列王记上19 Kings

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

19:1 亚哈将以利亚一切所行的和他用刀杀众先知的事都告诉耶洗别。

And Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done, and withal how he had slain all the prophets with the sword.

19:2 耶洗别就差遣人去见以利亚,告诉他说,明日约在这时候,我若不使你的性命像那些人的性命一样,愿神明重重地降罚与我。

Then Jezebel sent a messenger unto Elijah, saying, So let the gods do to me, and more also, if I make not thy life as the life of one of them by to morrow about this time.

19:3 以利亚见这光景就起来逃命,到了犹大的别是巴,将仆人留在那里,

And when he saw that, he arose, and went for his life, and came to Beersheba, which belongeth to Judah, and left his servant there.

19:4 自己在旷野走了一日的路程,来到一棵罗腾树下(罗腾,小树名,松类。下同),就坐在那里求死,说,耶和华阿,吧了。求你取我的性命,因为我不胜于我的列祖。

But he himself went a day’s journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree: and he requested for himself that he might die; and said, It is enough; now, O LORD, take away my life; for I am not better than my fathers.

19:5 他就躺在罗腾树下,睡着了。有一个天使拍他,说,起来吃吧。

And as he lay and slept under a juniper tree, behold, then an angel touched him, and said unto him, Arise and eat.

19:6 他观看,见头旁有一瓶水与炭火烧的饼,他就吃了喝了,仍然躺下。

And he looked, and, behold, there was a cake baken on the coals, and a cruse of water at his head. And he did eat and drink, and laid him down again.

19:7 耶和华的使者第二次来拍他,说,起来吃吧。因为你当走的路甚远。

And the angel of the LORD came again the second time, and touched him, and said, Arise and eat; because the journey is too great for thee.

19:8 他就起来吃了喝了,仗着这饮食的力,走了四十昼夜,到了神的山,就是何烈山。

And he arose, and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of that meat forty days and forty nights unto Horeb the mount of God.

19:9 他在那里进了一个洞,就住在洞中。耶和华的话临到他说,以利亚阿,你在这里作什么。

And he came thither unto a cave, and lodged there; and, behold, the word of the LORD came to him, and he said unto him, What doest thou here, Elijah?

19:10 他说,我为耶和华万军之神大发热心。因为以色列人背弃了你的约,毁坏了你的坛,用刀杀了你的先知,只剩下我一个人,他们还要寻索我的命。

And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: for the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away.

19:11 耶和华说,你出来站在山上,在我面前。那时耶和华从那里经过,在他面前有烈风大作,崩山碎石,耶和华却不在风中。风后地震,耶和华却不在其中。

And he said, Go forth, and stand upon the mount before the LORD. And, behold, the LORD passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and brake in pieces the rocks before the LORD; but the LORD was not in the wind: and after the wind an earthquake; but the LORD was not in the earthquake:

19:12 地震后有火,耶和华也不在火中。火后有微小的声音。

And after the earthquake a fire; but the LORD was not in the fire: and after the fire a still small voice.

19:13 以利亚听见,就用外衣蒙上脸,出来站在洞口。有声音向他说,以利亚阿,你在这里作什么。

And it was so, when Elijah heard it, that he wrapped his face in his mantle, and went out, and stood in the entering in of the cave. And, behold, there came a voice unto him, and said, What doest thou here, Elijah?

19:14 他说,我为耶和华万军之神大发热心。因为以色列人背弃了你的约,毁坏了你的坛,用刀杀了你的先知,只剩下我一个人,他们还要寻索我的命。

And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: because the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away.

19:15 耶和华对他说,你回去,从旷野往大马士革去。到了那里,就要膏哈薛作亚兰王,

And the LORD said unto him, Go, return on thy way to the wilderness of Damascus: and when thou comest, anoint Hazael to be king over Syria:

19:16 又膏宁示的孙子耶户作以色列王,并膏亚伯米何拉人沙法的儿子以利沙作先知接续你。

And Jehu the son of Nimshi shalt thou anoint to be king over Israel: and Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abelmeholah shalt thou anoint to be prophet in thy room.

19:17 将来躲避哈薛之刀的,必被耶户所杀。躲避耶户之刀的,必被以利沙所杀。

And it shall come to pass, that him that escapeth the sword of Hazael shall Jehu slay: and him that escapeth from the sword of Jehu shall Elisha slay.

19:18 但我在以色列人中为自己留下七千人,是未曾向巴力屈膝的,未曾与巴力亲嘴的。

Yet I have left me seven thousand in Israel, all the knees which have not bowed unto Baal, and every mouth which hath not kissed him.

19:19 于是,以利亚离开那里走了,遇见沙法的儿子以利沙耕地。在他前头有十二对牛,自己赶着第十二对。以利亚到他那里去,将自己的外衣搭在他身上。

So he departed thence, and found Elisha the son of Shaphat, who was plowing with twelve yoke of oxen before him, and he with the twelfth: and Elijah passed by him, and cast his mantle upon him.

