出埃及记16 Exodus

章: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

16:1 以色列全会众从以琳起行,在出埃及后第二个月十五日到了以琳和西奈中间,汛的旷野。

And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt.

16:2 以色列全会众在旷野向摩西,亚伦发怨言,

And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:

16:3 说,巴不得我们早死在埃及地,耶和华的手下,那时我们坐在肉锅旁边,吃得饱足。你们将我们领出来,到这旷野,是要叫这全会众都饿死阿。

And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.

16:4 耶和华对摩西说,我要将粮食从天降给你们。百姓可以出去,每天收每天的分,我好试验他们遵不遵我的法度。

Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no.

16:5 到第六天,他们要把所收进来的预备好了,比每天所收的多一倍。

And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.

16:6 摩西,亚伦对以色列众人说,到了晚上,你们要知道是耶和华将你们从埃及地领出来的。

And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel, At even, then ye shall know that the LORD hath brought you out from the land of Egypt:

16:7 早晨,你们要看见耶和华的荣耀,因为耶和华听见你们向他所发的怨言了。我们算什么,你们竟向我们发怨言呢。

And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that he heareth your murmurings against the LORD: and what are we, that ye murmur against us?

16:8 摩西又说,耶和华晚上必给你们肉吃,早晨必给你们食物得饱,因为你们向耶和华发的怨言,他都听见了。我们算什么,你们的怨言不是向我们发的,乃是向耶和华发的。

And Moses said, This shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the LORD heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what are we? your murmurings are not against us, but against the LORD.

16:9 摩西对亚伦说,你告诉以色列全会众说,你们就近耶和华面前,因为他已经听见你们的怨言了。

And Moses spake unto Aaron, Say unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, Come near before the LORD: for he hath heard your murmurings.

16:10 亚伦正对以色列全会众说话的时候,他们向旷野观看,不料,耶和华的荣光在云中显现。

And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud.

16:11 耶和华晓谕摩西说,

And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

16:12 我已经听见以色列人的怨言。你告诉他们说,到黄昏的时候,你们要吃肉,早晨必有食物得饱,你们就知道我是耶和华你们的神。

I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God.

16:13 到了晚上,有鹌鹑飞来,遮满了营,早晨在营四围的地上有露水。

And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host.

16:14 露水上升之后,不料,野地面上有如白霜的小圆物。

And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground.

16:15 以色列人看见,不知道是什么,就彼此对问说,这是什么呢。摩西对他们说,这就是耶和华给你们吃的食物。

And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat.

16:16 耶和华所吩咐的是这样,你们要按着各人的饭量,为帐棚里的人,按着人数收起来,各拿一俄梅珥。

This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for every man, according to the number of your persons; take ye every man for them which are in his tents.

16:17 以色列人就这样行,有多收的,有少收的。

And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less.

16:18 及至用俄梅珥量一量,多收的也没有馀,少收的也没有缺,各人按着自己的饭量收取。

And when they did mete it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating.

16:19 摩西对他们说,所收的,不许什么人留到早晨。

And Moses said, Let no man leave of it till the morning.

16:20 然而他们不听摩西的话,内中有留到早晨的,就生虫变臭了,摩西便向他们发怒。

Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and Moses was wroth with them.

16:21 他们每日早晨,按着各人的饭量收取,日头一发热,就消化了。

And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted.

16:22 到第六天,他们收了双倍的食物,每人两俄梅珥。会众的官长来告诉摩西,

And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.

16:23 摩西对他们说,耶和华这样说,明天是圣安息日,是向耶和华守的圣安息日。你们要烤的就烤了,要煮的就煮了,所剩下的都留到早晨。

And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.

16:24 他们就照摩西的吩咐留到早晨,也不臭,里头也没有虫子。

And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein.

16:25 摩西说,你们今天吃这个吧,因为今天是向耶和华守的安息日,你们在田野必找不着了。

And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field.

16:26 六天可以收取,第七天乃是安息日,那一天必没有了。

Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none.

16:27 第七天,百姓中有人出去收,什么也找不着。

And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none.

16:28 耶和华对摩西说,你们不肯守我的诫命和律法,要到几时呢。

And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws?

16:29 你们看,耶和华既将安息日赐给你们,所以第六天他赐给你们两天的食物,第七天各人要住在自己的地方,不许什么人出去。

See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.

16:30 于是百姓第七天安息了。

So the people rested on the seventh day.

16:31 这食物,以色列家叫吗哪,样子像芫荽子,颜色是白的,滋味如同搀蜜的薄饼。

And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna: and it was like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey.

16:32 摩西说,耶和华所吩咐的是这样,要将一满俄梅珥(俄梅珥乃伊法十分之一)吗哪留到世世代代,使后人可以看见我当日将你们领出埃及地,在旷野所给你们吃的食物。

And Moses said, This is the thing which the LORD commandeth, Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations; that they may see the bread wherewith I have fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.

16:33 摩西对亚伦说,你拿一个罐子,盛一满俄梅珥吗哪,存在耶和华面前,要留到世世代代。

And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations.

16:34 耶和华怎吗吩咐摩西,亚伦就怎吗行,把吗哪放在法柜前存留。

As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept.

16:35 以色列人吃吗哪共四十年,直到进了有人居住之地,就是迦南的境界。

And the children of Israel did eat manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan.

16:36 *

Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah.


16:1 汛的旷野乃是一大片布满沙土与岩石的广阔荒漠,草木不生,如此的环境,正适合神试炼并塑造他的百姓。

16:2 以色列人故态复萌。他们遇到了危险、物质匮乏与艰难困苦,不但大大地埋怨摩西与亚伦,甚至还盼望早日回埃及去,不过神仍亲自供给他们所需要的一切。逆境常令人忧虑不安,本能地怨天尤人。身处逆境,他们不检讨对神缺少信靠才导致困难重重,只是想尽快逃避艰难。你受到重压之时,要抵挡逃避现实的心态,并要专心仰望神的大能与智慧,以帮助你冲破困局。

16:4-5 神在旷野应许供给以色列人粮食,满足他们的需要;不过他要试验各人是否顺服,他要知道百姓会否遵守他的吩咐。只有顺服神才能学到信靠,这样的功课必须一步一步地学习。

16:14-16 以色列人在旷野时,每天早上有类似白霜的小圆物──吗哪出现(16:31)。百姓要到外面拾取,将它像谷粒一样地磨碎,做成有如搀蜜的薄饼。这些吗哪每早降下,是神赐给他们满足肉体需要的食物。耶稣在约翰福音中,将自己比作吗哪,是我们每天的生命粮,能满足我们属灵上的需要(6:48-51)。

16:23 以色列人在安息日不可以做工──甚至生火煮饭也不可。这是甚么原因?神知道日常忙碌的生活,很容易令人分心而不敬拜他。人常常让工作、家务、娱乐、休闲占满整天,却没有时间敬拜神。所以我们必须预留亲近神的时间。

16:32 以色列人要用特别的器皿盛吗哪,用以纪念神在旷野对他们的供给。在基督教的敬拜中,象徵常占重要的地位。我们使用象徵(例如圣餐中的饼与葡萄汁),纪念神的作为。象徵对敬拜很有帮助,只是我们必须小心,不要把它当作敬拜的对象。

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