约书亚记3 Joshua

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

3:1 约书亚清早起来,和以色列众人都离开什亭,来到约旦河,就住在那里,等候过河。

And Joshua rose early in the morning; and they removed from Shittim, and came to Jordan, he and all the children of Israel, and lodged there before they passed over.

3:2 过了三天,官长走遍营中,

And it came to pass after three days, that the officers went through the host;

3:3 吩咐百姓说,你们看见耶和华你们神的约柜,又见祭司利未人抬着,就要离开所住的地方,跟着约柜去。

And they commanded the people, saying, When ye see the ark of the covenant of the LORD your God, and the priests the Levites bearing it, then ye shall remove from your place, and go after it.

3:4 只是你们和约柜相离要量二千肘,不可与约柜相近,使你们知道所当走的路,因为这条路你们向来没有走过。

Yet there shall be a space between you and it, about two thousand cubits by measure: come not near unto it, that ye may know the way by which ye must go: for ye have not passed this way heretofore.

3:5 约书亚吩咐百姓说,你们要自洁,因为明天耶和华必在你们中间行奇事。

And Joshua said unto the people, Sanctify yourselves: for to morrow the LORD will do wonders among you.

3:6 约书亚又吩咐祭司说,你们抬起约柜,在百姓前头过去。于是他们抬起约柜,在百姓前头走。

And Joshua spake unto the priests, saying, Take up the ark of the covenant, and pass over before the people. And they took up the ark of the covenant, and went before the people.

3:7 耶和华对约书亚说,从今日起,我必使你在以色列众人眼前尊大,使他们知道我怎样与摩西同在,也必照样与你同在。

And the LORD said unto Joshua, This day will I begin to magnify thee in the sight of all Israel, that they may know that, as I was with Moses, so I will be with thee.

3:8 你要吩咐抬约柜的祭司说,你们到了约旦河的水边上,就要在约旦河水里站住。

And thou shalt command the priests that bear the ark of the covenant, saying, When ye are come to the brink of the water of Jordan, ye shall stand still in Jordan.

3:9 约书亚对以色列人说,你们近前来,听耶和华你们神的话。

And Joshua said unto the children of Israel, Come hither, and hear the words of the LORD your God.

3:10 *

And Joshua said, Hereby ye shall know that the living God is among you, and that he will without fail drive out from before you the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Hivites, and the Perizzites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Jebusites.

3:11 约书亚说,看哪,普天下主的约柜必在你们前头过去,到约旦河里,因此你们就知道在你们中间有永生神。并且他必在你们面前赶出迦南人,赫人,希未人,比利洗人,革迦撒人,亚摩利人,耶布斯人。

Behold, the ark of the covenant of the LORD of all the earth passeth over before you into Jordan.

3:12 你们现在要从以色列支派中拣选十二个人,每支派一人,

Now therefore take you twelve men out of the tribes of Israel, out of every tribe a man.

3:13 等到抬普天下主耶和华约柜的祭司把脚站在约旦河水里,约旦河的水,就是从上往下流的水,必然断绝,立起成垒。

And it shall come to pass, as soon as the soles of the feet of the priests that bear the ark of the LORD, the LORD of all the earth, shall rest in the waters of Jordan, that the waters of Jordan shall be cut off from the waters that come down from above; and they shall stand upon an heap.

3:14 百姓离开帐棚要过约旦河的时候,抬约柜的祭司乃在百姓的前头。

And it came to pass, when the people removed from their tents, to pass over Jordan, and the priests bearing the ark of the covenant before the people;

3:15 他们到了约旦河,脚一入水(原来约旦河水在收割的日子涨过两岸),

And as they that bare the ark were come unto Jordan, and the feet of the priests that bare the ark were dipped in the brim of the water, (for Jordan overfloweth all his banks all the time of harvest,)

3:16 那从上往下流的水便在极远之地,撒拉但旁的亚当城那里停住,立起成垒。那往亚拉巴的海,就是盐海,下流的水全然断绝。于是百姓在耶利哥的对面过去了。

That the waters which came down from above stood and rose up upon an heap very far from the city Adam, that is beside Zaretan: and those that came down toward the sea of the plain, even the salt sea, failed, and were cut off: and the people passed over right against Jericho.

3:17 抬耶和华约柜的祭司在约旦河中的乾地上站定,以色列众人都从乾地上过去,直到国民尽都过了约旦河。

And the priests that bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD stood firm on dry ground in the midst of Jordan, and all the Israelites passed over on dry ground, until all the people were passed clean over Jordan.

