哥林多前书15 Corinthians

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

15:1 弟兄们,我如今把先前所传给你们的福音,告诉你们知道,这福音你们也领受了,又靠着站立得住。

Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand;

15:2 并且你们若不是徒然相信,能以持守我所传给你们的,就必因这福音得救。

By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.

15:3 我当日所领受又传给你们的,第一,就是基督照圣经所说,为我们的罪死了。

For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;

15:4 而且埋葬了。又照圣经所说,第三天复活了。

And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:

15:5 并且显给矶法看。然后显给十二使徒看。

And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:

15:6 后来一时显给五百多弟兄看,其中一大半到如今还在,却也有已经睡了的。

After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep.

15:7 以后显给雅各看。再显给众使徒看。

After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles.

15:8 末了也显给我看。我如同未到产期而生的人一般。

And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.

15:9 我原是使徒中最小的,不配称为使徒,因为我从前逼迫神的教会。

For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.

15:10 然而我今日成了何等人,是蒙神的恩才成的。并且他所赐我的恩,不是徒然的。我比众使徒格外劳苦。这原不是我,乃是神的恩与我同在。

But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.

15:11 不拘是我是众使徒,我们如此传,你们也如此信了。

Therefore whether it were I or they, so we preach, and so ye believed.

15:12 既传基督是从死里复活了,怎吗在你们中间,有人说没有死人复活的事呢。

Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?

15:13 若没有死人复活的事,基督也就没有复活了。

But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen:

15:14 若基督没有复活,我们所传的便是枉然,你们所信的也是枉然。

And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain.

15:15 并且明显我们是为神妄作见证的。因我们见证神是叫基督复活了。若死人真不复活,神也没有叫基督复活了。

Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not.

15:16 因为死人若不复活,基督也没有复活了。

For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised:

15:17 基督若没有复活,你们的信便是徒然。你们仍在罪里。

And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins.

15:18 就是在基督里睡了的人也灭亡了。

Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished.

15:19 我们若靠基督,只在今生有指望,就算比众人更可怜。

If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable.

15:20 但基督已经从死里复活,成为睡了之人初熟的果子。

But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.

15:21 死既是因一人而来,死人复活也是因一人而来。

For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.

15:22 在亚当里众人都死了。照样,在基督里众人也都要复活。

For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.

15:23 但各人是按着自己的次序复活。初熟的果子是基督。以后在他来的时候,是那些属基督的。

But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.

15:24 再后末期到了,那时,基督既将一切执政的,掌权的,有能的,都毁灭了,就把国交与父神。

Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.

15:25 因为基督必要作王,等神把一切仇敌,都放在他的脚下。

For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.

15:26 尽末了所毁灭的仇敌,就是死。

The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.

15:27 因为经上说,神叫万物都服在他的脚下。既说万物都服了他,明显那叫万物服他的不在其内了。

For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.

15:28 万物既服了他,那时,子也要自己服那叫万物服他的,叫神在万物之上,为万物之主。

And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.

15:29 不然那些为死人受洗的,将来怎样呢。若死人总不复活,因何为他们受洗呢。

Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead?

15:30 我们又因何时刻冒险呢。

And why stand we in jeopardy every hour?

15:31 弟兄们,我在主基督耶稣里,指着你们所夸的口,极力的说,我是天天冒死。

I protest by your rejoicing which I have in Christ Jesus our LORD, I die daily.

15:32 我若当日像寻常人,在以弗所同野兽战斗,那于我有什么益处呢。若死人不复活,我们就吃吃喝喝吧。因为明天要死了。

If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not? let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die.

15:33 你们不要自欺。滥交是败坏善行。

Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners.

15:34 你们要醒悟为善,不要犯罪。因为有人不认识神。我说这话,是要叫你们羞愧。

Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak this to your shame.

15:35 或有人问,死人怎样复活。带着什么身体来呢。

But some man will say, How are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come?

15:36 无知的人哪,你所种的,若不死就不能生。

Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die:

15:37 并且你所种的,不是那将来的形体,不过是子粒,既如麦子,或是别样的谷。

And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain:

15:38 但神随自己的意思,给他一个形体,并叫各等子粒,各有自己的形体。

But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body.

