士师记 Judges

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

1:1 约书亚死后,以色列人求问耶和华说,我们中间谁当首先上去攻击迦南人,与他们争战。

Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass, that the children of Israel asked the LORD, saying, Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites first, to fight against them?

1:2 耶和华说,犹大当先上去,我已将那地交在他手中。

And the LORD said, Judah shall go up: behold, I have delivered the land into his hand.

1:3 犹大对他哥哥西缅说,请你同我到拈阄所得之地去,好与迦南人争战。以后我也同你到你拈阄所得之地去。于是西缅与他同去。

And Judah said unto Simeon his brother, Come up with me into my lot, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I likewise will go with thee into thy lot. So Simeon went with him.

1:4 犹大就上去,耶和华将迦南人和比利洗人交在他们手中。他们在比色击杀了一万人。

And Judah went up; and the LORD delivered the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hand: and they slew of them in Bezek ten thousand men.

1:5 又在那里遇见亚多尼比色,与他争战,杀败迦南人和比利洗人。

And they found Adonibezek in Bezek: and they fought against him, and they slew the Canaanites and the Perizzites.

1:6 亚多尼比色逃跑。他们追赶,拿住他,砍断他手脚的大姆指。

But Adonibezek fled; and they pursued after him, and caught him, and cut off his thumbs and his great toes.

1:7 亚多尼比色说,从前有七十个王,手脚的大姆指都被我砍断,在我桌子底下拾取零碎食物。现在神按着我所行的报应我了。于是他们将亚多尼比色带到耶路撒冷,他就死在那里。

And Adonibezek said, Threescore and ten kings, having their thumbs and their great toes cut off, gathered their meat under my table: as I have done, so God hath requited me. And they brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died.

1:8 犹大人攻打耶路撒冷,将城攻取,用刀杀了城内的人,并且放火烧城。

Now the children of Judah had fought against Jerusalem, and had taken it, and smitten it with the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire.

1:9 后来犹大人下去,与住山地,南地,和高原的迦南人争战。

And afterward the children of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites, that dwelt in the mountain, and in the south, and in the valley.

1:10 犹大人去攻击住希伯仑的迦南人,杀了示筛,亚希幔,挞买。希伯仑从前名叫基列亚巴。

And Judah went against the Canaanites that dwelt in Hebron: (now the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba:) and they slew Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai.

1:11 他们从那里去攻击底壁的居民。底壁从前名叫基列西弗。

And from thence he went against the inhabitants of Debir: and the name of Debir before was Kirjathsepher:

1:12 迦勒说,谁能攻打基列西弗,将城夺取,我就把我女儿押撒给他为妻。

And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kirjathsepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife.

1:13 迦勒兄弟基纳斯的儿子俄陀聂夺取了那城,迦勒就把女儿押撒给他为妻。

And Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.

1:14 押撒过门的时候,劝缮夫向她父亲求一块田。押撒一下驴,迦勒问她说,你要什么。

And it came to pass, when she came to him, that she moved him to ask of her father a field: and she lighted from off her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wilt thou?

1:15 她说,求你赐福给我,你既将我安置在南地,求你也给我水泉。迦勒就把上泉下泉赐给她。

And she said unto him, Give me a blessing: for thou hast given me a south land; give me also springs of water. And Caleb gave her the upper springs and the nether springs.

1:16 摩西的内兄(或作岳父)是基尼人,他的子孙与犹大人一同离了棕树城,往亚拉得以南的犹大旷野去,就住在民中。

And the children of the Kenite, Moses’ father in law, went up out of the city of palm trees with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which lieth in the south of Arad; and they went and dwelt among the people.

1:17 犹大和他哥哥西缅同去,击杀了住洗法的迦南人,将城尽行毁灭,那城的名便叫何珥玛。

And Judah went with Simeon his brother, and they slew the Canaanites that inhabited Zephath, and utterly destroyed it. And the name of the city was called Hormah.

1:18 犹大又取了迦萨和迦萨的四境,亚实基伦和亚实基伦的四境,以革伦和以革伦的四境。

Also Judah took Gaza with the coast thereof, and Askelon with the coast thereof, and Ekron with the coast thereof.

1:19 耶和华与犹大同在,犹大就赶出山地的居民,只是不能赶出平原的居民,因为他们有铁车。

And the LORD was with Judah; and he drave out the inhabitants of the mountain; but could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley, because they had chariots of iron.

1:20 以色列人照摩西所说的,将希伯仑给了迦勒。迦勒就从那里赶出亚衲族的三个族长。

And they gave Hebron unto Caleb, as Moses said: and he expelled thence the three sons of Anak.