约书亚记3参考

神的约柜包括哪些东西?
3:2-4 神的约柜是以色列人最神圣的财宝。它是神大能同在的象徵。约柜是长方形包金的木柜,它的盖子上有两个基路伯(天使),面对面而立。在它里面有两块法版,上面写有摩西从神领受的十条诫命,一个金碗盛有吗哪(就是百姓在旷野飘流的时候,神赐给以色列人的食物,也是神行神迹从天上降下的食物),还有亚伦的杖(他作大祭司权威的象徵)。按照神的规定,只有利未人能抬约柜。约柜与会幕是同时造的(参出37:1-9),放在圣所内的至圣所里面。

百姓如何自洁?哪些人特别需要自洁?
3:5 以色列人进入应许之地以前,必须先行洁净之礼,分别为圣归于神。这是他们在献祭以前,包括此次观看神的伟大作为之前要做的事。神的律法说明,人可能因为许多原因变为不洁──例如吃了某类食物(参利11),妇女生孩子(12:7),患麻疯病(参利13-14),触摸死尸等(参民19:11-22)。神使用各种不洁净的外在记号,来说明内在的不洁如何从罪恶而生。用自洁表示分别为圣,这种礼仪描绘出人以洁净的心来朝见神,是何其重要!我们和百姓一样,先要得他赦罪,才能朝见他。

“我最近太忙了,真的没时间求问神。”这是否本末倒置了──
3:9 在以色列人过约旦河,进入应许之地以前,约书亚召聚百姓,聆听神的圣言。他们极度振奋,一心想马上渡河,但是约书亚却叫他们停下来静听。我们生活在匆忙的世代,人人分秒必争忙个不停,很容易成为工作的奴仆,忙得不可分身,忽略了神所说最重要的一件事──聆听他的话语。在你订定时间表以前,要用点时间专心寻求神对你工作的期望。你为一天的工作忙碌以前,要先明白神对你所说的,这样才能帮助你避免犯无谓的错误。

以色列人一定要赶走迦南地的原住民吗?这是否合理合法?
3:10-11 神为甚么要帮助以色列人,把住在迦南地的原住民赶出去?神曾经因为他的百姓不顺服而加以处罚,接著他也要处罚其他各族。圣经上曾指出迦南居民罪大恶极,应受严厉的处罚(参创15:16),而神要透过以色列人来处罚他们。更重要的是,由于以色列人是圣洁的一族,就不能住在邪恶而拜偶像的民中,否则就等于让罪恶登堂入室。要想防止百姓受邪教风俗感染,惟一的方法就是把奉行邪教之民从那地赶出去。不过,以色列人没有照神所说的去做。不久以后,神所拣选的圣洁子民,便开始效法迦南的邪风恶俗了。

“神让我去干这事,但我没把握,要不要开始行动…… ”
3:13-14 以色列人渴望能进入应许之地、征服列国,在那里平安度日,但是他们先要渡过河水涨过两岸的约旦河。神曾明令,要想过河,祭司必须首先踏足下水。假使祭司害怕,不敢踏出第一步的话,又将会怎样呢?神对我们的问题,常常不先采取行动解决,直到我们信靠他,照著我们当做的事前行,神才使一切迎刃而解。在你的生命之中,甚么是难以渡过的江河,阻挠你的进步?你要顺服神,踏下第一步,问题自然可以解决。

与水有关的神迹很多,这是很显要的一次,上次是……
3:13-17 神曾经使红海的水分开,让以色列人走乾地出埃及(参出14),这一段经文说明是神使约旦河水截住,叫他们得以进入迦南。这些神迹告诉以色列人,神必守他的应许。他是在百姓中间,他的信实使百姓可以安然出埃及,亦保守进入美地的全程。神如何在旅途之始与他们同在,也照样在旅程结束时与他们同行。

神如何叫河水停住的?其实,这不太要紧,重要的是──
3:15-16 以色列人是在春季渡过约旦河,这时河水涨溢两岸。神拣选河水涨到最高的时候,把它截流,好彰显他的大能──叫以色列全族从河床中的乾地走过。有人说,神使用自然界发生的事(例如有山泥倾泻而堵塞河道),使约旦河从上往下流的水断绝;还有人说他行了直接的神迹。不管怎样,神行了适合时地的神迹,让他的百姓走乾地过了河。他以超自然的大能见证,使以色列人对他有盼望,并且使人数比他们众多的仇敌知道以色列的大名。

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