约翰福音11 John

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

11:1 有一个患病的人,名叫拉撒路,住在伯大尼,就是马利亚和他姐姐马大的村庄。

Now a certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of Bethany, the town of Mary and her sister Martha.

11:2 这马利亚就是那用香膏抹主,又用头发擦他脚的。患病的拉撒路是他的兄弟。

(It was that Mary which anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.)

11:3 他姊妹两个就打发人去见耶稣说,主阿,你所爱的人病了。

Therefore his sisters sent unto him, saying, Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest is sick.

11:4 耶稣听见就说,这病不至于死,乃是为神的荣耀,叫神的儿子因此得荣耀。

When Jesus heard that, he said, This sickness is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God might be glorified thereby.

11:5 耶稣素来爱马大,和他妹子,并拉撒路。

Now Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus.

11:6 听见拉撒路病了,就在所居之地,仍住了两天。

When he had heard therefore that he was sick, he abode two days still in the same place where he was.

11:7 然后对门徒说,我们再往犹太去吧。

Then after that saith he to his disciples, Let us go into Judaea again.

11:8 门徒说,拉比,犹太人近来要拿石头打你,你还往那里去吗。

His disciples say unto him, Master, the Jews of late sought to stone thee; and goest thou thither again?

11:9 耶稣回答说,白日不是有十二小时吗。人在白日走路,就不至跌倒,因为看见这世上的光。

Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world.

11:10 若在黑夜走路,就必跌倒,因为他没有光。

But if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no light in him.

11:11 耶稣说了这话,随后对他们说,我们的朋友拉撒路睡了,我去叫醒他。

These things said he: and after that he saith unto them, Our friend Lazarus sleepeth; but I go, that I may awake him out of sleep.

11:12 门徒说,主阿,他若睡了,就必好了。

Then said his disciples, Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well.

11:13 耶稣这话是指着他死说的。他们却以为是说照常睡了。

Howbeit Jesus spake of his death: but they thought that he had spoken of taking of rest in sleep.

11:14 耶稣就明明的告诉他们说,拉撒路死了。

Then said Jesus unto them plainly, Lazarus is dead.

11:15 我没有在那里就欢喜,这是为你们的缘故,好叫你们相信。如今我们可以往他那里去吧。

And I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, to the intent ye may believe; nevertheless let us go unto him.

11:16 多马,又称为低土马,就对那同作门徒的说,我们也去和他同死吧。

Then said Thomas, which is called Didymus, unto his fellowdisciples, Let us also go, that we may die with him.

11:17 耶稣到了,就知道拉撒路在坟墓里,已经四天了。

Then when Jesus came, he found that he had lain in the grave four days already.

11:18 伯大尼离耶路撒冷不远,约有六里路。

Now Bethany was nigh unto Jerusalem, about fifteen furlongs off:

11:19 有些犹太人来看马大和马利亚,要为他们的兄弟安慰他们。

And many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother.

11:20 马大听见耶稣来了,就出去迎接他。马利亚却仍然坐在家里。

Then Martha, as soon as she heard that Jesus was coming, went and met him: but Mary sat still in the house.

11:21 马大对耶稣说,主阿,你若早在这里,我兄弟必不死。

Then said Martha unto Jesus, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died.

11:22 就是现在,我也知道,你无论向神求什么,神也必赐给你。

But I know, that even now, whatsoever thou wilt ask of God, God will give it thee.

11:23 耶稣说,你兄弟必然复活。

Jesus saith unto her, Thy brother shall rise again.

11:24 马大说,我知道在末世复活的时候,他必复活。

Martha saith unto him, I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last day.

11:25 耶稣对他说,复活在我,生命也在我。信我的人,虽然死了,也必复活。

Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:

11:26 凡活着信我的人,必永远不死。你信这话吗。

And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?

11:27 马大说,主阿,是的,我信你是基督,是神的儿子,就是那要临到世界的。

She saith unto him, Yea, Lord: I believe that thou art the Christ, the Son of God, which should come into the world.

11:28 马大说了这话,就回去暗暗的叫他妹子,马利亚说,夫子来了,叫你。

And when she had so said, she went her way, and called Mary her sister secretly, saying, The Master is come, and calleth for thee.

11:29 马利亚听见了就急忙起来,到耶稣那里去。

As soon as she heard that, she arose quickly, and came unto him.

11:30 那时,耶稣还没有进村子,仍在马大迎接他的地方。

Now Jesus was not yet come into the town, but was in that place where Martha met him.

