哥林多前书14 Corinthians

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

14:1 你们要追求爱,也要切慕属灵的恩赐,其中更要羡慕的,是作先知讲道。(原文作是说预言下同)

Follow after charity, and desire spiritual gifts, but rather that ye may prophesy.

14:2 那说方言的,原不是对人说,乃是对神说。因为没有人听出来。然而他在心灵里,却是讲说各样的奥秘。

For he that speaketh in an unknown tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto God: for no man understandeth him; howbeit in the spirit he speaketh mysteries.

14:3 但作先知讲道的,是对人说,要造就,安慰,劝勉人。

But he that prophesieth speaketh unto men to edification, and exhortation, and comfort.

14:4 说方言的,是造就自己。作先知讲道的,乃是造就教会。

He that speaketh in an unknown tongue edifieth himself; but he that prophesieth edifieth the church.

14:5 我愿意你们都说方言。更愿意你们作先知讲道。因为说方言的,若不翻出来,使教会被造就,那作先知讲道的,就比他强了。

I would that ye all spake with tongues, but rather that ye prophesied: for greater is he that prophesieth than he that speaketh with tongues, except he interpret, that the church may receive edifying.

14:6 弟兄们,我到你们那里去,若只说方言,不用启示,或知识,或预言,或教训,给你们讲解,我与你们有什么益处呢。

Now, brethren, if I come unto you speaking with tongues, what shall I profit you, except I shall speak to you either by revelation, or by knowledge, or by prophesying, or by doctrine?

14:7 就是那有声无气的物,或箫,或琴,若发出来的声音,没有分别,怎能知道所吹所弹的是什么呢。

And even things without life giving sound, whether pipe or harp, except they give a distinction in the sounds, how shall it be known what is piped or harped?

14:8 若吹无定的号声,谁能豫备打仗呢。

For if the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare himself to the battle?

14:9 你们也是如此,舌头若不说容易明白的话,怎能知道所说的是什么呢。这就是向空说话了。

So likewise ye, except ye utter by the tongue words easy to be understood, how shall it be known what is spoken? for ye shall speak into the air.

14:10 世上的声音,或者甚多,却没有一样是无意思的。

There are, it may be, so many kinds of voices in the world, and none of them is without signification.

14:11 我若不明白那声音的意思,这说话的人必以我为化外之人,我也以他为化外之人。

Therefore if I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be unto him that speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh shall be a barbarian unto me.

14:12 你们也是如此。既是切慕属灵的恩赐,就当求多得造就教会的恩赐。

Even so ye, forasmuch as ye are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek that ye may excel to the edifying of the church.

14:13 所以那说方言的,就当求着能翻出来。

Wherefore let him that speaketh in an unknown tongue pray that he may interpret.

14:14 我若用方言祷告,是我的灵祷告。但我的悟性没有果效。

For if I pray in an unknown tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful.

14:15 这却怎吗说呢。我要用灵祷告,也要用悟性祷告。我要用灵歌唱,也要用悟性歌唱。

What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also.

14:16 不然,你用灵祝谢,那在座不通方言的人,既然不明白你的话,怎能在你感谢的时候说阿们呢。

Else when thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that occupieth the room of the unlearned say Amen at thy giving of thanks, seeing he understandeth not what thou sayest?

14:17 你感谢的固然是好,无奈不能造就别人。

For thou verily givest thanks well, but the other is not edified.

14:18 我感谢神,我说方言比你们众人还多。

I thank my God, I speak with tongues more than ye all:

14:19 但在教会中,宁可用悟性说五句教导人的话,强如说万句方言。

Yet in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that by my voice I might teach others also, than ten thousand words in an unknown tongue.

14:20 弟兄们,在心志上不要作小孩子。然而在恶事上要作婴孩。在心志上总要作大人。

Brethren, be not children in understanding: howbeit in malice be ye children, but in understanding be men.

