希伯来书11 Hebrews

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

11:1 信就是所望之事的实底,是未见之事的确据。

Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.

11:2 古人在这信上得了美好的证据。

For by it the elders obtained a good report.

11:3 我们因着信,就知道诸世界是藉神话造成的。这样,所看见的,并不是从显然之物造出来的。

Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear.

11:4 亚伯因着献祭与神,比该隐所献的更美,因此便得了称义的见证,就是神指他礼物作的见证。他虽然死了,却因这信仍旧说话。

By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.

11:5 以诺因着信被接去,不至于见死。人也找不着他,因为神已经把他接去了。只是他被接去以先,已经得了神喜悦他的明证。

By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death; and was not found, because God had translated him: for before his translation he had this testimony, that he pleased God.

11:6 人非有信就不能得神的喜悦。因为到神面前来的人,必须信有神,且信他赏赐那寻求他的人。

But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.

11:7 挪亚因着信,既蒙神指示他未见的事,动了敬畏的心,豫备了一只方舟,使他全家得救。因此就定了那世代的罪,自己也承受了那从信而来的义。

By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.

11:8 亚伯拉罕因着信,蒙召的时候,就遵命出去,往将来要得为业的地方去。出去的时候,还不知往那里去。

By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went.

11:9 他因着信,就在所应许之地作客,好像在异地居住帐棚,与那同蒙一个应许的以撒,雅各一样。

By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise:

11:10 因为他等候那座有根基的城,就是神所经营所建造的。

For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God.

11:11 因着信,连撒拉自己,虽然过了生育的岁数,还能怀孕。因他以为那应许他的是可信的。

Through faith also Sara herself received strength to conceive seed, and was delivered of a child when she was past age, because she judged him faithful who had promised.

11:12 所以从一个彷佛已死的人就生出子孙,如同天上的星那样众多,海边的沙那样无数。

Therefore sprang there even of one, and him as good as dead, so many as the stars of the sky in multitude, and as the sand which is by the sea shore innumerable.

11:13 这些人都是存着信心死的,并没有得着所应许的,却从远处望见,且欢喜迎接,又承认自己在世上是客旅,是寄居的。

These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.

11:14 说这样话的人,是表明自己要找一个家乡。

For they that say such things declare plainly that they seek a country.

11:15 他们若想念所离开的家乡,还有可以回去的机会。

And truly, if they had been mindful of that country from whence they came out, they might have had opportunity to have returned.

11:16 他们却羡慕一个更美的家乡,就是在天上的。所以神被称为他们的神,并不以为耻。因为他已经给他们豫备了一座城。

But now they desire a better country, that is, an heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: for he hath prepared for them a city.

11:17 亚伯拉罕因着信,被试验的时候,就把以撒献上。这便是那欢喜领受应许的,将自己独生的儿子献上。

By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son,

11:18 论到这儿子曾有话说,从以撒生的才要称为你的后裔。

Of whom it was said, That in Isaac shall thy seed be called:

11:19 他以为神还能叫人从死里复活。他也彷佛从死中得回他的儿子来。

Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.

11:20 以撒因着信,就指着将来的事,给雅各以扫祝福。

By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to come.

11:21 雅各因着信,临死的时候,给约瑟的两个儿子各自祝福,扶着杖头敬拜神。

By faith Jacob, when he was a dying, blessed both the sons of Joseph; and worshipped, leaning upon the top of his staff.

11:22 约瑟因着信,临终的时候,题到以色列族将来要出埃及,并为自己的骸骨留下遗命。

By faith Joseph, when he died, made mention of the departing of the children of Israel; and gave commandment concerning his bones.

11:23 摩西生下来,他的父母见他是个俊美的孩子,就因着信把他藏了三个月,并不怕王命。

By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months of his parents, because they saw he was a proper child; and they were not afraid of the king’s commandment.

11:24 摩西因着信,长大了就不肯称为法老女儿之子。

By faith Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter;

11:25 他宁可和神的百姓同受苦害,也不愿暂时享受罪中之乐。

Choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season;

11:26 他看为基督受的凌辱,比埃及的财物更宝贵。因他想望所要得的赏赐。

Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompence of the reward.

11:27 他因着信就离开埃及,不怕王怒。因为他恒心忍耐,如同看见那不能看见的主)。

By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king: for he endured, as seeing him who is invisible.

11:28 他因着信,就守逾越节,(守或作立)行洒血的礼,免得那灭长子的临近以色列人。

Through faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the firstborn should touch them.

