申命记4 Deuteronomy

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

4:1 以色列人哪,现在我所教训你们的律例典章,你们要听从遵行,好叫你们存活,得以进入耶和华你们列祖之神所赐给你们的地,承受为业。

Now therefore hearken, O Israel, unto the statutes and unto the judgments, which I teach you, for to do them, that ye may live, and go in and possess the land which the LORD God of your fathers giveth you.

4:2 所吩咐你们的话,你们不可加添,也不可删减,好叫你们遵守我所吩咐的,就是耶和华你们神的命令。

Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you.

4:3 耶和华因巴力毗珥的事所行的,你们亲眼看见了。凡随从巴力毗珥的人,耶和华你们的神都从你们中间除灭了。

Your eyes have seen what the LORD did because of Baalpeor: for all the men that followed Baalpeor, the LORD thy God hath destroyed them from among you.

4:4 惟有你们专靠耶和华你们神的人,今日全都存活。

But ye that did cleave unto the LORD your God are alive every one of you this day.

4:5 我照着耶和华我神所吩咐的将律例典章教训你们,使你们在所要进去得为业的地上遵行。

Behold, I have taught you statutes and judgments, even as the LORD my God commanded me, that ye should do so in the land whither ye go to possess it.

4:6 所以你们要谨守遵行。这就是你们在万民眼前的智慧,聪明。他们听见这一切律例,必说,这大国的人真是有智慧,有聪明。

Keep therefore and do them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the nations, which shall hear all these statutes, and say, Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.

4:7 哪一大国的人有神与他们相近,像耶和华我们的神,在我们求告他的时候与我们相近呢,

For what nation is there so great, who hath God so nigh unto them, as the LORD our God is in all things that we call upon him for?

4:8 又哪一大国有这样公义的律例典章,像我今日在你们面前所陈明的这一切律法呢,

And what nation is there so great, that hath statutes and judgments so righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day?

4:9 你只要谨慎,殷勤保守你的心灵,免得忘记你亲眼所看见的事,又免得你一生,这事离开你的心。总要传给你的子子孙孙。

Only take heed to thyself, and keep thy soul diligently, lest thou forget the things which thine eyes have seen, and lest they depart from thy heart all the days of thy life: but teach them thy sons, and thy sons’ sons;

4:10 你在何烈山站在耶和华你神面前的那日,耶和华对我说,你为我招聚百姓,我要叫他们听见我的话,使他们存活在世的日子,可以学习敬畏我,又可以教训儿女这样行。

Specially the day that thou stoodest before the LORD thy God in Horeb, when the LORD said unto me, Gather me the people together, and I will make them hear my words, that they may learn to fear me all the days that they shall live upon the earth, and that they may teach their children.

4:11 那时你们近前来,站在山下。山上有火焰冲天,并有昏黑,密云,幽暗。

And ye came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire unto the midst of heaven, with darkness, clouds, and thick darkness.

4:12 耶和华从火焰中对你们说话,你们只听见声音,却没有看见形像。

And the LORD spake unto you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude; only ye heard a voice.

4:13 他将所吩咐你们当守的约指示你们,就是十条诫,并将这诫写在两块石版上。

And he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even ten commandments; and he wrote them upon two tables of stone.

4:14 那时耶和华又吩咐我将律例典章教训你们,使你们在所要过去得为业的地上遵行。

And the LORD commanded me at that time to teach you statutes and judgments, that ye might do them in the land whither ye go over to possess it.

4:15 所以,你们要分外谨慎。因为耶和华在何烈山,从火中对你们说话的那日,你们没有看见什么形像。

Take ye therefore good heed unto yourselves; for ye saw no manner of similitude on the day that the LORD spake unto you in Horeb out of the midst of the fire:

4:16 惟恐你们败坏自己,雕刻偶像,彷佛什么男像女像,

Lest ye corrupt yourselves, and make you a graven image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female,

4:17 或地上走兽的像,或空中飞鸟的像,

The likeness of any beast that is on the earth, the likeness of any winged fowl that flieth in the air,

4:18 或地上爬物的像,或地底下水中鱼的像。

The likeness of any thing that creepeth on the ground, the likeness of any fish that is in the waters beneath the earth:

4:19 又恐怕你向天举目观看,见耶和华你的神为天下万民所摆列的日月星,就是天上的万象,自己便被勾引敬拜事奉它。

And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.

