民数记13 Numbers

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

13:1 耶和华晓谕摩西说,

And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

13:2 你打发人去窥探我所赐给以色列人的迦南地,他们每支派中要打发一个人,都要作首领的。

Send thou men, that they may search the land of Canaan, which I give unto the children of Israel: of every tribe of their fathers shall ye send a man, every one a ruler among them.

13:3 摩西就照耶和华的吩咐从巴兰的旷野打发他们去。他们都是以色列人的族长。

And Moses by the commandment of the LORD sent them from the wilderness of Paran: all those men were heads of the children of Israel.

13:4 他们的名字,属流便支派的有撒刻的的儿子沙母亚。

And these were their names: of the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the son of Zaccur.

13:5 属西缅支派的有何利的儿子的沙法。

Of the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat the son of Hori.

13:6 属犹大支派的有耶孚尼的儿子迦勒。

Of the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh.

13:7 属以萨迦支派的有约色的儿子以迦。

Of the tribe of Issachar, Igal the son of Joseph.

13:8 属以法莲支派的有嫩的儿子何希阿。

Of the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea the son of Nun.

13:9 属便雅悯支派的有拉孚的儿子帕提。

Of the tribe of Benjamin, Palti the son of Raphu.

13:10 属西布伦支派的有梭底的儿子迦叠。

Of the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel the son of Sodi.

13:11 约瑟的子孙,属玛拿西支派的有稣西的儿子迦底。

Of the tribe of Joseph, namely, of the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi the son of Susi.

13:12 属但支派的有基玛利的儿子亚米利。

Of the tribe of Dan, Ammiel the son of Gemalli.

13:13 属亚设支派的有米迦勒的儿子西帖。

Of the tribe of Asher, Sethur the son of Michael.

13:14 属拿弗他利支派的有缚西的儿子拿比。

Of the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi the son of Vophsi.

13:15 属迦得支派的有玛基的儿子臼利。

Of the tribe of Gad, Geuel the son of Machi.

13:16 这就是摩西所打发,窥探那地之人的名字。摩西就称嫩的儿子何希阿为约书亚。

These are the names of the men which Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Oshea the son of Nun Jehoshua.

13:17 摩西打发他们去窥探迦南地,说,你们从南地上山地去,

And Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan, and said unto them, Get you up this way southward, and go up into the mountain:

13:18 看那地如何,其中所住的民是强是弱,是多是少,

And see the land, what it is; and the people that dwelleth therein, whether they be strong or weak, few or many;

13:19 所住之处是好是歹,所住之处是营盘是坚城。

And what the land is that they dwell in, whether it be good or bad; and what cities they be that they dwell in, whether in tents, or in strong holds;

13:20 又看那地土是肥美是瘠薄,其中有树木没有。你们要放开胆量,把那地的果子带些来。(那时正是葡萄初熟的时候。)

And what the land is, whether it be fat or lean, whether there be wood therein, or not. And be ye of good courage, and bring of the fruit of the land. Now the time was the time of the firstripe grapes.

13:21 他们上去窥探那地,从寻的旷野到利合,直到哈马口。

So they went up, and searched the land from the wilderness of Zin unto Rehob, as men come to Hamath.

13:22 他们从南地上去,到了希伯仑。在那里有亚衲族人亚希幔,示筛,挞买。原来希伯仑城被建造比埃及的锁安城早七年。)

And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)

13:23 他们到了以实各谷,从那里砍了葡萄树的一枝,上头有一挂葡萄,两个人用杠抬着,又带了些石榴和无花果来。

And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs.

13:24 因为以色列人从那里砍来的那挂葡萄,所以那地方叫作以实各谷。)

The place was called the brook Eshcol, because of the cluster of grapes which the children of Israel cut down from thence.

13:25 过了四十天,他们窥探那地才回来,

And they returned from searching of the land after forty days.

13:26 到了巴兰旷野的加低斯,见摩西,亚伦,并以色列的全会众,回报摩西,亚伦,并全会众,又把那地的果子给他们看。

And they went and came to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh; and brought back word unto them, and unto all the congregation, and shewed them the fruit of the land.

13:27 又告诉摩西说,我们到了你所打发我们去的那地,果然是流奶与蜜之地。这就是那地的果子。

And they told him, and said, We came unto the land whither thou sentest us, and surely it floweth with milk and honey; and this is the fruit of it.

