耶利米书46 Jeremiah

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

46:1 耶和华论列国的话临到先知耶利米。

The word of the LORD which came to Jeremiah the prophet against the Gentiles;

46:2 论到关乎埃及王法老尼哥的军队,这军队安营在幼发拉底河边的迦基米施,是巴比伦王尼布甲尼撒在犹大王约西亚的儿子约雅敬第四年所打败的。

Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaohnecho king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon smote in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah.

46:3 你们要预备大小盾牌,往前上阵。

Order ye the buckler and shield, and draw near to battle.

46:4 你们套上车,骑上马。顶盔站立,磨枪贯甲。

Harness the horses; and get up, ye horsemen, and stand forth with your helmets; furbish the spears, and put on the brigandines.

46:5 我为何看见他们惊惶转身退后呢。他们的勇士打败了,急忙逃跑,并不回头。惊吓四围都有。这是耶和华说的。

Wherefore have I seen them dismayed and turned away back? and their mighty ones are beaten down, and are fled apace, and look not back: for fear was round about, saith the LORD.

46:6 不要容快跑的逃避。不要容勇士逃脱(或作快跑的不能逃避。勇士不能逃脱)。他们在北方幼发拉底河边绊跌仆倒。

Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river Euphrates.

46:7 像尼罗河涨发,像江河之水翻腾的是谁呢。

Who is this that cometh up as a flood, whose waters are moved as the rivers?

46:8 埃及像尼罗河涨发,像江河的水翻腾。他说,我要涨发遮盖遍地。我要毁灭城邑和其中的居民。

Egypt riseth up like a flood, and his waters are moved like the rivers; and he saith, I will go up, and will cover the earth; I will destroy the city and the inhabitants thereof.

46:9 马匹上去吧。车辆急行吧。勇士,就是手拿盾牌的古实人和弗人(又作利比亚人),并拉弓的路德族,都出去吧。

Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth; the Ethiopians and the Libyans, that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that handle and bend the bow.

46:10 那日是主万军之耶和华报仇的日子,要向敌人报仇。刀剑必吞吃得饱,饮血饮足。因为主万军之耶和华在北方幼幼发拉底河边有献祭的事。

For this is the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiate and made drunk with their blood: for the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.

46:11 埃及的民(原文作处女)哪,可以上基列取乳香去。你虽多服良药,总是徒然,不得治好。

Go up into Gilead, and take balm, O virgin, the daughter of Egypt: in vain shalt thou use many medicines; for thou shalt not be cured.

46:12 列国听见你的羞辱,遍地满了你的哀声。勇士与勇士彼此相碰,一齐跌倒。

The nations have heard of thy shame, and thy cry hath filled the land: for the mighty man hath stumbled against the mighty, and they are fallen both together.

46:13 耶和华对先知耶利米所说的话,论到巴比伦王尼布甲尼撒要来攻击埃及地,

The word that the LORD spake to Jeremiah the prophet, how Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon should come and smite the land of Egypt.

46:14 你们要传扬在埃及,宣告在密夺,报告在挪弗,答比匿说,要站起出队,自作准备,因为刀剑在你四围施行吞灭的事。

Declare ye in Egypt, and publish in Migdol, and publish in Noph and in Tahpanhes: say ye, Stand fast, and prepare thee; for the sword shall devour round about thee.

46:15 你的壮士为何被冲去呢。他们站立不住。因为耶和华驱逐他们,

Why are thy valiant men swept away? they stood not, because the LORD did drive them.

46:16 使多人绊跌。他们也彼此撞倒,说,起来吧。我们再往本民本地去,好躲避欺压的刀剑。

He made many to fall, yea, one fell upon another: and they said, Arise, and let us go again to our own people, and to the land of our nativity, from the oppressing sword.

46:17 他们在那里喊叫说,埃及王法老不过是个声音(或作已经败亡)。他已错过所定的时候了。

They did cry there, Pharaoh king of Egypt is but a noise; he hath passed the time appointed.

46:18 君王名为万军之耶和华的说,我指着我的永生起誓,尼布甲尼撒(原文作他)来的势派必像他泊在众山之中,像迦密在海边一样。

As I live, saith the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts, Surely as Tabor is among the mountains, and as Carmel by the sea, so shall he come.

46:19 住在埃及的民哪(原文作女子),要预备掳去时所用的物件。因为挪弗必成为荒场,且被烧毁,无人居住。

O thou daughter dwelling in Egypt, furnish thyself to go into captivity: for Noph shall be waste and desolate without an inhabitant.

46:20 埃及是肥美的母牛犊。但出于北方的毁灭(或作牛虻)来到了。来到了。

Egypt is like a very fair heifer, but destruction cometh; it cometh out of the north.

