意思,只要成就你的意思。

Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done.

22:43 有一位天使,从天上显现,加添他的力量。

And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him.

22:44 耶稣极其伤痛,祷告更加恳切。汗珠如大血点,滴在地上。

And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.

22:45 祷告完了,就起来,到门徒那里,见他们因为忧愁都睡着了。

And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them sleeping for sorrow,

22:46 就对他们说,你们为什么睡觉呢。起来祷告,免得入了迷惑。

And said unto them, Why sleep ye? rise and pray, lest ye enter into temptation.

22:47 说话之间,来了许多人,那十二个门徒里名叫犹大的,走在前头,就近耶稣,要与他亲嘴。

And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him.

22:48 耶稣对他说,犹大,你用亲嘴的暗号卖人子吗。

But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?

22:49 左右的人见光景不好,就说,主阿,我们拿刀砍可以不可以。

When they which were about him saw what would follow, they said unto him, Lord, shall we smite with the sword?

22:50 内中有一个人,把大祭司的仆人砍了一刀,削掉了他的右耳。

And one of them smote the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear.

22:51 耶稣说,到了这个地步,由他们吧。就摸那人的耳朵,把他治好了。

And Jesus answered and said, Suffer ye thus far. And he touched his ear, and healed him.

22:52 耶稣对那些来拿他的祭司长,和守殿官,并长老,说,你们带着刀棒,出来拿我,如同拿强盗吗。

Then Jesus said unto the chief priests, and captains of the temple, and the elders, which were come to him, Be ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and staves?

22:53 我天天同你们在殿里,你们不下手拿我。现在却是你们的时候,黑暗掌权了。

When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness.

22:54 他们拿住耶稣,把他带到大祭司的宅里。彼得远远的跟着。

Then took they him, and led him, and brought him into the high priest’s house. And Peter followed afar off.

22:55 他们在院子里生了火,一同坐着。彼得也坐在他们中间。

And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among them.

22:56 有一个使女,看见彼得坐在火光里,就定睛看他,说,这个人素来也是同那人一夥的。

But a certain maid beheld him as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said, This man was also with him.

22:57 彼得却不承认,说,女子,我不认得他。

And he denied him, saying, Woman, I know him not.

22:58 过了不多的时候,又有一各人看见他,说,你也是他们一党的。彼得说,你这个人,我不是。

And after a little while another saw him, and said, Thou art also of them. And Peter said, Man, I am not.

22:59 约过了一小时,又有一个人极力的说,他实在是同那人一夥的。因为他也是加利利人。

And about the space of one hour after another confidently affirmed, saying, Of a truth this fellow also was with him: for he is a Galilaean.

22:60 彼得说,你这个人,我不晓得你说的是什么。正说话之间鸡就叫了。

And Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew.

22:61 主转过身来,看彼得。彼得便想起主对他所说的话,今日鸡叫以先,你要三次不认我。

And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.

22:62 他就出去痛哭。

And Peter went out, and wept bitterly.

22:63 看守耶稣的人戏弄他,打他,

And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote him.

22:64 又蒙着他的眼睛问他说,你是先知,告诉我们,打你的是谁。

And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee?

22:65 他们还用别的话辱骂他。

And many other things blasphemously spake they against him.

22:66 天一亮,民间的众长老连祭司长带文士都聚会。把耶稣带到他们的公会里,

And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led him into their council, saying,

22:67 说,你若是基督,就告诉我们。耶稣说,我告诉你们,你们也不信。

Art thou the Christ? tell us. And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye will not believe:

22:68 我若问你们,你们也不回答。

And if I also ask you, ye will not answer me, nor let me go.

22:69 从今以后,人子要坐在神权能的右边。

Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God.

22:70 他们都说,这样,你是神的儿子吗。耶稣说,你们所说的是。

Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am.

22:71 他们说,何必再用见证呢。他亲口所说的,我们都亲自听见了。

And they said, What need we any further witness? for we ourselves have heard of his own mouth.


22:1 所有十二岁以上的犹太男子都要到耶路撒冷过逾越节,逾越节后便是持续七天的无酵节。在罗马全国各地的犹太人都回到耶路撒冷过节,记念他们历史中最重要的事件。(有关逾越节和无酵节,请参可14:1的注释。)

22:3 在耶稣被卖中撒但所担当的角色并不能除去犹大应负的责任。由于耶稣只谈到关于他的死而不是建立他在地上的国,犹大的希望破灭了,也许他想强迫耶稣行动,要他运用能力显出他是弥赛亚;又或许犹大不明白耶稣的使命,不再相信他是神所拣选的那位(参可14章人物介绍)。不论犹大想些甚么,撒但都认为耶稣一死便会结束他的使命,神的计划便遭到挫败。像犹大一样,撒但也不知道耶稣的死是神的计划中自始至终最重要的一个部分。

22:7-8 逾越节的筵席有羊羔是因为以色列人出埃及时,神叫他们杀一只羊羔,把羊血涂在门框上,整只羊则烤了吃。彼得和约翰要预备羊羔、无酵饼、酒及其他筵席上用的食物。

22:14-18 逾越节是纪念以色列人出埃及的前一晚,他们把羊羔的血涂到门框上,在灭命的天使击杀埃及人长子及头生的牲畜时得到拯救。这件事预表耶稣在十字架上的工作,他是神无瑕疵的羔羊,他的血要流出,好把他的百姓从罪和审判中拯救出来。

