创世记37 Genesis

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

37:1 雅各住在迦南地,就是他父亲寄居的地。

And Jacob dwelt in the land wherein his father was a stranger, in the land of Canaan.

37:2 雅各的记略如下。约瑟十七岁与他哥哥们一同牧羊。他是个童子,与他父亲的妾辟拉,悉帕的儿子们常在一处。约瑟将他哥哥们的恶行报给他们的父亲。

These are the generations of Jacob. Joseph, being seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his brethren; and the lad was with the sons of Bilhah, and with the sons of Zilpah, his father’s wives: and Joseph brought unto his father their evil report.

37:3 以色列原来爱约瑟过于爱他的众子,因为约瑟是他年老生的。他给约瑟作了一件彩衣。

Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of many colours.

37:4 约瑟的哥哥们见父亲爱约瑟过于爱他们,就恨约瑟,不与他说和睦的话。

And when his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him, and could not speak peaceably unto him.

37:5 约瑟作了一梦,告诉他哥哥们,他们就越发恨他。

And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it his brethren: and they hated him yet the more.

37:6 约瑟对他们说,请听我所作的梦,

And he said unto them, Hear, I pray you, this dream which I have dreamed:

37:7 我们在田里捆禾稼,我的捆起来站着,你们的捆来围着我的捆下拜。

For, behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and, lo, my sheaf arose, and also stood upright; and, behold, your sheaves stood round about, and made obeisance to my sheaf.

37:8 他的哥哥们回答说,难道你真要作我们的王吗。难道你真要管辖我们吗,他们就因为他的梦和他的话越发恨他。

And his brethren said to him, Shalt thou indeed reign over us? or shalt thou indeed have dominion over us? And they hated him yet the more for his dreams, and for his words.

37:9 后来他又作了一梦,也告诉他的哥哥们说,看哪,我又作了一梦,梦见太阳,月亮,与十一个星向我下拜。

And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me.

37:10 约瑟将这梦告诉他父亲和他哥哥们,他父亲就责备他说,你作的这是什么梦。难道我和你母亲,你弟兄果然要来俯伏在地,向你下拜吗,

And he told it to his father, and to his brethren: and his father rebuked him, and said unto him, What is this dream that thou hast dreamed? Shall I and thy mother and thy brethren indeed come to bow down ourselves to thee to the earth?

37:11 他哥哥们都嫉妒他,他父亲却把这话存在心里。

And his brethren envied him; but his father observed the saying.

37:12 约瑟的哥哥们往示剑去放他们父亲的羊。

And his brethren went to feed their father’s flock in Shechem.

37:13 以色列对约瑟说,你哥哥们不是在示剑放羊吗。你来,我要打发你往他们那里去。约瑟说,我在这里。

And Israel said unto Joseph, Do not thy brethren feed the flock in Shechem? come, and I will send thee unto them. And he said to him, Here am I.

37:14 以色列说,你去看看你哥哥们平安不平安,群羊平安不平安,就回来报信给我。于是打发他出希伯仑谷,他就往示剑去了。

And he said to him, Go, I pray thee, see whether it be well with thy brethren, and well with the flocks; and bring me word again. So he sent him out of the vale of Hebron, and he came to Shechem.

37:15 有人遇见他在田野走迷了路,就问他说,你找什么,

And a certain man found him, and, behold, he was wandering in the field: and the man asked him, saying, What seekest thou?

37:16 他说,我找我的哥哥们,求你告诉我,他们在何处放羊。

And he said, I seek my brethren: tell me, I pray thee, where they feed their flocks.

37:17 那人说,他们已经走了,我听见他们说要往多坍去。约瑟就去追赶他哥哥们,遇见他们在多坍。

And the man said, They are departed hence; for I heard them say, Let us go to Dothan. And Joseph went after his brethren, and found them in Dothan.

