列王记下15 Kings

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

15:1 以色列王耶罗波安二十七年,犹大王亚玛谢的儿子亚撒利雅登基,

In the twenty and seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel began Azariah son of Amaziah king of Judah to reign.

15:2 他登基的时候年十六岁,在耶路撒冷作王五十二年。他母亲名叫耶可利雅,是耶路撒冷人。

Sixteen years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned two and fifty years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Jecholiah of Jerusalem.

15:3 亚撒利雅行耶和华眼中看为正的事,效法他父亲亚玛谢一切所行的。

And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father Amaziah had done;

15:4 只是邱坛还没有废去,百姓仍在那里献祭烧香。

Save that the high places were not removed: the people sacrificed and burnt incense still on the high places.

15:5 耶和华降灾与王,使他长大麻疯,直到死日,他就住在别的宫里。他的儿子约坦管理家事,治理国民。

And the LORD smote the king, so that he was a leper unto the day of his death, and dwelt in a several house. And Jotham the king’s son was over the house, judging the people of the land.

15:6 亚撒利雅其馀的事,凡他所行的都写在犹大列王记上。

And the rest of the acts of Azariah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

15:7 亚撒利雅与他列祖同睡,葬在大卫城他列祖的坟地里。他儿子约坦接续他作王。

So Azariah slept with his fathers; and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David: and Jotham his son reigned in his stead.

15:8 犹大王亚撒利雅三十八年,耶罗波安的儿子撒迦利雅在撒马利亚作以色列王六个月。

In the thirty and eighth year of Azariah king of Judah did Zachariah the son of Jeroboam reign over Israel in Samaria six months.

15:9 他行耶和华眼中看为恶的事,效法他列祖所行的,不离开尼八的儿子耶罗波安使以色列人陷在罪里的那罪。

And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, as his fathers had done: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.

15:10 雅比的儿子沙龙背叛他,在百姓面前击杀他,篡了他的位。

And Shallum the son of Jabesh conspired against him, and smote him before the people, and slew him, and reigned in his stead.

15:11 撒迦利雅其馀的事都写在以色列诸王记上。

And the rest of the acts of Zachariah, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.

15:12 这是从前耶和华应许耶户说,你的子孙必坐以色列的国位直到四代。这话果然应验了。

This was the word of the LORD which he spake unto Jehu, saying, Thy sons shall sit on the throne of Israel unto the fourth generation. And so it came to pass.

15:13 犹大王乌西雅(就是亚撒利雅)三十九年,雅比的儿子沙龙登基在撒马利亚作王一个月。

Shallum the son of Jabesh began to reign in the nine and thirtieth year of Uzziah king of Judah; and he reigned a full month in Samaria.

15:14 迦底的儿子米拿现从得撒上撒马利亚,杀了雅比的儿子沙龙,篡了他的位。

For Menahem the son of Gadi went up from Tirzah, and came to Samaria, and smote Shallum the son of Jabesh in Samaria, and slew him, and reigned in his stead.

15:15 沙龙其馀的事和他背叛的情形都写在以色列诸王记上。

And the rest of the acts of Shallum, and his conspiracy which he made, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.

15:16 那时米拿现从得撒起攻打提斐萨和其四境,击杀城中一切的人,剖开其中所有的孕妇,都因他们没有给他开城。

Then Menahem smote Tiphsah, and all that were therein, and the coasts thereof from Tirzah: because they opened not to him, therefore he smote it; and all the women therein that were with child he ripped up.

15:17 犹大王亚撒利雅三十九年,迦底的儿子米拿现登基,在撒马利亚作以色列王十年。

In the nine and thirtieth year of Azariah king of Judah began Menahem the son of Gadi to reign over Israel, and reigned ten years in Samaria.

15:18 他行耶和华眼中看为恶的事,终身不离开尼八的儿子耶罗波安使以色列人陷在罪里的那罪。

And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD: he departed not all his days from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.

