历代志上21 Chronicles

章: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

21:1 撒但起来攻击以色列人,激动大卫数点他们。

And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel.

21:2 大卫就吩咐约押和民中的首领说,你们去数点以色列人,从别是巴直到但,回来告诉我,我好知道他们的数目。

And David said to Joab and to the rulers of the people, Go, number Israel from Beersheba even to Dan; and bring the number of them to me, that I may know it.

21:3 约押说,愿耶和华使他的百姓比现在加增百倍。我主我王阿,他们不都是你的仆人吗。我主为何吩咐行这事,为何使以色列人陷在罪里呢。

And Joab answered, The LORD make his people an hundred times so many more as they be: but, my lord the king, are they not all my lord’s servants? why then doth my lord require this thing? why will he be a cause of trespass to Israel?

21:4 但王的命令胜过约押。约押就出去,走遍以色列地,回到耶路撒冷,

Nevertheless the king’s word prevailed against Joab. Wherefore Joab departed, and went throughout all Israel, and came to Jerusalem.

21:5 将百姓的总数奏告大卫,以色列人拿刀的有一百一十万。犹大人拿刀的有四十七万。

And Joab gave the sum of the number of the people unto David. And all they of Israel were a thousand thousand and an hundred thousand men that drew sword: and Judah was four hundred threescore and ten thousand men that drew sword.

21:6 惟有利未人和便雅悯人没有数在其中,因为约押厌恶王的这命令。

But Levi and Benjamin counted he not among them: for the king’s word was abominable to Joab.

21:7 神不喜悦这数点百姓的事,便降灾给以色列人。

And God was displeased with this thing; therefore he smote Israel.

21:8 大卫祷告神说,我行这事大有罪了。现在求你除掉仆人的罪孽,因我所行的甚是愚昧。

And David said unto God, I have sinned greatly, because I have done this thing: but now, I beseech thee, do away the iniquity of thy servant; for I have done very foolishly.

21:9 耶和华吩咐大卫的先见迦得说,

And the LORD spake unto Gad, David’s seer, saying,

21:10 你去告诉大卫说,耶和华如此说,我有三样灾,随你选择一样,我好降与你。

Go and tell David, saying, Thus saith the LORD, I offer thee three things: choose thee one of them, that I may do it unto thee.

21:11 于是,迦得来见大卫,对他说,耶和华如此说,你可以随意选择,

So Gad came to David, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Choose thee

21:12 或三年的饥荒。或败在你敌人面前,被敌人的刀追杀三个月。或在你国中有耶和华的刀,就是三日的瘟疫,耶和华的使者在以色列的四境施行毁灭。现在你要想一想,我好回覆那差我来的。

Either three years’ famine; or three months to be destroyed before thy foes, while that the sword of thine enemies overtaketh thee; or else three days the sword of the LORD, even the pestilence, in the land, and the angel of the LORD destroying throughout all the coasts of Israel. Now therefore advise thyself what word I shall bring again to him that sent me.

21:13 大卫对迦得说,我甚为难。我愿落在耶和华的手里,因为他有丰盛的怜悯。我不愿落在人的手里。

And David said unto Gad, I am in a great strait: let me fall now into the hand of the LORD; for very great are his mercies: but let me not fall into the hand of man.

21:14 于是,耶和华降瘟疫与以色列人,以色列人就死了七万。

So the LORD sent pestilence upon Israel: and there fell of Israel seventy thousand men.

21:15 神差遣使者去灭耶路撒冷,刚要灭的时候,耶和华看见后悔,就不降这灾了,吩咐灭城的天使说,够了,住手吧。那时,耶和华的使者站在耶布斯人阿珥楠的禾场那里。

And God sent an angel unto Jerusalem to destroy it: and as he was destroying, the LORD beheld, and he repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed, It is enough, stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD stood by the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.

21:16 大卫举目,看见耶和华的使者站在天地间,手里有拔出来的刀,伸在耶路撒冷以上。大卫和长老都身穿麻衣,面伏于地。

And David lifted up his eyes, and saw the angel of the LORD stand between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders of Israel, who were clothed in sackcloth, fell upon their faces.

