利未记19 Leviticus

章: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

19:1 耶和华对摩西说,

And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

19:2 你晓谕以色列全会众说,你们要圣洁,因为我耶和华你们的神是圣洁的。

Speak unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say unto them, Ye shall be holy: for I the LORD your God am holy.

19:3 你们各人都当孝敬父母,也要守我的安息日。我是耶和华你们的神。

Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God.

19:4 你们不可偏向虚无的神,也不可为自己铸造神像。我是耶和华你们的神。

Turn ye not unto idols, nor make to yourselves molten gods: I am the LORD your God.

19:5 你们献平安祭给耶和华的时候,要献得可蒙悦纳。

And if ye offer a sacrifice of peace offerings unto the LORD, ye shall offer it at your own will.

19:6 这祭物要在献的那一天和第二天吃,若有剩到第三天的,就必用火焚烧。

It shall be eaten the same day ye offer it, and on the morrow: and if ought remain until the third day, it shall be burnt in the fire.

19:7 第三天若再吃,这就为可憎恶的,必不蒙悦纳。

And if it be eaten at all on the third day, it is abominable; it shall not be accepted.

19:8 凡吃的人必担当他的罪孽,因为他亵渎了耶和华的圣物,那人必从民中剪除。

Therefore every one that eateth it shall bear his iniquity, because he hath profaned the hallowed thing of the LORD: and that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

19:9 在你们的地收割庄稼,不可割尽田角,也不可拾取所遗落的。

And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap the corners of thy field, neither shalt thou gather the gleanings of thy harvest.

19:10 不可摘尽葡萄园的果子,也不可拾取葡萄园所掉的果子,要留给穷人和寄居的。我是耶和华你们的神。

And thou shalt not glean thy vineyard, neither shalt thou gather every grape of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave them for the poor and stranger: I am the LORD your God.

19:11 你们不可偷盗,不可欺骗,也不可彼此说谎。

Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another.

19:12 不可指着我的名起假誓,亵渎你神的名。我是耶和华。

And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD.

19:13 不可欺压你的邻舍,也不可抢夺他的物。雇工人的工价,不可在你那里过夜,留到早晨。

Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbour, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.

19:14 不可咒骂聋子,也不可将绊脚石放在瞎子面前,只要敬畏你的神。我是耶和华。

Thou shalt not curse the deaf, nor put a stumblingblock before the blind, but shalt fear thy God: I am the LORD.

19:15 你们施行审判,不可行不义,不可偏护穷人,也不可重看有势力的人,只要按着公义审判你的邻舍。

Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honor the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour.

19:16 不可在民中往来搬弄是非,也不可与邻舍为敌,置之于死(原文作流他的血)。我是耶和华。

Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour: I am the LORD.

19:17 不可心里恨你的弟兄,总要指摘你的邻舍,免得因他担罪。

Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him.

19:18 不可报仇,也不可埋怨你本国的子民,却要爱人如己。我是耶和华。

Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD.

19:19 你们要守我的律例。不可叫你的牲畜与异类配合,不可用两样搀杂的种种你的地,也不可用两样搀杂的料作衣服穿在身上。

Ye shall keep my statutes. Thou shalt not let thy cattle gender with a diverse kind: thou shalt not sow thy field with mingled seed: neither shall a garment mingled of linen and woollen come upon thee.

19:20 婢女许配了丈夫,还没有被赎得释放,人若与她行淫,二人要受刑罚,却不把他们治死,因为婢女还没有得自由。

And whosoever lieth carnally with a woman, that is a bondmaid, betrothed to an husband, and not at all redeemed, nor freedom given her; she shall be scourged; they shall not be put to death, because she was not free.

19:21 那人要把赎愆祭,就是一只公绵羊牵到会幕门口,耶和华面前。

And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD, unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, even a ram for a trespass offering.

19:22 祭司要用赎愆祭的羊在耶和华面前赎他所犯的罪,他的罪就必蒙赦免。

And the priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering before the LORD for his sin which he hath done: and the sin which he hath done shall be forgiven him.

19:23 你们到了迦南地,栽种各样结果子的树木,就要以所结的果子如未受割礼的一样。三年之久,你们要以这些果子,如未受割礼的,是不可吃的。

And when ye shall come into the land, and shall have planted all manner of trees for food, then ye shall count the fruit thereof as uncircumcised: three years shall it be as uncircumcised unto you: it shall not be eaten of.

19:24 但第四年所结的果子全要成为圣,用以赞美耶和华。

But in the fourth year all the fruit thereof shall be holy to praise the LORD withal.

