撒母耳记上15 Samuel

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

15:1 撒母耳对扫罗说,耶和华差遣我膏你为王,治理他的百姓以色列。所以你当听从耶和华的话。

Samuel also said unto Saul, The LORD sent me to anoint thee to be king over his people, over Israel: now therefore hearken thou unto the voice of the words of the LORD.

15:2 万军之耶和华如此说,以色列人出埃及的时候,在路上亚玛力人怎样待他们,怎样抵挡他们,我都没忘。

Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I remember that which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid wait for him in the way, when he came up from Egypt.

15:3 现在你要去击打亚玛力人,灭尽他们所有的,不可怜惜他们,将男女,孩童,吃奶的,并牛,羊,骆驼,和驴尽行杀死。

Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass.

15:4 于是扫罗招聚百姓在提拉因,数点他们,共有步兵二十万,另有犹大人一万。

And Saul gathered the people together, and numbered them in Telaim, two hundred thousand footmen, and ten thousand men of Judah.

15:5 扫罗到了亚玛力的京城,在谷中设下埋伏。

And Saul came to a city of Amalek, and laid wait in the valley.

15:6 扫罗对基尼人说,你们离开亚玛力人下去吧,恐怕我将你们和亚玛力人一同杀灭。因为以色列人出埃及的时候,你们曾恩待他们。于是基尼人离开亚玛力人去了。

And Saul said unto the Kenites, Go, depart, get you down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them: for ye shewed kindness to all the children of Israel, when they came up out of Egypt. So the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites.

15:7 扫罗击打亚玛力人,从哈腓拉直到埃及前的书珥,

And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah until thou comest to Shur, that is over against Egypt.

15:8 生擒了亚玛力王亚甲,用刀杀尽亚玛力的众民。

And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.

15:9 扫罗和百姓却怜惜亚甲,也爱惜上好的牛,羊,牛犊,羊羔,并一切美物,不肯灭绝。凡下贱瘦弱的,尽都杀了。

But Saul and the people spared Agag, and the best of the sheep, and of the oxen, and of the fatlings, and the lambs, and all that was good, and would not utterly destroy them: but every thing that was vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly.

15:10 耶和华的话临到撒母耳说,

Then came the word of the LORD unto Samuel, saying,

15:11 我立扫罗为王,我后悔了。因为他转去不跟从我,不遵守我的命令。撒母耳便甚忧愁,终夜哀求耶和华。

It repenteth me that I have set up Saul to be king: for he is turned back from following me, and hath not performed my commandments. And it grieved Samuel; and he cried unto the LORD all night.

15:12 撒母耳清早起来,迎接扫罗。有人告诉撒母耳说,扫罗到了迦密,在那里立了纪念碑,又转身下到吉甲。

And when Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning, it was told Samuel, saying, Saul came to Carmel, and, behold, he set him up a place, and is gone about, and passed on, and gone down to Gilgal.

15:13 撒母耳到了扫罗那里,扫罗对他说,愿耶和华赐福与你,耶和华的命令我已遵守了。

And Samuel came to Saul: and Saul said unto him, Blessed be thou of the LORD: I have performed the commandment of the LORD.

15:14 撒母耳说,我耳中听见有羊叫,牛呜,是从哪里来的呢。

And Samuel said, What meaneth then this bleating of the sheep in mine ears, and the lowing of the oxen which I hear?

15:15 扫罗说,这是百姓从亚玛力人那里带来的。因为他们爱惜上好的牛羊,要献与耶和华你的神。其馀的,我们都灭尽了。

And Saul said, They have brought them from the Amalekites: for the people spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen, to sacrifice unto the LORD thy God; and the rest we have utterly destroyed.

15:16 撒母耳对扫罗说,你住口吧。等我将耶和华昨夜向我所说的话告诉你。扫罗说,请讲。

Then Samuel said unto Saul, Stay, and I will tell thee what the LORD hath said to me this night. And he said unto him, Say on.

15:17 撒母耳对扫罗说,从前你虽然以自己为小,岂不是被立为以色列支派的元首吗。耶和华膏你作以色列的王。

And Samuel said, When thou wast little in thine own sight, wast thou not made the head of the tribes of Israel, and the LORD anointed thee king over Israel?

15:18 耶和华差遣你,吩咐你说,你去击打那些犯罪的亚玛力人,将他们灭绝净尽。

And the LORD sent thee on a journey, and said, Go and utterly destroy the sinners the Amalekites, and fight against them until they be consumed.

