撒迦利亚书11 Zechariah

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

11:1 黎巴嫩哪,开开你的门,任火烧灭你的香柏树。

Open thy doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour thy cedars.

11:2 松树阿,应当哀号,因为香柏树倾倒,佳美的树毁坏。巴珊的橡树阿,应当哀号,因为茂盛的树林已经倒了。

Howl, fir tree; for the cedar is fallen; because the mighty are spoiled: howl, O ye oaks of Bashan; for the forest of the vintage is come down.

11:3 听阿,有牧人哀号的声音,因他们荣华的草场毁坏了。有少壮狮子咆哮的声音,因约旦河旁的丛林荒废了。

There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of young lions; for the pride of Jordan is spoiled.

11:4 耶和华我的神如此说,你撒迦利亚要牧养这将宰的群羊。

Thus saith the LORD my God; Feed the flock of the slaughter;

11:5 买他们的宰了他们,以自己为无罪。卖他们的说,耶和华是应当称颂的,因我成为富足。牧养他们的并不怜恤他们。

Whose possessors slay them, and hold themselves not guilty: and they that sell them say, Blessed be the LORD; for I am rich: and their own shepherds pity them not.

11:6 耶和华说,我不再怜恤这地的居民。必将这民交给各人的邻舍,和他们王的手中。他们必毁灭这地,我也不救这民脱离他们的手。

For I will no more pity the inhabitants of the land, saith the LORD: but, lo, I will deliver the men every one into his neighbour’s hand, and into the hand of his king: and they shall smite the land, and out of their hand I will not deliver them.

11:7 于是,我牧养这将宰的群羊,就是群中最困苦的羊。我拿着两根杖。一根我称为荣美,一根我称为联索。这样,我牧养了群羊。

And I will feed the flock of slaughter, even you, O poor of the flock. And I took unto me two staves; the one I called Beauty, and the other I called Bands; and I fed the flock.

11:8 一月之内,我除灭三个牧人。因为我的心厌烦他们,他们的心也憎嫌我。

Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul lothed them, and their soul also abhorred me.

11:9 我就说,我不牧养你们。要死的,由他死。要丧亡的,由他丧亡。馀剩的,由他们彼此相食。

Then said I, I will not feed you: that that dieth, let it die; and that that is to be cut off, let it be cut off; and let the rest eat every one the flesh of another.

11:10 我折断那称为荣美的杖,表明我废弃与万民所立的约。

And I took my staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the people.

11:11 当日就废弃了。这样,那些仰望我的困苦羊,就知道所说的是耶和华的话。

And it was broken in that day: and so the poor of the flock that waited upon me knew that it was the word of the LORD.

11:12 我对他们说,你们若以为美,就给我工价,不然,就吧了。于是他们给了三十块钱,作为我的工价。

And I said unto them, If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver.

11:13 耶和华吩咐我说,要把众人所估定美好的价值,丢给窑户。我便将这三十块钱,在耶和华的殿中丢给窑户了。

And the LORD said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the LORD.

11:14 我又折断称为联索的那根杖,表明我废弃犹大与以色列弟兄的情谊。

Then I cut asunder mine other staff, even Bands, that I might break the brotherhood between Judah and Israel.

11:15 耶和华又吩咐我说,你再取愚昧人所用的器具。

And the LORD said unto me, Take unto thee yet the instruments of a foolish shepherd.

11:16 因我要在这地兴起一个牧人。他不看顾丧亡的,不寻梢分散的,不医治受伤的,也不牧养强壮的。却要吃肥羊的肉,撕裂它的蹄子。

For, lo, I will raise up a shepherd in the land, which shall not visit those that be cut off, neither shall seek the young one, nor heal that that is broken, nor feed that that standeth still: but he shall eat the flesh of the fat, and tear their claws in pieces.

11:17 无用的牧人丢弃羊群有祸了。刀必临到他的膀臂,和右眼上。他的膀臂必全然枯乾,他的右眼也必昏暗失明。

Woe to the idol shepherd that leaveth the flock! the sword shall be upon his arm, and upon his right eye: his arm shall be clean dried up, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened.

撒迦利亚书11参考

两种牧羊人,耶稣也用过这种比喻──
11:4-17 这里,神让撒迦利亚去充当两种不同角色的牧人。第一个牧人显示他所牧养的百姓如何拒绝神,神也将如何拒绝他们(11:4-14);第二个牧人显示神如何将其百姓交给邪恶的牧羊人(11:15-17,参结34章)。

待宰的羊──可怜的一群,千万别属于他们当中的一员……
11:4 神让撒迦利亚作个牧人,专门牧养肥壮待宰的群羊。弥赛亚将在政治和属灵生活混乱的时期来牧养属神的百姓。这些肥壮待宰的羊代表神的百姓,他们贪婪,恶欲满心,正等神的审判到来。

没有了牧人,羊群就失去保守,四散开了……
11:7 撒迦利亚拿了两根牧杖,取名为“荣美”和“联合”。他折断第一根“荣美”杖,显示神跟百姓所立的恩典之约已毁。他折断第二根“联合”□,显示犹大和以色列之间的情谊已破裂了(11:14)。

竟要灭三牧人?为何?
11:8 三个邪恶牧人的身分不详。神知道他们不适合牧养他的百姓,所以除掉了他们。

给牧人三十块钱,甚么意思?
11:12 给这位牧人三十块银子是一种侮辱。这是付给被牛角顶死之奴隶的价钱(参出21:32),也是犹大出卖耶稣所得的银钱(参太27:3-10)。无价的弥赛亚竟以奴隶的价钱被卖掉了。

把钱丢给窑户,是施舍吗?
11:13 陶匠是社会最低下的阶层。“美好的价值”不过是讽刺的说法,因为其价值微不足道,甚至可轻易丢给陶匠。意味深长的是,犹大卖耶稣的三十块银子被退回圣殿后,也用来买了一块窑匠的地(参太27:3-10)。

神的百姓分裂,因为联合的杖被折断了……
11:14 由于百姓拒绝弥赛亚,神也拒绝他们。这便是撒迦利亚折断“联合”之杖的象徵。撒迦利亚之后不久,犹太人便分成很多派别:法利赛、撒都该、爱色尼,希律党和奋锐党。这些派别之间的不和,是导致公元70年圣殿遭毁的关键因素。

无用的牧人,今日的教会里也有的呀……
11:15-17 以色列不仅拒绝真正的牧人,更接纳一个无德无能的牧人。这个牧人只顾自己、不顾羊群,不保护且毁灭羊群。他相信自己的军力(膀臂)和智慧(右眼),所以他被定罪是应得的,神正要毁掉这两样东西。

恶牧人遭惩罚的预言应验了吗?
11:17 领袖不能全面地照顾神的百姓,对百姓来说是个大悲剧。神要领袖负起对百姓的特别责任。新约告诉教会领袖:“不要多人作师傅,因为晓得我们要受更重的判断。”(雅3:1)如果神把我们放在领导的位置上,要谨记在这位置上也要负极大的责任。

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