路加福音11 Luke

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

11:1 耶稣在一个地方祷告。祷告完了,有个门徒对他说,求主教导我们祷告,像约翰教导他的门徒。

And it came to pass, that, as he was praying in a certain place, when he ceased, one of his disciples said unto him, Lord, teach us to pray, as John also taught his disciples.

11:2 耶稣说,你们祷告的时候,要说,我们在天上的父,有古卷只作父阿愿人都尊你的名为圣。愿你的国降临。愿你的旨意行在地上,如同行在天上。有古卷无愿你的旨意云云

And he said unto them, When ye pray, say, Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven, so in earth.

11:3 我们日用的饮食,天天赐给我们。

Give us day by day our daily bread.

11:4 赦免我们的罪,因为我们也赦免凡亏欠我们的人。不叫我们遇见试探。救我们脱离凶恶。有古卷无末句

And forgive us our sins; for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil.

11:5 耶稣又说,你们中间谁有一个朋友,半夜到他那里去说,朋友,请借给我三个饼。

And he said unto them, Which of you shall have a friend, and shall go unto him at midnight, and say unto him, Friend, lend me three loaves;

11:6 因为我有一个朋友行路,来到我这里,我没有什么给他摆上。

For a friend of mine in his journey is come to me, and I have nothing to set before him?

11:7 那人在里面回答说,不要搅扰我。门已经关闭,孩子们也同我在床上了。我不能起来给你。

And he from within shall answer and say, Trouble me not: the door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed; I cannot rise and give thee.

11:8 我告诉你们,虽不因他是朋友起来给他,但因他情词迫切的直求,就必起来照他所需用的给他。

I say unto you, Though he will not rise and give him, because he is his friend, yet because of his importunity he will rise and give him as many as he needeth.

11:9 我又告诉你们,你们祈求就给你们。寻梢就寻见。叩门就给你们开门。

And I say unto you, Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you.

11:10 因为凡祈求的就得着。寻梢的就寻见。叩门的就给他开门。

For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened.

11:11 你们中间作父亲的,谁有儿子求饼,反给他石头呢。求鱼,反拿蛇当鱼给他呢。

If a son shall ask bread of any of you that is a father, will he give him a stone? or if he ask a fish, will he for a fish give him a serpent?

11:12 求鸡蛋,反给他蝎子呢。

Or if he shall ask an egg, will he offer him a scorpion?

11:13 你们虽然不好,尚且知道拿好东西给儿女。何况天父,岂不更将圣灵给求他的人吗。

If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?

11:14 耶稣赶出一个叫人哑吧的鬼。鬼出去了,哑吧就说出话来众人都希奇。

And he was casting out a devil, and it was dumb. And it came to pass, when the devil was gone out, the dumb spake; and the people wondered.

11:15 内中却有人说,他是靠着鬼王别西卜赶鬼。

But some of them said, He casteth out devils through Beelzebub the chief of the devils.

11:16 又有人试探耶稣,向他求从天上来的神迹。

And others, tempting him, sought of him a sign from heaven.

11:17 他晓得他们的意念,便对他们说,凡一国自相分争,就成为荒场。凡一家自相分争,就必败落。

But he, knowing their thoughts, said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and a house divided against a house falleth.

11:18 若撒但自相分争,他的国怎能站得住呢。因为你们说我是靠着别西卜赶鬼。

If Satan also be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom stand? because ye say that I cast out devils through Beelzebub.

11:19 我若靠着别西卜赶鬼,你们的子弟赶鬼,又靠着谁呢。这样,他们就要断定你们的是非。

And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your sons cast them out? therefore shall they be your judges.

11:20 我若靠着神的能力赶鬼,这就是神的国临到你们了。

But if I with the finger of God cast out devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is come upon you.

11:21 壮士披挂整齐,看守自己的住宅,他所有的都平安无事。

When a strong man armed keepeth his palace, his goods are in peace:

11:22 但有一个比他更壮的来,胜过他,就夺去他所依靠的盔甲兵器,又分了他的赃。

But when a stronger than he shall come upon him, and overcome him, he taketh from him all his armour wherein he trusted, and divideth his spoils.

