尼希米记10 Nehemiah

章: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

10:1 签名的是,哈迦利亚的儿子省长尼希米,和西底家。

Now those that sealed were, Nehemiah, the Tirshatha, the son of Hachaliah, and Zidkijah,

10:2 祭司。西莱雅,亚撒利雅,耶利米,

Seraiah, Azariah, Jeremiah,

10:3 巴施户珥,亚玛利雅,玛基雅,

Pashur, Amariah, Malchijah,

10:4 哈突,示巴尼,玛鹿,

Hattush, Shebaniah, Malluch,

10:5 哈琳,米利末,俄巴底亚,

Harim, Meremoth, Obadiah,

10:6 但以理,近顿,巴录,

Daniel, Ginnethon, Baruch,

10:7 米书兰,亚比雅,米雅民,

Meshullam, Abijah, Mijamin,

10:8 玛西亚,璧该,示玛雅。

Maaziah, Bilgai, Shemaiah: these were the priests.

10:9 又有利未人,就是亚散尼的儿子耶书亚,希拿达的子孙宾内,甲篾。

And the Levites: both Jeshua the son of Azaniah, Binnui of the sons of Henadad, Kadmiel;

10:10 还有他们的弟兄示巴尼,荷第雅,基利他,毗莱雅,哈难,

And their brethren, Shebaniah, Hodijah, Kelita, Pelaiah, Hanan,

10:11 米迦,利合,哈沙比雅,

Micha, Rehob, Hashabiah,

10:12 撒刻,示利比,示巴尼,

Zaccur, Sherebiah, Shebaniah,

10:13 荷第雅,巴尼,比尼努。

Hodijah, Bani, Beninu.

10:14 又有民的首领,就是巴录,巴哈摩押,以拦,萨土,巴尼,

The chief of the people; Parosh, Pahathmoab, Elam, Zatthu, Bani,

10:15 布尼,押甲,比拜,

Bunni, Azgad, Bebai,

10:16 亚多尼雅,比革瓦伊,亚丁,

Adonijah, Bigvai, Adin,

10:17 亚特,希西家,押朔,

Ater, Hizkijah, Azzur,

10:18 荷第雅,哈顺,比赛,

Hodijah, Hashum, Bezai,

10:19 哈拉,亚拿突,尼拜,

Hariph, Anathoth, Nebai,

10:20 抹比押,米书兰,希悉,

Magpiash, Meshullam, Hezir,

10:21 米示萨别,撒督,押杜亚,

Meshezabeel, Zadok, Jaddua,

10:22 毗拉提,哈难,亚奈雅,

Pelatiah, Hanan, Anaiah,

10:23 何细亚,哈拿尼雅,哈述,

Hoshea, Hananiah, Hashub,

10:24 哈罗黑,毗利哈,朔百,

Hallohesh, Pileha, Shobek,

10:25 利宏,哈沙拿,玛西雅,

Rehum, Hashabnah, Maaseiah,

10:26 亚希雅,哈难,亚难,

And Ahijah, Hanan, Anan,

10:27 玛鹿,哈琳,巴拿。

Malluch, Harim, Baanah.

10:28 其馀的民,祭司,利未人,守门的,歌唱的,尼提宁,和一切离绝邻邦居民归服神律法的,并他们的妻子,儿女,凡有知识能明白的。

And the rest of the people, the priests, the Levites, the porters, the singers, the Nethinims, and all they that had separated themselves from the people of the lands unto the law of God, their wives, their sons, and their daughters, every one having knowledge, and having understanding;

10:29 都随从他们贵胄的弟兄,发咒起誓,必遵行神藉他仆人摩西所传的律法,谨守遵行耶和华我们主的一切诫命,典章,律例。

They clave to their brethren, their nobles, and entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in God’s law, which was given by Moses the servant of God, and to observe and do all the commandments of the LORD our Lord, and his judgments and his statutes;

10:30 并不将我们的女儿嫁给这地的居民,也不为我们的儿子娶他们的女儿。

And that we would not give our daughters unto the people of the land, nor take their daughters for our sons:

10:31 这地的居民若在安息日,或什么圣日,带了货物或粮食来卖给我们,我们必不买。每逢第七年必不耕种,凡欠我们债的必不追讨。

And if the people of the land bring ware or any victuals on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the sabbath, or on the holy day: and that we would leave the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.

10:32 我们又为自己定例,每年各人捐银一舍客勒三分之一,为我们神殿的使用,

Also we made ordinances for us, to charge ourselves yearly with the third part of a shekel for the service of the house of our God;

10:33 就是为陈设饼,常献的素祭,和燔祭,安息日,月朔,节期所献的与圣物,并以色列人的赎罪祭,以及我们神殿里一切的费用。

For the shewbread, and for the continual meat offering, and for the continual burnt offering, of the sabbaths, of the new moons, for the set feasts, and for the holy things, and for the sin offerings to make an atonement for Israel, and for all the work of the house of our God.

