利未记2 Leviticus

章: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

2:1 若有人献素祭为供物给耶和华,要用细面浇上油,加上乳香,

And when any will offer a meat offering unto the LORD, his offering shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense thereon:

2:2 带到亚伦子孙作祭司的那里,祭司就要从细面中取出一把来,并取些油和所有的乳香,然后要把所取的这些作为纪念,烧在坛上,是献与耶和华为馨香的火祭。

And he shall bring it to Aaron’s sons the priests: and he shall take thereout his handful of the flour thereof, and of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof; and the priest shall burn the memorial of it upon the altar, to be an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD:

2:3 素祭所剩的要归给亚伦和他的子孙,这是献与耶和华的火祭中为至圣的。

And the remnant of the meat offering shall be Aaron’s and his sons’: it is a thing most holy of the offerings of the LORD made by fire.

2:4 若用炉中烤的物为素祭,就要用调油的无酵细面饼,或是抹油的无酵薄饼。

And if thou bring an oblation of a meat offering baken in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

2:5 若用铁鏊上作的物为素祭,就要用调油的无酵细面,

And if thy oblation be a meat offering baken in a pan, it shall be of fine flour unleavened, mingled with oil.

2:6 分成块子,浇上油,这是素祭。

Thou shalt part it in pieces, and pour oil thereon: it is a meat offering.

2:7 若用煎盘作的物为素祭,就要用油与细面作成。

And if thy oblation be a meat offering baken in the fryingpan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil.

2:8 要把这些东西作的素祭带到耶和华面前,并奉给祭司,带到坛前。

And thou shalt bring the meat offering that is made of these things unto the LORD: and when it is presented unto the priest, he shall bring it unto the altar.

2:9 祭司要从素祭中取出作为纪念的,烧在坛上,是献与耶和华为馨香的火祭。

And the priest shall take from the meat offering a memorial thereof, and shall burn it upon the altar: it is an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.

2:10 素祭所剩的要归给亚伦和他的子孙。这是献与耶和华的火祭中为至圣的。

And that which is left of the meat offering shall be Aaron’s and his sons’: it is a thing most holy of the offerings of the LORD made by fire.

2:11 凡献给耶和华的素祭都不可有酵,因为你们不可烧一点酵,一点蜜当作火祭献给耶和华。

No meat offering, which ye shall bring unto the LORD, shall be made with leaven: for ye shall burn no leaven, nor any honey, in any offering of the LORD made by fire.

2:12 这些物要献给耶和华作为初熟的供物,只是不可在坛上献为馨香的祭。

As for the oblation of the firstfruits, ye shall offer them unto the LORD: but they shall not be burnt on the altar for a sweet savour.

2:13 凡献为素祭的供物都要用盐调和,在素祭上不可缺了你神立约的盐。一切的供物都要配盐而献。

And every oblation of thy meat offering shalt thou season with salt; neither shalt thou suffer the salt of the covenant of thy God to be lacking from thy meat offering: with all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt.

2:14 若向耶和华献初熟之物为素祭,要献上烘了的禾穗子,就是轧了的新穗子,当作初熟之物的素祭。

And if thou offer a meat offering of thy firstfruits unto the LORD, thou shalt offer for the meat offering of thy firstfruits green ears of corn dried by the fire, even corn beaten out of full ears.

2:15 并要抹上油,加上乳香,这是素祭。

And thou shalt put oil upon it, and lay frankincense thereon: it is a meat offering.

2:16 祭司要把其中作为纪念的,就是一些轧了的禾穗子和一些油,并所有的乳香,都焚烧,是向耶和华献的火祭。

And the priest shall burn the memorial of it, part of the beaten corn thereof, and part of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof: it is an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

利未记2参考

素祭并不贵重,但纯净可悦,也是至圣的,你的心灵也一样吗?
2章 随同燔祭献上的素祭,是为感谢神而献的。它使百姓记住:食物既是由神而来,生命也是他所赐的。这一章提到三种素祭:(1)细面加油和乳香;(2)烘的饼加上油,或用细面涂上油的饼;(3)烘过的新穗子,加上油和乳香。这里面不可有酵,无酵预表无罪,油预表神的同在。素祭之中的一部分烧在祭坛上献给神,其余的给祭司吃,藉以维持他们的生活。

无酵的素祭才蒙上帝悦纳,为甚么?
2:11 素祭为甚么不可用酵呢?酵是一种真菌,能使面团发起来,亦会使它发霉变坏,所以预表罪。酵在面团里发起来,有如罪在生命中渐长。一点点的酵怎样使全团面发起来,照样,一点点的罪也能败坏人的一生。主耶稣用比喻说要提防法利赛人和撒都该人的酵,警戒门徒(参太16:6; 可8:15),要提防这些人的有害教导。

盐是标志著……单靠自己,我能去抵御罪恶的侵蚀吗?
2:13 献上素祭要用盐调和,是要他们记住自己与神所立的约。盐是神在人的生命之中运行的美好标志,因为它渗入、保存人的生命,亦有助医治疾病。神想在你的生命中有积极的参与,你要让他成为你生命的一部分,充满你的生命,保守你不受邪恶世界所伤害,医治你的罪恶与软弱。

“盐约”是……
2:13 许多阿拉伯国家的人民,都以盐来立约,以示条约的效能长存不变。主耶稣称门徒为“世上的盐”(参太5:13)。你每天使用盐的时候都要记住,你现在是与神立约之民,要积极地贡献自己,防止世界腐化,要尽力保守这世界洁净,不至败坏。

轧了的禾穗如此平凡,但却是最珍贵的礼物……
2:14-15 轧了的禾穗加上油烘了,是当时一般人的普通食物。这种祭象徵献上日用的饮食;百姓以此承认神供应他们粮食。连穷人也能献上这种祭。神悦纳献祭者的动机与奉献的心志。
献祭的目的不单在于赎罪,更带来神人复和,这“平安祭”就是──
3:1-12 “平安祭”也可以译作“相交之祭”。献祭的人以此感谢神,并藉此与神相交。因为这种祭象徵与神和好,献祭的人可以吃这祭物中的一部分。

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