15:39 凡肉体各有不同。人是一样,兽又是一样,鸟又是一样,鱼又是一样。

All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds.

15:40 有天上的形体,也有地上的形体。但天上形体的荣光是一样,地上形体的荣光又是一样。

There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another.

15:41 日有日的荣光,月有月的荣光,星有星的荣光。这星和那星的荣光,也有分别。

There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in glory.

15:42 死人复活也是这样。所种的是必朽坏的,复活的是不朽坏的。

So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption:

15:43 所种的是羞辱的,复活的是荣耀的。所种的是软弱的,复活的是强壮的。

It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power:

15:44 所种的是血气的身体,复活的是灵性的身体。若有血气的身体,也必有灵性的身体。

It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.

15:45 经上也是这样记着说,首先的人亚当,成了有灵的活人。(灵或作血气)末后的亚当,成了叫人活的灵。

And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.

15:46 但属灵的不在先,属血气的在先。以后才有属灵的。

Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.

15:47 头一个人是出于地,乃属土。第二个人是出于天。

The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven.

15:48 那属土的怎样,凡属土的也就怎样。属天的怎样,凡属天的也就怎样。

As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly.

15:49 我们既有属土的形状,将来也必有属天的形状。

And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.

15:50 弟兄们,我告诉你们说,血肉之体,不能承受神的国。必朽坏的,不能承受不朽坏的。

Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.

15:51 我如今把一件奥秘的事告诉你们。我们不是都要睡觉,乃是都要改变,

Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,

15:52 就在一霎时,眨眼之间,号筒末次吹响的时候。因号筒要响,死人要复活成为不朽坏的,我们也要改变。

In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

15:53 这必朽坏的,总要变成不朽坏的。(变成原文作穿下同)这必死的,总要变成不死的。

For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.

15:54 这必朽坏的既变成不朽坏的。这必死的既变成不死的。那时经上所记,死被得胜吞灭的话就应验了。

So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory.

15:55 死阿,你得胜的权势在那里。死阿,你的毒钩在那里。

O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?

15:56 死的毒钩就是罪。罪的权势就是律法。

The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.

15:57 感谢神,使我们藉着我们的主耶稣基督得胜。

But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

15:58 所以我亲爱的弟兄们,你们务要坚固不可摇动,常常竭力多作主工,因为知道你们的劳苦,在主里面不是徒然的。

Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord.


15:2 很多教会都有一些仍未信主的人。有些正在渐渐相信,也有些是虚假的。无论如何,我们无法剔除那些招摇撞骗的人(参太13:28-29),因为这是神自己的工作。 但耶稣基督的福音必然会拯救我们,只要我们坚定地相信他,并跟随他的吩咐去行。

15:5-8 常常有人说耶稣并没有从死里复活。保罗向我们保证,许多人曾亲眼看见复活的耶稣:彼得、门徒以及超过五百个信徒、耶稣的兄弟雅各,及保罗自己。复活是一桩历史事实,所以不要被那些怀疑的话动摇,却要充满盼望,因为知道当主再来之日,你和他们都会见到确实的证据。

15:8-9 保罗成为使徒的最重要资格,就是他曾目睹复活的基督(参徒9:3-6)。“未到产期而生”的意思是指他的情况特殊,因为其他使徒是在基督在世时见到他,保罗是下一代的信徒,但基督却向他显现。

15:9-10 作为一个热心的法利赛人,保罗曾是基督教的敌人──他甚至逮捕和迫害信徒(参徒9:1-3),因此他说自己没有资格成为使徒。事实上,他在众使徒中最有影响力,但他仍然非常谦卑。他知道自己曾努力工作,但这一切的成就也只因神对他的仁慈和恩典而已。真正的谦卑并不是觉得自己一无是处,乃是认定神在你身上作工,从神的角度来评估自己,并且承认神所赐的恩典,发展自己的能力。

15:10 保罗自称比其他使徒都要辛勤工作,这并不是骄傲的话,因为他知道他的能力来自神。可能由于他具有法利赛人的特殊身分,所以在他悔改之后,所遭受的逼迫比其他使徒更大,因此他要更努力,才能将福音传出去。

