历代志下36 Chronicles

章: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

36:1 国民立约西亚的儿子约哈斯在耶路撒冷接续他父作王。

Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in his father’s stead in Jerusalem.

36:2 约哈斯登基的时候年二十三岁,在耶路撒冷作王三个月。

Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem.

36:3 埃及王在耶路撒冷废了他,又罚犹大国银子一百他连得,金子一他连得。

And the king of Egypt put him down at Jerusalem, and condemned the land in an hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.

36:4 埃及王尼哥立约哈斯的哥哥以利雅敬作犹大和耶路撒冷的王,改名叫约雅敬,又将约哈斯带到埃及去了。

And the king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem, and turned his name to Jehoiakim. And Necho took Jehoahaz his brother, and carried him to Egypt.

36:5 约雅敬登基的时候年二十五岁,在耶路撒冷作王十一年,行耶和华他神眼中看为恶的事。

Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD his God.

36:6 巴比伦王尼布甲尼撒上来攻击他,用铜链锁着他,要将他带到巴比伦去。

Against him came up Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and bound him in fetters, to carry him to Babylon.

36:7 尼布甲尼撒又将耶和华殿里的器皿带到巴比伦,放在他神的庙里(或作自己的宫里)。

Nebuchadnezzar also carried of the vessels of the house of the LORD to Babylon, and put them in his temple at Babylon.

36:8 约雅敬其馀的事和他所行可憎的事,并他一切的行为,都写在以色列和犹大列王记上。他儿子约雅斤接续他作王。

Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and his abominations which he did, and that which was found in him, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead.

36:9 约雅斤登基的时候年八岁(列王下二十四章八节作十八岁),在耶路撒冷作王三个月零十天,行耶和华眼中看为恶的事。

Jehoiachin was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem: and he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD.

36:10 过了一年,尼布甲尼撒差遣人将约雅斤和耶和华殿里各样宝贵的器皿带到巴比伦,就立约雅斤的叔叔(原文作兄)西底家,作犹大和耶路撒冷的王。

And when the year was expired, king Nebuchadnezzar sent, and brought him to Babylon, with the goodly vessels of the house of the LORD, and made Zedekiah his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem.

36:11 西底家登基的时候年二十一岁,在耶路撒冷作王十一年,

Zedekiah was one and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned eleven years in Jerusalem.

36:12 行耶和华他神眼中看为恶的事。先知耶利米以耶和华的话劝他,他仍不在耶利米面前自卑。

And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD his God, and humbled not himself before Jeremiah the prophet speaking from the mouth of the LORD.

36:13 尼布甲尼撒曾使他指着神起誓,他却背叛,强项硬心,不归服耶和华以色列的神。

And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart from turning unto the LORD God of Israel.

36:14 众祭司长和百姓也大大犯罪,效法外邦人一切可憎的事,污秽耶和华在耶路撒冷分别为圣的殿。

Moreover all the chief of the priests, and the people, transgressed very much after all the abominations of the heathen; and polluted the house of the LORD which he had hallowed in Jerusalem.

36:15 耶和华他们列祖的神因为爱惜自己的民和他的居所,从早起来差遣使者去警戒他们。

And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place:

36:16 他们却嘻笑神的使者,藐视他的言语,讥诮他的先知,以致耶和华的忿怒向他的百姓发作,无法可救。

But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till there was no remedy.

36:17 所以,耶和华使迦勒底人的王来攻击他们,在他们圣殿里用刀杀了他们的壮丁,不怜恤他们的少男处女,老人白叟。耶和华将他们都交在迦勒底王手里。

Therefore he brought upon them the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion upon young man or maiden, old man, or him that stooped for age: he gave them all into his hand.

36:18 迦勒底王将神殿里的大小器皿与耶和华殿里的财宝,并王和众首领的财宝,都带到巴比伦去了。

And all the vessels of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king, and of his princes; all these he brought to Babylon.

