使徒行传7 Acts

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

7:1 大祭司就说,这些事果然有吗。

Then said the high priest, Are these things so?

7:2 司提反说,诸位父兄请听。当日我们的祖宗亚伯拉罕在美索不达米亚还未住哈兰的时候,荣耀的神向他显现,

And he said, Men, brethren, and fathers, hearken; The God of glory appeared unto our father Abraham, when he was in Mesopotamia, before he dwelt in Charran,

7:3 对他说,你要离开本地和亲族,往我要指示你的地方去。

And said unto him, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and come into the land which I shall shew thee.

7:4 他就离开迦勒底人之地住在哈兰。他父亲死了以后,神使他从那里搬到你们现在所住之地。

Then came he out of the land of the Chaldaeans, and dwelt in Charran: and from thence, when his father was dead, he removed him into this land, wherein ye now dwell.

7:5 在这地方神并没有给他产业,连立足之地也没有给他。但应许要将这地赐给他和他的后裔为业。那时他还没有儿子。

And he gave him none inheritance in it, no, not so much as to set his foot on: yet he promised that he would give it to him for a possession, and to his seed after him, when as yet he had no child.

7:6 神说,他的后裔,必寄居外邦,那里的人,要叫他们作奴仆,苦待他们四百年。

And God spake on this wise, That his seed should sojourn in a strange land; and that they should bring them into bondage, and entreat them evil four hundred years.

7:7 神又说,使他们作奴仆的那国,我要惩罚,以后他们要出来,在这地方事奉我。

And the nation to whom they shall be in bondage will I judge, said God: and after that shall they come forth, and serve me in this place.

7:8 神又赐他割礼的约。于是亚伯拉罕生了以撒,第八日给他行了割礼。以撒生雅各,雅各生十二位先祖。

And he gave him the covenant of circumcision: and so Abraham begat Isaac, and circumcised him the eighth day; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat the twelve patriarchs.

7:9 先祖嫉妒约瑟,把他卖到埃及去。神却与他同在,

And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him,

7:10 救他脱离一切苦难,又使他在埃及王法老面前,得恩典有智慧。法老就派他作埃及国的宰相兼管全家。

And delivered him out of all his afflictions, and gave him favour and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and he made him governor over Egypt and all his house.

7:11 后来埃及和迦南全地遭遇饥荒,大受艰难,我们的祖宗,就绝了粮。

Now there came a dearth over all the land of Egypt and Chanaan, and great affliction: and our fathers found no sustenance.

7:12 雅各听见在埃及有粮,就打发我们的祖宗,初次往那里去。

But when Jacob heard that there was corn in Egypt, he sent out our fathers first.

7:13 第二次约瑟与弟兄相认,他的亲族也被法老知道了。

And at the second time Joseph was made known to his brethren; and Joseph’s kindred was made known unto Pharaoh.

7:14 约瑟就打发弟兄请父亲雅各,和全家七十五个人都来。

Then sent Joseph, and called his father Jacob to him, and all his kindred, threescore and fifteen souls.

7:15 于是雅各下了埃及,后来他和我们的祖宗都死在那里。

So Jacob went down into Egypt, and died, he, and our fathers,

7:16 又被带到示剑,葬于亚伯拉罕在示剑用银子从哈抹子孙买来的坟墓里。

And were carried over into Sychem, and laid in the sepulchre that Abraham bought for a sum of money of the sons of Emmor the father of Sychem.

7:17 及至神应许亚伯拉罕的日期将到,以色列民在埃及兴盛众多,

But when the time of the promise drew nigh, which God had sworn to Abraham, the people grew and multiplied in Egypt,

7:18 直到有不晓得约瑟的新王兴起。

Till another king arose, which knew not Joseph.

7:19 他用诡计待我们的宗族,苦害我们的祖宗,叫他们丢弃婴孩,使婴孩不能存活。

The same dealt subtilly with our kindred, and evil entreated our fathers, so that they cast out their young children, to the end they might not live.