11:23 不与我相合的,就是敌我的。不同我收聚的,就是分散的。

He that is not with me is against me: and he that gathereth not with me scattereth.

11:24 污鬼离了人身,就在无水之地,过来过去,寻求安歇之处。既寻不着,便说,我要回到我所出来的屋里去。

When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he saith, I will return unto my house whence I came out.

11:25 到了,就看见里面打扫乾净,修饰好了。

And when he cometh, he findeth it swept and garnished.

11:26 便去另带了七个比自己更恶的鬼来,都进去住在那里。那人末后的景况,比先前更不好了。

Then goeth he, and taketh to him seven other spirits more wicked than himself; and they enter in, and dwell there: and the last state of that man is worse than the first.

11:27 耶稣正说这话的时候,众人中间,有一个女人大声说,怀你胎的和乳养你的有福了。

And it came to pass, as he spake these things, a certain woman of the company lifted up her voice, and said unto him, Blessed is the womb that bare thee, and the paps which thou hast sucked.

11:28 耶稣说,是却还不如听神之道而遵守的人有福。

But he said, Yea rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it.

11:29 当众人聚集的时后,耶稣开讲说,这世代是一个邪恶的世代。他们求看神迹,除了约拿的神迹以外,再没有神迹给他们看。

And when the people were gathered thick together, he began to say, This is an evil generation: they seek a sign; and there shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.

11:30 约拿怎样为尼尼微人成了神迹,人子也要照样为这世代的人成了神迹。

For as Jonas was a sign unto the Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation.

11:31 当审判的时候,南方的女王,要起来定这世代的罪。因为他从地极而来,要听所罗门的智慧话。看哪,在这里有一人比所罗门更大。

The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them: for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.

11:32 当审判的时候,尼尼微人,要起来定这世代的罪。因为尼尼微人听了约拿所传的,就悔改了。看哪,在这里有一人比约拿更大。

The men of Nineve shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here.

11:33 没有人点灯放在地窨子里,或是斗底下,总是放在灯台上,使进来的人看得见亮光。

No man, when he hath lighted a candle, putteth it in a secret place, neither under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that they which come in may see the light.

11:34 你眼睛就是身上的灯,你的眼睛若了亮,全身就光明。眼睛若昏花,全身就黑暗。

The light of the body is the eye: therefore when thine eye is single, thy whole body also is full of light; but when thine eye is evil, thy body also is full of darkness.

11:35 所以你要省察,恐怕你里头的光,或者黑暗了。

Take heed therefore that the light which is in thee be not darkness.

11:36 若是你全身光明,毫无黑暗,就必全然光明,如同灯的明光照亮你。

If thy whole body therefore be full of light, having no part dark, the whole shall be full of light, as when the bright shining of a candle doth give thee light.

11:37 说话的时候,有一个法利赛人请耶稣同他吃饭。耶稣就进去坐席。

And as he spake, a certain Pharisee besought him to dine with him: and he went in, and sat down to meat.

11:38 这法利赛人看见耶稣饭前不洗手,便诧异。

And when the Pharisee saw it, he marvelled that he had not first washed before dinner.

11:39 主对他说,如今你们法利赛人洗净杯盘的外面。你们里面却满了勒索和邪恶。

And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness.

11:40 无知的人哪,造外面的,不也造里面吗。

Ye fools, did not he that made that which is without make that which is within also?

11:41 只要把里面的施舍给人,凡物于你们就都洁净了。

But rather give alms of such things as ye have; and, behold, all things are clean unto you.

11:42 你们法利赛人有祸了。因为你们将薄荷芸香,并各样菜蔬,献上十分之一,那公义和爱神的事,反倒不行了。这原是你们当行的,那也是不可不行的。

But woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye tithe mint and rue and all manner of herbs, and pass over judgment and the love of God: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone.

