历代志下13 Chronicles

章: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

13:1 耶罗波安王十八年,亚比雅登基作犹大王,

Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam began Abijah to reign over Judah.

13:2 在耶路撒冷作王三年。他母亲名叫米该亚(又作玛迦),是基比亚人乌列的女儿。亚比雅常与耶罗波安争战。

He reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name also was Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. And there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam.

13:3 有一次亚比雅率领挑选的兵四十万摆阵,都是勇敢的战士。耶罗波安也挑选大能的勇士八十万,对亚比雅摆阵。

And Abijah set the battle in array with an army of valiant men of war, even four hundred thousand chosen men: Jeroboam also set the battle in array against him with eight hundred thousand chosen men, being mighty men of valour.

13:4 亚比雅站在以法莲山地中的洗玛脸山上,说,耶罗波安和以色列众人哪,要听我说。

And Abijah stood up upon mount Zemaraim, which is in mount Ephraim, and said, Hear me, thou Jeroboam, and all Israel;

13:5 耶和华以色列的神曾立盐约(盐即不废坏的意思),将以色列国永远赐给大卫和他的子孙,你们不知道吗。

Ought ye not to know that the LORD God of Israel gave the kingdom over Israel to David for ever, even to him and to his sons by a covenant of salt?

13:6 无奈大卫儿子所罗门的臣仆,尼八儿子耶罗波安起来背叛他的主人。

Yet Jeroboam the son of Nebat, the servant of Solomon the son of David, is risen up, and hath rebelled against his lord.

13:7 有些无赖的匪徒聚集跟从他,逞强攻击所罗门的儿子罗波安。那时罗波安还幼弱,不能抵挡他们。

And there are gathered unto him vain men, the children of Belial, and have strengthened themselves against Rehoboam the son of Solomon, when Rehoboam was young and tenderhearted, and could not withstand them.

13:8 现在你们有意抗拒大卫子孙手下所治耶和华的国,你们的人也甚多,你们那里又有耶罗波安为你们所造当作神的金牛犊。

And now ye think to withstand the kingdom of the LORD in the hand of the sons of David; and ye be a great multitude, and there are with you golden calves, which Jeroboam made you for gods.

13:9 你们不是驱逐耶和华的祭司亚伦的后裔和利未人吗。不是照着外邦人的恶俗为自己立祭司吗。无论何人牵一只公牛犊,七只公绵羊将自己分别出来,就可作虚无之神的祭司。

Have ye not cast out the priests of the LORD, the sons of Aaron, and the Levites, and have made you priests after the manner of the nations of other lands? so that whosoever cometh to consecrate himself with a young bullock and seven rams, the same may be a priest of them that are no gods.

13:10 至于我们,耶和华是我们的神,我们并没有离弃他。我们有事奉耶和华的祭司,都是亚伦的后裔,并有利未人各尽其职,

But as for us, the LORD is our God, and we have not forsaken him; and the priests, which minister unto the LORD, are the sons of Aaron, and the Levites wait upon their business:

13:11 每日早晚向耶和华献燔祭,烧美香,又在精金的桌子上摆陈设饼。又有金灯台和灯盏,每晚点起,因为我们遵守耶和华我们神的命。惟有你们离弃了他。

And they burn unto the LORD every morning and every evening burnt sacrifices and sweet incense: the shewbread also set they in order upon the pure table; and the candlestick of gold with the lamps thereof, to burn every evening: for we keep the charge of the LORD our God; but ye have forsaken him.

13:12 率领我们的是神,我们这里也有神的祭司拿号向你们吹出大声。以色列人哪,不要与耶和华你们列祖的神争战,因你们必不能亨通。

And, behold, God himself is with us for our captain, and his priests with sounding trumpets to cry alarm against you. O children of Israel, fight ye not against the LORD God of your fathers; for ye shall not prosper.

13:13 耶罗波安却在犹大人的后头设伏兵。这样,以色列人在犹大人的前头,伏兵在犹大人的后头。

But Jeroboam caused an ambushment to come about behind them: so they were before Judah, and the ambushment was behind them.

13:14 犹大人回头观看,见前后都有敌兵,就呼求耶和华,祭司也吹号。

And when Judah looked back, behold, the battle was before and behind: and they cried unto the LORD, and the priests sounded with the trumpets.