7:20 那时,摩西生下来,俊美非凡,在他父亲家里抚养了三个月。

In which time Moses was born, and was exceeding fair, and nourished up in his father’s house three months:

7:21 他被丢弃的时候,法老的女儿拾了去,养为自己的儿子。

And when he was cast out, Pharaoh’s daughter took him up, and nourished him for her own son.

7:22 摩西学了埃及人一切的学问,说话行事,都有才能。

And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds.

7:23 他将到四十岁,心中起意,去看望他的弟兄以色列人。

And when he was full forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brethren the children of Israel.

7:24 到了那里,见他们一个人受冤屈,就护庇他,为那受欺压的人报仇,打死了埃及人。

And seeing one of them suffer wrong, he defended him, and avenged him that was oppressed, and smote the Egyptian:

7:25 他以为弟兄必明白神是藉他的手搭救他们。他们却不明白。

For he supposed his brethren would have understood how that God by his hand would deliver them: but they understood not.

7:26 第二天,遇见两个以色列人争斗,就劝他们和睦,说,你们二位是弟兄,为什么彼此欺负呢。

And the next day he shewed himself unto them as they strove, and would have set them at one again, saying, Sirs, ye are brethren; why do ye wrong one to another?

7:27 那欺负邻舍的,把他推开说,谁立你作我们的首领,和审判官呢。

But he that did his neighbour wrong thrust him away, saying, Who made thee a ruler and a judge over us?

7:28 难道你要杀我,像昨天杀那埃及人吗。

Wilt thou kill me, as thou diddest the Egyptian yesterday?

7:29 摩西听见这话就逃走了,寄居于米甸。在那里生了两个儿子。

Then fled Moses at this saying, and was a stranger in the land of Madian, where he begat two sons.

7:30 过了四十年,在西奈山的旷野,有一位天使,从荆棘火焰中,向摩西显现。

And when forty years were expired, there appeared to him in the wilderness of mount Sina an angel of the Lord in a flame of fire in a bush.

7:31 摩西见了那异象,便觉希奇。正进前观看的时候,有主的声音说,

When Moses saw it, he wondered at the sight: and as he drew near to behold it, the voice of the LORD came unto him,

7:32 我是你列祖的神,就是亚伯拉罕的神,以撒的神,雅各的神。徒07:32)摩西战战竞竞,不敢观看。

Saying, I am the God of thy fathers, the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. Then Moses trembled, and durst not behold.

7:33 主对他说,把你脚上的鞋脱下来。因为你所站之地是圣地。

Then said the Lord to him, Put off thy shoes from thy feet: for the place where thou standest is holy ground.

7:34 我的百姓在埃及所受的困苦,我实在看见了。他们悲叹的声音,我也听见了。我下来要救他们,你来,我要差你往埃及去。

I have seen, I have seen the affliction of my people which is in Egypt, and I have heard their groaning, and am come down to deliver them. And now come, I will send thee into Egypt.

7:35 这摩西,就是百姓弃绝说,谁立你作我们的首领,和审判官的。神却藉那在荆棘中显现之使者的手,差派他作首领,作救赎的。

This Moses whom they refused, saying, Who made thee a ruler and a judge? the same did God send to be a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the angel which appeared to him in the bush.

7:36 这人领百姓出来,在埃及,在红海,在旷野,四十年间行了奇事神迹。

He brought them out, after that he had shewed wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red sea, and in the wilderness forty years.

7:37 那曾对以色列人说,神要从你们弟兄中间,给你们兴起一位先知像我的,就是这位摩西。

This is that Moses, which said unto the children of Israel, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear.

7:38 这人曾在旷野会中,和西奈山上与那对他说话的天使同在,又与我们的祖宗同在,并且领受活泼的圣言传给我们。

This is he, that was in the church in the wilderness with the angel which spake to him in the mount Sina, and with our fathers: who received the lively oracles to give unto us:

7:39 我们的祖宗不肯听从,反弃绝他,心里归向埃及,

To whom our fathers would not obey, but thrust him from them, and in their hearts turned back again into Egypt,

7:40 对亚伦说,你且为我们造些神像,在我们前面引路。因为领我们出埃及地的那个摩西,我们不知道他遭了什么事。

Saying unto Aaron, Make us gods to go before us: for as for this Moses, which brought us out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.