19:20 以利沙就离开牛,跑到以利亚那里,说,求你容我先与父母亲嘴,然后我便跟随你。以利亚对他说,你回去吧,我向你作了什么呢。

And he left the oxen, and ran after Elijah, and said, Let me, I pray thee, kiss my father and my mother, and then I will follow thee. And he said unto him, Go back again: for what have I done to thee?

19:21 以利沙就离开他回去,宰了一对牛,用套牛的器具煮肉给民吃,随后就起身跟随以利亚,服事他。

And he returned back from him, and took a yoke of oxen, and slew them, and boiled their flesh with the instruments of the oxen, and gave unto the people, and they did eat. Then he arose, and went after Elijah, and ministered unto him.

列王记上19参考

耶洗别要杀害以利亚,单是因信仰的分歧吗?
19:2 耶洗别听到她的众先知被杀,非常震怒,因为他们会讲她爱听的话,奉承她未来满有权势与光荣。他们的工作是把君王与王后神化,帮助他们的国度长存。耶洗别发怒的原因还由于她的支持者被除灭,有损她的虚荣与权威。她在这一班先知身上所花的金钱也付诸东流。
  杀死耶洗别众先知的以利亚,一直是她肋旁的刺,因为他常常预言她的败亡命运。她无法阻止先知的行动,所以一心想杀死他。因只要有神的先知在她身旁,她就不能随心所欲地作恶。

勇士也有软弱的时候,何况是我这个普通人,怎办?
19:3-8 以利亚赢得两场重大的属灵胜利,打败了巴力的众先知,神又垂听他的祷告,降下雨来。此后他却精疲力尽、沮丧灰心。当人经历了大的属灵体验,尤其在支出了不少的体能或精力以后,常常会感到精神不振。神为使以利亚振作起来,先叫他休息、吃饭、补充体力,然后叫他认识到:他需要回去做他的工作──在以色列传讲他的信息。他的争战并没有完结,神仍然有工作叫他去做。当你经过一场大的属灵争战,而感到精神不振的时候,要记住:你一生的工作尚未完毕,神还要使用你。

有神同在,人能由软弱变刚强,以利亚能在禁食中走四十昼夜,你相信吗?
19:8 以利亚逃到何烈山,那是神以前呼召摩西,藉著他将律法传给百姓的圣地。神一定赐给以利亚特别的力量,使他能够在没有其他食品补充的情况下,走三百二十多公里远的路程。他和以前的摩西,以后的主耶稣一样,曾禁食四十昼夜(参申9:9;太4:1-2)。八百多年以后,他和摩西与主耶稣在同一座山顶上相聚(参路9:28-36)。

孤独中我能记得神和其他信徒吗?能令我积极面对生活吗?
19:10 以利亚觉得他是全国仅存的忠仆。他看到朝廷与祭司的败坏,他在迦密山大胜巴力先知以后开始逃亡。他感到孤单、沮丧,竟忘记在全国败坏的时候,还有其他人仍然忠于神。当你以为自己是惟一仍忠于神任务之人的时候,不要为自己难过;自怨自艾、自怜自卑都会削弱你所做的善工。你大可以放心,即使你不知道其他人在何方,但他们照样在忠心顺服神,执行他们的任务。

神用各种奇妙方式跟人交通,你听过神的声音吗?
19:11-13 以利亚知道那微小的声音,是神的声音。他明白神会以任何奇妙的方式显明他自己。如果想在伟大的场合里(大聚会、教会、议会、显赫的人身上)寻找神,可能找不到,因为他常常在谦卑人的心中,在人安静之时以柔和的微声对人说话。你是否在聆听神说话?请停下忙碌的生活和工作,谦卑安静地恭听他的引领。他可能在你意想不到的时候对你讲话。

神吩咐以利亚去膏的这三个人有敌有友、有接班人──
19:15-16 神吩咐以利亚去膏三个不同的人。第一个是膏哈薛作亚兰王。神叫他去膏一个敌国君王,是要使用亚兰王作他的工具,用以处罚以色列人犯的罪。亚兰从外邦带给以色列人刑罚。
  以利亚所要膏立为王的第二个人是耶户,他给以色列人内部的刑罚。耶户作以色列王之后,他要除灭所有敬拜假神巴力的人(参王下9:10)。
  神吩咐以利亚所要膏立的第三位,是要接续他作先知的以利沙。以利沙的任务是在北国以色列工作,使人民的心回转归向神。当时约沙法作南国犹大的王,是对神敬虔的人。

在交出权柄方面,以利亚也为人树立了榜样……
19:19 外衣对当时的人来说是相当重要的,可以用来御寒、当作被褥、坐垫或包裹物件,也可以用它作抵押品借贷,或将之撕裂,以表示悲哀。以利亚将他的外衣披在以利沙的肩上,表明要他作自己的继任人。后来以利亚把他的权柄完全交给以利沙,也将外衣留给他(参王下2:11-14)。

我跟随主有以利沙那么坚决果断,义无反顾吗?
19:21 以利沙杀了牛,表示一心一意跟随以利亚。他没有了牛,意味著无法再回去过富裕的农夫生活。他将牛煮了,不但在农民中大摆筵席,更是向耶和华献上的感谢祭,因为神拣选他作他的先知。

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