1:21 便雅悯人没有赶出住耶路撒冷的耶布斯人。耶布斯人仍在耶路撒冷与便雅悯人同住,直到今日。

And the children of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem unto this day.

1:22 约瑟家也上去攻打伯特利。耶和华与他们同在。

And the house of Joseph, they also went up against Bethel: and the LORD was with them.

1:23 约瑟家打发人去窥探伯特利。那城起先名叫路斯。

And the house of Joseph sent to descry Bethel. (Now the name of the city before was Luz.)

1:24 窥探的人看见一个人从城里出来,就对他说,求你将进城的路指示我们,我们必恩待你。

And the spies saw a man come forth out of the city, and they said unto him, Shew us, we pray thee, the entrance into the city, and we will shew thee mercy.

1:25 那人将进城的路指示他们,他们就用刀击杀了城中的居民,但将那人和他全家放去。

And when he shewed them the entrance into the city, they smote the city with the edge of the sword; but they let go the man and all his family.

1:26 那人往赫人之地去,筑了一座城,起名叫路斯。那城到如今还叫这名。

And the man went into the land of the Hittites, and built a city, and called the name thereof Luz: which is the name thereof unto this day.

1:27 玛拿西没有赶出伯善和属伯善乡村的居民,他纳和属他纳乡村的居民,多珥和属多珥乡村的居民,以伯莲和属以伯莲乡村的居民,米吉多和属米吉多乡村的居民。迦南人却执意住在那些地方。

Neither did Manasseh drive out the inhabitants of Bethshean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns: but the Canaanites would dwell in that land.

1:28 及至以色列强盛了,就使迦南人作苦工,没有把他们全然赶出。

And it came to pass, when Israel was strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute, and did not utterly drive them out.

1:29 以法莲没有赶出住基色的迦南人。于是迦南人仍住在基色,在以法莲中间。

Neither did Ephraim drive out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer; but the Canaanites dwelt in Gezer among them.

1:30 西布伦没有赶出基伦的居民和拿哈拉的居民。于是迦南人仍住在西布伦中间,成了服苦的人。

Neither did Zebulun drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the inhabitants of Nahalol; but the Canaanites dwelt among them, and became tributaries.

1:31 亚设没有赶出亚柯和西顿的居民,亚黑拉和亚革悉的居民,黑巴,亚弗革与利合的居民。

Neither did Asher drive out the inhabitants of Accho, nor the inhabitants of Zidon, nor of Ahlab, nor of Achzib, nor of Helbah, nor of Aphik, nor of Rehob:

1:32 于是,亚设因为没有赶出那地的迦南人,就住在他们中间。

But the Asherites dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land: for they did not drive them out.

1:33 拿弗他利没有赶出伯示麦和伯亚纳的居民,于是拿弗他利就住在那地的迦南人中间。然而伯示麦和伯亚纳的居民成了服苦的人。

Neither did Naphtali drive out the inhabitants of Bethshemesh, nor the inhabitants of Bethanath; but he dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land: nevertheless the inhabitants of Bethshemesh and of Bethanath became tributaries unto them.

1:34 亚摩利人强逼但人住在山地,不容他们下到平原。

And the Amorites forced the children of Dan into the mountain: for they would not suffer them to come down to the valley:

1:35 亚摩利人却执意住在希烈山和亚雅伦并沙宾。然而约瑟家胜了他们,使他们成了服苦的人。

But the Amorites would dwell in mount Heres in Aijalon, and in Shaalbim: yet the hand of the house of Joseph prevailed, so that they became tributaries.

1:36 亚摩利人的境界,是从亚克拉浜坡,从西拉而上。

And the coast of the Amorites was from the going up to Akrabbim, from the rock, and upward.

士师记1参考

以色列进入了士师时代……
1:1 以色列人终于进入美地,占领了神应许他们列祖之地(参创12:7;出3:16-17)。约书亚记讲到以色列人攻占迦南地,士师记是它的续集。以色列人靠神的大能,征服了许多仇敌,也胜过许多困难,但是任务并未完成。他们虽然英勇地战胜政治上和军事上的许多挑战,但是灵性上的挑战却最难应付。迦南人的生活极荒淫,却有诱惑力,对以色列人来说这比军事力量还危险。神的百姓屈服于这种引诱,放弃坚持自己的宗教信仰。如果我们想单单以人的力量来面对人生的种种挑战,就会发现四周的压力与诱惑力太大,令自己无法抗拒。

