撒母耳记下10 Samuel

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

10:1 此后,亚扪人的王死了,他儿子哈嫩接续他作王。

And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead.

10:2 大卫说,我要照哈嫩的父亲拿辖厚待我的恩典厚待哈嫩。于是大卫差遣臣仆,为他丧父安慰他。大卫的臣仆到了亚扪人的境内。

Then said David, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, as his father shewed kindness unto me. And David sent to comfort him by the hand of his servants for his father. And David’s servants came into the land of the children of Ammon.

10:3 但亚扪人的首领对他们的主哈嫩说,大卫差人来安慰你,你想他是尊敬你父亲吗。他差臣仆来不是详察窥探,要倾覆这城吗。

And the princes of the children of Ammon said unto Hanun their lord, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? hath not David rather sent his servants unto thee, to search the city, and to spy it out, and to overthrow it?

10:4 哈嫩便将大卫臣仆的胡须剃去一半,又割断他们下半截的衣服,使他们露出下体,打发他们回去。

Wherefore Hanun took David’s servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

10:5 有人告诉大卫,他就差人去迎接他们,因为他们甚觉羞耻,告诉他们说,可以住在耶利哥,等到胡须长起再回来。

When they told it unto David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed: and the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.

10:6 亚扪人知道大卫憎恶他们,就打发人去,招募伯利合的亚兰人和琐巴的亚兰人,步兵二万,与玛迦王的人一千,陀伯人一万二千。

And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob, and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men.

10:7 大卫听见了,就差派约押统带勇猛的全军出去。

And when David heard of it, he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men.

10:8 亚扪人出来,在城门前摆阵。琐巴与利合的亚兰人,陀伯人,并玛迦人,另在郊野摆阵。

And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.

10:9 约押看见敌人在他前后摆阵,就从以色列军中挑选精兵,使他们对着亚兰人摆阵。

When Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians:

10:10 其馀的兵交与他兄弟亚比筛,对着亚扪人摆阵。

And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put them in array against the children of Ammon.

10:11 约押对亚比筛说,亚兰人若强过我,你就来帮助我。亚扪人若强过你,我就去帮助你。

And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will come and help thee.

10:12 我们都当刚强,为本国的民和神的城邑作大丈夫。愿耶和华凭他的意旨而行。

Be of good courage, and let us play the men for our people, and for the cities of our God: and the LORD do that which seemeth him good.

10:13 于是,约押和跟随他的人前进攻打亚兰人。亚兰人在约押面前逃跑。

And Joab drew nigh, and the people that were with him, unto the battle against the Syrians: and they fled before him.

10:14 亚扪人见亚兰人逃跑,他们也在亚比筛面前逃跑进城。约押就离开亚扪人那里,回耶路撒冷去了。

And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.

10:15 亚兰人见自己被以色列人打败,就又聚集。

And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they gathered themselves together.

10:16 哈大底谢差遣人,将大河那边的亚兰人调来。他们到了希兰,哈大底谢的将军朔法率领他们。

And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.

10:17 有人告诉大卫,他就聚集以色列众人,过约旦河,来到希兰。亚兰人迎着大卫摆阵,与他打仗。

And when it was told David, he gathered all Israel together, and passed over Jordan, and came to Helam. And the Syrians set themselves in array against David, and fought with him.

10:18 亚兰人在以色列人面前逃跑。大卫杀了亚兰七百辆战车的人,四万马兵,又杀了亚兰的将军朔法。

And the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew the men of seven hundred chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen, and smote Shobach the captain of their host, who died there.

10:19 属哈大底谢的诸王见自己被以色列人打败,就与以色列人和好,归服他们。于是亚兰人不敢再帮助亚扪人了。

And when all the kings that were servants to Hadarezer saw that they were smitten before Israel, they made peace with Israel, and served them. So the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more.

撒母耳记下10参考

剃去一半胡须及割断半截衣服意味甚么?
10:4-5 按照以色列人的习俗,所有成年男子都留长胡须,这是成熟与权柄的表徵。所以,大卫派往亚扪的臣仆被剃去一半胡须的时候,就是受到极大的羞辱,失去尊严。被割断下半截的衣服,也令他们受人嘲笑。

将错就错,是人常会陷入的错误。难道一句道歉的话,是这么难说出口吗?
10:6 由于哈嫩听了错误的劝告,怀疑大卫差去的臣仆不怀好意,因此羞辱了他们。之后他得知大卫憎恶他们,就立刻调集军队准备作战。他本来应当仔细考虑臣仆的献策,即或不然,也应当与大卫洽谈;而他既不肯认错,又在出错时动兵。我们常常为自己辩护而不肯承认自己的错误,不愿道歉去消除对方的怒气,我们应当寻求和睦,避免争战。

愿耶和华凭他的旨意而行──此中深意你可明了?
10:12 生活中我们对神的信仰与行为必须相称。约押说:我们都当作大丈夫(可以译为“奋勇作战”),换句话说,他们都应当做所当做的事,定出良谋和战术,动用所有的资源来争战。他又说,“愿耶和华凭他的旨意而行”,他知道争战的结果在于神。我们应当善用才智与资源,好好顺服神,并倚靠神得享美果。

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