利未记5 Leviticus

章: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

5:1 若有人听见发誓的声音(或作若有人听见叫人发誓的声音),他本是见证,却不把所看见的,所知道的说出来,这就是罪,他要担当他的罪孽。

And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he hath seen or known of it; if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity.

5:2 或是有人摸了不洁的物,无论是不洁的死兽,是不洁的死畜,是不洁的死虫,他却不知道,因此成了不洁,就有了罪。

Or if a soul touch any unclean thing, whether it be a carcase of an unclean beast, or a carcase of unclean cattle, or the carcase of unclean creeping things, and if it be hidden from him; he also shall be unclean, and guilty.

5:3 或是他摸了别人的污秽,无论是染了什么污秽,他却不知道,一知道了就有了罪。

Or if he touch the uncleanness of man, whatsoever uncleanness it be that a man shall be defiled withal, and it be hid from him; when he knoweth of it, then he shall be guilty.

5:4 或是有人嘴里冒失发誓,要行恶,要行善,无论人在什么事上冒失发誓,他却不知道,一知道了就要在这其中的一件上有了罪。

Or if a soul swear, pronouncing with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatsoever it be that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and it be hid from him; when he knoweth of it, then he shall be guilty in one of these.

5:5 他有了罪的时候,就要承认所犯的罪,

And it shall be, when he shall be guilty in one of these things, that he shall confess that he hath sinned in that thing:

5:6 并要因所犯的罪,把他的赎愆祭牲就是羊群中的母羊,或是一只羊羔,或是一只山羊牵到耶和华面前为赎罪祭。至于他的罪,祭司要为他赎了。

And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD for his sin which he hath sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his sin.

5:7 他的力量若不够献一只羊羔,就要因所犯的罪,把两只斑鸠或是两只雏鸽带到耶和华面前为赎愆祭,一只作赎罪祭,一只作燔祭。

And if he be not able to bring a lamb, then he shall bring for his trespass, which he hath committed, two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, unto the LORD; one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering.

5:8 把这些带到祭司那里,祭司就要先把那赎罪祭献上,从鸟的颈项上揪下头来,只是不可把鸟撕断,

And he shall bring them unto the priest, who shall offer that which is for the sin offering first, and wring off his head from his neck, but shall not divide it asunder:

5:9 也把些赎罪祭牲的血弹在坛的旁边,剩下的血要流在坛的脚那里,这是赎罪祭。

And he shall sprinkle of the blood of the sin offering upon the side of the altar; and the rest of the blood shall be wrung out at the bottom of the altar: it is a sin offering.

5:10 他要照例献第二只为燔祭。至于他所犯的罪,祭司要为他赎了,他必蒙赦免。

And he shall offer the second for a burnt offering, according to the manner: and the priest shall make an atonement for him for his sin which he hath sinned, and it shall be forgiven him.

5:11 他的力量若不够献两只斑鸠或是两只雏鸽,就要因所犯的罪带供物来,就是细面伊法十分之一为赎罪祭,不可加上油,也不可加上乳香,因为是赎罪祭。

But if he be not able to bring two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he that sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; he shall put no oil upon it, neither shall he put any frankincense thereon: for it is a sin offering.

5:12 他要把供物带到祭司那里,祭司要取出自己的一把来作为纪念,按献给耶和华火祭的条例烧在坛上,这是赎罪祭。

Then shall he bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it, even a memorial thereof, and burn it on the altar, according to the offerings made by fire unto the LORD: it is a sin offering.

5:13 至于他在这几件事中所犯的罪,祭司要为他赎了,他必蒙赦免。剩下的面都归与祭司,和素祭一样。

And the priest shall make an atonement for him as touching his sin that he hath sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him: and the remnant shall be the priest’s, as a meat offering.

5:14 耶和华晓谕摩西说,

And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

5:15 人若在耶和华的圣物上误犯了罪,有了过犯,就要照你所估的,按圣所的舍客勒拿银子,将赎愆祭牲就是羊群中一只没有残疾的公绵羊牵到耶和华面前为赎愆祭。

If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering:

5:16 并且他因在圣物上的差错要偿还,另外加五分之一,都给祭司。祭司要用赎愆祭的公绵羊为他赎罪,他必蒙赦免。

And he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.

5:17 若有人犯罪,行了耶和华所吩咐不可行的什么事,他虽然不知道,还是有了罪,就要担当他的罪孽。

And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the LORD; though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity.

5:18 也要照你所估定的价,从羊群中牵一只没有残疾的公绵羊来,给祭司作赎愆祭。至于他误行的那错事,祭司要为他赎罪,他必蒙赦免。

And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his ignorance wherein he erred and wist it not, and it shall be forgiven him.

5:19 这是赎愆祭,因他在耶和华面前实在有了罪。

It is a trespass offering: he hath certainly trespassed against the LORD.

利未记5参考

你曾否起誓要做或不做某事,以后才发觉自己所应承的是何等的愚昧?
5:4 神要他的百姓信守诺言,即使难以履行,也不可背誓。主耶稣说:“你们的话,‘是’就说‘是’,‘不是’就说‘不是’;若再多说,就是出于那恶者”(太5:37),警告人不要随便起誓(指许下诺言或誓愿)。我们的话要说了算数,如果觉得必须以起誓来保证所应许的话,反而表示不够真诚;只有导致犯罪的诺言才不应遵守。有智慧有节制的人,不会草率应许别人。

主已为我献上挽回祭,那我就不用再认罪了吧?……
5:5 献祭的人若不肯悔改认罪,他献甚么祭物都不能除去罪。因为主基督在十字架上的受死,我们现在不再需要以牲畜献祭,但是认罪仍是不可少的,因为惟有认罪才表明认清罪恶,也表明神是圣洁的,我们在他面前谦卑,愿意离弃罪(参诗51:16-17)。假使我们不肯悔改跟随主耶稣,他的死对我们就不能产生功效。正如注射医治危险病症的药物一样,药液必须注射进入血液,才能有效。

赎愆祭是处理甚么罪的?我若损坏人家的物,只说声“对不起”就行了吗?
5:14-19 赎愆祭是处理因不慎玷污了圣物所犯的罪,如人玷污了会幕或祭司的工作,也包括在无意之中得罪了别人,不管是哪种情况,人都应当献一只毫无残缺的公绵羊作赎愆祭;另外要为他所玷污的圣物,多加五分之一的赔偿。现在,基督的死虽然使我们不再需要献赎愆祭,但对于所伤害的人,仍应当如数赔偿。

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