以赛亚书36 Isaiah

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66

36:1 希西家王十四年,亚述王西拿基立,上来攻击犹大的一切坚固城,将城攻取。

Now it came to pass in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah, that Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the defenced cities of Judah, and took them.

36:2 亚述王从拉吉差遣拉伯沙基,率领大军,往耶路撒冷到希西家王那里去。他就站在上池的水沟旁,在漂布地的大路上。

And the king of Assyria sent Rabshakeh from Lachish to Jerusalem unto king Hezekiah with a great army. And he stood by the conduit of the upper pool in the highway of the fuller’s field.

36:3 于是希勒家的儿子家宰以利亚敬,并书记舍伯那,和亚萨的儿子史官约亚,出来见拉伯沙基。

Then came forth unto him Eliakim, Hilkiah’s son, which was over the house, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, Asaph’s son, the recorder.

36:4 拉伯沙基对他们说,你们去告诉希西家说,亚述大王如此说,你所倚靠的有什么可仗赖的呢。

And Rabshakeh said unto them, Say ye now to Hezekiah, Thus saith the great king, the king of Assyria, What confidence is this wherein thou trustest?

36:5 你说,有打仗的计谋和能力。我看不过是虚话,你到底倚靠谁,才背叛我呢。

I say, sayest thou, (but they are but vain words) I have counsel and strength for war: now on whom dost thou trust, that thou rebellest against me?

36:6 看哪,你所倚靠的埃及,是那压伤的苇仗,人若靠这仗,就必刺透他的手。埃及王法老向一切倚靠他的人,也是这样。

Lo, thou trustest in the staff of this broken reed, on Egypt; whereon if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all that trust in him.

36:7 你若对我说,我们倚靠耶和华我们的神。希西家岂不是将神的邱坛,和祭坛废去,且对犹大和耶路撒冷的人说,你们当在这坛前敬拜吗。

But if thou say to me, We trust in the LORD our God: is it not he, whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and said to Judah and to Jerusalem, Ye shall worship before this altar?

36:8 现在你把当头给我主亚述王,我给你二千匹马,看你这一面骑马的人彀不彀。

Now therefore give pledges, I pray thee, to my master the king of Assyria, and I will give thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them.

36:9 若不然,怎能打败我主臣仆中最小的军长呢。你竟倚靠埃及的战车马兵吗。

How then wilt thou turn away the face of one captain of the least of my master’s servants, and put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen?

36:10 现在我上来攻击毁灭这地,岂没有耶和华的意思吗。耶和华吩咐我说,你上去攻击毁灭这地吧。

And am I now come up without the LORD against this land to destroy it? the LORD said unto me, Go up against this land, and destroy it.

36:11 以利亚敬,舍伯那,约亚,对拉伯沙基说,求你用亚兰言语和仆人说话,因为我们懂得,不要用犹大言语和我们说话达到城上百姓的耳中。

Then said Eliakim and Shebna and Joah unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, unto thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand it: and speak not to us in the Jews’ language, in the ears of the people that are on the wall.

36:12 拉伯沙基说,我主差遣我来,岂是单对你和你的主说这些话吗,不也是对这些坐在城上,要与你们一同吃自己粪喝自己尿的人说吗。

But Rabshakeh said, Hath my master sent me to thy master and to thee to speak these words? hath he not sent me to the men that sit upon the wall, that they may eat their own dung, and drink their own piss with you?

36:13 于是拉伯沙基站着,用犹大言语,大声喊着说,你们当听亚述大王的话。

Then Rabshakeh stood, and cried with a loud voice in the Jews’ language, and said, Hear ye the words of the great king, the king of Assyria.

36:14 王如此说,你们不要被希西家欺哄了,因他不能拯救你们。

Thus saith the king, Let not Hezekiah deceive you: for he shall not be able to deliver you.

36:15 也不要听希西家使你们倚靠耶和华说,耶和华必要拯救我们,这城必不交在亚述王的手中。

Neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the LORD, saying, The LORD will surely deliver us: this city shall not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria.

36:16 不要听希西家的话,因亚述王如此说,你们要与我和好,出来投降我,各人就可以吃自己葡萄树和无花果树的果子,喝自己井里的水。

Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make an agreement with me by a present, and come out to me: and eat ye every one of his vine, and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern;

36:17 等我来领你们到一个地方,与你们本地一样,就是有五谷和新酒之地,有粮食和葡萄园之地。

Until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of corn and wine, a land of bread and vineyards.