11:29 他们因着信,过红海如行乾地。埃及人试着要过去,就被吞灭了。

By faith they passed through the Red sea as by dry land: which the Egyptians assaying to do were drowned.

11:30 以色列人因着信,围绕耶利哥城七日,城墙就倒塌了。

By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, after they were compassed about seven days.

11:31 妓女喇合因着信,曾和和平平的接待探子,就不与那些不顺从的人一同灭亡。

By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, when she had received the spies with peace.

11:32 我又何必再说呢。若一一细说,基甸,巴拉,叁孙,耶弗他,大卫,撒母耳,和众先知的事,时候就不够了。

And what shall I more say? for the time would fail me to tell of Gedeon, and of Barak, and of Samson, and of Jephthae; of David also, and Samuel, and of the prophets:

11:33 他们因着信,制伏了敌国,行了公义,得了应许,堵了狮子的口。

Who through faith subdued kingdoms, wrought righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions,

11:34 灭了烈火的猛势,脱了刀剑的锋刃,软弱变为刚强,争战显出勇敢,打退外邦的全军。

Quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in fight, turned to flight the armies of the aliens.

11:35 有妇人得自己的死人复活,又有人忍受严刑,不肯苟且得释放,(释放原文作赎)为要得着更美的复活。

Women received their dead raised to life again: and others were tortured, not accepting deliverance; that they might obtain a better resurrection:

11:36 又有人忍受戏弄,鞭打,捆锁,监禁,各等的磨炼。

And others had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings, yea, moreover of bonds and imprisonment:

11:37 被石头打死,被锯锯死,受试探,被刀杀。披着绵羊山羊的皮各处奔跑,受穷乏,患难,苦害。

They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented;

11:38 在旷野,山岭,山洞,地穴,飘流无定。本是世界不配有的人。

(Of whom the world was not worthy:) they wandered in deserts, and in mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth.

11:39 这些人都是因信得了美好的证据,却仍未得着所应许的。

And these all, having obtained a good report through faith, received not the promise:

11:40 因为神给我们豫备了更美的事,叫他们若不与我们同得,就不能完全。

God having provided some better thing for us, that they without us should not be made perfect.

希伯来书11参考

这实底、这确据,和所谈的信心是如何扯上的?
11:1 还记得年幼时生日快将来临时的感受吗?你是多么兴奋和焦急,知道将可以大吃一顿,或收到礼物。生日联接起把握和期望,信心也是一样。信心是基于过去的经验,深信神又新又活的赏赐必定是我们的。

信心何所指?我对神的信心……
11:1 信心可以用两个词来形容:确信和肯定。这两个条件都要有确定的起点和终点。信心的起点就是相信神的性格──他就是他所自称的神;而终点就是相信神的应许──他会成就他所说的话。即使我们现在看不到神应许的实现,但仍然相信他会成就应许,这就是真正的信心(参约20:24-31)。

他说有光就有光,他说……你可听到他对你生命的呼召?
11:3 神从无变有,创造了这个宇宙,他要怎样成就,事就怎样成就了。我们相信神用话来创造整个宇宙,他的话有令人敬畏的能力。你倾听和回应他的话语没有?你知道要怎样去预备自己晓得回应神的话吗?现在就行动吧!

亚伯与该隐,他们的事可真传奇……
11:4 该隐和亚伯是亚当和夏娃的头两个儿子(参创5章;6章人物介绍),亚伯献上蒙神悦纳的祭,但该隐的祭物却不蒙悦纳,因为亚伯所献的祭是带血的祭,而且他有正确的献祭态度。

信而寻求,还有更多的追求,不是说只要信便足够吗?
11:6 连魔鬼也相信神存在(参雅2:19-20),所以,这只是一个开端,只承认神的存在并不能叫神满意,他希望与我们建立个别的、有活力的、能改变生命的关系。“寻求神”的人,将会得到赏赐,就是能与神亲近。

如果有人因未听过福音而不信,那……
11:6 有时候,我们也希望知道未曾听闻基督或没有机会读圣经的人将来会怎样,神向我们保证,凡恳切寻求他的人,也就是按著对神的认识、凭信心行事的人,将会得著赏赐。当你向别人传福音时,要鼓励他们诚恳努力地寻找真理。听过福音的人,要为所听过的福音负责(参林后6:1-2)。