15:19 亚述王普勒来攻击以色列国,米拿现给他一千他连得银子,请普勒帮助他坚定国位。

And Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver, that his hand might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand.

15:20 米拿现向以色列一切大富户索要银子,使他们各出五十舍客勒,就给了亚述王。于是亚述王回去,不在国中停留。

And Menahem exacted the money of Israel, even of all the mighty men of wealth, of each man fifty shekels of silver, to give to the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria turned back, and stayed not there in the land.

15:21 米拿现其馀的事,凡他所行的都写在以色列诸王记上。

And the rest of the acts of Menahem, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

15:22 米拿现与他列祖同睡。他儿子比加辖接续他作王。

And Menahem slept with his fathers; and Pekahiah his son reigned in his stead.

15:23 犹大王亚撒利雅五十年,米拿现的儿子比加辖在撒马利亚登基作以色列王二年。

In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.

15:24 他行耶和华眼中看为恶的事,不离开尼八的儿子耶罗波安使以色列人陷在罪里的那罪。

And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.

15:25 比加辖的将军,利玛利的儿子比加背叛他,在撒马利亚王宫里的卫所杀了他。亚珥歌伯和亚利耶并基列的五十人帮助比加。比加击杀他,篡了他的位。

But Pekah the son of Remaliah, a captain of his, conspired against him, and smote him in Samaria, in the palace of the king’s house, with Argob and Arieh, and with him fifty men of the Gileadites: and he killed him, and reigned in his room.

15:26 比加辖其馀的事,凡他所行的都写在以色列诸王记上。

And the rest of the acts of Pekahiah, and all that he did, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.

15:27 犹大王亚撒利雅五十二年,利玛利的儿子比加在撒马利亚登基作以色列王二十年。

In the two and fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekah the son of Remaliah began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years.

15:28 他行耶和华眼中看为恶的事,不离开尼八的儿子耶罗波安使以色列人陷在罪里的那罪。

And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.

15:29 以色列王比加年间,亚述王提革拉毗列色来夺了以云,亚伯伯玛迦,亚挪,基低斯,夏琐,基列,加利利,和拿弗他利全地,将这些地方的居民都掳到亚述去了。

In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abelbethmaachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.

15:30 乌西雅的儿子约坦二十年,以拉的儿子何细亚背叛利玛利的儿子比加,击杀他,篡了他的位。

And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.

15:31 比加其馀的事,凡他所行的都写在以色列诸王记上。

And the rest of the acts of Pekah, and all that he did, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.

15:32 以色列王利玛利的儿子比加第二年,犹大王乌西雅的儿子约坦登基。

In the second year of Pekah the son of Remaliah king of Israel began Jotham the son of Uzziah king of Judah to reign.

15:33 他登基的时候年二十五岁,在耶路撒冷作王十六年。他母亲名叫耶路沙,是撒督的女儿。

Five and twenty years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Jerusha, the daughter of Zadok.

15:34 约坦行耶和华眼中看为正的事,效法他父亲乌西雅一切所行的。

And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD: he did according to all that his father Uzziah had done.

15:35 只是邱坛还没有废去,百姓仍在那里献祭烧香。约坦建立耶和华殿的上门。

Howbeit the high places were not removed: the people sacrificed and burned incense still in the high places. He built the higher gate of the house of the LORD.

15:36 约坦其馀的事,凡他所行的都写在犹大列王记上。

Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

15:37 在那些日子,耶和华才使亚兰王利汛和利玛利的儿子比加去攻击犹大。

In those days the LORD began to send against Judah Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah.

15:38 约坦与他列祖同睡,葬在他祖大卫城他列祖的坟地里。他儿子亚哈斯接续他作王。

And Jotham slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father: and Ahaz his son reigned in his stead.