7:41 那时,他们造了一个牛犊,又拿祭物献给那像,欢喜自己手中的工作。

And they made a calf in those days, and offered sacrifice unto the idol, and rejoiced in the works of their own hands.

7:42 神就转脸不顾,任凭他们事奉天上的日月星辰,正如先知书上所写的说,以色列家阿,你们四十年间在旷野,岂是将牺牲和祭物献给我吗。

Then God turned, and gave them up to worship the host of heaven; as it is written in the book of the prophets, O ye house of Israel, have ye offered to me slain beasts and sacrifices by the space of forty years in the wilderness?

7:43 你们抬着摩洛的帐幕,和理番神的星。就是你们所造为要敬拜的像。因此,我要把你们迁到巴比伦外去。

Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them: and I will carry you away beyond Babylon.

7:44 我们的祖宗在旷野,有法柜的帐幕,是神吩咐摩西叫他照所看见的样式作的。

Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness, as he had appointed, speaking unto Moses, that he should make it according to the fashion that he had seen.

7:45 这帐幕,我们的祖宗相继承,当神在他们面前赶出外邦人去的时候,他们同约书亚把张幕搬进承受为业之地,直存到大卫的日子。

Which also our fathers that came after brought in with Jesus into the possession of the Gentiles, whom God drave out before the face of our fathers, unto the days of David;

7:46 大卫在神面前蒙恩,祈求为雅各的神豫备居所。

Who found favour before God, and desired to find a tabernacle for the God of Jacob.

7:47 却是所罗门为神造成殿宇。

But Solomon built him an house.

7:48 其实至高者并不住人手所造的。就如先知所言,

Howbeit the most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands; as saith the prophet,

7:49 主说,天是我的座位,地是我的脚凳。你们要为我造何等的殿宇,那里是我安息的地方呢。

Heaven is my throne, and earth is my footstool: what house will ye build me? saith the Lord: or what is the place of my rest?

7:50 这一切都是我手中所造的吗。

Hath not my hand made all these things?

7:51 你们这硬着颈项,心与耳未受割礼的人,常时抗拒圣灵。你们的祖宗怎样,你们也怎样。

Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye.

7:52 那一个先知,不是你们祖宗逼迫呢。他们也把豫先传说那义者要来的人杀了。如今你们又把那义者卖了,杀了。

Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers:

7:53 你们受了天使所传的律法,竟不遵守。

Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept it.

7:54 众人听见这话,就极其恼怒,向司提反咬牙切齿。

When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed on him with their teeth.

7:55 但司提反被圣灵充满,定睛望天,看见神的荣耀,又看见耶稣站在神的右边。

But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God,

7:56 就说,我看见天开了,人子站在神的右边。

And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God.

7:57 众人大声喊叫,捂着耳朵,齐心拥上前去。

Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and ran upon him with one accord,

7:58 把他推到城外,用石头打他。作见证的人,把衣裳放在一个少年人名叫扫罗的脚前。

And cast him out of the city, and stoned him: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man’s feet, whose name was Saul.

7:59 他们正用石头打的时候,司提反呼吁主说,求耶稣接收我的灵魂。

And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.

7:60 又跪下大声喊着说,主阿,不要将这罪归于他们。说了这话就睡了。扫罗也喜悦他被害。

And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep.


7:2-53 司提反开始作出一篇很长的演说,内容是关于以色列与神的关系。他的演说有三大重点:(1)以色列的历史是神在世上工作的历史。(2)人类远在圣殿建成之前已敬拜神,神并不住在圣殿里。(3)耶稣的死是以色列人反叛和拒绝神的又一例证。事实上,司提反并不是为自己辩护;相反,他采取攻势,争取机会摘要阐述关于耶稣的教导。你遇到与司提反相同的攻击时,是忙于自辩、保自己的名声,还是忘我地为福音辩护呢?

