利未记20 Leviticus

章: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

20:1 耶和华对摩西说,

And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

20:2 你还要晓谕以色列人说,凡以色列人,或是在以色列中寄居的外人,把自己的儿女献给摩洛的,总要治死他,本地人要用石头把他打死。

Again, thou shalt say to the children of Israel, Whosoever he be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn in Israel, that giveth any of his seed unto Molech; he shall surely be put to death: the people of the land shall stone him with stones.

20:3 我也要向那人变脸,把他从民中剪除,因为他把儿女献给摩洛,玷污我的圣所,亵渎我的圣名。

And I will set my face against that man, and will cut him off from among his people; because he hath given of his seed unto Molech, to defile my sanctuary, and to profane my holy name.

20:4 那人把儿女献给摩洛,本地人若佯为不见,不把他治死,

And if the people of the land do any ways hide their eyes from the man, when he giveth of his seed unto Molech, and kill him not:

20:5 我就要向这人和他的家变脸,把他和一切随他与摩洛行邪淫的人都从民中剪除。

Then I will set my face against that man, and against his family, and will cut him off, and all that go a whoring after him, to commit whoredom with Molech, from among their people.

20:6 人偏向交鬼的和行巫术的,随他们行邪淫,我要向那人变脸,把他从民中剪除。

And the soul that turneth after such as have familiar spirits, and after wizards, to go a whoring after them, I will even set my face against that soul, and will cut him off from among his people.

20:7 所以你们要自洁成圣,因为我是耶和华你们的神。

Sanctify yourselves therefore, and be ye holy: for I am the LORD your God.

20:8 你们要谨守遵行我的律例,我是叫你们成圣的耶和华。

And ye shall keep my statutes, and do them: I am the LORD which sanctify you.

20:9 凡咒骂父母的,总要治死他,他咒骂了父母,他的罪(罪原文作血,本章同)要归到他身上。

For every one that curseth his father or his mother shall be surely put to death: he hath cursed his father or his mother; his blood shall be upon him.

20:10 与邻舍之妻行淫的,奸夫淫妇都必治死。

And the man that committeth adultery with another man’s wife, even he that committeth adultery with his neighbour’s wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death.

20:11 与继母行淫的,就是羞辱了他父亲,总要把他们二人治死,罪要归到他们身上。

And the man that lieth with his father’s wife hath uncovered his father’s nakedness: both of them shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them.

20:12 与儿妇同房的,总要把他们二人治死,他们行了逆伦的事,罪要归到他们身上。

And if a man lie with his daughter in law, both of them shall surely be put to death: they have wrought confusion; their blood shall be upon them.

20:13 人若与男人苟合,像与女人一样,他们二人行了可憎的事,总要把他们治死,罪要归到他们身上。

If a man also lie with mankind, as he lieth with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination: they shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them.

20:14 人若娶妻,并娶其母,便是大恶,要把这三人用火焚烧,使你们中间免去大恶。

And if a man take a wife and her mother, it is wickedness: they shall be burnt with fire, both he and they; that there be no wickedness among you.

20:15 人若与兽淫合,总要治死他,也要杀那兽。

And if a man lie with a beast, he shall surely be put to death: and ye shall slay the beast.

20:16 女人若与兽亲近,与它淫合,你要杀那女人和那兽,总要把他们治死,罪要归到他们身上。

And if a woman approach unto any beast, and lie down thereto, thou shalt kill the woman, and the beast: they shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them.

20:17 人若娶他的姊妹,无论是异母同父的,是异父同母的,彼此见了下体,这是可耻的事,他们必在本民的眼前被剪除。他露了姊妹的下体,必担当自己的罪孽。

And if a man shall take his sister, his father’s daughter, or his mother’s daughter, and see her nakedness, and she see his nakedness; it is a wicked thing; and they shall be cut off in the sight of their people: he hath uncovered his sister’s nakedness; he shall bear his iniquity.

20:18 妇人有月经,若与她同房,露了她的下体,就是露了妇人的血源,妇人也露了自己的血源,二人必从民中剪除。

And if a man shall lie with a woman having her sickness, and shall uncover her nakedness; he hath discovered her fountain, and she hath uncovered the fountain of her blood: and both of them shall be cut off from among their people.

20:19 不可露姨母或是姑母的下体,这是露了骨肉之亲的下体,二人必担当自己的罪孽。

And thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy mother’s sister, nor of thy father’s sister: for he uncovereth his near kin: they shall bear their iniquity.

20:20 人若与伯叔之妻同房,就羞辱了他的伯叔,二人要担当自己的罪,必无子女而死。

And if a man shall lie with his uncle’s wife, he hath uncovered his uncle’s nakedness: they shall bear their sin; they shall die childless.

20:21 人若娶弟兄之妻,这本是污秽的事,羞辱了他的弟兄,二人必无子女。

And if a man shall take his brother’s wife, it is an unclean thing: he hath uncovered his brother’s nakedness; they shall be childless.