15:19 你为何没有听从耶和华的命令,急忙掳掠财物,行耶和华眼中看为恶的事呢。

Wherefore then didst thou not obey the voice of the LORD, but didst fly upon the spoil, and didst evil in the sight of the LORD?

15:20 扫罗对撒母耳说,我实在听从了耶和华的命令,行了耶和华所差遣我行的路,擒了亚玛力王亚甲来,灭尽了亚玛力人。

And Saul said unto Samuel, Yea, I have obeyed the voice of the LORD, and have gone the way which the LORD sent me, and have brought Agag the king of Amalek, and have utterly destroyed the Amalekites.

15:21 百姓却在所当灭的物中取了最好的牛羊,要在吉甲献与耶和华你的神。

But the people took of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the chief of the things which should have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice unto the LORD thy God in Gilgal.

15:22 撒母耳说,耶和华喜悦燔祭和平安祭,岂如喜悦人听从他的话呢。听命胜于献祭。顺从胜于公羊的脂油。

And Samuel said, Hath the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams.

15:23 悖逆的罪与行邪术的罪相等。顽梗的罪与拜虚神和偶像的罪相同。你既厌弃耶和华的命令,耶和华也厌弃你作王。

For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from being king.

15:24 扫罗对撒母耳说,我有罪了,我因惧怕百姓,听从他们的话,就违背了耶和华的命令和你的言语。

And Saul said unto Samuel, I have sinned: for I have transgressed the commandment of the LORD, and thy words: because I feared the people, and obeyed their voice.

15:25 现在求你赦免我的罪,同我回去,我好敬拜耶和华。

Now therefore, I pray thee, pardon my sin, and turn again with me, that I may worship the LORD.

15:26 撒母耳对扫罗说,我不同你回去。因为你厌弃耶和华的命令,耶和华也厌弃你作以色列的王。

And Samuel said unto Saul, I will not return with thee: for thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, and the LORD hath rejected thee from being king over Israel.

15:27 撒母耳转身要走,扫罗就扯住他外袍的衣襟,衣襟就撕断了。

And as Samuel turned about to go away, he laid hold upon the skirt of his mantle, and it rent.

15:28 撒母耳对他说,如此,今日耶和华使以色列国与你断绝,将这国赐与比你更好的人。

And Samuel said unto him, The LORD hath rent the kingdom of Israel from thee this day, and hath given it to a neighbour of thine, that is better than thou.

15:29 以色列的大能者必不致说谎,也不致后悔。因为他迥非世人,决不后悔。

And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent: for he is not a man, that he should repent.

15:30 扫罗说,我有罪了,虽然如此,求你在我百姓的长老和以色列人面前抬举我,同我回去,我好敬拜耶和华你的神。

Then he said, I have sinned: yet honour me now, I pray thee, before the elders of my people, and before Israel, and turn again with me, that I may worship the LORD thy God.

15:31 于是撒母耳转身跟随扫罗回去,扫罗就敬拜耶和华。

So Samuel turned again after Saul; and Saul worshipped the LORD.

15:32 撒母耳说,要把亚玛力王亚甲带到我这里来。亚甲就欢欢喜喜地来到他面前,心里说,死亡的苦难必定过去了。

Then said Samuel, Bring ye hither to me Agag the king of the Amalekites. And Agag came unto him delicately. And Agag said, Surely the bitterness of death is past.

15:33 撒母耳说,你既用刀使妇人丧子,这样,你母亲在妇人中也必丧子。于是,撒母耳在吉甲耶和华面前将亚甲杀死。

And Samuel said, As thy sword hath made women childless, so shall thy mother be childless among women. And Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before the LORD in Gilgal.

15:34 撒母耳回了拉玛。扫罗上他所住的基比亚,回自己的家去了。

Then Samuel went to Ramah; and Saul went up to his house to Gibeah of Saul.

15:35 撒母耳直到死的日子,再没有见扫罗。但撒母耳为扫罗悲伤,是因耶和华后悔立他为以色列的王。

And Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of his death: nevertheless Samuel mourned for Saul: and the LORD repented that he had made Saul king over Israel.

