撒母耳记上20 Samuel

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

20:1 大卫从拉玛的拿约逃跑,来到约拿单那里,对他说,我作了什么。有什么罪孽呢。在你父亲面前犯了什么罪,他竟寻索我的性命呢。

And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life?

20:2 约拿单回答说,断然不是。你必不致死。我父作事,无论大小,没有不叫我知道的。怎吗独有这事隐瞒我呢。决不如此。

And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will shew it me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so.

20:3 大卫又起誓说,你父亲准知我在你眼前蒙恩。他心里说,不如不叫约拿单知道,恐怕他愁烦。我指着永生的耶和华,又敢在你面前起誓,我离死不过一步。

And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved: but truly as the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, there is but a step between me and death.

20:4 约拿单对大卫说,你心里所求的,我必为你成就。

Then said Jonathan unto David, Whatsoever thy soul desireth, I will even do it for thee.

20:5 大卫对约拿单说,明日是初一,我当与王同席,求你容我去藏在田野,直到第三日晚上。

And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even.

20:6 你父亲若见我不在席上,你就说,大卫切求我许他回本城伯利恒去,因为他全家在那里献年祭。

If thy father at all miss me, then say, David earnestly asked leave of me that he might run to Bethlehem his city: for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.

20:7 你父亲若说好,仆人就平安了。他若发怒,你就知道他决意要害我。

If he say thus, It is well; thy servant shall have peace: but if he be very wroth, then be sure that evil is determined by him.

20:8 求你施恩与仆人,因你在耶和华面前曾与仆人结盟。我若有罪,不如你自己杀我,何必将我交给你父亲呢。

Therefore thou shalt deal kindly with thy servant; for thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of the LORD with thee: notwithstanding, if there be in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for why shouldest thou bring me to thy father?

20:9 约拿单说,断无此事。我若知道我父亲决意害你,我岂不告诉你呢。

And Jonathan said, Far be it from thee: for if I knew certainly that evil were determined by my father to come upon thee, then would not I tell it thee?

20:10 大卫对约拿单说,你父亲若用厉言回答你,谁来告诉我呢。

Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or what if thy father answer thee roughly?

20:11 约拿单对大卫说,你我且往田野去。二人就往田野去了。

And Jonathan said unto David, Come, and let us go out into the field. And they went out both of them into the field.

20:12 约拿单对大卫说,愿耶和华以色列的神为证。明日约在这时候,或第三日,我探我父亲的意思,若向你有好意,我岂不打发人告诉你吗。

And Jonathan said unto David, O LORD God of Israel, when I have sounded my father about to morrow any time, or the third day, and, behold, if there be good toward David, and I then send not unto thee, and shew it thee;

20:13 我父亲若有意害你,我不告诉你使你平平安安地走,愿耶和华重重地降罚与我。愿耶和华与你同在,如同从前与我父亲同在一样。

The LORD do so and much more to Jonathan: but if it please my father to do thee evil, then I will shew it thee, and send thee away, that thou mayest go in peace: and the LORD be with thee, as he hath been with my father.

20:14 你要照耶和华的慈爱恩待我,不但我活着的时候免我死亡,

And thou shalt not only while yet I live shew me the kindness of the LORD, that I die not:

20:15 就是我死后,耶和华从地上剪除你仇敌的时候,你也永不可向我家绝了恩惠。

But also thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my house for ever: no, not when the LORD hath cut off the enemies of David every one from the face of the earth.

20:16 于是约拿单与大卫家结盟,说,愿耶和华藉大卫的仇敌追讨背约的罪。

So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David’s enemies.

20:17 约拿单因爱大卫如同爱自己的性命,就使他再起誓。

And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.

20:18 约拿单对他说,明日是初一,你的座位空设,人必理会你不在那里。

Then Jonathan said to David, To morrow is the new moon: and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty.

20:19 你等三日,就要速速下去,到你从前遇事所藏的地方,在以色磐石那里等候。

And when thou hast stayed three days, then thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.

20:20 我要向磐石旁边射三箭,如同射箭靶一样。

And I will shoot three arrows on the side thereof, as though I shot at a mark.

20:21 我要打发童子,说,去把箭找来。我若对童子说,箭在后头,把箭拿来,你就可以回来。我指着永生的耶和华起誓,你必平安无事。

And, behold, I will send a lad, saying, Go, find out the arrows. If I expressly say unto the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee, take them; then come thou: for there is peace to thee, and no hurt; as the LORD liveth.

20:22 我若对童子说,箭在前头,你就要去,因为是耶和华打发你去的。

But if I say thus unto the young man, Behold, the arrows are beyond thee; go thy way: for the LORD hath sent thee away.

20:23 至于你我今日所说的话,有耶和华在你我中间为证,直到永远。

And as touching the matter which thou and I have spoken of, behold, the LORD be between thee and me for ever.

