士师记3 Judges

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

3:1 耶和华留下这几族,为要试验那不曾知道与迦南争战之事的以色列人,

Now these are the nations which the LORD left, to prove Israel by them, even as many of Israel as had not known all the wars of Canaan;

3:2 好叫以色列的后代又知道又学习未曾晓得的战事。

Only that the generations of the children of Israel might know, to teach them war, at the least such as before knew nothing thereof;

3:3 所留下的就是非利士的五个首领和一切迦南人,西顿人,并住黎巴嫩山的希未人,从巴力黑们山直到哈马口。

Namely, five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath.

3:4 留下这几族,为要试验以色列人,知道他们肯听从耶和华藉摩西吩咐他们列祖的诫命不肯。

And they were to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

3:5 以色列人竟住在迦南人,赫人,亚摩利人,比利洗人,希未人,耶布斯人中间,

And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, Hittites, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites:

3:6 娶他们的女儿为妻,将自己的女儿嫁给他们的儿子,并事奉他们的神。

And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their gods.

3:7 以色列人行耶和华眼中看为恶的事,忘记耶和华他们的神,去事奉诸巴力和亚舍拉,

And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgat the LORD their God, and served Baalim and the groves.

3:8 所以耶和华的怒气向以色列人发作,就把他们交在美索不达米亚王古珊利萨田的手中。以色列人服事古珊利萨田八年。

Therefore the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushanrishathaim eight years.

3:9 以色列人呼求耶和华的时候,耶和华就为他们兴起一位拯救者救他们,就是迦勒兄弟基纳斯的儿子俄陀聂。

And when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother.

3:10 耶和华的灵降在他身上,他就作了以色列的士师,出去争战。耶和华将美索不达米亚王古珊利萨田交在他手中,他便胜了古珊利萨田。

And the Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and the LORD delivered Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushanrishathaim.

3:11 于是国中太平四十年。基纳斯的儿子俄陀聂死了。

And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

3:12 以色列人又行耶和华眼中看为恶的事,耶和华就使摩押王伊矶伦强盛,攻击以色列人。

And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the LORD.

3:13 伊矶伦招聚亚扪人和亚玛力人,去攻打以色列人,占据棕树城。

And he gathered unto him the children of Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel, and possessed the city of palm trees.

3:14 于是以色列人服事摩押王伊矶伦十八年。

So the children of Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years.

3:15 以色列人呼求耶和华的时候,耶和华就为他们兴起一位拯救者,就是便雅悯人基拉的儿子以笏。他是左手便利的。以色列人托他送礼物给摩押王伊矶伦。

But when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised them up a deliverer, Ehud the son of Gera, a Benjamite, a man lefthanded: and by him the children of Israel sent a present unto Eglon the king of Moab.

3:16 以笏打了一把两刃的剑,长一肘,带在右腿上衣服里面。

But Ehud made him a dagger which had two edges, of a cubit length; and he did gird it under his raiment upon his right thigh.

3:17 他将礼物献给摩押王伊矶伦,原来伊矶伦极其肥胖。

And he brought the present unto Eglon king of Moab: and Eglon was a very fat man.

3:18 以笏献完礼物,便将抬礼物的人打发走了,

And when he had made an end to offer the present, he sent away the people that bare the present.

3:19 自己却从靠近吉甲凿石之地回来,说,王阿,我有一件机密事奏告你。王说,回避吧。于是左右侍立的人都退去了。

But he himself turned again from the quarries that were by Gilgal, and said, I have a secret errand unto thee, O king: who said, Keep silence. And all that stood by him went out from him.

3:20 以笏来到王面前。王独自一人坐在凉楼上。以笏说,我奉神的命报告你一件事。王就从座位上站起来。

And Ehud came unto him; and he was sitting in a summer parlour, which he had for himself alone. And Ehud said, I have a message from God unto thee. And he arose out of his seat.

3:21 以笏便伸左手,从右腿上拔出剑来,刺入王的肚腹,

And Ehud put forth his left hand, and took the dagger from his right thigh, and thrust it into his belly:

3:22 连剑把都刺进去了。剑被肥肉夹住,他没有从王的肚腹拔出来,且穿通了后身。

And the haft also went in after the blade; and the fat closed upon the blade, so that he could not draw the dagger out of his belly; and the dirt came out.

3:23 以笏就出到游廊,将楼门尽都关锁。

Then Ehud went forth through the porch, and shut the doors of the parlour upon him, and locked them.

3:24 以笏出来之后,王的仆人到了,看见楼门关锁,就说,他必是在楼上大解。

When he was gone out, his servants came; and when they saw that, behold, the doors of the parlour were locked, they said, Surely he covereth his feet in his summer chamber.

3:25 他们等烦了,见仍不开楼门,就拿钥匙开了,不料,他们的主人已死,倒在地上。

And they tarried till they were ashamed: and, behold, he opened not the doors of the parlour; therefore they took a key, and opened them: and, behold, their lord was fallen down dead on the earth.

3:26 他们耽延的时候,以笏就逃跑了,经过凿石之地,逃到西伊拉。

And Ehud escaped while they tarried, and passed beyond the quarries, and escaped unto Seirath.

3:27 到了,就在以法莲山地吹角。以色列人随着他下了山地,他在前头引路,

And it came to pass, when he was come, that he blew a trumpet in the mountain of Ephraim, and the children of Israel went down with him from the mount, and he before them.

