传道书10 Ecclesiastes

章: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

10:1 死苍蝇,使作香的膏油发出臭气。这样,一点愚昧,也能败坏智慧和尊荣。

Dead flies cause the ointment of the apothecary to send forth a stinking savour: so doth a little folly him that is in reputation for wisdom and honour.

10:2 智慧人的心居右。愚昧人的心居左。

A wise man’s heart is at his right hand; but a fool’s heart at his left.

10:3 并且愚昧人行路,显出无知。对众人说,他是愚昧人。

Yea also, when he that is a fool walketh by the way, his wisdom faileth him, and he saith to every one that he is a fool.

10:4 掌权者的心,若向你发怒,不要离开你的本位,因为柔和能免大过。

If the spirit of the ruler rise up against thee, leave not thy place; for yielding pacifieth great offences.

10:5 我见日光之下,有一件祸患,似乎出于掌权的错误,

There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, as an error which proceedeth from the ruler:

10:6 就是愚昧人立在高位。富足人坐在低位。

Folly is set in great dignity, and the rich sit in low place.

10:7 我见过仆人骑马,王子像仆人在地上步行。

I have seen servants upon horses, and princes walking as servants upon the earth.

10:8 挖陷坑的,自己必掉在其中。拆墙垣的,必被蛇所咬。

He that diggeth a pit shall fall into it; and whoso breaketh an hedge, a serpent shall bite him.

10:9 凿开(或作挪移)石头的,必受损伤。擘开木头的,必遭危险。

Whoso removeth stones shall be hurt therewith; and he that cleaveth wood shall be endangered thereby.

10:10 铁器钝了,若不将刃磨快,就必多费气力。但得智慧指教,便有益处。

If the iron be blunt, and he do not whet the edge, then must he put to more strength: but wisdom is profitable to direct.

10:11 未行法术以先,蛇若咬人,后行法术也是无益。

Surely the serpent will bite without enchantment; and a babbler is no better.

10:12 智慧人的口,说出恩言。愚昧人的嘴,吞灭自己。

The words of a wise man’s mouth are gracious; but the lips of a fool will swallow up himself.

10:13 他口中的言语,起头是愚昧。他话的末尾,是奸恶的狂妄。

The beginning of the words of his mouth is foolishness: and the end of his talk is mischievous madness.

10:14 愚昧人多有言语,人却不知将来有什么事。他身后的事,谁能告诉他呢。

A fool also is full of words: a man cannot tell what shall be; and what shall be after him, who can tell him?

10:15 凡愚昧人,他的劳碌使自己困乏。因为连进城的路他也不知道。

The labour of the foolish wearieth every one of them, because he knoweth not how to go to the city.

10:16 邦国阿,你的王若是孩童,你的群臣早晨宴乐,你就有祸了。

Woe to thee, O land, when thy king is a child, and thy princes eat in the morning!

10:17 邦国阿,你的王若是贵胄之子,你的群臣按时吃喝,为要捕力,不为酒醉,你就有福了。

Blessed art thou, O land, when thy king is the son of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!

10:18 因人懒惰,房顶塌下。因人手懒,房屋滴漏。

By much slothfulness the building decayeth; and through idleness of the hands the house droppeth through.

10:19 设摆筵席,是为喜笑。酒能使人快活,钱能叫万事应心。

A feast is made for laughter, and wine maketh merry: but money answereth all things.

10:20 你不可咒诅君王,也不可心怀此念。在你卧房也不可咒诅富户。因为空中的鸟,必传扬这声音。有翅膀的,也必述说这事。

Curse not the king, no not in thy thought; and curse not the rich in thy bedchamber: for a bird of the air shall carry the voice, and that which hath wings shall tell the matter.

传道书10参考

上司发火,有人据理力争,有人委屈求全,这中间的道理是──
10:4 这句格言可以应用在雇主和雇员之间的关系上。雇员冷静地对待雇主的暴躁发怒,才能相安无事。只要我们平心静气地工作,雇主就可能止息怒气,回复平静。

大到国家,小到单位,到处都有不公平合理之事……
10:5-7 所罗门讲述这些不公平或不合理的情况,藉以说明单凭智慧并不足以伸张正义。他接著定论,我们所有的一切(从智慧到财富),如果离开神,就都将成为虚空。然而,当神使用我们仅有的一点点时,这一点点也会成为我们所有的盼望与需要。

磨刀不误砍柴工,用智慧装备自己则事半功倍──真的?
10:10 “工欲善其事,必先利其器”,若没有所需之技巧或工具,要去完成某些工作就如同用钝了的斧头劈柴一般困难。如果你的工具钝了,就须将它磨利,才能把工作做得更好。同样,如果你缺少技能,你就需要接受训练,不断练习来增加技能。磨刃意味著认清问题的所在,寻求所需的技能(或工具),把工作做好。试在你的生命中,找出你的“斧头”不锋利的地方,加以磨练并勤加操练你的技能,使你更有效地做神的工作。

懒惰加挥霍,多大的家业也难长久……
10:16-18 当以色列的领袖不成熟和不负责任时,国家便步向灭亡。列王纪上下提到南北两国败亡都是因为领袖有私心。这几节经文指出了这些领袖的基本问题──自私和懒惰。

所有问题都到饭桌上去解决──世人都在这样做,我怕我也……
10:19 若政府、商业机构、家庭、甚至教会的领袖,都认为金钱可以解决所有问题的话,他们就陷入网罗里了。我们花钱以求解决问题。但是,正如酒只能给人暂时的剌激一样,消费带来的慰藉,也会很快地消失,结果只会令我们更多地消费。圣经承认我们生存需要金钱,却警告我们切勿贪恋钱财(参太6:24;提前6:10;来13:5)。金钱是危险的,因它欺骗我们,叫我们以为财富能使我们获得所想的一切;贪爱钱财是邪恶的,因我们会倚靠钱财来解决问题,而不倚靠神。如果有人追求钱财所不能兑现的承诺,将来必会发现他们一无所有,因为他们失去了最重要的灵命。

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