士师记13 Judges

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

13:1 以色列人又行耶和华眼中看为恶的事,耶和华将他们交在非利士人手中四十年。

And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD; and the LORD delivered them into the hand of the Philistines forty years.

13:2 那时,有一个琐拉人,是属但族的,名叫玛挪亚。他的妻不怀孕,不生育。

And there was a certain man of Zorah, of the family of the Danites, whose name was Manoah; and his wife was barren, and bare not.

13:3 耶和华的使者向那妇人显现,对她说,向来你不怀孕,不生育,如今你必怀孕生一个儿子。

And the angel of the LORD appeared unto the woman, and said unto her, Behold now, thou art barren, and bearest not: but thou shalt conceive, and bear a son.

13:4 所以你当谨慎,清酒浓酒都不可喝,一切不洁之物也不可吃。

Now therefore beware, I pray thee, and drink not wine nor strong drink, and eat not any unclean thing:

13:5 你必怀孕生一个儿子,不可用剃头刀剃他的头,因为这孩子一出胎就归神作拿细耳人。他必起首拯救以色列人脱离非利士人的手。

For, lo, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and no razor shall come on his head: for the child shall be a Nazarite unto God from the womb: and he shall begin to deliver Israel out of the hand of the Philistines.

13:6 妇人就回去对丈夫说,有一个神人到我面前来,他的相貌如神使者的相貌,甚是可畏。我没有问他从哪里来,他也没有将他的名告诉我,

Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, A man of God came unto me, and his countenance was like the countenance of an angel of God, very terrible: but I asked him not whence he was, neither told he me his name:

13:7 却对我说,你要怀孕生一个儿子,所以清酒浓酒都不可喝,一切不洁之物也不可吃。因为这孩子从出胎一直到死,必归神作拿细耳人。

But he said unto me, Behold, thou shalt conceive, and bear a son; and now drink no wine nor strong drink, neither eat any unclean thing: for the child shall be a Nazarite to God from the womb to the day of his death.

13:8 玛挪亚就祈求耶和华说,主阿,求你再差遣那神人到我们这里来,好指教我们怎样待这将要生的孩子。

Then Manoah intreated the LORD, and said, O my Lord, let the man of God which thou didst send come again unto us, and teach us what we shall do unto the child that shall be born.

13:9 神应允玛挪亚的话。妇人正坐在田间的时候,神的使者又到她那里,她丈夫玛挪亚却没有同她在一处。

And God hearkened to the voice of Manoah; and the angel of God came again unto the woman as she sat in the field: but Manoah her husband was not with her.

13:10 妇人急忙跑去告诉丈夫说,那日到我面前来的人,又向我显现。

And the woman made haste, and ran, and shewed her husband, and said unto him, Behold, the man hath appeared unto me, that came unto me the other day.

13:11 玛挪亚起来跟随他的妻来到那人面前,对他说,与这妇人说话的就是你吗。他说,是我。

And Manoah arose, and went after his wife, and came to the man, and said unto him, Art thou the man that spakest unto the woman? And he said, I am.

13:12 玛挪亚说,愿你的话应验。我们当怎样待这孩子,他后来当怎样呢。

And Manoah said, Now let thy words come to pass. How shall we order the child, and how shall we do unto him?

13:13 耶和华的使者对玛挪亚说,我告诉妇人的一切事,她都当谨慎。

And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Of all that I said unto the woman let her beware.

13:14 葡萄树所结的都不可吃,清酒浓酒都不可喝,一切不洁之物也不可吃。凡我所吩咐的,她都当遵守。

She may not eat of any thing that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean thing: all that I commanded her let her observe.

13:15 玛挪亚对耶和华的使者说,求你容我们款留你,好为你预备一只山羊羔。

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, I pray thee, let us detain thee, until we shall have made ready a kid for thee.

13:16 耶和华的使者对玛挪亚说,你虽然款留我,我却不吃你的食物,你若预备燔祭就当献与耶和华。原来玛挪亚不知道他是耶和华的使者。

And the angel of the LORD said unto Manoah, Though thou detain me, I will not eat of thy bread: and if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto the LORD. For Manoah knew not that he was an angel of the LORD.

13:17 玛挪亚对耶和华的使者说,请将你的名告诉我,到你话应验的时候,我们好尊敬你。

And Manoah said unto the angel of the LORD, What is thy name, that when thy sayings come to pass we may do thee honour?

13:18 耶和华的使者对他说,你何必问我的名,我名是奇妙的。

And the angel of the LORD said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it is secret?

13:19 玛挪亚将一只山羊羔和素祭在磐石上献与耶和华,使者行奇妙的事。玛挪亚和他的妻观看,

So Manoah took a kid with a meat offering, and offered it upon a rock unto the LORD: and the angel did wonderously; and Manoah and his wife looked on.