14:21 律法上记着,主说,我要用外邦人的舌头,和外邦人的嘴唇,向这百姓说话。虽然如此,他们还是不听从我。

In the law it is written, With men of other tongues and other lips will I speak unto this people; and yet for all that will they not hear me, saith the LORD.

14:22 这样看来,说方言,不是为信的人作证据,乃是为不信的人。作先知讲道,不是为不信的人作证据,乃是为信的人。

Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to them that believe not: but prophesying serveth not for them that believe not, but for them which believe.

14:23 所以全教会聚在一处的时候,若都说方言,偶然有不通方言的,或是不信的人进来,岂不说你们癫狂了吗。

If therefore the whole church be come together into one place, and all speak with tongues, and there come in those that are unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say that ye are mad?

14:24 若都作先知讲道,偶然有不信的,或是不通方言的人进来,就被众人劝醒,被众人审明。

But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believeth not, or one unlearned, he is convinced of all, he is judged of all:

14:25 他心里的隐情显露出来,就必将脸伏地,敬拜神,说神真是在你们中间了。

And thus are the secrets of his heart made manifest; and so falling down on his face he will worship God, and report that God is in you of a truth.

14:26 弟兄们,这却怎吗样呢。你们聚会的时候,各人或有诗歌,或有教训,或有启示,或有方言,或有翻出来的话。凡事都当造就人。

How is it then, brethren? when ye come together, every one of you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a revelation, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying.

14:27 若有说方言的,只好两个人,至多三个人,且要轮流说,也要一个人翻出来。

If any man speak in an unknown tongue, let it be by two, or at the most by three, and that by course; and let one interpret.

14:28 若没有人翻,就当在会中闭口。只对自己和神说,就是了。

But if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church; and let him speak to himself, and to God.

14:29 至于作先知讲道的,只好两个人,或是三个人,其馀的就当慎思明辨。

Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the other judge.

14:30 若旁边坐着的得了启示,那先说话的就当闭口不言。

If any thing be revealed to another that sitteth by, let the first hold his peace.

14:31 因为你们都可以一个一个的作先知讲道,叫众人学道理,叫众人得劝勉。

For ye may all prophesy one by one, that all may learn, and all may be comforted.

14:32 先知的灵,原是顺服先知的。

And the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets.

14:33 因为神不是叫人混乱,乃是叫人安静。

For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints.

14:34 妇女在会中要闭口不言,像在圣徒的众教会一样。因为不准他们说话。他们总要顺服,正如律法所说的。

Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to be under obedience, as also saith the law.

14:35 他们若要学什么,可以在家里问自己的丈夫。因为妇女在会中说话原是可耻的。

And if they will learn any thing, let them ask their husbands at home: for it is a shame for women to speak in the church.

14:36 神的道理,岂是从你们出来吗。岂是单临到你们吗。

What? came the word of God out from you? or came it unto you only?

14:37 若有人以为自己是先知或是属灵的,就该知道,我所写给你们的是主的命令。

If any man think himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord.

14:38 若有不知道的,就由他不知道吧。

But if any man be ignorant, let him be ignorant.

14:39 所以我弟兄们,你们要切慕作先知讲道,也不要禁止说方言。

Wherefore, brethren, covet to prophesy, and forbid not to speak with tongues.

14:40 凡事都要规规矩矩的按着次序行。

Let all things be done decently and in order.

哥林多前书14参考

先知讲道不只是预测未来,那他做甚么呢?
14:1 先知讲道可能真的包括了对未来事件的预告,但最重要的目的是要将神的信息传给人,包括提供属灵的意见、警告、改正的建议及鼓励。

人能说方言是有恩赐的表现,哥林多教会为何担心?
14:2 哥林多教会非常关注“说方言”的问题,因为它引起了敬拜中的混乱。无疑说方言是圣灵赐下的恩赐之一,但哥林多教会的信徒却以它作为灵性高超的标志,失去了促进教会合一的意义。正确运用恩赐来帮助信徒,才是有益的。我们切不可按自己的喜好来乱用恩赐。

