士师记17 Judges

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

17:1 以法莲山地有一个人名叫米迦。

And there was a man of mount Ephraim, whose name was Micah.

17:2 他对母亲说,你那一千一百舍客勒银子被人拿去,你因此咒诅,并且告诉了我。看哪。这银子在我这里,是我拿去了。他母亲说,我儿阿,愿耶和华赐福与你。

And he said unto his mother, The eleven hundred shekels of silver that were taken from thee, about which thou cursedst, and spakest of also in mine ears, behold, the silver is with me; I took it. And his mother said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my son.

17:3 米迦就把这一千一百舍客勒银子还他母亲。他母亲说,我分出这银子来为你献给耶和华,好雕刻一个像,铸成一个像。现在我还是交给你。

And when he had restored the eleven hundred shekels of silver to his mother, his mother said, I had wholly dedicated the silver unto the LORD from my hand for my son, to make a graven image and a molten image: now therefore I will restore it unto thee.

17:4 米迦将银子还他母亲,他母亲将二百舍客勒银子交给银匠,雕刻一个像,铸成一个像,安置在米迦的屋内。

Yet he restored the money unto his mother; and his mother took two hundred shekels of silver, and gave them to the founder, who made thereof a graven image and a molten image: and they were in the house of Micah.

17:5 这米迦有了神堂,又制造以弗得和家中的神像,分派他一个儿子作祭司。

And the man Micah had an house of gods, and made an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.

17:6 那时以色列中没有王,各人任意而行。

In those days there was no king in Israel, but every man did that which was right in his own eyes.

17:7 犹大的伯利恒有一个少年人,是犹大族的利未人,他在那里寄居。

And there was a young man out of Bethlehemjudah of the family of Judah, who was a Levite, and he sojourned there.

17:8 这人离开犹大的伯利恒城,要找一个可住的地方。行路的时候,到了以法莲山地,走到米迦的家。

And the man departed out of the city from Bethlehemjudah to sojourn where he could find a place: and he came to mount Ephraim to the house of Micah, as he journeyed.

17:9 米迦问他说,你从哪里来。他回答说,从犹大的伯利恒来。我是利未人,要找一个可住的地方。

And Micah said unto him, Whence comest thou? And he said unto him, I am a Levite of Bethlehemjudah, and I go to sojourn where I may find a place.

17:10 米迦说,你可以住在我这里,我以你为父,为祭司。我每年给你十舍客勒银子,一套衣服和度日的食物。利未人就进了他的家。

And Micah said unto him, Dwell with me, and be unto me a father and a priest, and I will give thee ten shekels of silver by the year, and a suit of apparel, and thy victuals. So the Levite went in.

17:11 利未人情愿与那人同住。那人看这少年人如自己的儿子一样。

And the Levite was content to dwell with the man; and the young man was unto him as one of his sons.

17:12 米迦分派这少年的利未人作祭司,他就住在米迦的家里。

And Micah consecrated the Levite; and the young man became his priest, and was in the house of Micah.

17:13 米迦说,现在我知道耶和华必赐福与我,因我有一个利未人作祭司。

Then said Micah, Now know I that the LORD will do me good, seeing I have a Levite to my priest.

士师记17参考

米迦和他母亲的行为说明了──
17:2-5 米迦和他的母亲从表面看来似乎是正人君子,也可能真正想敬拜神,但是他们并不依照神的吩咐,而是随自己的心意去行,所以实际上是不顺服神。在米迦的时代,以色列人一般的态度是:“各人任意而行”(17:6)。这与现代人的一般态度极其相似,大家都不理会神。但是神赐给我们行为标准,他并没有听任我们随自己的意思去行。我们可以认真的顺从神的命令,并将之用在生活中,而不去随从社会的低级标准。独立独行、倚靠自己,都是人类明显的特点,但惟有按照神的标准,在他规定的框架之中才不会越轨。

“各人任意而行”,亦是当今的普遍现象,在享受自由时不该忘记……
17:6 现在和米迦的时代一样,各人似乎都将自己的利益放在第一位。时间并没有改变人类的天性,大多数人仍然不肯按神的正道而生活。米迦时代的以色列人,用自己制造的敬拜方式代替对神的真正敬拜,结果,报复与混乱就取代了公义。不理神的指示使他们产生混乱与败坏。凡是不顺服神旨意的人,都在做当时看似对的事。现在这种倾向普遍地存在我们众人心里。要想知道甚么是真正当做的事,以及想得到做这事的力量,我们就必须更追求神和他的真道。

那少年利未人何以出外谋生?
17:7-12 以色列人显然不再以十一奉献来供给祭司和利未人了,因为许多人不再敬拜神。这段经文说一个少年利未人离开伯利恒的家,到别地去寻求机会。以色列人道德上的衰败,甚至影响到祭司和利未人的生活。这个少年利未人不按照神的律法行事,却接受米迦所给的金钱(17:10-11)、偶像(18:20)与地位(17:12)。米迦的行为显明个别的以色列人在宗教上的堕落,少年人的行为则说明祭司与利未人在宗教上的败坏。

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