耶利米书31 Jeremiah

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31:1 耶和华说,那时,我必作以色列各家的神。他们必作我的子民。

At the same time, saith the LORD, will I be the God of all the families of Israel, and they shall be my people.

31:2 耶和华如此说,脱离刀剑的就是以色列人。我使他享安息的时候,他曾在旷野蒙恩。

Thus saith the LORD, The people which were left of the sword found grace in the wilderness; even Israel, when I went to cause him to rest.

31:3 古时(或作从远方)耶和华向以色列(原文作我)显现,说,我以永远的爱爱你,因此我以慈爱吸引你。

The LORD hath appeared of old unto me, saying, Yea, I have loved thee with an everlasting love: therefore with lovingkindness have I drawn thee.

31:4 以色列的民(原文作处女)哪,我要再建立你,你就被建立。你必再以击鼓为美,与欢乐的人一同跳舞而出。

Again I will build thee, and thou shalt be built, O virgin of Israel: thou shalt again be adorned with thy tabrets, and shalt go forth in the dances of them that make merry.

31:5 又必在撒马利亚的山上栽种葡萄园,栽种的人要享用所结的果子。

Thou shalt yet plant vines upon the mountains of Samaria: the planters shall plant, and shall eat them as common things.

31:6 日子必到,以法莲山上守望的人必呼叫说,起来吧。我们可以上锡安,到耶和华我们的神那里去。

For there shall be a day, that the watchmen upon the mount Ephraim shall cry, Arise ye, and let us go up to Zion unto the LORD our God.

31:7 耶和华如此说,你们当为雅各欢乐歌唱,因万国中为首的欢呼。当传扬颂赞说,耶和华阿,求你拯救你的百姓以色列所剩下的人。

For thus saith the LORD; Sing with gladness for Jacob, and shout among the chief of the nations: publish ye, praise ye, and say, O LORD, save thy people, the remnant of Israel.

31:8 我必将他们从北方领来,从地极招聚。同着他们来的有瞎子,瘸子,孕妇,产妇。他们必成为大帮回到这里来。

Behold, I will bring them from the north country, and gather them from the coasts of the earth, and with them the blind and the lame, the woman with child and her that travaileth with child together: a great company shall return thither.

31:9 他们要哭泣而来。我要照他们恳求的引导他们,使他们在河水旁走正直的路,在其上不致绊跌。因为我是以色列的父,以法莲是我的长子。

They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them: I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters in a straight way, wherein they shall not stumble: for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn.

31:10 列国阿,要听耶和华的话,传扬在远处的海岛说,赶散以色列的必招聚他,又看守他,好像牧人看守羊群。

Hear the word of the LORD, O ye nations, and declare it in the isles afar off, and say, He that scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him, as a shepherd doth his flock.

31:11 因耶和华救赎了雅各,救赎他脱离比他更强之人的手。

For the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and ransomed him from the hand of him that was stronger than he.

31:12 他们要来到锡安的高处歌唱,又流归耶和华施恩之地,就是有五谷,新酒,和油,并羊羔,牛犊之地。他们的心必像浇灌的园子。他们也不再有一点愁烦。

Therefore they shall come and sing in the height of Zion, and shall flow together to the goodness of the LORD, for wheat, and for wine, and for oil, and for the young of the flock and of the herd: and their soul shall be as a watered garden; and they shall not sorrow any more at all.

31:13 那时,处女必欢乐跳舞。年少的,年老的,也必一同欢乐。因为我要使他们的悲哀变为欢喜,并要安慰他们,使他们的愁烦转为快乐。

Then shall the virgin rejoice in the dance, both young men and old together: for I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and make them rejoice from their sorrow.

31:14 我必以肥油使祭司的心满足。我的百姓也要因我的恩惠知足。这是耶和华说的。

And I will satiate the soul of the priests with fatness, and my people shall be satisfied with my goodness, saith the LORD.

31:15 耶和华如此说,在拉玛听见号啕痛哭的声音,是拉结哭她儿女,不肯受安慰,因为他们都不在了。

Thus saith the LORD; A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation, and bitter weeping; Rahel weeping for her children refused to be comforted for her children, because they were not.

31:16 耶和华如此说,你禁止声音不要哀哭,禁止眼目不要流泪,因你所作之工必有赏赐。他们必从敌国归回。这是耶和华说的。

Thus saith the LORD; Refrain thy voice from weeping, and thine eyes from tears: for thy work shall be rewarded, saith the LORD; and they shall come again from the land of the enemy.

31:17 耶和华说,你末后必有指望。你的儿女必回到自己的境界。

And there is hope in thine end, saith the LORD, that thy children shall come again to their own border.