保罗对这说方言的事情有一些意见,且听听……
14:2-25 保罗就说方言的问题提出了以下的看法:(1)它是神赐下的属灵恩赐(14:2);(2)尽管它不是我们信仰所必须的,但也是很有价值的恩赐(12:28-31);(3)相对于先知和教导的恩赐,它较为次要(14:4)。虽然保罗自己也说方言,他强调的只是先知讲道,因为它对全教会都有好处;而说方言基本上只是为说的人带来益处。公开敬拜必须用众人都能够明白的语言进行,造就全教会。
如果别人听不明,我就宁放弃自己的好处──这是保罗的意见,你的呢?
14:5-12 保罗指出,以听众的语言来传讲信息会更有效果,更能造就人。世界上有许多种语言(14:10),讲不同语言的人很难互相沟通,讲方言也是这样。虽然这个恩赐对于许多人在个人敬拜时很有帮助,但只有加上翻译,才对会众有帮助。所以保罗说,他宁愿讲五句听众可以明白的话,胜过讲万句他们不明白的方言(14:19)。

讲方言,也可以使别人得到造就,只要……
14:13-20 如果有人拥有讲方言的恩赐,他应该同样祈求翻译方言的恩赐,以至他可以告诉别人他讲的是甚么。这样,全教会就可以藉这个恩赐而得到造就。

我用感情感受神,他用理性理解神,保罗说用灵、用悟性,是指甚么呢?
14:15 祈祷和唱诗都会涉及思想和心灵。当我们唱诗时,应该思想歌词的意思;而祈祷向神倾诉我们的感情时,也不应关闭我们思想的能力。真正的基督教不是单有理性或单有感情的。(参弗1:17-18;腓1:9-11;西1:9)

讲方言也是一种接触非信徒的方法,那方法是……
14:22-25 哥林多信徒说方言,对别人没有帮助,因为他们不能明白方言的意思,而非信徒甚至认为讲方言的人是癫狂的。其实说方言应是给不信者的一个证据(参徒2章)。当说了方言之后,信徒应该解释方言的内容,并将荣耀归给神。非信徒因此便觉察到属灵世界的真实性,并且促使他们进一步寻求基督信仰。不过这虽是接触非信徒的方式之一,但保罗仍然认为讲道更加好(14:5)。

站在台上领诗、讲道──是为了让人看到我如何成功?如何有风范?
14:26-40 敬拜内每个环节如唱诗、讲道,都必须为全会众的益处而设;敬拜内那些担任不同岗位事奉的人(诗班、讲员及读经者)都必须以爱心为事奉的主要动机,才能令其他信徒的信心得益处。

如果敬拜可以不按秩序进行……
14:33 敬拜的每个程序都要彼此配合,按著秩序来进行。即使运用圣灵的恩赐也不能作为破坏秩序的藉口。

保罗应不会歧视女性的,但怎么他却不准妇女在教会中说话?
14:34-35 这是否表示今日妇女不能在教会内讲道?很明显,在11章5节保罗提到妇女在公开敬拜中可以祈祷及讲道,在12至14章也提到妇女可以有属灵的恩赐,她们也应在基督的身体内运用恩赐。妇女对教会应有各样的贡献,并且参与敬拜的事奉。在哥林多的社会文化中,不容许妇女在公众场合驳斥男性。很可能有些妇女在成为基督徒之后,以为自由了,有权在公众敬拜中质问男性,这样便引起教会的分裂。此外,那时的妇女没有机会跟男性一样接受正规的宗教教育,妇女在公众敬拜里提出来的问题,可能在家中也可找到答案,毋须干扰敬拜的进行。保罗是为了教会的合一,而非针对妇女在教会中的地位。

保罗常言规矩,尤其在敬拜时,但这对我们有益处吗?
14:40 对个人或整体教会的生活而言,敬拜都是不可或缺的。教会敬拜应该以一个良好秩序来进行,好使我们真的能够参与敬拜、受教导、及预备好去服事神。那些负责设计敬拜的人,应该确保敬拜有秩序和有方向地进行。

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