箴言9 Proverbs

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

9:1 智慧建造房屋,凿成七根柱子,

Wisdom hath builded her house, she hath hewn out her seven pillars:

9:2 宰杀牲畜,调和旨酒,设摆筵席。

She hath killed her beasts; she hath mingled her wine; she hath also furnished her table.

9:3 打发使女出去,自己在城中至高处呼叫,

She hath sent forth her maidens: she crieth upon the highest places of the city,

9:4 说,谁是愚蒙人,可以转到这里来。又对那无知的人说,

Whoso is simple, let him turn in hither: as for him that wanteth understanding, she saith to him,

9:5 你们来,吃我的饼,喝我调和的酒。

Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine which I have mingled.

9:6 你们愚蒙人,要舍弃愚蒙,就得存活。并要走光明的道。

Forsake the foolish, and live; and go in the way of understanding.

9:7 指斥亵慢人的,必受辱骂。责备恶人的,必被玷污。

He that reproveth a scorner getteth to himself shame: and he that rebuketh a wicked man getteth himself a blot.

9:8 不要责备亵慢人,恐怕他恨你。要责备智慧人,他必爱你。

Reprove not a scorner, lest he hate thee: rebuke a wise man, and he will love thee.

9:9 教导智慧人,他就越发有智慧。指示义人,他就增长学问。

Give instruction to a wise man, and he will be yet wiser: teach a just man, and he will increase in learning.

9:10 敬畏耶和华,是智慧的开端。认识至圣者,便是聪明。

The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom: and the knowledge of the holy is understanding.

9:11 你藉着我,日子必增多,年岁也必加添。

For by me thy days shall be multiplied, and the years of thy life shall be increased.

9:12 你若有智慧,是与自己有益。你若亵慢,就必独自担当。

If thou be wise, thou shalt be wise for thyself: but if thou scornest, thou alone shalt bear it.

9:13 愚昧的妇人喧囔。他是愚蒙,一无所知。

A foolish woman is clamorous: she is simple, and knoweth nothing.

9:14 他坐在自己的家门口,坐在城中高处的座位上,

For she sitteth at the door of her house, on a seat in the high places of the city,

9:15 呼叫过路的,就是直行其道的人,

To call passengers who go right on their ways:

9:16 说,谁是愚蒙人,可以转到这里来。又对那无知的人说,

Whoso is simple, let him turn in hither: and as for him that wanteth understanding, she saith to him,

9:17 偷来的水是甜的,暗吃的饼是好的。

Stolen waters are sweet, and bread eaten in secret is pleasant.

9:18 人却不知有阴魂在他那里。他的客在阴间的深处。

But he knoweth not that the dead are there; and that her guests are in the depths of hell.

箴言9参考

“七根柱子……”圣经中为甚么常有“七”这个数字?
9:1 七根柱子是借喻的说法,并不代表智慧有七个原则。在圣经中,七代表完全、完美的意思。这一节以诗体说明智慧是完备无缺、十全十美的。

智慧和愚昧的分别在哪里?
9章 这一章把智慧和愚昧描绘成两个敌对的年轻妇人,她们都预备了筵席,邀请人来参加。智慧是一位德行全备的妇人,愚昧则是一个用偷来的食物款待客人的妓女。智慧首先唤起人的思想,愚昧则令人陷入肉体的情欲。挑逗人的七情六欲虽比较容易,但愚昧所带来的欢愉只是短暂的。相比之下,智慧所赐的满足则是永远的。

筵席的比喻,主耶稣也用过──
9:1-5 这章所说的筵席,和耶稣所讲筵席的比喻(参路14:15-24)有相似之处。有许多人可能想去参加,可惜他们被其他事情阻挠而没有去,因为他们看那些事情更重要。你千万不要让任何事变得比寻求神的智慧更重要。

受到责备却爱责备自己的人,我做得到吗?我是智慧人还是亵慢人?
9:7-10 从你对别人批评的反应,可以看出你是一个亵慢人还是智慧人。在受到斥责的时候,不要即时反唇相讥或以巧言还击,却要静听所论。你要从别人的批评中学习,因这是获得智慧的途径。认识神是智慧的开端。他赐人认识生命的真谛,使人能洞悉生活,因为生命是他创造的。认识神,不单是知道有关他的一些事,也要敬畏他并与他建立美好的关系。你若想成为智慧人,就要多多地认识神(关于怎样才能得到智慧,请参雅1:5;彼后1:2-4)。

越被禁止的事我越好奇,这也是危险的?
9:14-17 邪恶有麻醉以及令人上瘾的作用。人犯了罪以后,就想犯更多的罪。犯罪的行为似乎比基督徒的生活要刺激,这可能是许多人推辞智慧的丰盛筵席(参9:1-5),而去吃愚昧偷来食物的原因。犯罪是危险的,不要受它的欺骗。在你偷尝禁果以前,要仔细留意吃禁果之人的下场(参22章的附表)。

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