撒母耳记上8 Samuel

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

8:1 撒母耳年纪老迈,就立他儿子作以色列的士师。

And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.

8:2 长子名叫约珥,次子名叫亚比亚。他们在别是巴作士师。

Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abiah: they were judges in Beersheba.

8:3 他儿子不行他的道,贪图财利,收受贿赂,屈枉正直。

And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.

8:4 以色列的长老都聚集,来到拉玛见撒母耳,

Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Ramah,

8:5 对他说,你年纪老迈了,你儿子不行你的道。现在求你为我们立一个王治理我们,像列国一样。

And said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.

8:6 撒母耳不喜悦他们说立一个王治理我们,他就祷告耶和华。

But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD.

8:7 耶和华对撒母耳说,百姓向你说的一切话,你只管依从。因为他们不是厌弃你,乃是厌弃我,不要我作他们的王。

And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them.

8:8 自从我领他们出埃及到如今,他们常常离弃我,事奉别神。现在他们向你所行的,是照他们素来所行的。

According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee.

8:9 故此你要依从他们的话,只是当警戒他们,告诉他们将来那王怎样管辖他们。

Now therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and shew them the manner of the king that shall reign over them.

8:10 撒母耳将耶和华的话都传给求他立王的百姓,说,

And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that asked of him a king.

8:11 管辖你们的王必这样行,他必派你们的儿子为他赶车,跟马,奔走在车前。

And he said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and some shall run before his chariots.

8:12 又派他们作千夫长,五十夫长,为他耕种田地,收割庄稼,打造军器和车上的器械。

And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots.

8:13 必取你们的女儿为他制造香膏,作饭烤饼。

And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers.

8:14 也必取你们最好的田地,葡萄园,橄榄园赐给他的臣仆。

And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.

8:15 你们的粮食和葡萄园所出的,他必取十分之一给他的太监和臣仆。

And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants.

8:16 又必取你们的仆人婢女,健壮的少年人和你们的驴,供他的差役。

And he will take your menservants, and your maidservants, and your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put them to his work.

8:17 你们的羊群,他必取十分之一,你们也必作他的仆人。

He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall be his servants.

8:18 那时你们必因所选的王哀求耶和华,耶和华却不应允你们。

And ye shall cry out in that day because of your king which ye shall have chosen you; and the LORD will not hear you in that day.

8:19 百姓竟不肯听撒母耳的话,说,不然。我们定要一个王治理我们,

Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us;

8:20 使我们像列国一样,有王治理我们,统领我们,为我们争战。

That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles.

8:21 撒母耳听见百姓这一切话,就将这话陈明在耶和华面前。

And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he rehearsed them in the ears of the LORD.

8:22 耶和华对撒母耳说,你只管依从他们的话,为他们立王。撒母耳对以色列人说,你们各归各城去吧。

And the LORD said to Samuel, Hearken unto their voice, and make them a king. And Samuel said unto the men of Israel, Go ye every man unto his city.

撒母耳记上8参考

教子不易,撒母耳不成功,我们不少人也失败,但……
8:1-3 撒母耳年纪老了,立儿子作士师代替他,但他们和以利的儿子不相伯仲(2:12),一样地贪污受贿。我们不知道撒母耳的儿子为甚么堕落,只知道以利儿子的败坏以利也有责任(2:29-34)。
  我们不知道撒母耳是否教子无方,无论如何,他的儿子已大,可以自行其事了。我们不必为成年儿女的罪自责;但另一方面,作父母的也有独特的责任──在儿女未成年时塑造他们的品格,这是最重要的事。
  如果你的儿女长大成人后不信从神的话,你要知道,你已不再能约束他们了,别因为发生了一些由不得你的事而自怨自艾。不过如果你的儿女仍然年幼,你的言行教导必会深深地影响他们的一生。

神给人选择的自由,但后果……我的教训是……
8:4-9 以色列人要求立王,有以下几个原因:(1)撒母耳的两个儿子不适于领导他们;(2)以色列人的十二个支派在一起相处时,不断发生问题,因为各支派均有自己的首领和地业。他们盼望有君王能将十二个支派统一起来,组成一支军队;(3)百姓想跟列国看齐。这正是神所不愿见的事。立王之后,人就容易忘记神才是他们真正的君王。以色列人要求立王并不是错,神在申命记之中就曾经提到这种可能性(参申17:14-20)。但是人民实际上是不要神作他们的王和领袖。他们要建立法律、军队,并选立一位王来代替神。他们想藉著人的力量管理全族,而实际上只有神的大能,才能使他们在充满敌意的迦南地兴旺。

今日社会以人为本,神是否只是一种精神寄托?为何?
8:5-6 百姓坚持要立王,以为有了新政体,就会使国家完善。但是由于基本问题乃是人不顺服神,所以其他的问题在这新政府之下仍会照样发生。他们所需要的乃是同心信靠神,而不是一个统一的政体。
  假使以色列人顺服神领导的话,他们的国势必会非常兴旺,超过所求所想的(参申28:1)。如果我们求神引领我们的家庭或个人的生活,却继续按照世人的标准和价值观去行,顺服神就变得有名无实。我们必须脚踏实地,在生活中的各方面信靠他。

随潮流,从人意,神的心意被置何方?为何人要一意孤行?
8:19-20 撒母耳向人民仔细解释,立王必有诸般不良后果,但他们不肯听。在你要作重要抉择的时候,要仔细衡量正反两面,也要想到你的抉择会带来的各种影响。当你心急如焚地想做某事,就不容易看出隐忧,不过你不要小看这些问题,除非你已有详尽的考虑,否则日后必然为你带来极大的困扰。

以色列人要求立王错在哪?我们从中得的教训是甚么?
8:19-20 以色列人被称为圣洁的族类,与万民有别,也是在万国中单单属于神的民族(参利20:26)。他们要求立王的动机,却像列国一样,这与神最先的计划完全背道而驰。求立王并不是错,错在立王的动机和原因。
  我们常常让别人的价值观支配自己的态度与行为。你有否因为想与他人看齐,而作了错误的抉择?你要小心,不要让朋友或是你所崇拜的“英雄们”的价值观,牵著你的鼻子走,使你偏离神的正道。神的子民若想与不信神的人一样,必遭遇属灵的灾祸。

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