出埃及记14 Exodus

章: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

14:1 耶和华晓谕摩西说,

And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

14:2 你吩咐以色列人转回,安营在比哈希录前,密夺和海的中间,对着巴力洗分,靠近海边安营。

Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn and encamp before Pihahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against Baalzephon: before it shall ye encamp by the sea.

14:3 法老必说,以色列人在地中绕迷了,旷野把他们困住了。

For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in.

14:4 我要使法老的心刚硬,他要追赶他们,我便在法老和他全军身上得荣耀,埃及人就知道我是耶和华。于是以色列人这样行了。

And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, that he shall follow after them; and I will be honoured upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD. And they did so.

14:5 有人告诉埃及王说,百姓逃跑。法老和他的臣仆就向百姓变心,说,我们容以色列人去,不再服事我们,这作的是什么事呢。

And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?

14:6 法老就预备他的车辆,带领军兵同去,

And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with him:

14:7 并带着六百辆特选的车和埃及所有的车,每辆都有车兵长。

And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

14:8 耶和华使埃及王法老的心刚硬,他就追赶以色列人,因为以色列人是昂然无惧地出埃及。

And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with an high hand.

14:9 埃及人追赶他们,法老一切的马匹,车辆,马兵,与军兵就在海边上,靠近比哈希录,对着巴力洗分,在他们安营的地方追上了。

But the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pihahiroth, before Baalzephon.

14:10 法老临近的时候,以色列人举目看见埃及人赶来,就甚惧怕,向耶和华哀求。

And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after them; and they were sore afraid: and the children of Israel cried out unto the LORD.

14:11 他们对摩西说,难道在埃及没有坟地,你把我们带来死在旷野吗。你为什么这样待我们,将我们从埃及领出来呢。

And they said unto Moses, Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to carry us forth out of Egypt?

14:12 我们在埃及岂没有对你说过,不要搅扰我们,容我们服事埃及人吗,因为服事埃及人比死在旷野还好。

Is not this the word that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.

14:13 摩西对百姓说,不要惧怕,只管站住,看耶和华今天向你们所要施行的救恩。因为,你们今天所看见的埃及人必永远不再看见了。

And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will shew to you to day: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever.

14:14 耶和华必为你们争战,你们只管静默,不要作声。

The LORD shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.

14:15 耶和华对摩西说,你为什么向我哀求呢,你吩咐以色列人往前走。

And the LORD said unto Moses, Wherefore criest thou unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward:

14:16 你举手向海伸杖,把水分开。以色列人要下海中走乾地。

But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.

14:17 我要使埃及人的心刚硬,他们就跟着下去。我要在法老和他的全军,车辆,马兵上得荣耀。

And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them: and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

14:18 我在法老和他的车辆,马兵上得荣耀的时候,埃及人就知道我是耶和华了。

And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gotten me honour upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

14:19 在以色列营前行走神的使者,转到他们后边去,云柱也从他们前边转到他们后边立住。

And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them:

14:20 在埃及营和以色列营中间有云柱,一边黑暗,一边发光,终夜两下不得相近。

And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night.

14:21 摩西向海伸杖,耶和华便用大东风,使海水一夜退去,水便分开,海就成了乾地。

And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.

14:22 以色列人下海中走乾地,水在他们的左右作了墙垣。

And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

14:23 埃及人追赶他们,法老一切的马匹,车辆,和马兵都跟着下到海中。

And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

14:24 到了晨更的时候,耶和华从云火柱中向埃及的军兵观看,使埃及的军兵混乱了,

And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians,

14:25 又使他们的车轮脱落,难以行走,以致埃及人说,我们从以色列人面前逃跑吧,因耶和华为他们攻击我们了。

And took off their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily: so that the Egyptians said, Let us flee from the face of Israel; for the LORD fighteth for them against the Egyptians.

14:26 耶和华对摩西说,你向海伸杖,叫水仍合在埃及人并他们的车辆,马兵身上。

And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen.