列王记下15参考

亚撒利亚是个怎样的王?有何贡献?
15:1 亚撒利雅又名乌西雅。在历代志下26章对他有更详细的叙述,(在赛1:1与6:1也提到他)。在他登基以前,以色列王约阿施打败犹大,掳去亚玛谢王、拆毁耶路撒冷的城墙约184公尺之多(14:13;下25:23-24)。亚撒利雅作王的五十二年间,犹大重修了京城的城墙,安置好防御工事并巩固城防,不受以色列辖制。他对神专一敬虔,使犹大国享受到继所罗门作王以后仅有的繁荣安定。

在事奉中怎样跟随主,效法主的榜样?
15:4 亚撒利雅虽然建树良多,但未能将邱坛除去,就是犹大设立异教庙宇的地方。他父亲亚玛谢与祖父约阿施也未能清理邱坛。他从小就留意仿效前任贤王的所作所为。他的父亲与祖父虽然已算是贤君,但在关键之处仍不足以为表率。要想免受不良影响,必须选择好的榜样。主基督是完美无瑕的榜样。不管你背景如何,受过何种教育,你都可以效法主基督的榜样,一心一意地照他的行事为人而活,努力向上。

列王期间父子共同执政的事例不少,其好处是──
15:5 约坦与父亲亚撒利雅共同执政有十年之久。父子一同执政的原因可能是:(1)父亲年纪老迈需人帮助。(2)父亲想训练儿子,领导全国。(3)父亲患病或被掳。在列王时代有许多共同执政的事;亚撒与约沙法;约沙法与约兰;亚撒利雅与约坦;约阿施与耶罗波安二世;亚哈斯与希西家等。

为何以色列各王都效法耶罗波安,使百姓犯罪呢?我们如何与罪的传统抗争?
15:8 撒迦利雅是个昏君,他鼓励国民犯罪及敬拜偶像。罪恶在我们生活中是严重的事,鼓励别人犯罪不顺服神,更是罪大恶极。我们若影响别人,使人败坏,是罪责难逃的。必须小心,千万不要罪上加罪,因为这不但伤害自己,由于鼓励别人犯罪,也使他们受伤害。

撒迦利雅的死应验了──
15:10 先知阿摩司曾警告撒迦利雅,他必很快死亡,耶罗波安二世的王朝也将随之终结(参摩7:9)。

米拿现是甚么人?
15:14 古代文献说米拿现是耶罗波安二世的元帅(参14:23-29,记述耶罗波安二世作王时的情形)。耶罗波安二世的儿子被暗杀(15:8-10),米拿现可能认为应当作以色列王合法继承人的,是他而不是沙龙。

从米拿现的残忍表现,也可看出他的人品──
15:18 米拿现和他先前的列王一样,“行耶和华眼中看为恶的事”,作君王的竟会留下这样可怕的臭名!国家元首对国民影响极深,他们的榜样和政府架构,可以鼓励人民敬畏神,也可令民众离弃神。优秀的领导人不会阻碍别人信靠神过敬虔的生活。

亚述羽翼渐丰,终于扑向以色列……
15:19-20 普勒(又称为“提革拉□列色”15:29)登基作亚述王,亚述帝国成为世界强国,亚兰、以色列与犹大的国势尽皆衰落。这是在列王纪下第一次提到亚述。普勒在公元前743年入侵以色列,使以色列沦为亚述的附庸国,米拿现被迫向他们纳贡。这是亚述三次入侵中的第一次(15:19与17:6讲到另外的两次)。

15:30 何细亚是北国以色列的末代君王。

与乌西雅同时代的先知有──
15:32 在比加作王一年以后,犹大王乌西雅(又称为亚撒利雅)逝世,先知以赛亚看到神的圣洁,又看见以色列将来败亡的异象。详情见以赛亚书第6章。

约坦有何功过?能不能相抵?
15:34-35 约坦作犹大王虽有不少政绩,但是他未能完成最重要的事──除去邱坛,显然违背神的第一条诫命(参出20:3)。我们也可能和约坦一样,一生做了不少的善事,却忽略了做最重要的事。即使我们一生行善顺从神,但是如果在最重要的事上犯错,也是无益。真正信从神之人,要凡事都将神放在首位。

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