31:18 我听见以法莲为自己悲叹说,你责罚我,我便受责罚,像不惯负轭的牛犊一样。求你使我回转,我便回转,因为你是耶和华我的神。

I have surely heard Ephraim bemoaning himself thus; Thou hast chastised me, and I was chastised, as a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke: turn thou me, and I shall be turned; for thou art the LORD my God.

31:19 我回转以后就真正懊悔。受教以后就拍腿叹息。我因担当幼年的凌辱就抱愧蒙羞。

Surely after that I was turned, I repented; and after that I was instructed, I smote upon my thigh: I was ashamed, yea, even confounded, because I did bear the reproach of my youth.

31:20 耶和华说,以法莲是我的爱子吗。是可喜悦的孩子吗。我每逢责备他,仍深顾念他。所以我的心肠恋慕他。我必要怜悯他。

Is Ephraim my dear son? is he a pleasant child? for since I spake against him, I do earnestly remember him still: therefore my bowels are troubled for him; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the LORD.

31:21 以色列民(原文作处女)哪,你当为自己设立指路碑,竖起引路柱。你要留心向大路,就是你所去的原路。你当回转,回转到你这些城邑。

Set thee up waymarks, make thee high heaps: set thine heart toward the highway, even the way which thou wentest: turn again, O virgin of Israel, turn again to these thy cities.

31:22 背道的民(原文作女子)哪,你反来覆去要到几时呢。耶和华在地上造了一件新事,就是女子护卫男子。

How long wilt thou go about, O thou backsliding daughter? for the LORD hath created a new thing in the earth, A woman shall compass a man.

31:23 万军之耶和华以色列的神如此说,我使被掳之人归回的时候,他们在犹大地和其中的城邑必再这样说,公义的居所阿,圣山哪,愿耶和华赐福给你。

Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; As yet they shall use this speech in the land of Judah and in the cities thereof, when I shall bring again their captivity; The LORD bless thee, O habitation of justice, and mountain of holiness.

31:24 犹大和属犹大城邑的人,农夫和放羊的人,要一同住在其中。

And there shall dwell in Judah itself, and in all the cities thereof together, husbandmen, and they that go forth with flocks.

31:25 疲乏的人,我使他饱饫。愁烦的人,我使他知足。

For I have satiated the weary soul, and I have replenished every sorrowful soul.

31:26 先知说,我醒了,觉着睡得香甜。

Upon this I awaked, and beheld; and my sleep was sweet unto me.

31:27 耶和华说,日子将到,我要把人的种和牲畜的种播种在以色列家和犹大家。

Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of man, and with the seed of beast.

31:28 我先前怎样留意将他们拔出,拆毁,毁坏,倾覆,苦害,也必照样留意将他们建立,栽植。这是耶和华说的。

And it shall come to pass, that like as I have watched over them, to pluck up, and to break down, and to throw down, and to destroy, and to afflict; so will I watch over them, to build, and to plant, saith the LORD.

31:29 当那些日子,人不再说,父亲吃了酸葡萄,儿子的牙酸倒了。

In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten a sour grape, and the children’s teeth are set on edge.

31:30 但各人必因自己的罪死亡。凡吃酸葡萄的,自己的牙必酸倒。

But every one shall die for his own iniquity: every man that eateth the sour grape, his teeth shall be set on edge.

31:31 耶和华说,日子将到,我要与以色列家和犹大家另立新约,

Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

31:32 不像我拉着他们祖宗的手,领他们出埃及地的时候,与他们所立的约。我虽作他们的丈夫,他们却背了我的约。这是耶和华说的。

Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD:

31:33 耶和华说,那些日子以后,我与以色列家所立的约乃是这样,我要将我的律法放在他们里面,写在他们心上。我要作他们的神,他们要作我的子民。

But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.

31:34 他们各人不再教导自己的邻舍和自己的弟兄说,你该认识耶和华,因为他们从最小的到至大的都必认识我。我要赦免他们的罪孽,不再记念他们的罪恶。这是耶和华说的。

And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.

31:35 那使太阳白日发光,使星月有定例,黑夜发亮,又搅动大海,使海中波浪砰訇的,万军之耶和华是他的名。他如此说,

Thus saith the LORD, which giveth the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar; The LORD of hosts is his name:

31:36 这些定例若能在我面前废掉,以色列的后裔也就在我面前断绝,永远不再成国。这是耶和华说的。

If those ordinances depart from before me, saith the LORD, then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me for ever.

31:37 耶和华如此说,若能量度上天,寻察下地的根基,我就因以色列后裔一切所行的弃绝他们。这是耶和华说的。

Thus saith the LORD; If heaven above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, I will also cast off all the seed of Israel for all that they have done, saith the LORD.