顺服,有时会招来人的嘲笑,就如挪亚,你还顺服吗?
11:7 挪亚经历过被排斥、拒绝,因为他有别于他的邻舍。神吩咐他在旱地上建造一艘大船,即使这命令看似愚蠢,他仍然服从(参创8章人物介绍)。挪亚的顺服,使他在邻舍中间看来古怪,就好像初信基督的犹太人的处境一样。当你顺服神的时候,就算别人认为你怪异,也不必诧异,因为你的顺服显出他们的不顺服。要谨记,神要我们做事,就必定赐我们足够的力量去完成那工作。

有一天,神或会这样吩咐我,我要想想,该如何回答……
11:8-10 亚伯拉罕的一生充满著信心(参创17章人物介绍)。他毫无怀疑地顺服神,照著神的吩咐离开家园前往另一个地方(参创12:1-4)。他对神与他所立的约深信不疑(参创12:2-3;13:14-16;15:1-6)。亚伯拉罕顺服神,甚至愿意将儿子以撒献给神(参创22:1-19)。倘若神要求你离开熟悉、有安全感的环境,按他的旨意而行,你不要觉得惊讶。

不得了!如果你是撒拉,也许你也会如此……
11:11-12 撒拉是亚伯拉罕的妻子(参创19章人物介绍),虽然他们已结婚多年,却没有孩子。神应许赐他们一个儿子,但撒拉却认为自己年纪老迈,不可能会怀孕重。起初她窃窃偷笑,后来终于相信了(参创18章)。

在世上我们只是客旅而已,但我舍不得啊……
11:13 我们在世上是客旅、是“寄居的”,世界不是我们的家,也非我们永久居留之处(参彼前1:1);故我们不应过分追求地上的物质与财富,以免忘却神的命令。

更美的家乡,对你来说是一个遥不可及的远象,是一个属灵术语而已,或是还有其他……
11:13-16 经文中所列出的信心伟人,在离世前都没有得到神所应许的东西,但他们没有失去对天家的盼望。许多基督徒因为在信主的时候,他们的需要、欲望、期待、要求没有立刻实现,便感到灰心、气馁,失去了忍耐的信心,甚至想离神而去。当你看目标似乎遥不可及时,或许也会失去信心。应当向这些信心英雄学习,他们虽然在离世之前仍未看到信心的果实,却仍然继续信靠神(参11:36-39)。

放弃所有,甚或至爱──可是人间的一切好像蛮吸引的,我,我神,我……
11:17-19 纵然神吩咐亚伯拉罕将儿子献给他,他仍然愿意顺服(参创22:1-19)。神只想试验他的信心,并没有取去他儿子的性命,相反,藉著以撒他使亚伯拉罕的后裔成为大国。假若你害怕将最宝贵的东西、梦想甚或所爱的人交托给神,就应当以亚伯拉罕为学习的榜样。他愿意为神放弃一切,所以能得著超过他所想所求的赏赐,不过,赏赐往往不会立即来到,也不见得是物质上的。其实,物质财宝应当是令人满足的最小赏赐,最好和最大的赏赐,正在永恒的天家里等待著我们。

关于以色列重要人物的历史,你知道多少?──
11:20 以撒是神在亚伯拉罕和撒拉年老的时候应许赐给的儿子(参创22章人物介绍)。藉著以撒,神成就了他给亚伯拉罕的应许,使他有无数的后裔。以撒生了雅各和以扫这对双生子,神拣选了次子雅各,藉他延续给亚伯拉罕的应许。

离世前的雅各所持定的信心,竟是这样的……
11:21 雅各是以撒的儿子、亚伯拉罕的孙子。雅各的十二个儿子成为以色列十二支派的列祖。即使雅各在异乡寿终之前,仍然相信神的应许:亚伯拉罕的子孙多如海边的沙,以色列必成为大国(参创48:1-22)。真正的信心使我们的盼望超越死亡。(有关以扫和雅各的生平,请参创26章;27章的人物介绍。)

这个约瑟跟其父一样,生命可真精彩……
11:22 约瑟是雅各众子中的一个(参创37章人物介绍),他的哥哥们因为忌妒的缘故将他卖作奴隶(参创37章),到了埃及,他再被卖给法老王的护卫长。不过,由于他对神有信心,在埃及得到崇高的地位。虽然他可以利用自己的高位来建立个人的王国,但是他记念神对亚伯拉罕所作的应许。他在临终前,把家人叫到跟前,向他们提出一个要求,就是当以色列人离开埃及时,要将他的骸骨带到应许之地(参创50:24-25)。信心就是在任何环境中都相信神,遵行他的旨意。