14:27 摩西就向海伸杖,到了天一亮,海水仍旧复原。埃及人避水逃跑的时候,耶和华把他们推翻在海中,

And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.

14:28 水就回流,淹没了车辆和马兵。那些跟着以色列人下海法老的全军,连一个也没有剩下。

And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them.

14:29 以色列人却在海中走乾地,水在他们的左右作了墙垣。

But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

14:30 当日,耶和华这样拯救以色列人脱离埃及人的手,以色列人看见埃及人的死尸都在海边了。

Thus the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore.

14:31 以色列人看见耶和华向埃及人所行的大事,就敬畏耶和华,又信服他和他的仆人摩西。

And Israel saw that great work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians: and the people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD, and his servant Moses.

出埃及记14参考

前是深渊后有追兵,以色列人几乎面临绝境……
14:6-9 众人被困在红海与山地之间,孤单无援,六百辆埃及战车已经逼近。每辆战车载有二人:一人驾驶,一人作战。战车是用木头制成,或者在轮外装有皮革,由马拉动,可以说是古代的装甲坦克。不过再厉害的武器都不是神的对手,他将战车与军兵全部消灭。

以色列人对神的信心到哪里去了?
14:10-11 百姓受困在海边,埃及人从后面追杀过来,人人都以为必要灭亡了。他们曾看到神大能的手,用十灾击打法老,救他们离开埃及;而现在的回应竟然是恐惧、失望与哀号。他们必须从经验中不断学习,知道神能供应一切。神将这些实例写在圣经里,使我们从起初就可以学习信靠他。我们仰望神过去的信实,就能满有把握地面对现在的危机,而不致恐惧和怨天尤人。

困境中我会有的消极行为是  ──以后我会学习……
14:11-12 这是以色列人第一次大吐苦水。他们对神的信心小得实在惊人。可惜我们也常常如此──对不如意的事大发牢骚。百姓将要学习好多难学的功课。但若是他们肯信靠神,就不会那么忧愁了。

为甚么摩西能临危不惧?你是这种领袖吗?
14:13-14 尽管众人内心沮丧,对摩西充满敌意,摩西却鼓励他们不要惧怕,看神所要施行的救恩。摩西的态度积极,在似乎陷于绝境时,他恳求神伸手工作。我们虽不至于仍被仇敌追逼,却可能陷于困境。不要失望灰心,要效法摩西的态度:“只管站住,看神的拯救。”

对神的命令,你是否立竿见影地去做了?见到何果效?
14:15 神吩咐摩西不要只顾哀求,而要叫百姓勇往直前。在我们的生活之中,祷告当然重要,但也不可忽略行动。我们有时知道当做的事,却还要以祷告寻求神更清楚的引导作为延迟的藉口。其实只要知道当做何事,就应当立刻去做。

你经历过分开红海式的恩典吗?
14:21 在以色列人看来,前有大海,后有追兵,无路可逃;但耶和华施行神迹将海水分开,他们得以走乾地过去。我们感到四面受敌,难以突围之时,不要惊恐,神能给我们开一条出路。

“水被分开……作了墙垣”真难以置信──
14:21-22 有学者认为他们并不是渡过辽阔的红海,而是从红海北部浅湖或沼泽走过,那里在旱季会乾涸;或许红海的小港滩,浅得能让人涉足走过。但是圣经明说神用强烈的东风,把海水分开(14:21;可参看书3:15-16;王下2:13-14);圣经也说水深得足以淹没法老的车辆和军兵(14:28)。创造大地与海洋的神,能及时地行神迹,显明他的大能和他对子民的大爱。

以色列人出埃及,埃及的历史上有记载吗?
14:27-28 在埃及的历史中,没有记载出埃及这件大事。因为埃及历代法老的惯例都是报喜不报忧。他们甚至从现有记录之中,把奸臣与政敌的名字除去。法老一定处心积虑地不去记载他的大军追逐逃亡的奴隶而全军覆没的一页。由于埃及人没有记载,或是有记载但尚未被发现,我们至今无法判定这件事的准确时间。

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