20:24 大卫就去藏在田野。到了初一日,王坐席要吃饭。

So David hid himself in the field: and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat.

20:25 王照常坐在靠墙的位上,约拿单侍立,押尼珥坐在扫罗旁边,大卫的座位空设。

And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon a seat by the wall: and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul’s side, and David’s place was empty.

20:26 然而这日扫罗没有说什么,他想大卫遇事,偶染不洁,他必定是不洁。

Nevertheless Saul spake not any thing that day: for he thought, Something hath befallen him, he is not clean; surely he is not clean.

20:27 初二日大卫的座位还空设。扫罗问他儿子约拿单说,耶西的儿子为何昨日,今日没有来吃饭呢。

And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the second day of the month, that David’s place was empty: and Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor to day?

20:28 约拿单回答扫罗说,大卫切求我容他往伯利恒去。

And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem:

20:29 他说,求你容我去,因为我家在城里有献祭的事。我长兄吩咐我去。如今我若在你眼前蒙恩,求你容我去见我的弟兄。所以大卫没有赴王的席。

And he said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me to be there: and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king’s table.

20:30 扫罗向约拿单发怒,对他说,你这顽梗背逆之妇人所生的,我岂不知道你喜悦耶西的儿子,自取羞辱,以致你母亲露体蒙羞吗。

Then Saul’s anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother’s nakedness?

20:31 耶西的儿子若在世间活着,你和你的国位必站立不住。现在你要打发人去,将他捉拿交给我。他是该死的。

For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die.

20:32 约拿单对父亲扫罗说,他为什么该死呢。他作了什么呢。

And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?

20:33 扫罗向约拿单抡枪要刺他,约拿单就知道他父亲决意要杀大卫。

And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.

20:34 于是约拿单气忿忿地从席上起来,在这初二日没有吃饭。他因见父亲羞辱大卫,就为大卫愁烦。

So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.

20:35 次日早晨,约拿单按着与大卫约会的时候出到田野,有一个童子跟随。

And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him.

20:36 约拿单对童子说,你跑去,把我所射的箭找来。童子跑去,约拿单就把箭射在童子前头。

And he said unto his lad, Run, find out now the arrows which I shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him.

20:37 童子到了约拿单落箭之地,约拿单呼叫童子说,箭不是在你前头吗。

And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, Is not the arrow beyond thee?

20:38 约拿单又呼叫童子说,速速地去,不要迟延。童子就拾起箭来,回到主人那里。

And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste, stay not. And Jonathan’s lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master.

20:39 童子却不知道这是什么意思,只有约拿单和大卫知道。

But the lad knew not any thing: only Jonathan and David knew the matter.

20:40 约拿单将弓箭交给童子,吩咐说,你拿到城里去。

And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad, and said unto him, Go, carry them to the city.

20:41 童子一去,大卫就从磐石的南边出来,俯伏在地,拜了三拜。二人亲嘴,彼此哭泣,大卫哭得更恸。

And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.

20:42 约拿单对大卫说,我们二人曾指着耶和华的名起誓说,愿耶和华在你我中间,并你我后裔中间为证,直到永远。如今你平平安安地去吧。大卫就起身走了。约拿单也回城里去了。

And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.

撒母耳记上20参考

以色列人在初一要做甚么?
20:5 以色列人在他们历法的每个月初,聚集在一起守月朔之日。大家欢畅地过这节期,并将下一个月奉献给神。外邦人庆祝月望,也拜月亮,以色列人则守月朔──空中见不到月亮之日,以进一步防止他们崇拜假神。不可拜受造之物,单要敬拜造物之主。

大卫守盟约;今日盟约依然被我看重吗?
20:15 约拿单要求大卫将来要善待他的儿子。事隔多年,大卫作王以后,尽力寻找约拿单的儿子米非波设,并将他接到王宫里生活(参撒下9),履行了诺言。

怎样看外在洁净与内在洁净的关系?
20:26 以色列人守月朔,也要向神献祭(参民28:11-15),守节的人必须按照神的律法洁净自己(参出19:11;利15章;民19:11-22;也参书3:5的经文注释)。这种洁净包括洗身、洗衣服,然后才到神面前献祭。外面的洁净是象徵,表明渴望有洁净的心,与神有美好的关系。现在我们的心藉著耶稣基督为我们受死,信靠神(参来10:10, 22),并藉著留心阅读他的道(参约17:17),已得到洁净。

约拿单为何甘愿放弃王位而不杀大卫呢?单因友情吗?
20:31-32 虽然撒母耳已经告诉扫罗,他的王朝会止于他本人(13:13-14),扫罗仍然想为子孙保住王位,甚至使用卑鄙的手段,因为知道自己不会得到神的帮助。约拿单本可以杀死与他竞夺王位的大卫,如果走上这一步,就可以接他的父位作王,但是约拿单放过这个机会,因为他爱神,也爱大卫(23:16-18)。

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