13:28 然而住那地的民强壮,城邑也坚固宽大,并且我们在那里看见了亚衲族的人。

Nevertheless the people be strong that dwell in the land, and the cities are walled, and very great: and moreover we saw the children of Anak there.

13:29 亚玛力人住在南地。赫人,耶布斯人,亚摩利人住在山地。迦南人住在海边并约旦河旁。

The Amalekites dwell in the land of the south: and the Hittites, and the Jebusites, and the Amorites, dwell in the mountains: and the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and by the coast of Jordan.

13:30 迦勒在摩西面前安抚百姓,说,我们立刻上去得那地吧。我们足能得胜。

And Caleb stilled the people before Moses, and said, Let us go up at once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it.

13:31 但那些和他同去的人说,我们不能上去攻击那民,因为他们比我们强壮。

But the men that went up with him said, We be not able to go up against the people; for they are stronger than we.

13:32 探子中有人论到所窥探之地,向以色列人报恶信,说,我们所窥探,经过之地是吞吃居民之地,我们在那里所看见的人民都身量高大。

And they brought up an evil report of the land which they had searched unto the children of Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to search it, is a land that eateth up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people that we saw in it are men of a great stature.

13:33 我们在那里看见亚衲族人,就是伟人。他们是伟人的后裔。据我们看,自己就如蚱蜢一样。据他们看,我们也是如此。

And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.

民数记13参考

面对抉择,我能得神的应许吗?有勇气积极面对吗?
13:25-29 神告诉以色列人,他所应许之地是流奶与蜜之地。探子虽然将那地的土产带回给摩西,但是惧怕当地的巨人与坚固的城邑,忘记了神扶持的大能。当你面对艰难抉择的时候,不要让不利的因素令你看不到正面的光景,要仔细衡量正反两面,不要让预期的困难令你忘记神的应许和帮助的大能。

在关键之处,以色列人退却了,结果……
13:26 加低斯靠近迦南地南部的边界,虽只是旷野之中的小绿洲,却是以色列人历史上的关键之处。探子侦察过迦南地后,回到加低斯报告,百姓面临是进入那地,还是转身退回的抉择。可惜他们缺乏信心,竟决定回埃及去,结果被神惩罚在旷野飘流40年。摩西也是在加低斯不顺从神(20:7-12),为此而不得进入应许之地的。亚伦与米利暗同样不得进入。因为没有信心,以色列人要用不只一代人的时光,才能从加低斯迈进应许之地。

果然是流奶与蜜之地──
13:27 应许之地又被称为迦南美地,十二个探子看见当地景色十分壮丽,圣经常称它为流奶与蜜之地。这地的面积虽不大,南北长241公里,东南宽96.5公里,但它满山遍野长满了无花果树、枣树与栗子树,是神应许要赐给亚伯拉罕、以撒和雅各之地。

这亚衲族是──
13:28 亚衲族也可译为亚衲的后裔,是身材异常高大的一族。歌利亚的家族可能由此而出。(参看撒下21:16-22)。

坚固的城令以色列人惧怕;原来──
13:28-29 探子提到的坚固城邑是由高墙围建,墙宽6.1公尺,高7.6公尺,其上有卫兵站岗,远眺全境。探子又说当地居民高大,有2.1至2.7米高,以色列人与其相比,就如蚱蜢(13:33)。防备森严的城堡和巨人,令百姓心中惧怕。

我是清醒的勇士吗?我曾像迦勒那样捍卫真理吗?
13:30-32 在绝大多数人持相反意见时发言,是一件不容易的事。迦勒却甘愿孤军奋斗到底,照神的吩咐去做。若要矛盾迎刃而解,取得众人的赞同,你必须要有下列三个条件:(1)有事实依据(迦勒亲眼看见那地);(2)有正确的态度(迦勒信靠神的应许,要将那地赐给他们);(3)有足够的信心(迦勒说:“我们足能得胜”)。

不实事求是,不明辨是非,以色列人因此付出了甚么代价?这使我明白……
13:33-14:4 在探子消极的报导下,百姓心生悖逆。人很容易把别人的意见当作事实看待,所以在提出负面意见的时候,要特别小心。若是发言者有特殊影响力,更要小心说话的内容。

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