列王记下16 Kings

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

16:1 利玛利的儿子比加十七年,犹大王约坦的儿子亚哈斯登基。

In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah began to reign.

16:2 他登基的时候年二十岁,在耶路撒冷作王十六年。不像他祖大卫行耶和华他神眼中看为正的事,

Twenty years old was Ahaz when he began to reign, and reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem, and did not that which was right in the sight of the LORD his God, like David his father.

16:3 却效法以色列诸王所行的,又照着耶和华从以色列人面前赶出的外邦人所行可憎的事,使他的儿子经火,

But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, yea, and made his son to pass through the fire, according to the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel.

16:4 并在邱坛上,山冈上,各青翠树下献祭烧香。

And he sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places, and on the hills, and under every green tree.

16:5 亚兰王利汛和以色列王利玛利的儿子比加上来攻打耶路撒冷,围困亚哈斯,却不能胜他。

Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to war: and they besieged Ahaz, but could not overcome him.

16:6 当时亚兰王利汛收回以拉他归与亚兰,将犹大人从以拉他赶出去。亚兰人(有作以东人的)就来到以拉他,住在那里,直到今日。

At that time Rezin king of Syria recovered Elath to Syria, and drave the Jews from Elath: and the Syrians came to Elath, and dwelt there unto this day.

16:7 亚哈斯差遣使者去见亚述王提革拉毗列色,说,我是你的仆人,你的儿子。现在亚兰王和以色列王攻击我,求你来救我脱离他们的手。

So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, which rise up against me.

16:8 亚哈斯将耶和华殿里和王宫府库里所有的金银都送给亚述王为礼物。

And Ahaz took the silver and gold that was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king’s house, and sent it for a present to the king of Assyria.

16:9 亚述王应允了他,就上去攻打大马士革,将城攻取,杀了利汛,把居民掳到吉珥。

And the king of Assyria hearkened unto him: for the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it, and carried the people of it captive to Kir, and slew Rezin.

16:10 亚哈斯王上大马士革去迎接亚述王提革拉毗列色,在大马士革看见一座坛,就照坛的规模样式作法画了图样,送到祭司乌利亚那里。

And king Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and saw an altar that was at Damascus: and king Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the fashion of the altar, and the pattern of it, according to all the workmanship thereof.

16:11 祭司乌利亚照着亚哈斯王从大马士革送来的图样,在亚哈斯王没有从大马士革回来之先,建筑一座坛。

And Urijah the priest built an altar according to all that king Ahaz had sent from Damascus: so Urijah the priest made it against king Ahaz came from Damascus.

16:12 王从大马士革回来看见坛,就近前来,在坛上献祭。

And when the king was come from Damascus, the king saw the altar: and the king approached to the altar, and offered thereon.

16:13 烧燔祭,素祭,浇奠祭,将平安祭牲的血洒在坛上,

And he burnt his burnt offering and his meat offering, and poured his drink offering, and sprinkled the blood of his peace offerings, upon the altar.

16:14 又将耶和华面前的铜坛从耶和华殿和新坛的中间搬到新坛的北边。

And he brought also the brasen altar, which was before the LORD, from the forefront of the house, from between the altar and the house of the LORD, and put it on the north side of the altar.

16:15 亚哈斯王吩咐祭司乌利亚说,早晨的燔祭,晚上的素祭,王的燔祭,素祭,国内众民的燔祭,素祭,奠祭都要烧在大坛上。燔祭牲和平安祭牲的血也要洒在这坛上,只是铜坛我要用以求问耶和华。

And king Ahaz commanded Urijah the priest, saying, Upon the great altar burn the morning burnt offering, and the evening meat offering, and the king’s burnt sacrifice, and his meat offering, with the burnt offering of all the people of the land, and their meat offering, and their drink offerings; and sprinkle upon it all the blood of the burnt offering, and all the blood of the sacrifice: and the brasen altar shall be for me to enquire by.

16:16 祭司乌利亚就照着亚哈斯王所吩咐的行了。

Thus did Urijah the priest, according to all that king Ahaz commanded.

16:17 亚哈斯王打掉盆座四面镶着的心子,把盆从座上挪下来,又将铜海从驮海的铜牛上搬下来,放在铺石地。

And king Ahaz cut off the borders of the bases, and removed the laver from off them; and took down the sea from off the brasen oxen that were under it, and put it upon a pavement of stones.

16:18 又因亚述王的缘故,将耶和华殿为安息日所盖的廊子和王从外入殿的廊子挪移,围绕耶和华的殿。

And the covert for the sabbath that they had built in the house, and the king’s entry without, turned he from the house of the LORD for the king of Assyria.

16:19 亚哈斯其馀所行的事都写在犹大列王记上。

Now the rest of the acts of Ahaz which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

16:20 亚哈斯与他列祖同睡,葬在大卫城他列祖的坟地里。他儿子希西家接续他作王。

And Ahaz slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David: and Hezekiah his son reigned in his stead.

列王记下16参考

“使儿子经火”,这是……
16:3 亚哈斯败坏到将儿女献给外邦神为祭。这是迦南人的习俗,以色列人本应赶走迦南人并清除他们的恶俗。

以色列与亚兰、犹大与亚述,千丝万缕的政治关系──
16:5 以色列与亚兰都受亚述统治,他们联合对付犹大,想强迫这南方之国和他们共抗亚述,强化他们的西部联盟。但是犹大王亚哈斯竟然向亚述求助(16:8-9),他们的计划即告吹。

邪恶蒙蔽了亚哈斯的心,后果 ……
16:10 亚哈斯前往大马士革,向提革拉□列色王表示感激效忠。因为亚述军攻占了亚兰人的首都大马士革(公元前732年),亚哈斯惧怕南部会有动汤,就想倚靠金钱而不想依靠神把这强大的君王拒于国境之外,但他的打算未能成功。虽然提革拉□列色当时没有攻占犹大,却也为其带来诸多苦难,令亚哈斯后悔寻求亚述的援助(参代下28:20-21)。

古时今天都有人把神当招牌,护身符──至于我……
16:10-16 邪恶的亚哈斯王沿袭异教习俗,改变圣殿的用途,用圣殿祭坛来为个人图利(作占卜求问)。他这样行,是漠视神的命令。我们会谴责亚哈斯,但如果我们想利用神来迎合自己的爱好,就是亚哈斯的翻版。我们必须以他是神来敬拜他,而不是出于私心,想他成为一个怎样的神来敬拜他。

亚哈斯这样做好像不太妥当,是有点想取代神吧──我在哪方面试图更改神的心意和方式?
16:14-18 亚哈斯仿照大马士革坛的样子造祭坛,来代替燔祭祭坛。(原来的铜祭坛并没有扔掉,他用来占卜、求问神。铜盆本来是洗祭牲用的,铜海是圣殿用作贮水的大池。)这是极其严重的亵渎,因为神已经明示,人应当怎样造祭坛及如何使用(参出27:1-8)。建造新祭坛就好像立一个新的偶像。由于犹大沦为亚述的附庸,所以亚哈斯王极力想讨亚述王喜悦。亚哈斯让亚述王代替神作犹大的领袖,这是何等悲哀的事。不管人如何卓尔不凡或权势能力兼备,也不能代替神来领导我们。

祭司的职责是甚么?现今属灵领袖怎样发挥应有的作用?
16:18 亚哈斯变成怯弱的王,他有一个软弱妥协的大祭司,犹大的宗教系统也就一蹋糊涂。它是建立在异教的习俗上,首领只想讨好掌权者。如果我们一心仿效别人、讨好别人,就是看重人过于神,必招来危险。

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