21:17 大卫祷告神说,吩咐数点百姓的不是我吗。我犯了罪,行了恶,但这群羊作了什么呢。愿耶和华我神的手攻击我和我的父家,不要攻击你的民,降瘟疫与他们。

And David said unto God, Is it not I that commanded the people to be numbered? even I it is that have sinned and done evil indeed; but as for these sheep, what have they done? let thine hand, I pray thee, O LORD my God, be on me, and on my father’s house; but not on thy people, that they should be plagued.

21:18 耶和华的使者吩咐迦得去告诉大卫,叫他上去,在耶布斯人阿珥楠的禾场上为耶和华筑一座坛。

Then the angel of the LORD commanded Gad to say to David, that David should go up, and set up an altar unto the LORD in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.

21:19 大卫就照着迦得奉耶和华名所说的话上去了。

And David went up at the saying of Gad, which he spake in the name of the LORD.

21:20 那时阿珥楠正打麦子,回头看见天使,就和他四个儿子都藏起来了。

And Ornan turned back, and saw the angel; and his four sons with him hid themselves. Now Ornan was threshing wheat.

21:21 大卫到了阿珥楠那里,阿珥楠看见大卫,就从禾场上出去,脸伏于地,向他下拜。

And as David came to Ornan, Ornan looked and saw David, and went out of the threshingfloor, and bowed himself to David with his face to the ground.

21:22 大卫对阿珥楠说,你将这禾场与相连之地卖给我,我必给你足价,我好在其上为耶和华筑一座坛,使民间的瘟疫止住。

Then David said to Ornan, Grant me the place of this threshingfloor, that I may build an altar therein unto the LORD: thou shalt grant it me for the full price: that the plague may be stayed from the people.

21:23 阿珥楠对大卫说,你可以用这禾场,愿我主我王照你所喜悦的去行。我也将牛给你作燔祭,把打粮的器具当柴烧,拿麦子作素祭。这些我都送给你。

And Ornan said unto David, Take it to thee, and let my lord the king do that which is good in his eyes: lo, I give thee the oxen also for burnt offerings, and the threshing instruments for wood, and the wheat for the meat offering; I give it all.

21:24 大卫王对阿珥楠说,不然。我必要用足价向你买。我不用你的物献给耶和华,也不用白得之物献为燔祭。

And king David said to Ornan, Nay; but I will verily buy it for the full price: for I will not take that which is thine for the LORD, nor offer burnt offerings without cost.

21:25 于是大卫为那块地平了六百舍客勒金子给阿珥楠。

So David gave to Ornan for the place six hundred shekels of gold by weight.

21:26 大卫在那里为耶和华筑了一座坛,献燔祭和平安祭,求告耶和华。耶和华就应允他,使火从天降在燔祭坛上。

And David built there an altar unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings, and called upon the LORD; and he answered him from heaven by fire upon the altar of burnt offering.

21:27 耶和华吩咐使者,他就收刀入鞘。

And the LORD commanded the angel; and he put up his sword again into the sheath thereof.

21:28 那时,大卫见耶和华在耶布斯人阿珥楠的禾场上应允了他,就在那里献祭。

At that time when David saw that the LORD had answered him in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite, then he sacrificed there.

21:29 摩西在旷野所造之耶和华的帐幕和燔祭坛都在基遍的高处。

For the tabernacle of the LORD, which Moses made in the wilderness, and the altar of the burnt offering, were at that season in the high place at Gibeon.

21:30 只是大卫不敢前去求问神,因为惧怕耶和华使者的刀。

But David could not go before it to enquire of God: for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

21:31 大卫说,这就是耶和华神的殿,为以色列人献燔祭的坛。

Then David said, This is the house of the LORD God, and this is the altar of the burnt offering for Israel.

历代志上21参考

同是数点人数,神怎么降罚于大卫呢?原来……
21:1 大卫数点人数带来重大灾祸,因为这有别于民数记所记载的那次(参民1-2),那次是神吩咐摩西统计人口的;而这次的数点却起因于大卫想夸耀强大的军力。他既想清楚掌握自己的军事实力,就已经开始倚靠兵力胜于倚靠神了。倚靠神的大能满有信心,跟蒙神使用成就了大事而沾沾自喜,这两者之间实有微妙的区别。