15:12-34 大部分希腊人都不相信人死后身体会复活,他们认为人死后就只有灵魂存在。哥林多教会位处希腊文化中心,所以许多信徒并不容易接受身体复活的教义,所以保罗在此解决有关复活的问题。

15:13-18 基督复活是基督教信仰的核心,因为基督按著应许从死里复活,我们知道他所说的是真的──他是神。因著他的复活,我们可以肯定罪已被赦免了;因著基督复活,他今日仍然活著,为我们代求;因著他已复活,战胜死权,我们知道我们也将要复活。

15:19 为甚么保罗说倘若基督徒只有今生的盼望,就很可怜?在保罗所处的时代,信基督的人常遇逼迫、被家人排挤,并且许多时会变得贫穷。在那个社会,成为基督徒并没有多少现世的好处,当今也仍有许多基督徒处在各种逼迫之中;但最重要的是,倘若基督并没有从死里复活,基督徒的罪就没有真的被赦免,也没有永生的盼望。

15:24-28 这些事件不是按发生的次序排列的,也没有指明具体的发生时间;保罗要说的是基督的复活会战胜所有罪恶,包括死亡。

15:25-28 虽然父神与圣子是平等的,但他们却有不同的使命和主权范围(15:28)。基督并不次于父,但他的工作是战胜地上所有的罪恶。他首先在十字架上战胜罪恶与死亡,然后在末日战胜撒但与一切的罪恶。世上的事情似乎已不受控制,公义似乎得不到伸张,但神仍掌管一切,他容让罪恶在短时间内存在,直到他派遣耶稣重临地上。

15:29 有些信徒替已死而未受洗礼的人接受水礼。我们不清楚这是怎么一回事,但明显这是相信复活的表现。保罗并非鼓吹为死人受洗,他只是引用这个例子来说明复活是真确的事实。

15:30-34 如果死亡就是一了百了,那么就应该今朝有酒今朝醉了。但基督徒却知道在死后有永恒的生命;今世的生命,只不过是为永恒生命作准备。你今日如何为永生作准备呢?

15:35-49 保罗讨论到复活了的身体的模样。保罗解释说,在复活以后,我们仍然有自己的个性和个体,但藉著基督的工作,会变得完全,再无疾病痛苦的缠扰(参腓3:21)。保罗以“植物”来比作身体的复活,正如种子要埋在地里“死去”,才会生长。而长出来的植物与种子的形状是迥异的,因为神赐给它新的“形体”。人、兽、鱼、鸟各有不同的形体,我们复活的形体也会与现在地上的身躯有很多不同之处,虽然并非完全不同。

15:45 “末后的亚当”是指基督。当基督从死里复活后,他便成了“叫人活的灵”。这显示他已进入一个新的存在形态(参林后3:17注释)。他是属灵生命的源头,使我们可以复活。当我们复活后,神也会赐我们一个属灵的身体,配合我们永恒的新生命。

15:50-53 我们要面对各种的限制。尤其是身体、精神或感情上残缺的人,特别体会到这些限制。有些人眼瞎,但他们可以看见新生命;有些人耳聋,但他们可以听闻福音;有些人不能走路,但却可以在神的爱中行走。同时,这福音鼓励他们,这些缺陷都只是短暂的苦楚。保罗告诉我们,在基督再来时,我们将会得著一个新的身体,这身体再无残缺,不会死亡,也不会染病。这叫我们在痛苦中得著极大的盼望。

15:54-56 撒但似乎在伊甸园得胜了(参创3章),又把耶稣钉死在十字架上。但当耶稣基督从死里复活时,神将撒但的表面胜利变成彻底的失败(参西2:15;来2:14-15)。因此,死亡不再可怕,因为基督已战胜它,有一日我们也会如此复活。

15:58 因有复活的盼望,今日我们所作的一切就不会是徒然的。有时我们怀疑应否行善,因为我们看不见任何效果;但如果我们从永恒的角度来看,便可以明白未必会在今世看到自己努力行善的结果。如果我们真正相信基督已得到最后胜利,就必会对我们现在的生活有所影响。

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