启示录11 Revelation

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

11:1 有一根苇子赐给我,当作量度的杖。且有话说,起来,将神的殿,和祭坛,并在殿中礼拜的人,都量一量。

And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.

11:2 只是殿外的院子,要留下不用量。因为这是给了外邦人的。他们要践踏圣城四十二个月。

But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.

11:3 我要使我那两个见证人,穿着毛衣,传道一千二百六十天。

And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.

11:4 他们就是那两棵橄榄树,两个灯台,立在世界之主面前的。

These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.

11:5 若有人想要害他们就有火从他们口中出来,烧灭仇敌。凡想要害他们的,都必这样被杀。

And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed.

11:6 这二人有权柄,在他们传道的日子叫天闭塞不下雨,叫水变为血。并且能随时随意用各样的灾殃攻击世界。

These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will.

11:7 他们作完见证的时候,那从无底坑里上来的兽,必与他们交战,并且得胜,把他们杀了。

And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.

11:8 他们的尸首就倒在大城里的街上。这城按着灵意叫所多玛,又叫埃及,就是他们的主钉十字架之处。

And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified.

11:9 从各民各族各方各国中,有人观看他们的尸首三天半,又不许把尸首放在坟墓里。

And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves.

11:10 住在地上的人,就为他们欢喜快乐,互相馈送礼物。因这两位先知曾叫住在地上的人受痛苦。

And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth.

11:11 过了三天半,有生气从神那里进入他们里面,他们就站起来。看见他们的人甚是害怕。

And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them.

11:12 两位先知听见有大声音从天上来,对他们说,上到这里来。他们就驾着云上了天。他们的仇敌也看见了。

And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them.

11:13 正在那时候,地大震动,城就倒塌了十分之一。因地震而死的有七千人。其馀的都恐惧,归荣耀给天上的神。

And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven.

11:14 第二样灾祸过去。第三灾祸快到了。

The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly.

11:15 第七位天使吹号,天上就有大声音说,世上的国,成了我主和主基督的国。他要作王,直到永永远远。

And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.

11:16 在神面前,坐在自己位上的二十四位长老,就面伏于地敬拜神,

And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped God,

11:17 说,昔在今在的主神,全能者阿,我们感谢你,因你执掌大权作王了。

Saying, We give thee thanks, O LORD God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned.

11:18 外邦发怒,你的忿怒也临到了。审判死人的时候也到了。你的仆人众先知,和众圣徒,凡敬畏你名的人连大带小得赏赐的时候也到了。你败坏那些败坏世界之人的时候也就到了。

And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.

11:19 当时神天上的殿开了。在他殿中现出他的约柜后有闪电,声音,雷轰,地震,大雹。

And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.

启示录11参考

没有圣殿,也要量度?这圣殿也许只是象徵……
11:1-10 这座圣殿很可能是教会(所有信徒)的象徵,因为新耶路撒冷里没有圣殿(21:22)。约翰量度圣殿,表示神正为他的子民建造保护的围墙,以免他们受灵性上的伤害,那地方也是为那些忠心的信徒预备的。

殿里殿外,所遇的竟有这样的分别……
11:2 在殿里敬拜的人要得到灵里的保护,但那些在圣殿以外的,则要面对极大的迫害。这是说真正的信徒将会得到保护,度过灾难的时刻,但那些拒绝相信的人将要被毁灭。

两个见证人,会是谁呢?是我?是你?
11:3 这两位见证人极可能是伟大的先知摩西和以利亚。靠著神的大能,摩西降灾在埃及地(参出8:1-11:10);以利亚击败巴力的先知(参王上18 章)。他们两位都在基督变像的时候一同出现(参太17:1-7)。

四十二个月,一千二百六十天,只可以看作比喻?只用作实解?
11:3 启示录里面的数字,可能都有象徵的意思,不应按字面解释。四十二个月或1260天等于三年半,这是七(完全的数字)的一半,三又二分之一表示不完全、不完美、或者甚至邪恶。请留意所预言的这段期间中的事件:困苦的事出现(参但12:7),圣城被践踏(11:2),妇人在荒野避难(12:6),受魔鬼策动的兽控制了世界(13:5)。有解经家把三年半和以利亚年间饥荒的年期连在一起(参路4:25,雅5:17),因为玛拉基曾预言,以利亚要在最后审判之前重临地上(参玛4:5),而但以理和启示录所记载的事件都是为主的再来铺路,约翰大概可能把这三年半和以利亚年间的饥荒连在一起。这三年半当然也可作字面上的解释,这样的话,我们便会清楚地知道这三年半何时结束。无论作象徵性的、或是字面上的解释,都是指出邪恶的统治必定有一个结束的时间。

兽,你我都熟悉的名字……
11:7 那兽可能是指撒但或是它的差役。

衰落的耶路撒冷,竟被比作罪恶之城,它的光景……
11:8-9 耶路撒冷曾经是伟大的城市,也是以色列的首都,现在却成为仇敌的属土,更被比作以邪恶闻名的所多玛和埃及。约翰写这卷书的时候,耶路撒冷已经在公元70年被罗马毁坏,接近一百万犹太人被屠杀,圣殿里的宝物也被掳到罗马去了。

指出人家的恶,会被憎恨,如先知们一样,你怕吗?
11:10 全世界的人都为了这两位先知的死而兴高采烈,因为先知指斥他们的罪,叫他们悔改,并说审判快要来到。有罪的人憎恶那些提醒他们认罪和催促他们悔改的人。他们憎恨基督和他的跟随者(参约壹3:13)。当你顺服基督,对抗罪恶的时候,也会惹起世人的憎恨。但要牢记,你今日面对的苦难,若与那天上的大赏赐相比,就显得微不足道了。

七号吹响,最后的审判要来了!谁还可以避过?
11:15 第七号吹响,宣称王的驾临。此时就不能回转了。那要来的审判不再是局部的,乃是全面的毁灭。神掌管著一切,他要向那些拒绝归向他的人完全倾倒他的愤怒(参9:20-21)。灾祸一旦开始,就没有人能够逃脱了。

11:16 有关二十四位长老的经文,请参考4章4节的注释。

赏赐若是即时的,很容易成了试探,你的意见呢?
11:18 在圣经里,神是按著他们应得的分来赏赐子民的。在整个旧约里,顺服常常在今生带来赏赐(参申28章),但顺服也不一定会立刻得到赏赐,否则,好人应该都是富翁,而苦难便会成为犯罪的标志。倘若因行善而迅速得赏赐,我们很快便会以为自己挺好,不久,更会为了自私的动机而行善了。神要为了我们地上的工作而赏赐我们(参20:12),这是真的,但我们最大的赏赐乃是与他共享永生。

约柜,所预示的……
11:19 在旧约时代,约柜是以色列国最神圣的国宝。(有关约柜的资料,请参出37:1的注释。)

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