20:22 所以,你们要谨守遵行我一切的律例典章,免得我领你们去住的那地把你们吐出。

Ye shall therefore keep all my statutes, and all my judgments, and do them: that the land, whither I bring you to dwell therein, spue you not out.

20:23 我在你们面前所逐出的国民,你们不可随从他们的风俗,因为他们行了这一切的事,所以我厌恶他们。

And ye shall not walk in the manners of the nation, which I cast out before you: for they committed all these things, and therefore I abhorred them.

20:24 但我对你们说过,你们要承受他们的地,就是我要赐给你们为业,流奶与蜜之地。我是耶和华你们的神,使你们与万民有分别的。

But I have said unto you, Ye shall inherit their land, and I will give it unto you to possess it, a land that floweth with milk and honey: I am the LORD your God, which have separated you from other people.

20:25 所以,你们要把洁净和不洁净的禽兽分别出来,不可因我给你们分为不洁净的禽兽,或是滋生在地上的活物,使自己成为可憎恶的。

Ye shall therefore put difference between clean beasts and unclean, and between unclean fowls and clean: and ye shall not make your souls abominable by beast, or by fowl, or by any manner of living thing that creepeth on the ground, which I have separated from you as unclean.

20:26 你们要归我为圣,因为我耶和华是圣的,并叫你们与万民有分别,使你们作我的民。

And ye shall be holy unto me: for I the LORD am holy, and have severed you from other people, that ye should be mine.

20:27 无论男女,是交鬼的或行巫术的,总要治死他们。人必用石头把他们打死,罪要归到他们身上。

A man also or woman that hath a familiar spirit, or that is a wizard, shall surely be put to death: they shall stone them with stones: their blood shall be upon them.

利未记20参考

献祭该是爱的表达,不应是野蛮的行径──
20:1-3 将儿女献给假神为祭,是古代异教的重要习俗。以色列的邻国亚扪人,将儿女献给民族的神摩洛,作为宗教中的要事,以为是献上的最大礼物,可藉此辟邪或安抚愤怒之神。神对这事讲得很清楚,这是可憎的事,应严格地禁止。无论在旧约或新约时代,神的本性都显明他绝不愿意献人为祭,因为(1)他不是异教的假神,乃是慈爱的真神,不需要以人为祭物来安抚(参出34:6)。(2)他是赐生命的神,既禁止杀人,又鼓励人谨守他的律法,过健康幸福的生活(参申30:15-16)。(3)他是无助者的神,对孩童显出特别的关怀(参诗72:4,13)。(4)他是无私的神,不但不要人流血,更为世人舍弃他的性命(参赛53:4-5)。

人对不可知的未来总是有点忧虑,你又对未来……
20:6 人人都关心未来,并常寻求别人的指点。但是神警告世人,不要求助于古灵精怪的玄秘之术。交鬼的与行巫术的都应当被铲除,因为他们的信息不是来自神,不但预测是虚假的,不可信的,而且与邪灵相交亦极其危险。对于未来,我们不需要求问行邪术的人。神赐下圣经,我们可以从中得到要知道的一切,圣经的指引才是绝对可靠的。

性可以是爱的表达,也同样可以摧毁爱,不是吗?
20:10-21 经文列出一系列处置性犯罪的命令,刑罚极严厉。神为甚么不能容忍这些罪行?其理由是:(1)破坏了已婚夫妇彼此的委身;(2)破坏了家庭的神圣;(3)扭曲了心灵的健康;(4)使性病传染蔓延。性犯罪在全球各地泛滥,同居者之间的性关系,越来越公开化、合法化。社会上将性犯罪描绘成具吸引力的事,使人容易忘记它背后的悲剧和可怕。神禁止人类性犯罪,是因为他爱我们,为我们最大的好处著想。

现今性滥交情况严重,对你带来了甚么冲击?
20:10-21 经文列出许多可憎的罪行,在迦南异教各族之中非常普遍。他们的宗教充斥了性爱女神、庙妓与其他严重罪行。迦南人不道德的宗教礼仪,反映出颓废的习俗,想败坏所有接触它的人。神要建立一个民族,对世界有正面的影响,成为世俗强烈的对比。他不许以色列人效法迦南人的习俗而陷于淫荡,所以清楚吩咐人远离性的犯罪,好在应许之地蒙保守。

你相信神所颁布的诫命都是为了你的益处吗?
20:22-23 神颁给以色列人的每项律例都有其道理。他并没有将好处留下不赐给他们,他只是不准他们有招致败坏的行为。我们知道神为自然界定下了物理规律,例如从高楼跳下会摔死,因为地心有吸力;但是有些人不明白神属灵的定律如何运行,他不准我们做某些事,是因为他不愿人自我毁灭。当你被吸引,想享受物质上或精神上的欢乐时,如果涉及神所禁止的事,就要切记后果:它会令你受苦,使你跟帮助你的神隔绝。

Leave a Reply