3:28 对他们说,你们随我来,因为耶和华已经把你们的仇敌摩押人交在你们手中。于是他们跟着他下去,把守约旦河的渡口,不容摩押一人过去。

And he said unto them, Follow after me: for the LORD hath delivered your enemies the Moabites into your hand. And they went down after him, and took the fords of Jordan toward Moab, and suffered not a man to pass over.

3:29 那时击杀了摩押人约有一万,都是强壮的勇士,没有一人逃脱。

And they slew of Moab at that time about ten thousand men, all lusty, and all men of valour; and there escaped not a man.

3:30 这样,摩押就被以色列人制伏了。国中太平八十年。

So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land had rest fourscore years.

3:31 以笏之后,有亚拿的儿子珊迦,他用赶牛的棍子打死六百非利士人。他也救了以色列人。

And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox goad: and he also delivered Israel.

士师记3参考

神会否也在我的生活中留下了“仇敌”,以试验我对他的忠诚?
3:1-4 第一章讲到以色列人未能顺服神,将敌人逐出迦南地。本章则讲到神留下这些仇敌,好“试炼”以色列人,给他们操练顺服神的机会。现在,新一代长大了,他们虽然没有经历攻占迦南的重大战争,但要去完成征服全地的使命。在他们的土地上,仍有许多亟待胜过的拦阻。对付这种拦阻,就成为对他们信心的考验。
  神也许在你的生活之中留下一些障碍,用以培养你对他的信心与顺服。它可能是憎恶你的人,是困难的情势,或是你所不明白的问题。

我不是要背弃神,只是尝试一下新鲜事物而已,不过……
3:5-7 以色列人看出与当地人相处会影响到他们的信仰。不过,当地人对他们很有吸引力,很快他们就与当地人通婚,并去拜异教的假神了。神曾明令禁止这件事(参出34:15-17;申7:1-4)。以色列人既然把假神接到家中,就逐步效法他们不道德的习俗。大多数以色列人并不是一开始就决心拜偶像,只是在敬拜耶和华神之外加上拜偶像,但渐渐地他们就全神贯注去拜异教之神了。
  我们也面对类似的危险。我们与不认识神的人做朋友时,可能使我们染上不良的习俗。与不信主之人为友并没有错,但是不可以因此改变自己的信仰,更不能采纳他们的生活方式。

亚舍拉又是何方神只?
3:7 大多数迦南人都拜巴力,常将它铸成公牛的形像,象徵能力与丰收,代表农业之神。亚舍拉是巴力的配偶,是海上的女神,人用木柱刻成她的像来敬拜,用以代替青翠树。迦南人遭遇饥荒,就认为是巴力发怒,以不降雨来处罚他们。考古学家在以色列地发掘出许多巴力偶像。我们很难想像以色列人竟不敬拜耶和华,反而愚昧地去拜那木头、石头与铁造的偶像。可是当我们不敬拜神,反而崇尚其他的活动、嗜好,或者把某些事放在神之先时,也就犯了同样的罪。我们的偶像虽不具有木石所雕刻的形体,但本质上却是一样的。

关于以色列的第一位士师俄陀聂,你知道些甚么?
3:9 俄陀聂是以色列人的第一位士师,1章13节说他自告奋勇,率领军兵攻打一座坚固城。这一段经文则说他领以色列全族悔改归向神。他有世袭的属灵渊源──他的伯父迦勒,对神有坚定的信心(参民13:30;14:24)。他作士师时,领百姓归向神,脱离美索不达米亚王的欺压。可惜他死后不久,以色列人又随从当地人过那种犯罪的生活。

如何理解“耶和华的灵降在他身上”?这灵与降到我们身上的圣灵有无不同?
3:10 “耶和华的灵降在他身上”这句话也用在了基甸、耶弗他、参孙等其他士师身上。它意指人在肉体、灵性与精神上的力量有短暂增强。这是神预备人从事特别任务的时候,所发生的不平常、超自然的现象。现在所有的信徒都可以得到圣灵,不过他会以特别的方式临到一些人,并做特别的工作。我们无论是面对日常的问题还是应付一生重大的挑战,都当求圣灵帮助。

3:12-13 摩押人、亚扪人与亚玛力人全是游牧民族,住在迦南地之东及东南部,彼此邻近,骁勇善战,惯于劫掠。这是圣经记载以色列人在自己的地上,初次受迦南以外的民族攻击。

“一位拯救者”,是按字面意思理解吗?
3:15 这一节经文称以笏为拯救者。按照广义的看法,所有的士师都可以看作是耶稣基督的预表,他是完全的拯救者。以笏拯救以色列人脱离仇敌之手,耶稣则救我们脱离最大的仇敌──罪恶。

你有身体上的缺陷吗?你是否为此自卑呢?
3:15-20 这是一件奇异的事,但它教导我们,神能创造我们,也能随意使用我们。在以笏所处的时代,左手便利被视为缺陷(参20:16),以笏的“弱点”是明显可见的,但神仍使用他使以色列人得胜。要让神使用你,随他的方式来成全他的工作。

用赶牛棍打死六百人,听来好像不可信……
3:31 用赶牛棍打死六百非利士人是不平常的武艺。赶牛棍是一条长棍,一头钉有尖锐的铁钉,一边是平滑的铁片;尖端在耕地时用来赶牛,平滑的一端则用来清理农具。考古发掘出的赶牛棍有的长达两公尺半。以色列人在遭遇危难时,很容易把它当作武器来使用,珊迦就是用它杀敌。今日在中东,人仍然用它赶牛。

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