4:20 耶和华将你们从埃及领出来,脱离铁炉,要特作自己产业的子民,像今日一样。

But the LORD hath taken you, and brought you forth out of the iron furnace, even out of Egypt, to be unto him a people of inheritance, as ye are this day.

4:21 耶和华又因你们的缘故向我发怒,起誓必不容我过约旦河,也不容我进入耶和华你神所赐你为业的那美地。

Furthermore the LORD was angry with me for your sakes, and sware that I should not go over Jordan, and that I should not go in unto that good land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance:

4:22 我只得死在这地,不能过约旦河。但你们必过去得那美地。

But I must die in this land, I must not go over Jordan: but ye shall go over, and possess that good land.

4:23 你们要谨慎,免得忘记耶和华你们神与你们所立的约,为自己雕刻偶像,就是耶和华你神所禁止你作的偶像。

Take heed unto yourselves, lest ye forget the covenant of the LORD your God, which he made with you, and make you a graven image, or the likeness of any thing, which the LORD thy God hath forbidden thee.

4:24 因为耶和华你的神乃是烈火,是忌邪的神。

For the LORD thy God is a consuming fire, even a jealous God.

4:25 你们在那地住久了,生子生孙,就雕刻偶像,彷佛什么形像,败坏自己,行耶和华你神眼中看为恶的事,惹他发怒。

When thou shalt beget children, and children’s children, and ye shall have remained long in the land, and shall corrupt yourselves, and make a graven image, or the likeness of any thing, and shall do evil in the sight of the LORD thy God, to provoke him to anger:

4:26 我今日呼天唤地向你们作见证,你们必在过约旦河得为业的地上速速灭尽。你们不能在那地上长久,必尽行除灭。

I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that ye shall soon utterly perish from off the land whereunto ye go over Jordan to possess it; ye shall not prolong your days upon it, but shall utterly be destroyed.

4:27 耶和华必使你们分散在万民中。在他所领你们到的万国里,你们剩下的人数稀少。

And the LORD shall scatter you among the nations, and ye shall be left few in number among the heathen, whither the LORD shall lead you.

4:28 在那里,你们必事奉人手所造的神,就是用木石造成,不能看,不能听,不能吃,不能闻的神。

And there ye shall serve gods, the work of men’s hands, wood and stone, which neither see, nor hear, nor eat, nor smell.

4:29 但你们在那里必寻求耶和华你的神。你尽心尽性寻求他的时候,就必寻见。

But if from thence thou shalt seek the LORD thy God, thou shalt find him, if thou seek him with all thy heart and with all thy soul.

4:30 日后你遭遇一切患难的时候,你必归回耶和华你的神,听从他的话。

When thou art in tribulation, and all these things are come upon thee, even in the latter days, if thou turn to the LORD thy God, and shalt be obedient unto his voice;

4:31 耶和华你神原是有怜悯的神。他总不撇下你,不灭绝你,也不忘记他起誓与你列祖所立的约。

(For the LORD thy God is a merciful God;) he will not forsake thee, neither destroy thee, nor forget the covenant of thy fathers which he sware unto them.

4:32 你且考察在你以前的世代,自神造人在世以来,从天这边到天那边,曾有何民听见神在火中说话的声音,像你听见还能存活呢,

For ask now of the days that are past, which were before thee, since the day that God created man upon the earth, and ask from the one side of heaven unto the other, whether there hath been any such thing as this great thing is, or hath been heard like it?

4:33 这样的大事何曾有,何曾听见呢,

Did ever people hear the voice of God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as thou hast heard, and live?

4:34 神何曾从别的国中将一国的人民领出来,用试验,神迹,奇事,争战,大能的手,和伸出来的膀臂,并大可畏的事,像耶和华你们的神在埃及,在你们眼前为你们所行的一切事呢,

Or hath God assayed to go and take him a nation from the midst of another nation, by temptations, by signs, and by wonders, and by war, and by a mighty hand, and by a stretched out arm, and by great terrors, according to all that the LORD your God did for you in Egypt before your eyes?

4:35 这是显给你看,要使你知道,惟有耶和华他是神,除他以外,再无别神。

Unto thee it was shewed, that thou mightest know that the LORD he is God; there is none else beside him.

4:36 他从天上使你听见他的声音,为要教训你,又在地上使你看见他的烈火,并且听见他从火中所说的话。

Out of heaven he made thee to hear his voice, that he might instruct thee: and upon earth he shewed thee his great fire; and thou heardest his words out of the midst of the fire.