37:18 他们远远地看见他,趁他还没有走到跟前,大家就同谋要害死他,

And when they saw him afar off, even before he came near unto them, they conspired against him to slay him.

37:19 彼此说,你看。那作梦的来了。

And they said one to another, Behold, this dreamer cometh.

37:20 来吧。我们将他杀了,丢在一个坑里,就说有恶兽把他吃了。我们且看他的梦将来怎吗样。

Come now therefore, and let us slay him, and cast him into some pit, and we will say, Some evil beast hath devoured him: and we shall see what will become of his dreams.

37:21 流便听见了,要救他脱离他们的手,说,我们不可害他的性命。

And Reuben heard it, and he delivered him out of their hands; and said, Let us not kill him.

37:22 又说,不可流他的血,可以把他丢在这野地的坑里,不可下手害他。流便的意思是要救他脱离他们的手,把他归还他的父亲。

And Reuben said unto them, Shed no blood, but cast him into this pit that is in the wilderness, and lay no hand upon him; that he might rid him out of their hands, to deliver him to his father again.

37:23 约瑟到了他哥哥们那里,他们就剥了他的外衣,,就是他穿的那件彩衣,

And it came to pass, when Joseph was come unto his brethren, that they stript Joseph out of his coat, his coat of many colours that was on him;

37:24 把他丢在坑里。那坑是空的,里头没有水。

And they took him, and cast him into a pit: and the pit was empty, there was no water in it.

37:25 他们坐下吃饭,举目观看,见有一夥米甸的以实玛利人从基列来,用骆驼驮着香料,乳香,没药,要带下埃及去。

And they sat down to eat bread: and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, behold, a company of Ishmeelites came from Gilead with their camels bearing spicery and balm and myrrh, going to carry it down to Egypt.

37:26 犹大对众弟兄说,我们杀我们的兄弟,藏了他的血有什么益处呢。

And Judah said unto his brethren, What profit is it if we slay our brother, and conceal his blood?

37:27 我们不如将他卖给以实玛利人,不可下手害他。因为他是我们的兄弟,我们的骨肉。众弟兄就听从了他。

Come, and let us sell him to the Ishmeelites, and let not our hand be upon him; for he is our brother and our flesh. And his brethren were content.

37:28 有些米甸的商人从那里经过,哥哥们就把约瑟从坑里拉上来,讲定二十舍客勒银子,把约瑟卖给以实玛利人。他们就把约瑟带到埃及去了。

Then there passed by Midianites merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty pieces of silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt.

37:29 流便回到坑边,见约瑟不在坑里,就撕裂衣服,

And Reuben returned unto the pit; and, behold, Joseph was not in the pit; and he rent his clothes.

37:30 回到兄弟们那里,说,童子没有了。我往哪里去才好呢,

And he returned unto his brethren, and said, The child is not; and I, whither shall I go?

37:31 他们宰了一只公山羊,把约瑟的那件彩衣染了血,

And they took Joseph’s coat, and killed a kid of the goats, and dipped the coat in the blood;

37:32 打发人送到他们的父亲那里,说,我们捡了这个。请认一认是你儿子的外衣不是,

And they sent the coat of many colours, and they brought it to their father; and said, This have we found: know now whether it be thy son’s coat or no.

37:33 他认得,就说,这是我儿子的外衣。有恶兽把他吃了,约瑟被撕碎了。撕碎了。

And he knew it, and said, It is my son’s coat; an evil beast hath devoured him; Joseph is without doubt rent in pieces.

37:34 雅各便撕裂衣服,腰间围上麻布,为他儿子悲哀了多日。

And Jacob rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his loins, and mourned for his son many days.

37:35 他的儿女都起来安慰他,他却不肯受安慰,说,我必悲哀着下阴间,到我儿子那里。约瑟的父亲就为他哀哭。

And all his sons and all his daughters rose up to comfort him; but he refused to be comforted; and he said, For I will go down into the grave unto my son mourning. Thus his father wept for him.