11:31 那些同马利亚在家里安慰他的犹太人,见他急忙起来出去,就跟着他,以为他要往坟墓那里胎哭。

The Jews then which were with her in the house, and comforted her, when they saw Mary, that she rose up hastily and went out, followed her, saying, She goeth unto the grave to weep there.

11:32 马利亚到了耶稣那里,看见他,就俯伏在他脚前,说,主阿,你若早在这里,我兄弟必不死。

Then when Mary was come where Jesus was, and saw him, she fell down at his feet, saying unto him, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died.

11:33 耶稣看见他哭,并看见与他同来的犹太人也哭,就心里悲叹,又甚忧愁。

When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping which came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled,

11:34 便说,你们把他安放在那里。他们回答说,请主来看。

And said, Where have ye laid him? They said unto him, Lord, come and see.

11:35 耶稣哭了。

Jesus wept.

11:36 犹太人就说,你看他爱这人是何等恳切。

Then said the Jews, Behold how he loved him!

11:37 其中有人说,他既然开了瞎子的眼睛,岂不能叫这人不死吗。

And some of them said, Could not this man, which opened the eyes of the blind, have caused that even this man should not have died?

11:38 耶稣又心里悲叹,来到坟墓前。那坟墓是个洞,有一块石头挡着。

Jesus therefore again groaning in himself cometh to the grave. It was a cave, and a stone lay upon it.

11:39 耶稣说,你们把石头挪开。那死人的姐姐马大对他说,主阿,他现在必是发臭了,因为他死了已经四天了。

Jesus said, Take ye away the stone. Martha, the sister of him that was dead, saith unto him, Lord, by this time he stinketh: for he hath been dead four days.

11:40 耶稣说,我不是对你说过,你若信,就必看见神的荣耀吗。

Jesus saith unto her, Said I not unto thee, that, if thou wouldest believe, thou shouldest see the glory of God?

11:41 他们就把石头挪开。耶稣举目望天说,父阿,我感谢你,因为你已经听我。

Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead was laid. And Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said, Father, I thank thee that thou hast heard me.

11:42 我也知道你常听我,但我说这话,是为周围站着的众人,叫他们信是你差了我来。

And I knew that thou hearest me always: but because of the people which stand by I said it, that they may believe that thou hast sent me.

11:43 说了这话,就大声呼叫说,拉撒路出来。

And when he thus had spoken, he cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth.

11:44 那死人就出来了,手脚裹着布,脸上包着手巾。耶稣对他们说,解开,叫他走。

And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with graveclothes: and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them, Loose him, and let him go.

11:45 那些来看马利亚的犹太人,见了耶稣所作的事,就多有信他的。

Then many of the Jews which came to Mary, and had seen the things which Jesus did, believed on him.

11:46 但其中也有去见法利赛人的,将耶稣所作的事告诉他们。

But some of them went their ways to the Pharisees, and told them what things Jesus had done.

11:47 祭司长和法利赛人聚集公会,说,这人行好些神迹,我们怎吗办呢。

Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What do we? for this man doeth many miracles.

11:48 若这样由着他,人人都要信他。罗马人也要来夺我们的地土,和我们的百姓。

If we let him thus alone, all men will believe on him: and the Romans shall come and take away both our place and nation.

11:49 内中有一个人,名叫该亚法,本年作大祭司,对他们说,你们不知道什么。

And one of them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all,

11:50 独不想一个人替百姓死,免得通国灭亡,就是你们的益处。

Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not.

11:51 他这话不是出于自己,是因他本年作大祭司,所以预言耶稣将要替这一国死。

And this spake he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for that nation;

11:52 也不但替这一国死,并要将神四散的子民,都聚集归一。

And not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad.

11:53 从那日起,他们就商议要杀耶稣。

Then from that day forth they took counsel together for to put him to death.

11:54 所以耶稣不再显然行在犹太人中间,就离开那里往靠近矿野的地方。到了一座城,名叫以法莲,就在那里和门徒同住。

Jesus therefore walked no more openly among the Jews; but went thence unto a country near to the wilderness, into a city called Ephraim, and there continued with his disciples.

11:55 犹太人的逾越节近了。有许多人从乡下上耶路撒冷去,要在节前洁净自己。

And the Jews’ passover was nigh at hand: and many went out of the country up to Jerusalem before the passover, to purify themselves.

11:56 他们就寻梢耶稣,站在殿里彼此说,你们的意思如何,他不来过节吗。

Then sought they for Jesus, and spake among themselves, as they stood in the temple, What think ye, that he will not come to the feast?

