箴言31 Proverbs

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

31:1 利慕伊勒王的言语,是他母亲教训他的真言。

The words of king Lemuel, the prophecy that his mother taught him.

31:2 我的儿阿,我腹中生的儿阿,我许愿得的儿阿,我当怎样教训你呢。

What, my son? and what, the son of my womb? and what, the son of my vows?

31:3 不要将你的精力给妇女,也不要有败坏君王的行为。

Give not thy strength unto women, nor thy ways to that which destroyeth kings.

31:4 利慕伊勒阿,君王喝酒,君王喝酒不相宜。王子说,浓酒在那里也不相宜。

It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink:

31:5 恐怕喝了就忘记律例,颠倒一切困苦人的是非。

Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.

31:6 可以把浓酒给将亡的人喝。把清酒给苦心的人喝。

Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy hearts.

31:7 让他们喝了,就忘记他的贫穷,不在记念他的苦楚。

Let him drink, and forget his poverty, and remember his misery no more.

31:8 你当为哑吧(或作不能自辨的)开口,为一切孤独的伸冤。

Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction.

31:9 你当开口按公义判断,为困苦和穷乏的辨屈。

Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy.

31:10 才德的妇人,谁能得着呢,他的价值胜过珍珠。

Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies.

31:11 他丈夫心里倚靠他,必不缺少利益。

The heart of her husband doth safely trust in her, so that he shall have no need of spoil.

31:12 他一生使丈夫有益无损。

She will do him good and not evil all the days of her life.

31:13 他寻梢羊绒和麻,甘心用手作工。

She seeketh wool, and flax, and worketh willingly with her hands.

31:14 他好像商船从远方运粮来。

She is like the merchants’ ships; she bringeth her food from afar.

31:15 未到黎明他就起来,把食物分给家中的人。将当作的工分派婢女。

She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens.

31:16 他想得田地,就买来。用手所的之利,栽种葡萄园。

She considereth a field, and buyeth it: with the fruit of her hands she planteth a vineyard.

31:17 他以能力束腰,使膀臂有力。

She girdeth her loins with strength, and strengtheneth her arms.

31:18 他觉得所经营的有利,他的灯终夜不灭。

She perceiveth that her merchandise is good: her candle goeth not out by night.

31:19 他手拿捻线竿。手把纺线车。

She layeth her hands to the spindle, and her hands hold the distaff.

31:20 他张手周济困苦人,伸手帮补穷乏人。

She stretcheth out her hand to the poor; yea, she reacheth forth her hands to the needy.

31:21 他不因下雪为家里的人担心,因为全家都穿着朱红衣服。

She is not afraid of the snow for her household: for all her household are clothed with scarlet.

31:22 他为自己制作绣花毯子,他的衣服,是细麻和紫色布作的。

She maketh herself coverings of tapestry; her clothing is silk and purple.

31:23 他丈夫在城门口与本地的长老同坐,为众人所认识。

Her husband is known in the gates, when he sitteth among the elders of the land.

31:24 他作细麻衣裳出卖。又将腰带卖与商家。

She maketh fine linen, and selleth it; and delivereth girdles unto the merchant.

31:25 能力和威仪,是他的衣服。他想到日后的景况就喜笑。

Strength and honour are her clothing; and she shall rejoice in time to come.

31:26 他开口就发智慧。他舌上有仁慈的法则。

She openeth her mouth with wisdom; and in her tongue is the law of kindness.

31:27 他观察家务,并不吃闲饭。

She looketh well to the ways of her household, and eateth not the bread of idleness.

31:28 他的儿女起来称他有福。他的丈夫也称赞他,

Her children arise up, and call her blessed; her husband also, and he praiseth her.

31:29 说,才德的女子很多,惟独你超过一切。

Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou excellest them all.

31:30 艳丽是虚假的。美容是虚浮的。惟敬畏耶和华的妇女,必得称赞。

Favour is deceitful, and beauty is vain: but a woman that feareth the LORD, she shall be praised.

31:31 愿他享受操作所得的。愿他的工作,在城门口荣耀他。

Give her of the fruit of her hands; and let her own works praise her in the gates.

箴言31参考

利慕伊勒是哪个国家的王?
31:1 我们对利慕伊勒所知不多,只知道他是一位君王,从他母亲得到智慧的教导。他的名字是“奉献给神”的意思。有些人认为,他和亚古珥都出于阿拉伯北部的玛撒国。

君王更不能喝酒,这对我们有甚么提醒?
31:4-7 将亡之人藉醉酒消除极度的痛苦是可以理解的。但是对一国之君来说,醉酒则不可饶恕。酒能使人头脑昏迷,以致作出不公平的判断与错误的抉择。君王需处理国家大事,用酒来灌醉自己会祸国殃民。

这位才德双全的妇人身上有哪些值得效法的品质?
31:10-31 箴言中有多处经文提及妇女,最后用对一位才德的妇人的描绘来结尾是极其恰当的。她有坚强的品格,高度的智慧,又多才多艺,且有丰富的同情怜悯之心。
  有些人有一个错误观念,以为圣经中的理想妇人,都是藏身男人背后、百依百顺只管家务的人。事实并不是这样。箴言中的这位妇人既是超乎众人的贤妻良母,她又是一位制造商、进口商、经理、房产经纪、农夫、裁缝、室内装修者及商人,可以说是百艺精通的才女。不过她的长处和尊贵,并不是从她的奇妙成就而来,而是她敬畏神的结果。在现代社会中,人对于外貌极其注重,然而令我们惊讶的是,箴言中从来没有提到这位妇人的仪容,她的魅力是出于她的德行。
  这一章所描述的这位贤德的妇人有惊人的能力。她的家庭有高尚的社会地位。然而实际上她可能不是一位妇人,而是集众多美德于一身的理想妇人的化身。不必仿效她所做的每一件事,因为你所处的环境与她并不相同。但不妨藉著她激励你追求理想。我们虽不能跟她完全一样,却可以学习她吃苦耐劳,品德正直,又足智多谋的优点。

31:19 捻线竿与纺线车是用手纺线的两种工具。

贯穿箴言的主线是甚么?你发现它了吗?
31:31 箴言以吩咐人敬畏耶和华开始(1:7),以描述一位成全这个命令的妇人作结束。她的特质其实也贯穿在整卷书中:勤奋工作,敬畏神,尊重配偶,有远见,鼓励他人,关心他人,眷顾穷人,善用金钱。这些特质与敬畏神相配合,就使人生有喜乐、有成就、有尊贵、有价值。箴言的教诲在我们的时代也非常适用。因为它告诉我们怎样成为智慧人,作有益的抉择去过合乎神心意的生活。

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