46:21 其中的雇勇好像圈里的肥牛犊,他们转身退后,一齐逃跑,站立不住。因为他们遭难的日子,追讨的时候已经临到。

Also her hired men are in the midst of her like fatted bullocks; for they also are turned back, and are fled away together: they did not stand, because the day of their calamity was come upon them, and the time of their visitation.

46:22 其中的声音好像蛇行一样。敌人要成队而来,如砍伐树木的手拿斧子攻击他。

The voice thereof shall go like a serpent; for they shall march with an army, and come against her with axes, as hewers of wood.

46:23 耶和华说,埃及的树林虽然不能寻察(或作穿不过),敌人却要砍伐,因他们多于蝗虫,不可胜数。

They shall cut down her forest, saith the LORD, though it cannot be searched; because they are more than the grasshoppers, and are innumerable.

46:24 埃及的民(原文作女子)必然蒙羞,必交在北方人的手中。

The daughter of Egypt shall be confounded; she shall be delivered into the hand of the people of the north.

46:25 万军之耶和华以色列的神说,我必刑罚挪的亚扪(埃及尊大之神)和法老,并埃及与埃及的神,以及君王,也必刑罚法老和倚靠他的人。

The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saith; Behold, I will punish the multitude of No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt, with their gods, and their kings; even Pharaoh, and all them that trust in him:

46:26 我要将他们交付寻索其命之人的手和巴比伦王尼布甲尼撒与他臣仆的手。以后埃及必再有人居住,与从前一样。这是耶和华说的。

And I will deliver them into the hand of those that seek their lives, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of his servants: and afterward it shall be inhabited, as in the days of old, saith the LORD.

46:27 我的仆人雅各阿,不要惧怕。以色列阿,不要惊惶。因我要从远方拯救你,从被掳到之地拯救你的后裔。雅各必回来,得享平靖安逸,无人使他害怕。

But fear not thou, O my servant Jacob, and be not dismayed, O Israel: for, behold, I will save thee from afar off, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and be in rest and at ease, and none shall make him afraid.

46:28 我的仆人雅各阿,不要惧怕。因我与你同在。我要将我所赶你到的那些国灭绝净尽,却不将你灭绝净尽,倒要从宽惩治你,万不能不罚你(不罚你或作以你为无罪)。这是耶和华说的。

Fear thou not, O Jacob my servant, saith the LORD: for I am with thee; for I will make a full end of all the nations whither I have driven thee: but I will not make a full end of thee, but correct thee in measure; yet will I not leave thee wholly unpunished.

耶利米书46参考

第46章之后的6章是先知对列国的预言,从中可以看到神对世界有甚么计划?
46章 我们从这章经文可以了解几点有关神的性情和他对世界的计划:(1)虽然神特别拣选以色列人完成他的心意,但他爱所有的人,愿意全世界的人都归向他。(2)神是圣洁的,不会姑息任何罪恶。(3)神的审判不建基于偏见和报复上,而是建基于公义和平等的原则上。(4)神并不喜爱审判人,他愿意拯救人。(5)神用同一标准衡量每个人,绝对公允无私。

埃及与巴比伦在迦基米施一战中的结果,对当时世界局势产生甚么影响?
46:2 公元前605年,继亚述之后的两大军事势力巴比伦与埃及正式在迦基米施一战中交锋。巴比伦军偷袭迦基米施成功,击溃埃及军队,奠定了巴比伦在世界的霸主地位。这一役是尼布甲尼撒王的第一个胜利,也奠定了他在巴比伦帝国的君主地位。埃及的势力日渐衰弱,犹大仍然与之缔结同盟,实在是不智之举,更是不顺服神的表现。

这些埃及的佣兵来自何地?
46:9 古实人和弗人是来自东非及北非的勇士,而路德族则是从希腊来的兵士。

先知指出埃及不过是个夸夸其谈的声音,不足为靠。我有否依靠空洞的声音?
46:17 公元前589年,尼布甲尼撒王围困耶路撒冷时,法老合弗拉在西底家的请求下出兵相助。然而,巴比伦向埃及还击时,法老合弗拉立即率军急退。耶利米曾预言法老合弗拉必死在敌人手下(44:30),这预言在约二十年后,法老的心腹手下亚玛薛斯叛变时应验。

我会怎样面对神的管教?是惧怕?还是领受教益?
46:28 神惩罚他的子民是为了令他们回心转意归向他,惩罚我们是为了管教我们、洁净我们。没人喜欢受到惩罚,但我们应渴慕得到神管教的结果:使生命更加圣洁。

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