11:57 那时,祭司长和法利赛人早已吩咐说,若有人知道耶稣在那里,就要报明,好去拿他。

Now both the chief priests and the Pharisees had given a commandment, that, if any man knew where he were, he should shew it, that they might take him.


11:1 伯大尼位于耶路撒冷以东约三公里处,在往耶利哥的路上,离耶路撒冷不远,可供耶稣和门徒暂避迫害,同时也不在闹市中,可免太受注意。

11:3 马利亚和马大曾目睹过耶稣施行神迹,当她们的弟弟病重时,她们就向耶稣求助,相信他能够医治他。我们也可以从圣经和别人改变了的生命中认识耶稣的大能。当需要特别帮助时,不要犹豫,快快向他求助,他会赐我们格外的力量。

11:4 信徒身处任何困境,最终都能荣耀神,因为无论环境如何恶劣,神都能化险为夷(参创50:20;罗8:28)。当你遇到困难,你是埋怨神,还是把困难看作荣耀神的机会呢?

11:5-7 耶稣爱这家庭,时常住在他们家里。他知道他们的痛楚,却没有立刻作出反应,他的迟延有特别的目的。神对时间的安排,可能使我们以为他没有回应和答允,其实他会依照完美的安排和旨意,来满足我们的需要(参腓4:19),耐心地等候他的安排吧。

11:9-10 白日指人对神旨意的认识,黑夜指没有这种认识。若不认识神的旨意,自然很容易跌倒走歪。

11:14-15 若拉撒路临死前,耶稣在他身旁,他可能已经痊愈了,因耶稣不会眼见他死去而袖手旁观。但拉撒路死了,耶稣可以向门徒和其他人显出其胜过死亡的权柄,拉撒路的复活彰显了耶稣的大能。从死里复活是基督教信仰的关键,耶稣不单自己从死里复活,也有能力叫其他人复活。

11:16 我们常常记著“多马”是一个疑心重的人,他不信耶稣复活,但这里却显出他充满爱心和勇气的一面。门徒知道与耶稣前往耶路撒冷会遇到危险,想说服他别去,多马只是把众门徒的感受说出来而已,即使要死,都愿意跟随耶稣前往,虽然未必知道为何要死,但仍然忠心耿耿。事奉可能有许多不能预知的危险,作为耶稣的门徒,先要考虑清楚所要付出的代价。

11:25-26 耶稣基督是生命的创造主(参14:6),掌管生命和死亡,有赦罪的权柄,他就是“生命”,因此必定能够使生命复活。凡相信耶稣的人,都可以得著属灵的生命,是死亡不能胜过的。当我们认识到他的能力和赐给我们的恩典时,我们怎能不把自己的一生奉献给他?对于信主的人,耶稣说:“因为我活著,你们也要活著”(14:19),我们得到的应许是何等的肯定!

11:27 很多人只认识马大是一个忙得不可开交、没有时间跟耶稣倾谈的人(参路10:38-42),但这里我们可以看到她也是一个很有信心的妇人,她充满信心的回应正合耶稣的心意。

11:33-38 当时的人,普遍抱有希腊人对神的观念,认为神没有情感,不理人间琐事。约翰在这里强调神关心我们。与希腊人心目中的神全然不同,我们看到耶稣不同的情感──怜悯、愤怒、悲伤、甚至失意,他经常表现出强烈的情感。我们不要害怕向他表露自己真正的感受,因为他亲身经历过,了解我们的感受,顾念我们。

11:35 耶稣看见他们痛哭,自己也当众哭起来。或受他们悲痛的情绪感染,或对这些没有信心的人感到苦恼,但无论如何,耶稣都显出他深切的关心,甚至与他们同哭。

11:38 当时的坟墓通常是在山边开凿的山洞,洞很大,人可以走进去,并可安放数具尸体。安葬后,就用大石头堵住洞口。

11:45-53 即使亲眼目睹耶稣满有能力,施行神迹,有些人仍然拒绝相信。这些目击者不单抗拒他,甚至密谋杀害他。他们的心已刚硬,宁可拒绝神的儿子,也不肯承认自己的错误。我们要切戒骄傲,倘若我们妄自尊大,便会陷入罪恶的深渊。

11:48 犹太领袖知道如果不阻止耶稣,罗马人就会来惩治他们。罗马皇帝给犹太人有限度的自由,条件是他们必须要安分守己。耶稣的神迹常吸引大批群众聚集,犹太领袖非常害怕引起罗马人的猜忌,就加紧迫害耶稣。

11:51 约翰以该亚法的话为预言,纵然该亚法根本不明白自己在说甚么,但神仍然使用他这大祭司去向百姓解释耶稣的死。

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