4:37 因他爱你的列祖,所以拣选他们的后裔,用大能亲自领你出了埃及,

And because he loved thy fathers, therefore he chose their seed after them, and brought thee out in his sight with his mighty power out of Egypt;

4:38 要将比你强大的国民从你面前赶出,领你进去,将他们的地赐你为业,像今日一样。

To drive out nations from before thee greater and mightier than thou art, to bring thee in, to give thee their land for an inheritance, as it is this day.

4:39 所以,今日你要知道,也要记在心上,天上地下惟有耶和华他是神,除他以外,再无别神。

Know therefore this day, and consider it in thine heart, that the LORD he is God in heaven above, and upon the earth beneath: there is none else.

4:40 我今日将他的律例诫命晓谕你,你要遵守,使你和你的子孙可以得福,并使你的日子在耶和华你神所赐的地上得以长久。

Thou shalt keep therefore his statutes, and his commandments, which I command thee this day, that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after thee, and that thou mayest prolong thy days upon the earth, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, for ever.

4:41 那时,摩西在约旦河东,向日出之地,分定三座城,

Then Moses severed three cities on this side Jordan toward the sunrising;

4:42 使那素无仇恨,无心杀了人的,可以逃到这三城之中的一座城,就得存活,

That the slayer might flee thither, which should kill his neighbour unawares, and hated him not in times past; and that fleeing unto one of these cities he might live:

4:43 为流便人分定旷野平原的比悉。为迦得人分定基列的拉末。为玛拿西人分定巴珊的哥兰。

Namely, Bezer in the wilderness, in the plain country, of the Reubenites; and Ramoth in Gilead, of the Gadites; and Golan in Bashan, of the Manassites.

4:44 摩西在以色列人面前所陈明的律法

And this is the law which Moses set before the children of Israel:

4:45 就是摩西在以色列人出埃及后所传给他们的法度,律例,典章。

These are the testimonies, and the statutes, and the judgments, which Moses spake unto the children of Israel, after they came forth out of Egypt,

4:46 在约旦河东伯毗珥对面的谷中,在住希实本,亚摩利王西宏之地。这西宏是摩西和以色列人出埃及后所击杀的。

On this side Jordan, in the valley over against Bethpeor, in the land of Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt at Heshbon, whom Moses and the children of Israel smote, after they were come forth out of Egypt:

4:47 他们得了他的地,又得了巴珊王噩的地,就是两个亚摩利王,在约旦河东向日出之地。

And they possessed his land, and the land of Og king of Bashan, two kings of the Amorites, which were on this side Jordan toward the sunrising;

4:48 从亚嫩谷边的亚罗珥,直到西云山,就是黑门山。

From Aroer, which is by the bank of the river Arnon, even unto mount Sion, which is Hermon,

4:49 还有约旦河东的全亚拉巴,直到亚拉巴海,靠近毗斯迦山根。

And all the plain on this side Jordan eastward, even unto the sea of the plain, under the springs of Pisgah.

申命记4参考

神的律法不可加添、删减!耶稣时代以至今世,仍有人要替神把话说得更清楚──
4:2 神的命令,人不可加添,也不可删减,这是指甚么而言?这些命令(律法)是神完备的话语,人类以有限的智慧与知识,怎能润饰他完全的律法?人在神的律法上有所加添,就是画蛇添足;如果删减,则使之缺欠。所以这律法不可有丝毫更改。擅改神律法者,就是妄自尊大,以为高过赐律法的神(参太5:17-19;15:3-9;启22:18-19)。当主耶稣在世为人的时候,一班宗教领袖所做的正是如此,他们把自己所定的条例,高举到与神律法同等的地步,所以主斥责他们(参23:1-4)。

神是这样看重他所赐下的律法,我们却总以为他们已经过时……
4:8 神赐给以色列人的律法,对现代的基督徒是否仍适用?他赐律法的目的,是要引导万民过健康、正直、敬虔的生活。律法的目的是要指出人的罪(或可能犯的罪),并且告诉人对付罪的恰当方法。神律法的核心是十条诫命,三千多年前适用,今日也一样适用;因为它宣告神喜悦何种生活方式,并充分说明神是怎样的一位神,他要人过的是怎样的生活。
  不过除了十诫以外,神也赐下其他的律法,它们是否同样重要呢?神从来没有颁发过一条毫无意义的律法。我们在摩西五经之中,读到许多律法,是专门针对那个时代与那种文化习俗中的人的。某些专门的律法对我们也许未必适用,但是它内中的真理或原则,却不受时限,精义仍存。例如,基督徒在敬拜神时毋须献上牲祭,但是其中使罪得赦及感谢神的道理仍然适用。古人以牲畜献祭,是预表末后主耶稣基督为我们所献的祭,就是他自己。新约说,耶稣基督以他的受死与复活成全了旧约的律法,那就是旧约律法帮助我们省察自己的罪,改正自己的恶行,而主耶稣基督能除去我们的罪。他是我们最佳的榜样,因为只有他完全顺服神的律法,并活出了律法的真正内涵。