13:20 见火焰从坛上往上升,耶和华的使者在坛上的火焰中也升上去了。玛挪亚和他的妻看见,就俯伏于地。

For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven from off the altar, that the angel of the LORD ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on it, and fell on their faces to the ground.

13:21 耶和华的使者不再向玛挪亚和他的妻显现,玛挪亚才知道他是耶和华的使者。

But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he was an angel of the LORD.

13:22 玛挪亚对他的妻说,我们必要死,因为看见了神。

And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God.

13:23 他的妻却对他说,耶和华若要杀我们,必不从我们手里收纳燔祭和素祭,并不将这一切事指示我们,今日也不将这些话告诉我们。

But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these things, nor would as at this time have told us such things as these.

13:24 后来妇人生了一个儿子,给他起名叫参孙。孩子长大,耶和华赐福与他。

And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and the LORD blessed him.

13:25 在玛哈尼但,就是琐拉和以实陶中间,耶和华的灵才感动他。

And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

士师记13参考

非利士人在哪些方面胜过以色列人?
13:1 非利士人住在迦南地以西、地中海沿岸,从参孙到大卫的时代,一直是以色列人的主要仇敌,时常威胁以色列人。他们骁勇善战;在人数、作战技术的熟练和工艺上,皆胜过以色列人。他们善用铁铸造兵器(参撒上13:19-22)。但是神为以色列人争战时,这一切就都派不上用场了。
以色列人怎么那么冥顽不灵……
13章 以色列人再一次陷入犯罪、受神审判、继而悔改的循环之中(3:8-9, 14-15;4:1-4;6:1-14;10:6-11:11)。他们除非因受苦、受仇敌欺压、受死亡惊吓,否则不肯归向神。这并不是神要他们受苦,而是他们不理会神所致;他是他们的审判主,也是君王。你若顺服神,应怎样对待他呢?圣经清楚地警告我们:如果我们继续硬著心不顺服神,就必然遭遇和以色列人同样的噩运。

作拿细耳人有些甚么条件限制?
13:5 参孙要作的拿细耳人是许下分别为圣、事奉神之愿的人。他的父母为他许下这愿。这种愿可以是暂时性的,但参孙则是终生作拿细耳人。既然作拿细耳人,他就不可剃头、触摸死尸和饮清酒浓酒等等。
  参孙虽然常常作错误的判断,犯下严重的罪,但在他立志将自己分别为圣、归于神的时候,仍然有很大的成就。他在这方面好像以色列人;只要这民族继续分别为圣归于神,国势就兴旺,但是他们一旦不理神就陷入可怕的罪中。

“起首拯救”是甚么意思?
13:5 耶和华的使者告诉玛挪亚的妻子,她所生的儿子必起来拯救以色列人脱离非利士人的欺压。直到大卫的时代,非利士人的势力才被彻底粉碎(参撒下8:1)。参孙制伏非利士人虽只是开端,却很重要。这是神吩咐他去做的工作。即使你不能看出工作的即时果效,仍要忠心地顺从神,因为这可能仅是重要工作的开始,其余将由别人去完成。

耶和华的使者为甚么不肯透露他的姓名呢?
13:18 那时的人相信,如果你知道一个人的名字,就会知道他的性格,以及制伏他的方法。这位使者不肯说出他的名字,就是不让玛挪亚制伏他。不过他也说出他的名字是人所不能明白的奥秘,奇妙得不可想像。玛挪亚求这位使者给他的答覆其实是他不能明白的。我们有时求问神,但是得不到答案。这可能不是因为神不肯说,而是那已超乎我们的理解力或领受力的范围,故神不会赐下。

玛挪亚所献的祭有何意义?
13:19 玛娜亚向上帝献上燔祭和素祭。他把面粉加上油调和做成无酵饼,与燔祭牲山羊羔一同烧在祭坛上。利未记第二章所说的素祭,是献给神表示尊崇、敬拜他;也是承认以色列人的食物是神所赐的,蒙神养活。玛挪亚既献上素祭,就表示他深愿事奉神并显出他的敬意。

还记得神的灵是如何感动你,使你归向他的吗?
13:25 参孙所属的但支派继续寻地居住(18:1),那是他们尚未占领的应许之地(参书19:47-48)。他在这尚武的支派中长大,渴望得到永久性的安居之所。就在他去但支派兵营参观的时候,内心受到激励,神的灵开始准备他担当士师和领导者的任务,去攻击非利士人。
  也许有些事激动你的心,这可能表示神要使用你。他可使用各式各样的方法,包括遗传的特点,环境的感染,个人的经验等来培养我们,准备我们。好像对参孙一样,这种准备常常在成人之前就装备完成。对神给你的使命要有所警觉。你的过去可能比你所想像的对你更为有益。

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