13:15 于是犹大人呐喊。犹大人呐喊的时候,神就使耶罗波安和以色列众人败在亚比雅与犹大人面前。

Then the men of Judah gave a shout: and as the men of Judah shouted, it came to pass, that God smote Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah.

13:16 以色列人在犹大人面前逃跑,神将他们交在犹大人手里。

And the children of Israel fled before Judah: and God delivered them into their hand.

13:17 亚比雅和他的军兵大大杀戮以色列人,以色列人仆倒死亡的精兵有五十万。

And Abijah and his people slew them with a great slaughter: so there fell down slain of Israel five hundred thousand chosen men.

13:18 那时,以色列人被制伏了,犹大人得胜,是因倚靠耶和华他们列祖的神。

Thus the children of Israel were brought under at that time, and the children of Judah prevailed, because they relied upon the LORD God of their fathers.

13:19 亚比雅追赶耶罗波安,攻取了他的几座城,就是伯特利和属伯特利的镇市,耶沙拿和属耶沙拿的镇市,以法拉音(或作以弗伦)和属以法拉音的镇市。

And Abijah pursued after Jeroboam, and took cities from him, Bethel with the towns thereof, and Jeshanah with the towns thereof, and Ephrain with the towns thereof.

13:20 亚比雅在世的时候,耶罗波安不能再强盛。耶和华攻击他,他就死了。

Neither did Jeroboam recover strength again in the days of Abijah: and the LORD struck him, and he died.

13:21 亚比雅却渐渐强盛,娶妻妾十四个,生了二十二个儿子,十六个女儿。

But Abijah waxed mighty, and married fourteen wives, and begat twenty and two sons, and sixteen daughters.

13:22 亚比雅其馀的事和他的言行都写在先知易多的传上。

And the rest of the acts of Abijah, and his ways, and his sayings, are written in the story of the prophet Iddo.

历代志下13参考

为何历代志下对亚比雅的评语和列王纪上15章1至8节有所不同?
13:1 列王纪上说亚比雅作恶多端(参王上15:3),但是历代志只提到他正面的事迹,整体来说,他仍然是个昏君。历代志作者选出他所做的一点善行,把它显明出来,以表示他仍然活在神对大卫立约的应许中。因为他曾疾言厉色地谴责耶罗波安(13:4-12),因此暂时免受犯罪的报应。

金牛犊成了他们的护身符!我检视我的生活,好像有些……
13:8 耶罗波安的军队受到咒诅,因为将偶像金牛犊带到军中。他们似乎将罪恶具体化,以便到处携带,当作护身符。如果你把宝物看得比神更尊贵,它就会变成你的金牛犊,终必有一天会使你败亡。所以凡是叫你与神疏远的事物,都应该完全放下。

祭司素质的下降,成为犹大亡国的一个主要因素,这对今天教会的事工有何提醒?
13:9 亚比雅谴责耶罗波安所立的祭司,认为他们的素质江河日下。要服事虚无的神灵,人人都能充数,但是要想服事全能的真神,生活必须合乎他的标准──远超常人的水平。在你的教会中,选立长执人员,不应仅仅因为他们乐意尽力、有影响力、受过高等教育,事奉神的人要有纯正信仰、竭诚献身、并有良好的属灵品格(参提后3)。

犹大与以色列争雄,是否有属灵的因素影响著双方的成败?与我有何鉴戒?
13:18-19 犹大兵力薄弱,无法跟以色列争雄,但他们倚靠神,因而得胜。犹大历史中不乏专心仰望神的君王,但以色列的君王却没有一个忠心跟随神,总是效法耶罗波安,不是敬拜偶像就是事奉巴力。结果,神惩罚他们比惩罚犹大人早得多。
  犹大的长处是境内有圣殿,维持了献祭传统,并有忠心的祭司与先知一同事奉。犹大国有许多君王是贤明的,在位时多少都有点德政。每逢有拜偶像的君王掌权,之后总有敬畏神的君王继位,复兴敬虔的生活;而拜偶像的君王在位的时间,一般均比贤君短得多。故此犹大国对神的纯真信仰,比北方的以色列更为坚强、更有根基,不过仍然未达到神的标准。

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