11:43 你们法利赛人有祸了。因为你们喜爱会堂里的首位,又喜爱人在街市上问你们的安。

Woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye love the uppermost seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the markets.

11:44 你们有祸了。因为你们如同不显露的坟墓,走在上面的人并不知道。

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are as graves which appear not, and the men that walk over them are not aware of them.

11:45 律法师中有一个回答耶稣说,夫子,你这样说,也把我们糟塌了。

Then answered one of the lawyers, and said unto him, Master, thus saying thou reproachest us also.

11:46 耶稣说,你们律法师也有祸了。因为你们把难担的担子,放在人身上,自己一个指头却不肯动。

And he said, Woe unto you also, ye lawyers! for ye lade men with burdens grievous to be borne, and ye yourselves touch not the burdens with one of your fingers.

11:47 你们有祸了。因为你们修造先知的坟墓,那先知正是你们的祖宗所杀的。

Woe unto you! for ye build the sepulchres of the prophets, and your fathers killed them.

11:48 可见你们的祖宗所作的事,你们又证明又喜欢。因为他们杀了先知,你们修造先知的坟墓。

Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the deeds of your fathers: for they indeed killed them, and ye build their sepulchres.

11:49 所以神用智慧曾说,用智慧或作的智者我要差遣先知和使徒,到他们那里去。有的他们要杀害,有的他们要逼迫。

Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute:

11:50 使创世以来,所流众先知血的罪,都要问在这世代的人身上。

That the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation;

11:51 就是从亚伯的血起,直到被杀在坛和殿中间撒迦利亚的血为止。我实在告诉你们,这都要问在这世代的人身上。

From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation.

11:52 你们律法师有祸了。因为你们把知识的钥匙夺了去。自己不进去,正要进去的人,你们也阻挡他们。

Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered.

11:53 耶稣从那里出来,文士和法利赛人,就极力的催逼他,引动他多说话。

And as he said these things unto them, the scribes and the Pharisees began to urge him vehemently, and to provoke him to speak of many things:

11:54 私下窥听,要拿他的话柄。

Laying wait for him, and seeking to catch something out of his mouth, that they might accuse him.

路加福音11参考

祷告内容像购物单?想想,我的祷告,好像是……
11:1-4 留意这祈祷的次序。耶稣首先赞美神,接著才是祈求。先赞美神能使我们集中精神把我们的需要告诉他。我们的祷告常常更像购物单,不像跟神说话。

11:2-13 这段经文集中在祈祷的三方面:内容(11:2-4),我们的恒心(11:5-10),以及神的信实(11:11-13)。

主你是能力泉源,万有主宰,你是神──可每次祷告时,却总感到很软弱,是因为……
11:3 神的供应是每天不断、而不是一次完成的。我们不能把神的供应储存起来,然后与神断绝交往;同时,每天仰望神的供应,也使我们不敢自满。假如你愈来愈没有能力,就问一问自己──我到底远离那源头有多久?

曾遭伤害心难平?可知道“我原谅你”,这句说话有多美吗?
11:4 当耶稣教导门徒祈祷时,他以赦免作为他们与神关系的基础。神已赦免了我们的罪,我们也要赦免那些伤害过我们的人。我们若不能赦免人,便显出我们还未明白自己也需要得到赦免。想想一些曾伤害过你的人,你是真心赦免了他们,还是对他们仍然怀恨在心?若神像你对待别人一样地对待你,你想神会怎样处置你呢?

虽恒切祷告,结果却是徒然,主你可听到?
11:8 恒切祈祷不是要改变神,乃是叫我们的心思意念在不知不觉中改变,帮助我们明确表达我们的需要有多大。恒切祷告可以帮助我们认出神的工作。