免得忘记,总要传给下一代──恐怕我们未传给下一代已忘了……
4:9 摩西要百姓不要忘记他们亲眼所见的神的作为,又叫他们把神所行的伟大神迹传讲给儿女,也藉此提醒作父母的牢记神的信实,把神的伟大作为代代相传下去。我们很容易忘记神在自己身上所行的大事,但是通过把亲眼所见、神信实的大作为告诉儿女与亲友,也可以使自己温故知新。

起初神就说明了憎恶偶像;从起初到现在,人类都不断地犯……
4:19 其他民族拜偶像,神同样不饶恕,只是审判可能延迟,但对以色列人的审判则来得又快又彻底,因为他们知道神的律法。我们必须牢记,拜偶像不仅是在家中放一个泥塑木雕,或是金属的神像,拜偶像即委身于其他邪恶的事情和信仰,有分于偶像所代表的习俗(像杀人、淫乱、残酷的战争、以自我为中心)。此外迷信人或野兽的能力,敬拜在天空运行的日月星辰,不理会创造他们的神,都是拜偶像的行为。因为神在以色列人的历史之中已经亲自显明,所以人拜他以外的一切都罪不可恕。
不要犯错,犯错他也许不原谅我──其实他已为我们预备了……
4:24 神是烧灭人的烈火。因为他的性情是完美的,所以恨恶罪恶,不能容忍人犯罪。摩西的罪使他进不了应许之地,虽献祭也不能免除惩罚。罪虽然使我们不能到神面前,但是耶稣基督为我们的罪付出赎价,藉著他的死,我们得以被赦罪。信靠耶稣基督,能使你免遭神的震怒,并使你开始与他建立关系。

忌邪原来可解作嫉妒,但,我神竟也会嫉妒?……
4:24 忌邪,亦可译作嫉妒。神的嫉妒乃是指神要求人单单爱他,对他忠诚。人若看见别人比自己强而嫉妒是有害的,但人要求妻子对作丈夫的专一,则是合理的。同样,神为维护自己的尊严与圣洁,向我们提出严肃而专一的要求也是正确的,即我们必须单单敬拜事奉他(耶和华),不许向其他偶像献媚、膜拜,因为宇宙之中除了耶和华,再无别的神值得我们敬拜。

只要尽心尽性寻求神,就可以寻见神?但神好像很远的──
4:29 神应许以色列人,只要尽心尽性地寻求他,就必寻见。你想认识他吗?人可以认识他,他也渴望被人认识,不过我们要先有渴慕认识他的心。当存真诚虔敬之心,来遵行敬拜事奉的条例。如新约所说:“凡来到神面前的人,必须信有神,且相信他赏赐那寻求他的人。”(参来11:6)他要报答那些专心与他建立关系的人。

世间的人和事都好像较神来得实在;但摩西为何会这样高举神?
4:32 我们常被引诱,去从别处寻求指引,而不去寻求神。我们信靠医生、财经顾问、甚至报导新闻的时事评论员,但是否信靠神呢?我们应当先求问他的意见(4:39-40),承认他有权全面管理我们的生活。

若遵守律例诫命就可以得福,为何仍有那么多不愉快的事发生?
4:40 神是否保证以色列人,谨守他的律法就会亨通呢?答案是肯定的,不过必须仔细地看它所指的是甚么。神的律法是为叫他的选民又健康、又公正,且心存怜悯。遵行律法,就凡事亨通。不过,这并不是说在他们中间从此疾病、悲哀与误会全部绝迹,而是指这个民族会全族兴旺,个人的问题也会得到公正地解决。神现在也应许人亨通──他永远与信他之人同在,赐下资源,叫人富足,而我们应当将这一切与众信徒分享。主耶稣早已告诉我们,试炼难免,但是我们可以避免存心犯罪,更知道在天上有无尽的财宝,等著我们去领取。

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