37:36 米甸人带约瑟到埃及,把他卖给法老的内臣护卫长波提乏。

And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh’s, and captain of the guard.


37:3 当时,人人都有一件长袍或外衣,穿在身上可保暖,旅行时可以当包袱把杂物包在里面,又可用来包裹婴孩,或者用来当坐垫,甚至在急需时可作为当头向人借钱。大多数外衣很朴素,短袖、长及膝,约瑟的外衣则可能是王子所穿──长袖、长及脚踝、色彩鲜艳的那一种。这件外衣成为雅各宠爱约瑟的标记,约瑟与哥哥们的关系已经不融洽,这件彩衣就使他们的关系更趋恶化了。偏心尽管难以避免,但是作父母的应当把子女们分裂的可能性减至最低;对所偏爱的儿女的感觉或许难以改变,但是父母可以改变对其他儿女的态度。

37:6-11 约瑟的哥哥们对他已经怀恨在心,不想让这个弟弟来管治他们。约瑟不成熟和趾高气昂的态度,更使他们火上加油,为了去除这根眼中钉,愤怒的哥哥们把约瑟卖到埃及去作奴隶。没有人喜欢吹牛的人,约瑟受了多年的磨炼,终于明白才能和知识都是从神而来,人应当感谢神,而不应自夸。后来,他也学会将荣耀归给神(41:16)。

37:19-20 妒忌曾叫你想杀人吗?在你回答“当然没有”以前,请先看看这个故事。哥哥们只因为约瑟的外袍和他所做的梦就要杀他,他们已被嫉妒和怒气所蒙蔽了。妒忌是很难辨别的,因为我们妒忌的原因看来十分合理。但一不留神,妒火中烧,就叫我们犯大错了。妒忌越深越难根除,所以,发现自己开始介意别人的成就时,就是该对付妒忌的时候了。

37:26-27 约瑟的哥哥们不想承担杀害约瑟的罪,犹大就提出另一个可以除去杀人者内疚的不正确方法。我们有时为了解决问题,就在两种恶行中权衡,虽然取其较轻的一种,但仍然是不当的。当有人提出似乎是可行的解决办法时,我们要先想想:“这件事对不对?”

37:28 虽然约瑟的哥哥们没有立刻把他杀死,但是他们估计把他卖作奴隶的话,他也不会活多久。他们要借刀杀人。约瑟要在旷野走三十天的路程,大概是给锁链绑著步行往埃及,他只会被视为一件行李。一到埃及,他就会变成一件货物被出售。他的哥哥们以为再也不会见到他了,但是神掌管著约瑟的生命。

37:29-30 吕便回到坑边找约瑟,见弟弟已经不在坑里。虽然他撕裂衣服,但实际上他所关心的不是约瑟会怎样,而是他自己会如何。在困境中,你是否只顾自己呢?考虑最受影响的人,我们能较易找到解决问题的方法。

37:31-35 约瑟的哥哥们为掩饰自己的恶行,就欺骗父亲,使他以为约瑟已经死了。雅各曾经多次欺骗别人,也包括他的父亲(参27:35)。他虽然蒙神祝福,但仍然要面对犯罪的报应。雅各欺骗别人,神没有即时惩罚他,但他始终要承受犯罪的恶果,这恶果将一直伴随著他的余生。

37:34 撕裂衣服、束上麻布是哀悼的表示,跟今天我们穿丧服十分相似。

37:36 我们可以想像约瑟刚到埃及时所受到的文化冲击是多么的大。他本来过著游牧的生活,随家庭在乡间逐水草而居,照顾羊群。突然被迫进入当时最文明的世界里,看到雄伟的金字塔和美丽的房屋,接触老于世故的百姓和新的语言。当他看到埃及人最好的技艺与才智时,也看到他们在灵性上的愚蒙无知:他们敬拜无数的假神,只要跟生活有关的,他们就拜。

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