31:38 耶和华说,日子将到,这城必为耶和华建造,从哈楠业楼直到角门。

Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that the city shall be built to the LORD from the tower of Hananeel unto the gate of the corner.

31:39 准绳要往外量出,直到迦立山,又转到歌亚。

And the measuring line shall yet go forth over against it upon the hill Gareb, and shall compass about to Goath.

31:40 抛尸的全谷和倒灰之处,并一切田地,直到汲沦溪,又直到东方马门的拐角,都要归耶和华为圣,不再拔出,不再倾覆,直到永远。

And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook of Kidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, shall be holy unto the LORD; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever.

耶利米书31参考

神愿意众民皆作他的子民,并不限于一种一族……
31:1 这个应许不只是对犹大支派说的,而是对以色列众支派说的,更包括所有信靠主的人,他们都会得蒙回归及重建。

神的慈爱不会改变,当我受困于种种问题时,是否仍对他的慈爱存有信心?
31:3 神总以深恩厚爱待他的子民,只要他们愿意接受,他都将最好的赐给他们。耶利米之前多番宣告警戒罪恶的信息,在此却讲述神的深广慈爱,无疑像一股清新的空气,令人为之一振。我们思念神的时候,与其存著恐惧战兢之心,倒不如细心体会一下他是怎样用爱吸引我们接近他的。

世间惟有神的恩惠,可以让人真正满足。我所追寻的,是否真能让我享受知足之乐?
31:14 这里指出将来圣殿中会有很多人献祭,而祭司更可从他们所得的享受丰盛的筵席。这象徵了生命和丰盛(参诗36:8;63:5;赛55:2)。

神会在人最伤心的时候赐下安慰。是否仍有一些人生的伤痛,此刻仍留在我的心中?
31:15 拉结是雅各最心爱的妻子,在这里象徵北国的母亲。北国以色列成了亚述国的奴隶,作者以拉结为流落在拉玛的以色列人哀哭,来描述极度悲伤的心情。马太福音2章18节曾引用这节经文,形容在伯利恒的母亲,因她们两岁以里的男孩子全遭杀害而哀恸万分。这两处刻划的情景都非常悲惨。

爱之深,责之切,神对他的儿女正是如此──
31:18-20 “(我)就拍腿叹息”表示极度哀痛懊悔。以法莲是北国中的主要支派之一。尽管北国恶贯满盈,神仍深爱著他的百姓,只要生还的人肯认罪归向他,他就一定宽恕赦免。不论你做过怎样可耻丑恶的事,神依然爱你。只要你重新归向他,他就赦免你的罪。

以色列人自以为是父罪罚其子?当我自觉受到不公平的对待时,是否也……
31:29-30 百姓想将自己的罪推卸到祖宗的头上,并怪责神的审判。一个人犯罪的确会影响别人,但众人仍要为自己犯的罪向神负责。(参申24:16;结18:2)。你是用甚么藉口推搪自己罪的呢?

为甚么先知要宣告另一个新的约?这个约有何特徵?
31:33 过去神颁布十诫时是将律法亲手写在石版上。在17章1节中提到犹大人的罪已烙印在他们心中,以致他们不顺从神。所以神今次将他的律法写在他们的心版上,使他们重获新生。我们把生命交给神,神也会将圣灵放在我们心中,使我们得新生命而服从他。

我有分于先知所述说的新约吗?何以见得?
31:33 百姓背弃了旧的盟约,所以神另立新约取而代之。新约是建基于基督的(参来8:6),这不但震撼了犹大和以色列,而且令外邦人震惊。新约的律法不再写在石版上,而是写在每个人的心里,让人可以与神建立一个独特而个人的亲密关系。耶利米盼望主耶稣来立新约的那一天,而今天的我们已经有了这个新约,就是说我们有福气重新开始,与神建立一个永久的个人关系。(参29:11;32:38-40)

神发出的应许,如同他所创造的大自然般真实,足以成为我信靠的依据……
31:35-37 神有权能废掉大自然的定例(法则),也能够灭绝他的子民,但他一样也没有做。这段经文不是预言,而是神的应许。神这句话的意思是他不会灭绝他的百姓,正如他不会废掉大自然的法则一样。这是不会改变的事实。

重建圣城的工作,虽然要在一个多世纪以后才得以实现,先知却已作出预言……
31:38-40 经文中提到的几个地点正是尼希米重建耶路撒冷城墙的边界所在。迦立和歌亚的位置不详,“抛尸的全谷和倒灰之处”很可能就是欣嫩子谷,以色列人在那里焚烧自己的孩子祭拜偶像。

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