约书亚去世,对以色列人有哪些影响?
1:1 约书亚死后不久,以色列人就开始失去对迦南地的控制权。约书亚虽然是伟大的军事家,但他的属灵领导对百姓的重要性更甚于军事技巧;他曾使百姓专心一意地仰望神和他的旨意,而不是高举自己。在新旧领导人青黄不接的时候,以色列人理应明白,不管领导人是谁,真正的领导者乃是神。我们常常把盼望与信心放在有影响力的领导人身上,却不知道实际上乃是神在发号施令。要承认神是你的总司令,免得受试探,过分倚靠领袖,不管他们有怎样的属灵智慧,都无法跟神相比。

迦南人是些甚么人?他们有些甚么特点?
1:1 迦南人是住在迦南地(应许之地)的所有民族。他们皆住在以城为邦之地,各城有自己的政府、军队与法律。迦南地不易征服的原因之一,就是必须逐个将各个城市攻下,没有一个王能够一下子将所有城镇交在以色列人手中。
  迦南对以色列人最大的威胁,并不是他们的军队,而是宗教。迦南人的宗教显明许多罪性,包括残酷的战争、不道德的性生活、自私贪婪和注重物质。那是凡事“以我为首,其他皆为次”的社会。显然,以色列人的宗教不能与之共存。

十二支派,努力攻地,结果──我在信仰道上的操练会否如他们一般虎头蛇尾?
1:2 约书亚记讲到以色列人迅速而彻底地打败迦南军队、攻占他们的城市;而从士师记看,似乎他们用了较长的时间,逐步征服那地。以色列人刚进入应许之地(参书1-12)的时候,他们联合一致,打败当地居民,使敌人无力还击。以后,他们将那地分给十二个支派(参书13-24),由各支派赶出自己境内的余民。士师记中讲述他们未能克尽全功。
  有些支派比较成功。在约书亚率领之下,开始时人人坚强,但是大多数人很快因为惧怕、厌倦、缺少纪律或追逐本身的利益而偏离正轨,结果是“各人任意而行”(17:6)。要使我们的信仰坚立,就必须天天操练,落实到生活的各方面。当心虎头蛇尾,开始时坚强,以后却偏离信仰真正的目的──爱神并为他而活。

砍断亚多尼比色手脚的大姆指,是否他罪有应得?
1:6 以色列人砍掉亚多尼比色手脚的大姆指,羞辱他并使他不能作战。但是按照神的吩咐,对于这种攻击应许之地的仇敌,应当将之处死。

迦勒的品质当中有哪些是你欣赏的?
1:12-15 约书亚记(参15:16-19)也记载了这事件。迦勒是最初派去窥察迦南地的十二个探子之一(参13-14),他与约书亚回来报好信息,劝百姓去占领那地。因著他的忠心,他得到自己所选之地。

神为甚么吩咐将迦南人逐出他们的土地?
1:17 神的命令似乎残忍,不过以色列人只是奉神之命,对这些恶人执行惩罚而已。神要惩罚外族人的罪,正如他曾惩罚以色列人之罪,叫他们在旷野飘流四十年后才准进入应许之地一样。早在七百多年以前,神就告诉亚伯拉罕,迦南地的居民恶贯满盈,必受刑罚,以色列人要进入那应许之地(参创15:16)。不过神并不偏袒以色列人,当他们也堕落,变得跟他们所要赶出之民一样邪恶时,他们也受到严厉的处罚(参王下17:25;耶6:18;19;结8)。神并不偏待人,世上万族都领受他的赦免,正如也受他公义的审判一样。

当时的铁车好比今日的坦克……
1:19 迦南人用马拉的铁车,是当时最先进的武器。以这种疾驶的铁车向以色列的步兵冲来,他们就招架不住,所以他们喜欢在山地作战,因为铁车不能在那里驰骋。

胜利在望时要一鼓作气去夺取。以色列人的教训有哪些?
1:21-36 以色列中好几个支派都未能把邪恶的迦南人从所得之地赶走。他们为甚么没有贯彻执行神的命令呢?(1)战事已久,心中厌战。胜利虽已在望,但他们缺少纪律与活力,故未能达成目标。(2)惧怕强敌,看铁车是令人生畏的无敌武器。(3)约书亚死后,权力由中央分散到各支派的首领身上,各支派不再紧密团结,同心同德。(4)灵命衰退,从内部腐蚀他们。他们以为自己能应付试探诱惑,再者与迦南人通商可以致富。
  我们也是一样,常常未能将生命中的罪除掉。知道当做的事,却未能做彻底,结果使我们与神的关系逐渐疏远。我们面对争战常感精疲力尽,想休战,此时我们需要从神支取力量,一鼓作气取得胜利。他对我们各人的一生都有个计划,只要照著他的旨意生活,就能得胜。

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