撒母耳记上15参考

神为甚么吩咐要彻底除灭亚玛力人?
15:2-3 因为他们是游击部队、恐怖分子,靠攻击、掳掠人口与财物为生。以色列人出埃及以后,他们首先攻击以色列人,以后凡有机会,都劫掠以色列人的营地。神知道只要亚玛力人存在,以色列人就不能在应许之地安居;他也知道他们败坏的、拜偶像的习俗,会危害以色列人与他的关系。保护以色列人身体与灵魂的惟一方法,就是将这个好战的民族,连同他们的一切财物,包括偶像在内,都彻底毁灭。
  扫罗和他的军队并没有按照神的吩咐,将所有的战利品毁灭(15:3)。以色列人清楚知道,神吩咐将战争中夺取的财物分别出来归于他,并且完全毁灭。凡是神禁止存留的,都要完全毁灭,这是一条律法(参申20:16-18)。神定出这律法,为要防止人舍不得毁灭偶像,因为有许多贵重财物皆是金银做的偶像。违背这条律法的,可能处以死刑(第7章)。这里显出扫罗对神的不敬不理,因为保留战利品直接违背他的命令。
  我们掩饰自己的罪行,想保护自己所有的,或想在物质上获益,就违背了神的律法。因为有限度地顺服神,其实是另一种形式的不顺服。

神说他立扫罗为王“后悔了”,这是否说神也犯了错误呢?
15:11 神说这话是内心忧愁的意思,并不是承认错误(参创6:5-7)。全知的神不可能有错,可见神并没有改变他的心意,只不过扫罗既然变坏了,他就改变对扫罗的态度。扫罗的心已不再属于神,只想到一己的私利。

把名字刻在石头上又会怎样?扫罗想得到的是──
15:12 扫罗为自己立了纪念碑。他与摩西及约书亚有何等大的差别!他们将一切的荣耀归与神。

撒个小谎无关紧要吧……这符合圣经教导吗?
15:13-14 扫罗以为大胜亚玛力人,但是神看他是大大的失败,因为他没有听从神的命令,又向撒母耳谎报战果。他可能以为自己的谎言不会被人揭穿,或者以为所作所为不算是错,其实乃是自欺。
  人心术不正,慢慢就会相信自己编造的谎言,难以看出真话与谎言的分别。相信自己的谎言就是自欺,使你自己与神疏远,也使你在别人面对失去信用,诚实才是得胜之钥。
“听命胜于献祭”,我注重“献祭”过于听命于神吗?
15:22-23 圣经多次提到“听命胜于献祭”这个主题(参诗40:6-8;51:16-17;箴21:3;赛1:11-17;耶7:21-23;何6:6;弥6:6-8;太12:7;可12:33;来10:8-9),这里是头一次。撒母耳是否说献祭的事不重要呢?不是,他乃是劝扫罗检讨自己献祭的原因,胜过献祭本身。献祭是人与神之间的礼仪,以物质的行动,表明双方的关系。但是如果人的内心没有真正的悔改,没有真心爱神,献祭就是虚仪。除非人能表现出爱神及顺服他的态度,否则的话,宗教礼仪或仪式就一点用也没有。如果我们行事不是出于对神的专一与顺服,单单外表“虔敬”(去教会做礼拜,担任教会职务,奉献钱财等)是不够的。

我们都有自我,是否为悖逆顽梗留下了空间?怎样警惕?
15:23 悖逆与顽梗都是重罪,这些罪绝非忽略神、任意而行、个性倔强那样简单。圣经将这两项看作与行邪术(占卜)和拜偶像的罪相等,都是死罪。(参出22:18;利20:6;申13:12-15;18:10;弥5:10-14)。
  扫罗既悖逆又顽梗,难怪神终于弃绝他,将他的王位取去。悖逆神可能是众罪之中最严重的,因为只要人继续悖逆神,就封了蒙赦免、与他和好之门。

如果神终止了我的前程,我会怎么想,怎么做?今天我该怎样警惕?
15:26 扫罗的推诿,已到了无辞可辩的地步,轮到神向他追究的时刻了。神并没有弃绝他,他仍可以求他赦免,与他恢复关系,不过他要想得回国度,则为时太晚了。假使你没有把神交托你的任务尽心尽力地做好,到末后必然设法推诿。将来有一天,我们众人都要将自己所做的,向神陈明(参罗14:12;启22:12)。

我做事是否如扫罗一样重视人对我的看法过于一切呢?
15:30 扫罗关心别人对他的看法过于他与神的关系(15:24)。他请求撒母耳与他一同去敬拜神,以公开表示撒母耳仍然支持他。假使撒母耳不从,百姓就会对扫罗失去信心。

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