19:25 第五年,你们要吃那树上的果子,好叫树给你们结果子更多。我是耶和华你们的神。

And in the fifth year shall ye eat of the fruit thereof, that it may yield unto you the increase thereof: I am the LORD your God.

19:26 你们不可吃带血的物,不可用法术,也不可观兆。

Ye shall not eat any thing with the blood: neither shall ye use enchantment, nor observe times.

19:27 头的周围(周围或作两鬓)不可剃,胡须的周围也不可损坏。

Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard.

19:28 不可为死人用刀划身,也不可在身上刺花纹。我是耶和华。

Ye shall not make any cuttings in your flesh for the dead, nor print any marks upon you: I am the LORD.

19:29 不可辱没你的女儿,使她为娼妓,恐怕地上的人专向淫乱,地就满了大恶。

Do not prostitute thy daughter, to cause her to be a whore; lest the land fall to whoredom, and the land become full of wickedness.

19:30 你们要守我的安息日,敬我的圣所。我是耶和华。

Ye shall keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary: I am the LORD.

19:31 不可偏向那些交鬼的和行巫术的,不可求问他们,以致被他们玷污了。我是耶和华你们的神。

Regard not them that have familiar spirits, neither seek after wizards, to be defiled by them: I am the LORD your God.

19:32 在白发的人面前,你要站起来,也要尊敬老人,又要敬畏你的神。我是耶和华。

Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, and honour the face of the old man, and fear thy God: I am the LORD.

19:33 若有外人在你们国中和你同居,就不可欺负他。

And if a stranger sojourn with thee in your land, ye shall not vex him.

19:34 和你们同居的外人,你们要看他如本地人一样,并要爱他如己,因为你们在埃及地也作过寄居的。我是耶和华你们的神。

But the stranger that dwelleth with you shall be unto you as one born among you, and thou shalt love him as thyself; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.

19:35 你们施行审判,不可行不义,在尺,秤,升,斗上也是如此。

Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, in meteyard, in weight, or in measure.

19:36 要用公道天平,公道法码,公道升斗,公道秤。我是耶和华你们的神,曾把你们从埃及地领出来的。

Just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin, shall ye have: I am the LORD your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt.

19:37 你们要谨守遵行我一切的律例典章。我是耶和华。

Therefore shall ye observe all my statutes, and all my judgments, and do them: I am the LORD.

利未记19参考

顾念有需要的人是神的诫命,不是施舍……
19:9-10 这段经文所记载的律法,是保护穷人和外族人的,并提醒以色列人,这地是属于神的,百姓只是管理者。这样的律法显明了神的慷慨与宽厚。以色列人既然为神的子民,就应当在对人的态度与行为上反映出神的性情与特质。外族女子路得就是这种怜悯的律法的受惠人(参得2:2)。

你身边有些甚么人需要你的关怀和照顾?
19:9-10 神吩咐以色列人要眷顾穷人,不可割尽田地角落的庄稼,要留一些给客旅及穷人作食物。人很容易忽略忘记比自己贫穷的人,但是神要人人心存慷慨。你用甚么方法,可以将你田地“角落”的庄稼,留给穷人享用呢?

规范太多,令人感到不自由,但没有规范也不一定是祝福,而且主的规范其实是很简单的……
19:10-35 在神的诫命与律法之中多次提到“不可(做这或做那等)”。所以有人以为圣经是一卷只专门讲戒律的书。但是主耶稣说:“你要尽心尽性尽意爱主你的神。其次也相仿,就是要爱人如己”(参太22:37-40)。如此就把所有律例简洁地归纳起来,他称这是诫命与律法之中最大的。我们只要遵行主耶稣这简单的命令,也就遵守了神的其他律法。

敬老的观念似乎已过时,但神的吩咐……我的行动……?
19:32 人常常轻易把长者的意见当作耳边风,不加理会,也不想花时间去探望他们。但是神吩咐以色列人要敬重年长的人,表明应当尊敬长者,他们人生经验丰富,满有智慧,能使后辈免犯错误。

社会的声音告诉我,要提防陌生人;但神要我们营造一个没有陌生人的世界……
19:33-34 遇到外国人,尤其是言语不同的人,你会怎样待他们?是不耐烦,想赶他们走,还是想占他们的便宜?神说,你对待外来人,应当像对待本地人一样,应当爱他们如己。实际上,我们在这个世界上都是外来人,因为这里只是我们暂时的家。我们要把握机会,把陌生人、外人、别国的人,全当作可以显明神大爱的对象。

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