22:17-20 基督徒纪念主的晚餐的意义各有不同的解释,主要有三种看法:(1)饼和酒真的成了基督的身体和血;(2)饼和酒没有改变,但凭著信心,基督的灵会在这些饼和酒里,并且也藉著这些饼和酒存在;(3)饼和酒没有改变,它们是纪念基督的牺牲。不论你认同哪一个看法,所有基督徒都同意,主餐是纪念基督在十字架上为我们的罪舍身,并指向他的国将要在荣耀中降临。当我们领受主餐时,表明我们接受他为我们舍身,我们的信心也得到建立。

22:19 耶稣吩咐门徒吃那些擘开的饼“为的是记念我”。他们记得他的牺牲,这是罪得赦免的基础,他也希望藉著圣灵的工作,他们可以继续享受这分情谊。今日信徒仍然藉著圣餐中的饼和杯,记念救主基督为我们所作的牺牲,所以千万不要忽视圣餐的价值。

22:24 在人类历史中最重要的事件快要发生了,但门徒却仍然在争论自己在国中的地位高低。我们或者会说:“怎么还有时间担心地位问题呢!”但门徒埋头在自己所注重的事上,并没有领会到耶稣告诉他们关于他即将受死和复活的事。你今天所关心的又是甚么事呢?当你在二十年后回头看时,这些忧虑是否显得琐碎和不当?不要只注视自己,应该为基督再来作好准备。

22:31-32 撒但想筛彼得和门徒像筛麦子一样,但只能把粗糠吹走。虽然彼得信心软弱,但耶稣向他保证,必保守他不至于完全失去信心。他的信心会得到更新,他会成为一位有能力的领袖。

22:33-34 耶稣预言犹大会出卖他,并说出卖他的人会有祸(22:22)。又预言彼得要不认他,但后来能悔改,并带领他的弟兄。不认主并不比出卖主好多少,但彼得跟犹大的命运却截然不同,这主要是因为彼得相信他并悔改了。

22:36-38 耶稣在这里所说的与9章3节的刚好相反,门徒要带背囊、钱和刀。因为他们将要面临憎恨和逼迫,所以要装备好。耶稣说:“够了。”他的意思可能是说这不是动刀的时候,不论如何,提到买刀正生动地预示了他们将要面对患难。

22:39 橄榄山在耶路撒冷东面,耶稣上到西南面的山坡,到了一处名为客西马尼的园子里。客西马尼即“榨酒器”的意思。

22:40 耶稣知道自己快要离开门徒,所以叫他们祈祷,免得被迷惑。他也知道他们需要额外的力量去面对前面的诱惑──逃跑或是否认与他关系的诱惑,同时,他们也将要看见他死去。他们还会认为他是弥赛亚吗?门徒最大的疑惑就是怀疑自己是被人欺骗了。

22:41-42 耶稣是不是要逃避他的使命呢?我们可以向神表达自己内心真实的感受,这里显出他惧怕将要来临的苦难,但也展示出他会顺服神,忠心做神要他做的事。所说的杯是指他将要忍受极可怕的痛苦,不仅是钉十字架的痛苦,更要替人的罪死、与神完全隔绝。

22:44 只有路加记载耶稣的汗如血珠滴下,耶稣处在极大的痛苦中,但他没有逃避或屈服,为了成就使命,他迎向苦难。

22:46 那些门徒都睡著了。当需要忠心跟随事奉基督时,许多信徒却表现得沉沉欲睡,这是何等的悲哀啊!我们不应该对基督的工作毫无反应或马马虎虎。

22:50 我们从约翰福音知道拔刀的是彼得。

22:53 宗教领袖没有在圣殿里捉拿耶稣,因为害怕引起骚乱。他们秘密地在晚上、在那黑暗之子撒但的势力下来到。表面看撒但的势力占了上风,但每一件事却仍然按照神的计划进行。

22:54 即使这时已是深夜,耶稣仍被立即带到大祭司的府第。犹太领袖都很匆忙,他们想在安息日前完成处决耶稣的事,以便过逾越节。

22:55 在接著的几小时内彼得的经历将改变他的一生,由一个不认真的跟随者成为一个真心悔改的门徒,后来更被基督使用,建立教会。(有关彼得的资料,请参太27章的人物介绍。)

22:62 彼得痛哭不仅是因为他不认主弥赛亚,同时也因为他背弃了自己的好友,一个爱他、教导了他三年的人。尽管耶稣预言在先,但彼得仍说自己不会不认基督(22:34-35)。但当他害怕时,他却自食其言,甚至不能够为他的主站稳十二个小时。不论作为门徒或朋友,他都是失败者。我们要承认自己的软弱,不要太过自信和自夸。假如我们失败了,要记著基督仍会用那些承认自己失败的人。彼得从这个丢人的经历中学习到很多,对他将要承担的领导工作有很大帮助。

22:70 耶稣用这个在旧约中对神的称号:“我是(自有永有的)”(出3:14),使自己与神同等。大祭司察觉到耶稣的声称,于是便指控他亵渎神。自称为神是亵渎,但亵渎也包括攻击神的权威和尊严。任何人这样自称都是亵渎,是可以被判处死刑的。但耶稣这样说却是真的。犹太领袖现在得到了他们想得的证据。

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