36:18 你们要谨防,恐怕希西家劝导你们说,耶和华必要拯救我们。列国的神有那一个救他本国脱离亚述王的手呢。

Beware lest Hezekiah persuade you, saying, The LORD will deliver us. Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria?

36:19 哈马和亚珥拔的神在那里呢,西法瓦音的神在那里呢,他们曾救撒玛利亚脱离我的手吗。

Where are the gods of Hamath and Arphad? where are the gods of Sepharvaim? and have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?

36:20 这些国的神,有谁曾救自己的国脱离我的手呢,难到耶和华能救耶路撒冷脱离我的手吗。

Who are they among all the gods of these lands, that have delivered their land out of my hand, that the LORD should deliver Jerusalem out of my hand?

36:21 百姓静默不言,并不回答一句,因为王曾吩咐说,不要回答他。

But they held their peace, and answered him not a word: for the king’s commandment was, saying, Answer him not.

36:22 当下希勒家的儿子家宰以利亚敬,和书记舍伯那,并亚萨的儿子史官约亚,都撕裂衣服,来到希西家那里,将拉伯沙基的话告诉了他。

Then came Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah, that was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, the son of Asaph, the recorder, to Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and told him the words of Rabshakeh.

以赛亚书36参考

对埃及人的了解,犹大甚至不如亚述?
36:4-6 第19章描述了以赛亚关于神对埃及行审判的预言。第30和31章发出了对犹大人的警告,他们因亚述的进攻,欲同埃及结成联盟。亚述王西拿基立痛骂犹大相信埃及,就连亚述人都看出埃及不会帮助犹大。

在神的话语和人的话语中间作选择时,你将会相信哪个?
36:5 希西家完全相信法老帮助以色列攻打亚述的应许。但应许有无效力要看发出应许的人有没有信用。法老的话违抗了神。我们在忽视神永恒应许的时候,就会靠人的智慧行事。

亚述人提起希西家王废除祭坛的事,用心何在?
36:7 亚述的战场指挥官声称,希西家因为拆毁祭坛,使百姓只在耶路撒冷敬拜而冒犯了神。但希西家的改革是想消灭拜偶像之事(主要在高山上进行),以便百姓只敬拜惟一的真神。也许亚述人不知道真神的道,也许他们就是要欺骗人们,说他们得罪了大能的神。同样,撒但极力迷惑或欺骗我们。人并不非要犯罪才对神麻木不仁,他们对神所要的感到困惑时也会这样。要避开撒但的诡计就得经常仔细学习神的话语。当你知道神说了甚么的时候,你就不会因撒但的谎言跌倒。

不信神的亚述人居然打起神的旗号……
36:10 西拿基立派他的战场指挥官说服犹大百姓相信神已与他们为敌,好继续他那败坏的活动。亚述人希望说服犹大百姓不战自降。但以赛亚已经说过,亚述毁不了耶路撒冷,所以人们不必害怕他们(10:24-27;29:5-8)。

为甚么要用亚兰语?
36:11 亚兰文在当时是种国际通用语。请参见22章15至25节中以赛亚关于以利亚敬和舍伯那的预言。

物质引诱是劝降的一贯手法,对此我又能否不动心?
36:17 西拿基立的指挥官还试了另一种败坏百姓的阴谋。他向被围断粮的城市呼喊,如果他们投降,他就将他们带往一处食物丰盛的土地上去。亚述处理被征服地区的政策,是迁走当地居民,再将其他被征服的人迁居到刚占领的地方。这样做既为他们的军队提供了人力,又阻止了被占领区的反抗。

信徒失败的见证会为敌人提供攻击神的把柄,你看──
36:19-20 战场指挥官说,他征服的其他城市的神明都保护不了其百姓,耶路撒冷的神又怎么会救他们呢?耶和华应该是撒玛利亚的神(北国),但撒马利亚陷落了。因为耶和华只是撒玛利亚名义上的主,百姓并不去敬拜他,因此先知们预告撒玛利亚必要覆灭。但主为自己和大卫的缘故,要从亚述军队的手中救出他们(37:35)。

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