申命记17 Deuteronomy

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

17:1 凡有残疾,或有什么恶病的牛羊,你都不可献给耶和华你的神,因为这是耶和华你神所憎恶的。

Thou shalt not sacrifice unto the LORD thy God any bullock, or sheep, wherein is blemish, or any evilfavouredness: for that is an abomination unto the LORD thy God.

17:2 在你们中间,在耶和华你神所赐你的诸城中,无论哪座城里,若有人,或男或女,行耶和华你神眼中看为恶的事,违背了他的约,

If there be found among you, within any of thy gates which the LORD thy God giveth thee, man or woman, that hath wrought wickedness in the sight of the LORD thy God, in transgressing his covenant,

17:3 去事奉敬拜别神,或拜日头,或拜月亮,或拜天象,是主不曾吩咐的。

And hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

17:4 有人告诉你,你也听见了,就要细细地探听,果然是真,准有这可憎恶的事行在以色列中,

And it be told thee, and thou hast heard of it, and enquired diligently, and, behold, it be true, and the thing certain, that such abomination is wrought in Israel:

17:5 你就要将行这恶事的男人或女人拉到城门外,用石头将他打死。

Then shalt thou bring forth that man or that woman, which have committed that wicked thing, unto thy gates, even that man or that woman, and shalt stone them with stones, till they die.

17:6 要凭两三个人的口作见证将那当死的人治死。不可凭一个人的口作见证将他治死。

At the mouth of two witnesses, or three witnesses, shall he that is worthy of death be put to death; but at the mouth of one witness he shall not be put to death.

17:7 见证人要先下手,然后众民也下手将他治死。这样,就把那恶从你们中间除掉。

The hands of the witnesses shall be first upon him to put him to death, and afterward the hands of all the people. So thou shalt put the evil away from among you.

17:8 你城中若起了争讼的事,或因流血,或因争竞,或因殴打,是你难断的案件,你就当起来,往耶和华你神所选择的地方

If there arise a matter too hard for thee in judgment, between blood and blood, between plea and plea, and between stroke and stroke, being matters of controversy within thy gates: then shalt thou arise, and get thee up into the place which the LORD thy God shall choose;

17:9 去见祭司利未人,并当时的审判官,求问他们,他们必将判语指示你。

And thou shalt come unto the priests the Levites, and unto the judge that shall be in those days, and enquire; and they shall shew thee the sentence of judgment:

17:10 他们在耶和华所选择的地方指示你的判语,你必照着他们所指教你的一切话谨守遵行。

And thou shalt do according to the sentence, which they of that place which the LORD shall choose shall shew thee; and thou shalt observe to do according to all that they inform thee:

17:11 要按他们所指教你的律法,照他们所断定的去行。他们所指示你的判语,你不可偏离左右。

According to the sentence of the law which they shall teach thee, and according to the judgment which they shall tell thee, thou shalt do: thou shalt not decline from the sentence which they shall shew thee, to the right hand, nor to the left.

17:12 若有人擅敢不听从那侍立在耶和华你神面前的祭司,或不听从审判官,那人就必治死。这样,便将那恶从以色列中除掉。

And the man that will do presumptuously, and will not hearken unto the priest that standeth to minister there before the LORD thy God, or unto the judge, even that man shall die: and thou shalt put away the evil from Israel.

17:13 众百姓都要听见害怕,不再擅敢行事。

And all the people shall hear, and fear, and do no more presumptuously.

17:14 到了耶和华你神所赐你的地,得了那地居住的时候,若说,我要立王治理我,像四围的国一样。

When thou art come unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, and shalt possess it, and shalt dwell therein, and shalt say, I will set a king over me, like as all the nations that are about me;

17:15 你总要立耶和华你神所拣选的人为王。必从你弟兄中立一人。不可立你弟兄以外的人为王。

Thou shalt in any wise set him king over thee, whom the LORD thy God shall choose: one from among thy brethren shalt thou set king over thee: thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother.

17:16 只是王不可为自己加添马匹,也不可使百姓回埃及去,为要加添他的马匹,因耶和华曾吩咐你们说,不可再回那条路去。

But he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses: forasmuch as the LORD hath said unto you, Ye shall henceforth return no more that way.

17:17 他也不可为自己多立妃嫔,恐怕他的心偏邪。也不可为自己多积金银。

Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.

17:18 他登了国位,就要将祭司利未人面前的这律法书,为自己抄录一本,

And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites:

17:19 存在他那里,要平生诵读,好学习敬畏耶和华他的神,谨守遵行这律法书上的一切言语和这些律例,

And it shall be with him, and he shall read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the LORD his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them:

17:20 免得他向弟兄心高气傲,偏左偏右,离了这诫命。这样,他和他的子孙便可在以色列中,在国位上年长日久。

That his heart be not lifted up above his brethren, and that he turn not aside from the commandment, to the right hand, or to the left: to the end that he may prolong his days in his kingdom, he, and his children, in the midst of Israel.

申命记17参考

甚么是我上好的?我让神任意使用吗?
17:1 摩西把这个命令列于此,可能因为有些以色列人将有残疾的牛羊作为祭牲献给神。人常常受试探,希望少给神,以为没有人知道真相。奉献的态度显明我们的优先取向。将剩下的献给神,表示神在我们的生活中并不重要。你要让神优先使用你的金钱、时间、才能,如此才算尊崇他。

怎样防止人出于害人利己的心作假证?
17:6-7 不可单凭一个证人的见证就将人处死,必须有两三个证人作证,才可以定人的死罪,用石头打死。要将被定罪的人带到城外,由见证人先向他投掷大石,路过之人接著也可向他投石。将拜偶像的人处死,这种制度就是将“这种恶从以色列人中除去”。这两种方式能保护被告,首先,规定要有多名证人,以防止人出于私仇而作“假见证”;第二,它规定原告要首先向犯人掷石,这可使他们三思是否作不公平的控告。

神认同以色列人立王了吗?
17:14-20 神并未叫以色列人立王来治理他们的国家。实际上,神不同意他们这样的想法,因为他就是他们的王,百姓应当顺服他、跟从他。但是神知道,将来有一日,百姓会有自私的意图,想立一个王──使他们像周围各国一样(参撒8:1-22)。他们若坚持立王,就必须选择合适的人。所以神将这些条例列出,既为百姓的好处,使他们知道怎样选择,并且也是为王本身著想,使他照神的律法来领导百姓。

以色列的君王遵行这些吩咐没有?结果如何?
17:16-17 以色列君王都未留心这个警告,结果自取败亡。神使所罗门诸事亨通,但是他在富足以后,就建立强大的军队,娶了许多妻妾,他的心也偏离了神(参王上11:-10)。他犯罪导致以色列的不顺服、使国家分裂和百姓被掳。

“平生诵读”,“谨守遵行”岂只是对以色列君王的要求?不也是在对我说吗?只是我……
17:18-20 以色列人所选出的君王,必须爱慕神的话语──圣经。他必须(1)为自己抄录一本律法书,供他个人使用(那是古时的摩西五经);(2)将这书妥为保存;(3)每天诵读;(4)完全顺服神的话语。他这样行就能尊敬神,不至心高气傲,看不起别人或在富足强盛的时候忽略神。不阅读神的话语,我们就不能明白神的旨意;除非经常阅读、默想他的话语,不然圣经对我们就毫无用处。现代人容易得到圣经,因此不难获得古时以色列君王的智慧之源,而更大的挑战,是依照圣经的指示去行。

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