列王记下5 Kings

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

5:1 亚兰王的元帅乃缦在他主人面前为尊为大,因耶和华曾藉他使亚兰人得胜。他又是大能的勇士,只是长了大麻疯。

Now Naaman, captain of the host of the king of Syria, was a great man with his master, and honourable, because by him the LORD had given deliverance unto Syria: he was also a mighty man in valour, but he was a leper.

5:2 先前亚兰人成群地出去,从以色列国掳了一个小女子,这女子就服事乃缦的妻。

And the Syrians had gone out by companies, and had brought away captive out of the land of Israel a little maid; and she waited on Naaman’s wife.

5:3 她对主母说,巴不得我主人去见撒马利亚的先知,必能治好他的大麻疯。

And she said unto her mistress, Would God my lord were with the prophet that is in Samaria! for he would recover him of his leprosy.

5:4 乃缦进去,告诉他主人说,以色列国的女子如此如此说。

And one went in, and told his lord, saying, Thus and thus said the maid that is of the land of Israel.

5:5 亚兰王说,你可以去,我也达信于以色列王。于是乃缦带银子十他连得,金子六千舍客勒,衣裳十套,就去了。

And the king of Syria said, Go to, go, and I will send a letter unto the king of Israel. And he departed, and took with him ten talents of silver, and six thousand pieces of gold, and ten changes of raiment.

5:6 且带信给以色列王,信上说,我打发臣仆乃缦去见你,你接到这信,就要治好他的大麻疯。

And he brought the letter to the king of Israel, saying, Now when this letter is come unto thee, behold, I have therewith sent Naaman my servant to thee, that thou mayest recover him of his leprosy.

5:7 以色列王看了信就撕裂衣服,说,我岂是神,能使人死使人活呢。这人竟打发人来,叫我治好他的大麻疯。你们看一看,这人何以寻隙攻击我呢。

And it came to pass, when the king of Israel had read the letter, that he rent his clothes, and said, Am I God, to kill and to make alive, that this man doth send unto me to recover a man of his leprosy? wherefore consider, I pray you, and see how he seeketh a quarrel against me.

5:8 神人以利沙听见以色列王撕裂衣服,就打发人去见王,说,你为什么撕了衣服呢。可使那人到我这里来,他就知道以色列中有先知了。

And it was so, when Elisha the man of God had heard that the king of Israel had rent his clothes, that he sent to the king, saying, Wherefore hast thou rent thy clothes? let him come now to me, and he shall know that there is a prophet in Israel.

5:9 于是,乃缦带着车马到了以利沙的家,站在门前。

So Naaman came with his horses and with his chariot, and stood at the door of the house of Elisha.

5:10 以利沙打发一个使者,对乃缦说,你去在约旦河中沭浴七回,你的肉就必复原,而得洁净。

And Elisha sent a messenger unto him, saying, Go and wash in Jordan seven times, and thy flesh shall come again to thee, and thou shalt be clean.

5:11 乃缦却发怒走了,说,我想他必定出来见我,站着求告耶和华他神的名,在患处以上摇手,治好这大麻疯。

But Naaman was wroth, and went away, and said, Behold, I thought, He will surely come out to me, and stand, and call on the name of the LORD his God, and strike his hand over the place, and recover the leper.

5:12 大马士革的河亚吧拿和法珥法岂不比以色列的一切水更好吗。我在那里沭浴不得洁净吗。于是气忿忿地转身去了。

Are not Abana and Pharpar, rivers of Damascus, better than all the waters of Israel? may I not wash in them, and be clean? So he turned and went away in a rage.

5:13 他的仆人进前来,对他说,我父阿,先知若吩咐你作一件大事,你岂不作吗。何况说你去沭浴而得洁净呢。

And his servants came near, and spake unto him, and said, My father, if the prophet had bid thee do some great thing, wouldest thou not have done it? how much rather then, when he saith to thee, Wash, and be clean?

5:14 于是乃缦下去,照着神人的话,在约旦河里沭浴七回。他的肉复原,好像小孩子的肉,他就洁净了。

Then went he down, and dipped himself seven times in Jordan, according to the saying of the man of God: and his flesh came again like unto the flesh of a little child, and he was clean.

