历代志上19 Chronicles

章: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

19:1 此后,亚扪人的王拿辖死了,他儿子接续他作王。

Now it came to pass after this, that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead.

19:2 大卫说,我要照哈嫩的父亲拿辖厚待我的恩典厚待哈嫩。于是大卫差遣使者为他丧父安慰他。大卫的臣仆到了亚扪人的境内见哈嫩,要安慰他,

And David said, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, because his father shewed kindness to me. And David sent messengers to comfort him concerning his father. So the servants of David came into the land of the children of Ammon to Hanun, to comfort him.

19:3 但亚扪人的首领对哈嫩说,大卫差人来安慰你,你想他是尊敬你父亲吗。他的臣仆来见你不是为详察窥探,倾覆这地吗。

But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? are not his servants come unto thee for to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land?

19:4 哈嫩便将大卫臣仆的胡须剃去一半,又割断他们下半截的衣服,使他们露出下体,打发他们回去。

Wherefore Hanun took David’s servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the midst hard by their buttocks, and sent them away.

19:5 有人将臣仆所遇的事告诉大卫,他就差人去迎接他们,因为他们甚觉羞耻。告诉他们说,可以住在耶利哥,等到胡须长起再回来。

Then there went certain, and told David how the men were served. And he sent to meet them: for the men were greatly ashamed. And the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.

19:6 亚扪人知道大卫憎恶他们,哈嫩和亚扪人就打发人拿一千他连得银子,从美索不达米亚,亚兰,玛迦,琐巴雇战车和马兵,

And when the children of Ammon saw that they had made themselves odious to David, Hanun and the children of Ammon sent a thousand talents of silver to hire them chariots and horsemen out of Mesopotamia, and out of Syriamaachah, and out of Zobah.

19:7 于是雇了三万二千辆战车和玛迦王并他的军兵。他们来安营在米底巴前。亚扪人也从他们的城里出来,聚集交战。

So they hired thirty and two thousand chariots, and the king of Maachah and his people; who came and pitched before Medeba. And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together from their cities, and came to battle.

19:8 大卫听见了,就差派约押统带勇猛的全军出去。

And when David heard of it, he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men.

19:9 亚扪人出来在城门前摆阵,所来的诸王另在郊野摆阵。

And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array before the gate of the city: and the kings that were come were by themselves in the field.

19:10 约押看见敌人在他前后摆阵,就从以色列军中挑选精兵,使他们对着亚兰人摆阵。

Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose out of all the choice of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians.

19:11 其馀的兵交与他兄弟亚比筛,对着亚扪人摆阵。

And the rest of the people he delivered unto the hand of Abishai his brother, and they set themselves in array against the children of Ammon.

19:12 约押对亚比筛说,亚兰人若强过我,你就来帮助我。亚扪人若强过你,我就去帮助你。

And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will help thee.

19:13 我们都当刚强,为本国的民和神的城邑作大丈夫,愿耶和华凭他的意旨而行。

Be of good courage, and let us behave ourselves valiantly for our people, and for the cities of our God: and let the LORD do that which is good in his sight.

19:14 于是约押和跟随他的人前进攻打亚兰人。亚兰人在约押面前逃跑。

So Joab and the people that were with him drew nigh before the Syrians unto the battle; and they fled before him.

19:15 亚扪人见亚兰人逃跑,他们也在约押的兄弟亚比筛面前逃跑进城。约押就回耶路撒冷去了。

And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, they likewise fled before Abishai his brother, and entered into the city. Then Joab came to Jerusalem.

19:16 亚兰人见自己被以色列人打败,就打发使者将大河那边的亚兰人调来,哈大利谢的将军朔法率领他们。

And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that were beyond the river: and Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.

19:17 有人告诉大卫,他就聚集以色列众人过约旦河,来到亚兰人那里,迎着他们摆阵。大卫既摆阵攻击亚兰人,亚兰人就与他打仗。

And it was told David; and he gathered all Israel, and passed over Jordan, and came upon them, and set the battle in array against them. So when David had put the battle in array against the Syrians, they fought with him.

19:18 亚兰人在以色列人面前逃跑。大卫杀了亚兰七千辆战车的人,四万步兵,又杀了亚兰的将军朔法。

But the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew of the Syrians seven thousand men which fought in chariots, and forty thousand footmen, and killed Shophach the captain of the host.

19:19 属哈大利谢的诸王见自己被以色列人打败,就与大卫和好,归服他。于是亚兰人不敢再帮助亚扪人了。

And when the servants of Hadarezer saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they made peace with David, and became his servants: neither would the Syrians help the children of Ammon any more.

历代记上19参考

亚扪人的来历……
19:1 亚扪与以色列东部边境毗邻。他们的民族有一个龌龊的起源──他们的始祖便亚米是罗得与女儿乱伦所生的(参创19:30-38)。亚扪人与以色列人世代为仇,到士师时代兵力强盛达到巅峰。大卫是第一位压制了亚扪人的军事领袖,使他们以后多年不能再扰害以色列人。

别人若对我好,我第一个反应会是……
19:2-3 哈嫩误解大卫的用意,由于他疑忌太甚,结果自取其祸。人由于过往的经验,很容易凡事猜疑别人,查问别人的行动,猜忌对方的动机。我们对人处事虽然要谨慎明智,却不可凡事推断别人不怀好意。

胡须被剃,衣服被割意味著……
19:4-5 以色列的成年男子通常都留胡须。如果被人强迫剃须,会使他感到异常难堪;况且大卫的使者被割去下半截衣服,半身赤裸。哈嫩羞辱了这些人,并以此来凌辱以色列人。

哈嫩文过饰非,我如何对待自己所犯的错?
19:6 哈嫩不仅没有认错,寻求大卫的饶恕与和好,反而花大笔金钱想遮掩过失。他这样做付出了极大的代价(20:1-4)。遮掩过错常常比诚实地认错付出的更多。人想藉著自辩平息过犯,结果使过失更加严重,倒不如一看出自己犯错就立刻求对方饶恕并与之和好,这样双方就都免去许多痛苦烦恼。

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