7:8 割礼是神与亚伯拉罕和整个以色列民族之间立约的记号(参创17:9-13)。司提反的演说是以色列历史的概要,也总括这个“约”怎样随著时间而成就。尽管在司提反时代的犹太人仍然奉行割礼仪式,但他们却没有顺服神。

7:17 司提反重温犹太人的历史,清楚印证神的信实和权能。尽管神的选民不断失败,但他仍然可以实现他的计划。当要面对一个混乱的局面时,要记住:(1)神正在掌管一切,没有甚么是他意料之外的;(2)这个世界将要过去,惟有神是永存的;(3)神是公义的,他必会赏善罚恶。重温自己的信主历程或教会的历史,可以叫你看到神的不断看顾和保守,这一种历史感会支持你继续上路。讲述自己的得救见证是最好的传福音材料。

7:38 司提反演说的重点是指出神藉著摩西传给百姓的律法,就是神与百姓立约的记号,只要他们顺服,就可以继续成为神的选民,否则,就破坏了这个约,并且放弃了作选民的权利。

7:43 司提反叙述以色列人在旷野漂流时拜偶像的情况(参出32:4)。摩洛是一个要以孩童作祭物的神,理番是一个埃及神。

7:52 许多先知也曾遭受逼迫和杀害:如耶利米(参耶38:1-6)、以赛亚(参王下21:16)、阿摩司(参摩7:10-13)、撒迦利亚(参代下24:20-22)、以利亚(参王上19:12)等。耶稣也说过犹太人如何不断拒绝神的信息并迫害他使者的比喻(参路20:9-19)。那“义者”是指弥赛亚。

7:55-58 司提反看到神的荣耀,耶稣基督站在神的右边。司提反所说的话与耶稣在公会前所说的话很相似(参太26:64;可14:62;路22:69)。司提反所见的异象证实耶稣的宣告,并激怒了那些判耶稣死罪的犹太领袖;他们不能再容忍司提反的话,所以便聚集群众把他打死。人们大概不会因为我们见证基督而杀害我们;不过,他们会让我们知道他们不想听甚么真理,也希望我们闭口不言。虽然有许多人会攻击你和你的信息,但你仍然要在你的行为和言语上荣耀神,也许有些人会因此而跟随主。记住,司提反的殉道给保罗留下深刻的印象,他后来成为最伟大的布道家。

7:58 扫罗又叫保罗(参13:9),是一个伟大的宣教士,曾写了新约圣经中多封书信。扫罗是希伯来名,保罗则是希腊名字;当他开始到外邦地方传道时,就用保罗这个名字了。路加第一次提到的扫罗,是憎恨和迫害耶稣信徒的人,但后来的描述截然不同。在此书的其余部分,记录了保罗是一个献身跟随基督又满有恩赐的传道者。因为保罗曾经逼迫信徒,他很了解反对耶稣的人,所以他最有资格向那些犹太人传讲耶稣。神可以改变任何人,保罗就是一个有力的例子。

7:59 “亵渎”是指说了侮辱神的话;亵渎神者要被石头打死(参利24:14)。盛怒的宗教领袖未经审讯,就用石头打死司提反。他们不明白司提反的话是真理,因为他们并不寻求真理,只固守自己的看法。

7:60 司提反临死前说的话,与耶稣在十字架上所说的话甚为相似(参路23:24)。初期信徒都很高兴承受耶稣曾经受过的苦难,因为这表示他们配得上(5:41)。司提反预备要像耶稣一样受苦,甚至愿意求主赦免杀他的人。这种宽容的表现惟有靠圣灵才能做到。圣灵也能帮助我们像司提反一样的宽容,能够爱我们的仇敌(参路6:27)。如果有人因为你的信仰而伤害你,你会有甚么反应呢?

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