5:15 乃缦带着一切跟随他的人,回到神人那里,站在他面前,说,如今我知道,除了以色列之外,普天下没有神。现在求你收点仆人的礼物。

And he returned to the man of God, he and all his company, and came, and stood before him: and he said, Behold, now I know that there is no God in all the earth, but in Israel: now therefore, I pray thee, take a blessing of thy servant.

5:16 以利沙说,我指着所事奉永生的耶和华起誓,我必不受。乃缦再三地求他,他却不受。

But he said, As the LORD liveth, before whom I stand, I will receive none. And he urged him to take it; but he refused.

5:17 乃缦说,你若不肯受,请将两骡子驮的土赐给仆人。从今以后,仆人必不再将燔祭或平安祭献与别神,只献给耶和华。

And Naaman said, Shall there not then, I pray thee, be given to thy servant two mules’ burden of earth? for thy servant will henceforth offer neither burnt offering nor sacrifice unto other gods, but unto the LORD.

5:18 惟有一件事,愿耶和华饶恕你仆人,我主人进临门庙叩拜的时候,我用手搀他在临门庙,我也屈身。我在临门庙屈身的这事,愿耶和华饶恕我。

In this thing the LORD pardon thy servant, that when my master goeth into the house of Rimmon to worship there, and he leaneth on my hand, and I bow myself in the house of Rimmon: when I bow down myself in the house of Rimmon, the LORD pardon thy servant in this thing.

5:19 以利沙对他说,你可以平平安安地回去。乃缦就离开他去了。走了不远,

And he said unto him, Go in peace. So he departed from him a little way.

5:20 神人以利沙的仆人基哈西心里说,我主人不愿从这亚兰人乃缦手里受他带来的礼物,我指着永生的耶和华起誓,我必跑去追上他,向他要些。

But Gehazi, the servant of Elisha the man of God, said, Behold, my master hath spared Naaman this Syrian, in not receiving at his hands that which he brought: but, as the LORD liveth, I will run after him, and take somewhat of him.

5:21 于是基哈西追赶乃缦。乃缦看见有人追赶,就急忙下车迎着他,说,都平安吗。

So Gehazi followed after Naaman. And when Naaman saw him running after him, he lighted down from the chariot to meet him, and said, Is all well?

5:22 说,都平安。我主人打发我来说,刚才有两个少年人,是先知门徒,从以法莲山地来见我,请你赐他们一他连得银子,两套衣裳。

And he said, All is well. My master hath sent me, saying, Behold, even now there be come to me from mount Ephraim two young men of the sons of the prophets: give them, I pray thee, a talent of silver, and two changes of garments.

5:23 乃缦说,请受二他连得。再三地请受,便将二他连得银子装在两个口袋里,又将两套衣裳交给两个仆人。他们就在基哈西前头抬着走。

And Naaman said, Be content, take two talents. And he urged him, and bound two talents of silver in two bags, with two changes of garments, and laid them upon two of his servants; and they bare them before him.

5:24 到了山冈,基哈西从他们手中接过来,放在屋里,打发他们回去。

And when he came to the tower, he took them from their hand, and bestowed them in the house: and he let the men go, and they departed.

5:25 基哈西进去,站在他主人面前。以利沙问他说,基哈西你从哪里来。回答说,仆人没有往哪里去。

But he went in, and stood before his master. And Elisha said unto him, Whence comest thou, Gehazi? And he said, Thy servant went no whither.

5:26 以利沙对他说,那人下车转回迎你的时候,我的心岂没有去呢。这岂是受银子,衣裳,买橄榄园,葡萄园,牛羊,仆婢的时候呢。

And he said unto him, Went not mine heart with thee, when the man turned again from his chariot to meet thee? Is it a time to receive money, and to receive garments, and oliveyards, and vineyards, and sheep, and oxen, and menservants, and maidservants?

5:27 因此,乃缦的大麻疯必沾染你和你的后裔,直到永远。基哈西从以利沙面前退出去,就长了大麻疯,像雪那样白。

The leprosy therefore of Naaman shall cleave unto thee, and unto thy seed for ever. And he went out from his presence a leper as white as snow.