10:34 我们的祭司,利未人,和百姓都掣签,看每年是哪一族按定期将献祭的柴奉到我们神的殿里。照着律法上所写的,烧在耶和华我们神的坛上。

And we cast the lots among the priests, the Levites, and the people, for the wood offering, to bring it into the house of our God, after the houses of our fathers, at times appointed year by year, to burn upon the altar of the LORD our God, as it is written in the law:

10:35 又定每年将我们地上初熟的土产,和各样树上初熟的果子,都奉到耶和华的殿里。

And to bring the firstfruits of our ground, and the firstfruits of all fruit of all trees, year by year, unto the house of the LORD:

10:36 又照律法上所写的,将我们头胎的儿子,和首生的牛羊,都奉到我们神的殿,交给我们神的殿里供职的祭司。

Also the firstborn of our sons, and of our cattle, as it is written in the law, and the firstlings of our herds and of our flocks, to bring to the house of our God, unto the priests that minister in the house of our God:

10:37 并将初熟之麦子所磨的面和举祭,各样树上初熟的果子,新酒与油奉给祭司,收在我们神殿的库房里,把我们地上所产的十分之一奉给利未人,因利未人在我们一切城邑的土产中当取十分之一。

And that we should bring the firstfruits of our dough, and our offerings, and the fruit of all manner of trees, of wine and of oil, unto the priests, to the chambers of the house of our God; and the tithes of our ground unto the Levites, that the same Levites might have the tithes in all the cities of our tillage.

10:38 利未人取十分之一的时候,亚伦的子孙中,当有一个祭司与利未人同在。利未人也当从十分之一中取十分之一,奉到我们神殿的屋子里,收在库房中。

And the priest the son of Aaron shall be with the Levites, when the Levites take tithes: and the Levites shall bring up the tithe of the tithes unto the house of our God, to the chambers, into the treasure house.

10:39 以色列人和利未人要将五谷,新酒,和油为举祭,奉到收存圣所器皿的屋子里,就是供职的祭司,守门的,歌唱的所住的屋子。这样,我们就不离弃我们神的殿。

For the children of Israel and the children of Levi shall bring the offering of the corn, of the new wine, and the oil, unto the chambers, where are the vessels of the sanctuary, and the priests that minister, and the porters, and the singers: and we will not forsake the house of our God.

尼希米记10参考

物质上的建造与精神上的建造有甚么关系?孰重孰轻?
10:28-39 城墙竣工,神在摩西时代与以色列人立的约也重新确立(参申8:1-20)。这约的精意对我们十分重要。我们与神的关系,不应该限于上教会和定期的事奉,还应影响我们的时间(10:31)、财物(10:32-39)和彼此间的关系(10:30)。你既选择跟从神,就当立志如此事奉他。可惜以色列人破坏了原先的约。我们不论顺逆,都当持守向神所立的约。

以色列人与外邦人通婚就一定会离弃神吗?摩西不是也娶了外邦女子吗?
10:30 神的子民若要向外邦人作见证,便需要一个团结一致敬畏主的大家庭。他们也要远离拜偶像的人,免受引诱。神禁止以色列人与异族通婚,又不准外邦人居于这地(参申7:3-4),正是基于这个缘故。然而每一个时代,以色列人都犯上与异族通婚的罪,对家庭和国家造成灾难性的后果。因为与外邦人通婚,使以色列人跟从配偶膜拜偶像(参王上11:1-11)。国家一旦远离神,必然衰败危殆。

星期日一定要去崇拜聚会吗?有时忙不过来就算了吧……
10:31 神深知人若沉迷于钱财利益,便会忘记休息,所以他禁止在安息日进行买卖。以色列人也明白,敬拜荣耀神才是最重要的,故此他们拒绝作金钱的奴隶。在现实生活里,我们常要在神与金钱、利益、安逸中间作抉择。我们必须省察自己的工作,留意自己的敬拜生活,到底是否将神放在首位?

欠债也不让讨,是否不公平呢?这条律法现今还有意义吗?
10:31 律法规定每逢第七年,所有债务都要被豁免(参出23:10;申15:1-2)。以色列人在此背诵律法并许愿遵行神的律法,谨守与他所立的约。

向圣殿纳丁税是从何时开始的?
10:32 七十年前,在先知哈该、撒迦利亚的鼓励,以及大祭司约书亚和省长所罗巴伯的带领下,圣殿被重建(参拉6:14-15);百姓也恢复向圣殿纳丁税、献祭并且守节。

奉献头生的给神,这律法的精义何在?对我们有何指导?
10:36 奉献头生的人、畜的条例,源自以色列人出埃及的时代(参出13:12-14)。尼希米恢复古例,以色列人便要重新学习把头生的献与神(参出13:1-2;民3:40-51)。虽然新约时代已取消此例,但它的精神犹在,就是要把最好的时间、财富与才能优先献给神。你有将最好的献给主吗?还是只献剩余的部分呢?

在今日,谁是“利未人”?谁是“祭司”?我们怎样支持他们的事奉?
10:37-39 根据神的律法,以色列人要将他们所得出产的十分之一献给利未人(他们负责管理圣殿和施行宗教仪式),而利未人也要献出所得的十分之一给祭司。这样做的本意,是保证支援神的家和神的仆人。我们不可忽视对神仆人应尽的责任。

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