竟把婴儿摩西放在水里,对于他的父母,你如何看?
11:23 摩西的父母将儿子的生命交托给神,相信神必会看顾他们的儿子。作父母的,要信靠神必会看顾自己的儿女。神对每一个人都有一个计划,而父母最重要的工作,就是为儿女祈祷,预备他们去完成神的计划。信心让我们将儿女也交托给神。

纵有华美皇宫,甘离开;纵有人间荣华,甘舍弃,这个摩西是为了甚么?若换了是我……
11:24-28 摩西成为以色列人伟大的领袖、先知和律法颁布者(参出16章人物介绍)。但他出生时,他的族人正在埃及作奴隶,埃及的法老王更下令杀害所有的希伯来男婴。不过,因神奇妙的安排,摩西得以幸免,法老的女儿更在皇宫中将他养育成人(参出1-2章)。摩西必须凭信心才能放弃在王宫中的地位,他成功了,他看清楚财富和声誉只是过眼云烟。我们很容易被财富、声誉、地位、成就的短暂利益所蒙蔽,而看不见天国永恒的福乐。信心帮助我们超越属世的价值观,看到天国永恒的价值。

妓女喇合或被世人看轻,神却用她;你的生命仿似一无是处?你如何看?
11:31 当约书亚计划攻打耶利哥城时,先派了两个探子去窥探那城墙,探子们遇见外族妓女喇合(参书2章人物介绍),喇合相信神,接待探子,相信神在毁灭耶利哥城的时候,必定会存留她和她的一家。信心帮助我们改变自己,并且使我们可以不再顾虑自己以往的历史或别人接纳与否,只管做正确的事。

经上几人,经历坎坷,信心从何而来?若我的遭遇也是如此……
11:32-40 这几节经文总结了信心伟人生命的特性,他们经历了特别的胜利,甚至胜过死亡,有些被苦待、残虐,甚至被杀害。对神有坚定不移的信心,并不保证我们能过快乐和无忧无虑的生活。相反,我们的信心差不多肯定会令我们被世界伤害,我们仍活在世上的时候,可能看不见受苦的目的,但要知道神必会成就他的应许。你的信心是否建基于神必会成就应许这个确据上?

数风云人物,还看圣经──
11:33-35 旧约记载了不少曾经历这些胜利的人物的生平:底波拉打胜仗(参士4-5章);约书亚战胜列国(参书12章);尼希米善于治理神的百姓(参尼5章);但以理在狮子坑中不受伤害(参但6章);沙得拉、米煞和亚伯尼歌在烈火中不受伤害(参但3章);以利亚逃过王后耶洗别的追杀(参王上19:2-18);希西家在病后更刚强(参王下20章);基甸在战争中有大能(参士7章);先知以利沙将寡妇的儿子救活(参王下4:8-37)。
  我们也同样可以藉著对基督的信心经历胜利,我们战胜压迫我们的人的经历,可能跟旧约先贤的经历相似,但更可能的是,我们每次得胜,将直接与神要我们担当的角色有关。即使我们的肉身会死去,但因基督我们将永远存活。在神所应许的复活中,即使是肉身的死亡也会被战胜,基督的胜利将会完全实现。

不!不!苦难不会也不应临到我身上的──当人家都这样想的时候,你……
11:35-38 很多人以为基督徒不会经历痛苦,当苦难临到时,他们会问:“为甚么是我?”以为神离弃了他们,或许认为神不再值得倚靠了。其实,我们生活在罪恶世界里,即使是信徒也仍然会遭遇不少苦难,不过,神仍然掌管著世界。神让一些信徒为信仰而殉道,让另一些信徒胜过迫害。我们不应该问:“为甚么是我?”,反之,要问更有意义的问题:“为甚么不是我?”我们的信心跟这个世界的价值观是背道而驰的。如果预计到痛苦和苦难会来临,当苦难真正临到时,我们便不会慌张。当知道主耶稣也曾经历苦难,我们的心便可释然了,他明白我们的恐惧、软弱和失望(参2:16-18;4:14-16),应许永不离弃我们(参太28:18-20),又为我们代求(参7:24-25)。遭遇痛苦,迫害或苦难时,我们应完全信靠基督,专一信靠他。

不会吧,为主做了这许多,仍得不到全部的赏赐,难懂……
11:39-40 本章常称为信心伟人名录。毫无疑问,作者的结论是叫读者吃惊的:这些伟大的犹太英雄并没有得到神全部的赏赐,因为他们在基督降世之前已经离世。在神的计划中,他们将会跟那些也经历了不少试炼的基督徒一同得到赏赐。希伯来书在此再次说明基督教超越犹太教。

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