虽被攻击心不慌,看我主耶稣如何答辩?传福音时遇责难,你会如何去面对?
11:15-20 这几节经文一般有两种解释:(1)有些法利赛人的跟随者实际上也赶鬼,若是这样的话,法利赛人这样说就太傻了。因为他们诬蔑耶稣是靠撒但赶鬼,也就是在说自己的人也是替撒但工作。耶稣将这些领袖的指责变成指责他们的话。(2)另一个可能就是,法利赛人的跟随者虽然也赶鬼,却不能把鬼赶出来。耶稣首先驳斥他们的指责,指出他们的谎谬(魔鬼怎么会赶出它自己的污鬼来呢?),接著略略地讽刺一下他们:“你们的子弟赶鬼又靠著谁呢?”最后,他总结他赶出污鬼的工作,证明神的国度已经来临了。

前面说中立是帮忙,今说中立是敌对,耶稣是前后矛盾吗?
11:23 耶稣说:“不与我相合的,就是敌我的。”较早前他曾说:“不抵挡你们的,就是帮助你们的。”人们对基督徒抱中立态度,实际上是帮他们而不是伤害他们,因为他们没有设起障碍。人们对基督徒可以抱中立态度,却不能对耶稣抱中立态度。在耶稣与撒但的争战上,你不可中立。由于只有两方面,你不可逃避,必须作出抉择。既然神已胜了这场争战,为甚么还要站在输的一方呢?假如你不是积极的为基督作工,你便是敌挡他的。

“不与我相合的,就是敌我的”──
11:23 这节经文与“不敌挡你们的,就是帮助你们的。”(9:50)还可以这样理解:较早前,主耶稣是论到有人奉耶稣的名赶鬼,那些攻击撒但的,就是站在神那一边的。如今的情形则不同,在争战中,人若不是站在神那边,他就是站在敌对的那一面,就是敌挡神。

心既打扫乾净,鬼却仍可进去,还欠了甚么?
11:24-26 耶稣用这比喻说明人性的不稳定:改正的热心不能持久。从犹太人的历史看到,一位顺服神的王废掉了偶像,就会有一个悖逆神的王起来重新建立偶像。单单除去罪恶是不够的,我们必须被圣灵的能力充满,才能完成神在我们生命中的新旨意(参太18:43-45;加5:22)。

今生所看为福的,就是被人看为有价值的;耶稣所讲的又如何?你渴望哪一种福?
11:27-28 这是耶稣对那些极看重家庭关系的人说的,他们把血统看为蒙神拣选的重要证明,男人的价值来自他的祖宗,妇人的价值则来自她的儿子。耶稣的回答表明一个人对神的顺服较他在家族中的地位更重要。一个妇人恒心听从神的教导,要比怀孕乳养一个“大人物”更有荣耀。

约拿的神迹是甚么呢?
11:29-30 约拿的神迹是说神曾吩咐约拿去外邦传悔改的道。耶稣在此肯定救恩不单是给犹太人,也是给全人类的(参太12:40),他也暗示他将要受死并于三日后复活,正如约拿在大鱼的腹中三日才得救。

约拿无心插柳柳成荫;可耶稣有心栽花花却……你也是其中的一员?
11:29-32 约拿并不真正关心尼尼微人,但当他向罪恶深重的尼尼微人传道时,他们便悔改了。所罗门王做了不少错事,但信奉异教的示巴女王听到他智慧的言语时,也赞美神。但耶稣这位神完全的儿子来到他深爱的选民中间,他们却拒绝他。因此,他们较尼尼微城或示巴更应受审判。

人家只听见就信了;我们所能听所能看的何其多,但论到对神的认识就……
11:31-32 尼尼微城的人和示巴女王转向神所凭的证据,远远少于耶稣所给他的听众的证据,也少于我们今天所知道的。我们可以亲眼看到许多关于耶稣复活升天的记载,看到在五旬节降临的圣灵带来的能力,又很容易读到圣经,更看到二千年来基督透过教会在历史中的工作。你是否利用了这些凭证来认识神呢?

我喜欢那光,从前他可照出我心的一切,可是,现在却模糊多了,不知道为甚么……
11:34-36 那光是基督,眼睛代表属灵的体会和领悟。欲望就是对某些事物的不自然或贪婪的渴望,它使眼睛没有那么敏感,看不见基督同在的光。假如你很难在生活中看到神在工作,那就要检查一下你的视力了,是否因为污秽的欲望使你看不到基督呢?