一个简单的行动,背后的动机却是……
21:1 这一节说,撒但激动大卫 数点人民。难道撒但能强迫人去做坏事吗?当然不能,它只是诱惑大卫,将坏主意放在他心里,大卫中计按照试探去行。大卫想数点人民,本来并不违背神的律法,但是他的动机是错的──想以兵力为夸耀,忘却真正的力量出于神。撒但自从在伊甸园诱惑始祖以后,就不断引诱人犯罪。就连没有崇高道德理想的约押,都看出这种数点是犯罪。从大卫的例子可见,一个行动本身可能并不错,但如果是出于贪婪、狂傲,或是自私的动机,就是大罪了。有时错误并不在于行为本身,乃是动机不对,所以在我们行动以前,必须衡量自己的动机。

忠于神的大卫也会被撒但试探;我呢,我何时最易被试探?
21:1-3 大卫随从撒但的试探,神藉约押劝谏,给他开一条出路,但是大卫的狂傲使他听不进约押的忠言。他信靠自己的力量,忘却神的大能。如果我们觉得自己了不起,信靠自己而不信靠神,便会马上陷入撒但的圈套。自负使我们远离神,在你受到试探的时候,要检讨内心的动机,好明白外在的引诱为甚么会那么厉害。(参林前10:13关于逃避试探的教诲。)

认罪不易,悔改更加……
21:8 一旦大卫认识到自己的罪,就将罪责全部承担下来,并承认过错求神赦免。许多人想把神和基督教的好处加到他们的生活之中,却不肯认罪;但是我们必须先认罪悔改,然后才能领受神的赦免。我们当像大卫一样,对自己的错误负责任,并且向神认错,然后才能得到赦免,让他继续在我们身上动工。

我生命中哪些事情是罪带来的恶果?给我甚么启示?
21:13-14 罪有一种多米诺骨牌效应,只要一犯罪,接著便有一连串的后果。我们恳求神宽恕,他虽然会原谅我们,但是罪所带来的后果却往往不能免除。大卫求神施怜悯,神应允他并在灭命天使完成任务以前,吩咐他们住手,但是大卫犯罪的结果已经无法弥补。神虽然常常赦免我们的罪,也减轻罪的苦果,但是罪的疤痕仍然存在。我们行事为人,要先想到可能产生的后果,好提醒我们悬崖勒马,以免后患无穷。

一人犯罪,竟有七万人被杀,为甚么会这样严重?
21:14 大卫犯罪为甚么叫七万人遭殃?首先,在撒母耳记下24章对同一件事的记载中提到,耶和华神是要藉这件事审判以色列人(参撒下24:1)。另一方面,圣经强调神的子民是一个整体,领袖犯罪是会祸及所有神的子民的,在撒母耳记下21章1节提到神因为扫罗杀死基遍人而降三年饥荒一事,所以祭司犯罪等同全会众犯罪,官长犯罪也比一般老百姓犯罪更为严重(参利4章对赎罪祭的处理)。今日教会的领袖们要小心啊!神的子民作为一个整体,彼此也会互相影响,正如保罗指出的“一点面酵能使全团发起来”(参林前5:6)。神使我们互相凭倚,在一起工作,不管我们觉得那是否公平,我们的行为总是常常影响别人。我们不能完全明白神施行这样严厉的处罚的用意,我们也不知道当时的先知、各支派的首领以及王的谋士身在何处,有否追随大卫的罪恶,赞同他行事。但是我们确实知道,单单信靠军事力量,这种心态就是拜偶像。容许任何事取代神的地位皆是犯罪,都会造成灾难性的后果。

献祭是要献祭者自己付上代价的,但我在主日崇拜中……
21:21-24 大卫想买阿珥楠(撒下24:16的译名是“亚劳拿”)的禾场给耶和华筑祭坛,阿珥楠慷慨地将它奉送。但是大卫不肯接受,他说,“我不用你的物献给耶和华,也不用白得之物献为燔祭”。大卫想给神献祭。“献祭”一词的意思是指将献祭者自己、他的时间或他的金钱等献给神。神所要求的不但是献上象徵性的礼物,且要我们甘心乐意地奉献,更要我们献得具有意义。如果将你不花钱得来的献给神,又怎能表明你对他真心真意呢?

基遍在以色列人历史中原来地位很重要──
21:29-22:1 基遍是便雅悯支派的一个城市。扫罗是便雅悯支派的人,他毁灭祭司城挪伯以后,就将耶和华的会幕移到基遍。基遍在耶路撒冷西北,约有两小时的路程。

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