36:19 迦勒底人焚烧神的殿,拆毁耶路撒冷的城墙,用火烧了城里的宫殿,毁坏了城里宝贵的器皿。

And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof.

36:20 凡脱离刀剑的,迦勒底王都掳到巴比伦去,作他和他子孙的仆婢,直到波斯国兴起来。

And them that had escaped from the sword carried he away to Babylon; where they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia:

36:21 这就应验耶和华藉耶利米口所说的话,地享受安息。因为地土荒凉便守安息,直满了七十年。

To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years.

36:22 波斯王居鲁士元年,耶和华为要应验藉耶利米口所说的话,就激动波斯王塞鲁士的心,使他下诏通告全国,说,

Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying,

36:23 波斯王居鲁士如此说,耶和华天上的神已将天下万国赐给我,又嘱咐我在犹大的耶路撒冷为他建造殿宇。你们中间凡作他子民的,可以上去,愿耶和华他的神与他同在。

Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth hath the LORD God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him an house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people? The LORD his God be with him, and let him go up.

历代志下36参考

尼布甲尼撒开始在世界的政治舞台上登场了,他在迦基米施一战中担当了何种角色?
36:6 尼布甲尼撒是新巴比伦帝国创立者的儿子。他在公元前605年作王,并在迦基米施战役中获胜,打败了亚述(参看35:20的注释)。有关尼布甲尼撒的介绍,请看但以理书第三章。

有关约雅斤的年岁,是否在不同的抄本中有不同的记载?
36:9-10 列王纪下24章8节说约雅斤登基的时候十八岁(经文小字注也说明这事)。许多希伯来文的抄本说他是八岁,列王纪下24章8节所说的年岁可能是最正确的,因为他在那时已经有了妻子(参看王下24:15)。

犹大的灭亡并非没有先兆;我是否也对一再向我发出的提醒采取不理会的态度?
36:16 神警戒犹大人只要他们离弃罪恶,他会继续向他的百姓施恩惠。结果情势到了无法可救的地步。所以应当留意,不要把罪藏在心中,要公开承认悔改,否则到了无法可救的时候,神就要以他的审判代替怜悯。人一再犯罪不肯悔改,就会招致灾祸。

犹大人的被掳,是按照神早已立下的律法来审判的……
36:21 利未记26章27至45节有惊人的预言,论到以色列人的被掳,说他们因不顺服神,就会从那地被神拔出。他们不理会神的律法,律法中有一条说,每逢第七年要让地休息一年,不耕种也不收割(参出23:10-11)。在他们被掳的七十年中,土地得到了安息,刚好补足了他们没有遵守这律法的年数。我们知道神信守他一切的应许,不单是赐福的应许,也要应验他施行审判的应许。

身处被掳回归的时代,历代志下的作者看到神的应许的实现──
36:22-23 波斯王塞鲁士在征服了巴比伦之后第一年,也是圣殿被毁之后第四十八年(36:18-19)颁发了这道诏书。以斯拉记讲述波斯王颁发诏书,以及犹大的被掳者回国的情形。

历代志下并不是结束于无望的光景,而是另一个盼望的开始。神所眷顾的人生亦复如此……
36:22-23 历代志下专注于犹大人敬拜神的兴衰,以耶路撒冷的圣殿为象徵。大卫设计圣殿,所罗门将它建成,并举行了世上有史以来最壮观的献殿之礼。在殿中的敬拜是最庄严隆重的。
  可惜出现了几个邪恶的君王,污秽了圣殿,贬低了敬拜,使人民崇拜偶像超过敬拜神。最后,巴比伦王尼布甲尼撒毁灭了这圣殿(36:19)。君王不在了,圣殿被毁了,人民被掳到异地。以色列族尽失一切,只剩下根基。所幸的是他们有一个更伟大的基础──独一的真神。我们今生的一切几乎都丧失的时候,仍然有神──他的话语、他的同在、他的应许作根基,并永存不朽。

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