法利赛人一定酷爱表演,若不,为何样样事都要公开让人看到才成?
11:37-39 这里说的洗手不是为了身体的健康,而是信仰虔诚的象徵。法利赛人不仅使这习惯变为公开的表演一样,而且还命令所有人跟从这种原是为祭司而设的要求。

有余的时候,我一定会给人的,只要我买够我的东西……
11:41 法利赛人常自以为圣洁;但是他们对神和穷人的吝啬证明他们并非圣洁。你如何运用神交托予你的钱财呢?你是否慷慨地满足你周围人的需要呢?你的慷慨显示你的内心是否真的圣洁。
既做十一奉献,他的需要,就不是我的责任,不是有教会吗?
11:42 我们不帮助别人,却把这行为合理化,譬如我们已奉献金钱给教会,就不再拿出金钱帮助人。十一奉献是重要的,但是我们不应该停在那里,有邻舍需要帮助的,我们便应该帮忙。

法利赛人的腐败拖累了别人,我也有点担心我自己的行为……
11:44 旧约律法说一个人摸到坟墓便成为不洁的(参民19:16),耶稣指责法利赛人灵性的腐败使其他人成为不洁的。他们像隐蔽的坟墓一样,败坏每一个与他们接触的人。

11:45 律法师是指那些对宗教律例、规条很有研究的专家。

随己意加添律法苦害人,我们又会不会以额外的规条加诸人身上?
11:46 这些“难担的担子”就是法利赛人为神的律法加添的繁文缛节。以十诫之一“当记念安息日,守为圣日”(出20:8)为例,他们就加了不少规定,如在安息日人只可以走多远、只可以担多重的担子等等。虽然在安息日可以救被困住的牲口,但治病却被视为不合法。难怪耶稣责备他们这种态度。

旧约时代,人所拒绝的是先知而已;可这个世代,拒绝的却是 ……你可有发觉?
11:49 神的先知在历史中都曾遭受迫害,甚至被杀。但这个世代的人所拒绝的不仅是一位先知,而且是神自己。这节经文不是引自旧约圣经的,而是耶稣直接预言的神的信息。

过去的何不让他们自己去承担,要这世代承担一切,实在不公平……
11:50-51 亚伯的死记载在创世记4章8节(参创6章人物介绍)。先知撒迦利亚的死记载在历代志下24章20至22节(希伯来文正典中最后一卷书)。为甚么这一切的罪都要由这一代来负责呢?因为他们拒绝整个民族历史及预言所指向的那位基督。

人不能到神那里去,律法师是祸首?
11:52 这些律法师怎样把真理隐藏起来呢?他们错误解释圣经,又加了许多人为的规矩,使神的真理变得难以明白和实践;他们是坏榜样,用话将别人的要求搪塞过去;他们沉迷在自己制造的宗教里,再不能把人引到神那里去;他们把通往神的门关了,把钥匙丢掉。

在外表上可谓冠冕堂皇,在内心嘛……也有可能是?不会吧……
11:52 耶稣严厉地批评法利赛人,是因为他们(1)只洗净自己的手,却不洗净自己那邪恶的心;(2)只记得十一奉献,却忘记了神的慈爱和公义;(3)爱受别人赞美;(4)定出难以实行的宗教规矩,放在别人的肩上;(5)自己不接受关于耶稣的真理,还阻挡别人去相信。他们的错误在于只注重表面的圣洁,而丢弃了内心的圣洁。假如我们的事奉是做给人看的,我们就像法利赛人一样。不要只在外表作基督徒,因为神是轻慢不得的。要把你内心的生活交给神管理,这样你外在的生活便自然能彰显他了。

为著私利而要置人于死地,也许我们不会,可有试过为达目的而罔顾他人?
11:53-54 法利赛人被耶稣的指责激怒了,他们希望以亵渎和破坏律法的罪名来捉拿他,但他们又不能以嘴上说的当理由捉拿耶稣。他们要找一个合法的途径来除掉他。

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