撒母耳记上11 Samuel

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

11:1 亚扪人的王拿辖上来,对着基列雅比安营。雅比众人对拿辖说,你与我们立约,我们就服事你。

Then Nahash the Ammonite came up, and encamped against Jabeshgilead: and all the men of Jabesh said unto Nahash, Make a covenant with us, and we will serve thee.

11:2 亚扪人拿辖说,你们若由我剜出你们各人的右眼,以此凌辱以色列众人,我就与你们立约。

And Nahash the Ammonite answered them, On this condition will I make a covenant with you, that I may thrust out all your right eyes, and lay it for a reproach upon all Israel.

11:3 雅比的长老对他说,求你宽容我们七日,等我们打发人往以色列的全境去。若没有人救我们,我们就出来归顺你。

And the elders of Jabesh said unto him, Give us seven days’ respite, that we may send messengers unto all the coasts of Israel: and then, if there be no man to save us, we will come out to thee.

11:4 使者到了扫罗住的基比亚,将这话说给百姓听,百姓就都放声而哭。

Then came the messengers to Gibeah of Saul, and told the tidings in the ears of the people: and all the people lifted up their voices, and wept.

11:5 扫罗正从田间赶牛回来,问说,百姓为什么哭呢。众人将雅比人的话告诉他。

And, behold, Saul came after the herd out of the field; and Saul said, What aileth the people that they weep? And they told him the tidings of the men of Jabesh.

11:6 扫罗听见这话,就被神的灵大大感动,甚是发怒。

And the Spirit of God came upon Saul when he heard those tidings, and his anger was kindled greatly.

11:7 他将一对牛切成块子,托付使者传送以色列的全境,说,凡不出来跟随扫罗和撒母耳的,也必这样切开他的牛。于是耶和华使百姓惧怕,他们就都出来,如同一人。

And he took a yoke of oxen, and hewed them in pieces, and sent them throughout all the coasts of Israel by the hands of messengers, saying, Whosoever cometh not forth after Saul and after Samuel, so shall it be done unto his oxen. And the fear of the LORD fell on the people, and they came out with one consent.

11:8 扫罗在比色数点他们,以色列人有三十万,犹大人有三万。

And when he numbered them in Bezek, the children of Israel were three hundred thousand, and the men of Judah thirty thousand.

11:9 众人对那使者说,你们要回覆基列雅比人说,明日太阳近午的时候,你们必得解救。使者回去告诉雅比人,他们就欢喜了。

And they said unto the messengers that came, Thus shall ye say unto the men of Jabeshgilead, To morrow, by that time the sun be hot, ye shall have help. And the messengers came and shewed it to the men of Jabesh; and they were glad.

11:10 于是雅比人对亚扪人说,明日我们出来归顺你们,你们可以随意待我们。

Therefore the men of Jabesh said, To morrow we will come out unto you, and ye shall do with us all that seemeth good unto you.

11:11 第二日,扫罗将百姓分为三队,在晨更的时候入了亚扪人的营,击杀他们直到太阳近午,剩下的人都逃散,没有二人同在一处的。

And it was so on the morrow, that Saul put the people in three companies; and they came into the midst of the host in the morning watch, and slew the Ammonites until the heat of the day: and it came to pass, that they which remained were scattered, so that two of them were not left together.

11:12 百姓对撒母耳说,那说扫罗岂能管理我们的是谁呢。可以将他交出来,我们好杀死他。

And the people said unto Samuel, Who is he that said, Shall Saul reign over us? bring the men, that we may put them to death.

11:13 扫罗说,今日耶和华在以色列中施行拯救,所以不可杀人。

And Saul said, There shall not a man be put to death this day: for to day the LORD hath wrought salvation in Israel.

11:14 撒母耳对百姓说,我们要往吉甲去,在那里立国。

Then said Samuel to the people, Come, and let us go to Gilgal, and renew the kingdom there.

11:15 众百姓就到了吉甲那里,在耶和华面前立扫罗为王,又在耶和华面前献平安祭。扫罗和以色列众人大大欢喜。

And all the people went to Gilgal; and there they made Saul king before the LORD in Gilgal; and there they sacrificed sacrifices of peace offerings before the LORD; and there Saul and all the men of Israel rejoiced greatly.

撒母耳记上11参考

扫罗带领以色列人战胜亚扪人,靠甚么?
11:1-13 以色列人此时易受其他部族的侵略和劫掠,住在约旦河以东的亚扪人就上来攻击他们。扫罗领导人民,与这好战的部族争战,有助于他统一全族,亦证明他有军事领导的才能。他救人民免受亚扪人的羞辱以后,他的王位得以巩固,他也没有计较曾讥诮他的人。

亚扪人凶残傲慢霸道,难道忽发慈悲?
11:3 亚扪王拿辖为甚么给基列雅比人七天宽限,让他们去搬救兵?因为以色列人仍然是一盘散沙,他深信不会有人上来援助这城。他想兵不血刃,不战而夺城。也许他还未完成备战攻城,因为围城可能需时甚长。

对罪满怀义怒,还是麻木不仁?怎样化义怒为捍卫公义的动力?
11:6 烈怒难收常常使人以言语或暴行伤害别人,但是因抗拒罪行和受到苦待而发怒,并不为错。扫罗因亚扪人恫吓凌辱同胞而发怒,圣灵使用扫罗的义怒,使同胞获得自由与公平。你若被不公平的事或是罪恶激怒,应当求神,使你把烈怒用有益的方式发泄出来,才会达致正面的结果。

为何要单独强调犹大呢?
11:8 犹大是以色列族的十二支派之一,圣经很多时都把它与其余十一个支派分开来提,有几个原因。犹大是最大的支派(参民1:20-46),以色列的君王大多数皆出于这个支派(参创49:8-12)。后来全族被充满敌意的外族掳去一世纪以后,犹大是归回神、能回到圣地的少数支派之一。弥赛亚也要从这个支派而出(参弥5:2)。

领袖受拥护、得爱戴的秘诀是甚么?
11:14 扫罗在拉玛已经受撒母耳膏立(10:1),以后在米斯巴被公开拣选(10:17-27)。他打败亚扪人之后,民心归向他,确定了他的王位,全体百姓此时都承认他的统治。

以色列人和神的关系常反覆,我是否也这样?怎样永远忠于神呢?
11:15 以色列人立扫罗作第一任的王,向神献平安祭。利未记第三章有关于献这些祭的规定。献平安祭是表示感恩戴德,象徵认识神并遵照他命令生活之人得到平安。神虽然不愿意他的子民立人作王,他们却藉著献祭表明神仍是他们真正的王。可惜,正如神所预言的(8:7-19),百姓这种诚心并未维持多久。

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