列王记下5参考

圣经常提到大麻疯,究竟这是一种甚么病?
5:1 圣经时代的大麻疯和现代的爱滋病极其相似,是当时最可怕的疾病之一。有些大麻疯极易传染亦无法医治,最严重的会令人死亡。许多患大麻疯的人,被迫住在城外隔离营中。由于乃缦仍然在职,他的病情也许温和些,或者尚属初期,但不管怎样,他都可能会因病丧命(关于圣经时代的大麻疯,请参利13:1-59的注释)。

亚兰和以色列的关系如何?
5:2 亚兰虽在以色列的东北,但两个邻国很少友好。在大卫时代,亚兰向以色列进贡,在以利沙时代,亚兰渐渐强大,常掳掠以色列人,造成政治混乱。乃缦的小使女是以色列人,从家乡被掳而来。非常讽刺的是,乃缦得医治的惟一盼望乃出于以色列。

在福音事工上,我能像这位被掳的小女子那样发挥作用吗?
5:3-4 小使女的信心和乃缦的请求,与以色列王的顽梗(5:7)形成强烈的对比。强国亚兰的军事领袖投靠以色列的神,以色列人的君王反而不寻求神。我们不知道小女孩的姓名,她的详情也不可考,但是她短短的一句话,竟使亚兰军队元帅得到医治并信靠真神。神把她放在那里有他的美意,她也尽上忠心。神把你放在甚么地方?不管人怎样卑微轻贱,他都能使用来传扬他的话语。你要找机会把神的大能告诉别人。没有传道的,谁能信道呢?

为甚么圣经反复强调人的谦卑?谦卑好像不太容易……
5:9-15 乃缦英雄盖世,惯于受人尊敬,以利沙把他当作常人,令他非常恼怒。他心骄气傲,指望别人尊敬他奉若君王。在名川大河里沐浴还可以,但约旦河又小又脏,有失他的身分;不过乃缦只能谦卑,顺从以利沙的命令以便得到医治。
  顺服神由谦卑开始,我们必须相信他的道路高过我们的道路。我们未必能参透他行事的方法,但谦卑顺服就能领受他的赐福。我们必须切记:(1)神的道路最美好;(2)神要我们顺服他胜于一切;(3)神能使用任何事物,以成全他的旨意。

忘记谦卑顺服,可能就会功亏一篑,乃缦教会我……
5:12 乃缦发怒走了,因为治病的方式似乎太简单,他是一个英雄,他指望得到英雄式的医治。他满心骄傲又自作主张,难以用信心接受寻常的疗法。人对于神所赐的赦罪,有时也会有同样的反应:单是相信耶稣基督,这么简单就能使人得到永生吗?顺从神的命令,似乎有损英雄气概。乃缦要想除去大麻疯,跟我们想除去自己的罪,二者所需要做的事其实相同──就是谦卑领受神的怜悯。不要因为对信仰有不同的看法,妨碍你失去所需的救治。

以利沙为何不受乃缦的礼物?我怎样面对别人的酬谢?
5:16 以利沙拒受乃缦馈赠的金钱,表示神的恩惠不是人用钱所能买来的。当我们面对死亡时,我们的金钱和乃缦的财物一样,一点用处也没有。不管我们今生积蓄了多少,一旦站在创造我们的主神面前,都会像云雾一样飞散。惟有我们对耶稣基督的信心才能救我们,这并不是银行存款能做到的。

乃缦得神一次医治便遵神为独一真神,对比自己,我……
5:18-19 乃缦向异教偶像屈身的罪怎样得到赦免?他并没有请求批准去拜临门神,只是尽他作下属的责任,在亚兰王屈身下拜的时候,扶王屈身与起立。哈达临门神是大马士革的神,据说司雨水与雷电。乃缦与其他人不同,他对神的大能有深切的体验和认识,他没有把真神加在本族的偶像群中,乃是承认只有一位独一的真神。他在此求赦免,显出他与拜偶像的以色列人的鲜明对比。

基哈西收礼物错在哪里?
5:20-27 基哈西见主人以利沙不受乃缦的酬谢,他出于贪念要求馈送,认为这是发财的大好良机。可惜,在他的计划中有三个不当之处:(1)他想接受本来是送给别人的金钱。(2)他误导人以为金钱可以换取神白白赐下的医治。(3)他既撒谎,又隐瞒自己接受金钱的动机。他虽然是个得力助手,但把个人的利益看得比事奉神还重要。
  这里并不是说金钱本身是邪恶的,或者说教牧人员做工不应当得报酬;它乃是警告我们不要贪心与欺骗。真正的事奉乃是出于爱神,应当对他专心一意,而不是寻求个人的收益。你事奉神的时候,请检讨自己的动机;你不能既事奉神,又事奉金钱(参太6:24)。

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