以西结书32 Ezekiel

章:1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48

32:1 十二年十二月初一日,耶和华的话临到我说,

And it came to pass in the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, in the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

32:2 人子阿,你要为埃及王法老作哀歌,说,从前你在列国中,如同少壮狮子。现在你却像海中的大鱼。你冲出江河,用爪搅动诸水,使江河浑浊。

Son of man, take up a lamentation for Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say unto him, Thou art like a young lion of the nations, and thou art as a whale in the seas: and thou camest forth with thy rivers, and troubledst the waters with thy feet, and fouledst their rivers.

32:3 主耶和华如此说,我必用多国的人民,将我的网撒在你身上,把你拉上来。

Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will therefore spread out my net over thee with a company of many people; and they shall bring thee up in my net.

32:4 我必将你丢在地上,抛在田野,使空中的飞鸟都落在你身上,使遍地的野兽吃你得饱。

Then will I leave thee upon the land, I will cast thee forth upon the open field, and will cause all the fowls of the heaven to remain upon thee, and I will fill the beasts of the whole earth with thee.

32:5 我必将你的肉丢在山间,用你高大的尸首填满山谷。

And I will lay thy flesh upon the mountains, and fill the valleys with thy height.

32:6 我又必用你的血浇灌你所游泳之地,漫过山顶。河道都必充满。

I will also water with thy blood the land wherein thou swimmest, even to the mountains; and the rivers shall be full of thee.

32:7 我将你扑灭的时候,要把天遮蔽,使众星昏暗,以密云遮掩太阳,月亮也不放光。

And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light.

32:8 我必使天上的亮光都在你以上变为昏暗,使你的地上黑暗。这是主耶和华说的。

All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord GOD.

32:9 我使你败亡的风声传到你所不认识的各国。那时,我必使多民的心因你愁烦。

I will also vex the hearts of many people, when I shall bring thy destruction among the nations, into the countries which thou hast not known.

32:10 我在许多国民和君王面前向你抡我的刀,国民就必因你惊奇,君王也必因你极其恐慌。在你仆倒的日子,他们各人为自己的性命时刻战兢。

Yea, I will make many people amazed at thee, and their kings shall be horribly afraid for thee, when I shall brandish my sword before them; and they shall tremble at every moment, every man for his own life, in the day of thy fall.

32:11 主耶和华如此说,巴比伦王的刀必临到你。

For thus saith the Lord GOD; The sword of the king of Babylon shall come upon thee.

32:12 我必藉勇士的刀使你的众民仆倒。这勇士都是列国中强暴的。他们必使埃及的骄傲归于无有。埃及的众民必被灭绝。

By the swords of the mighty will I cause thy multitude to fall, the terrible of the nations, all of them: and they shall spoil the pomp of Egypt, and all the multitude thereof shall be destroyed.

32:13 我必从埃及多水旁除灭所有的走兽。人脚兽蹄必不再搅浑这水。

I will destroy also all the beasts thereof from beside the great waters; neither shall the foot of man trouble them any more, nor the hoofs of beasts trouble them.

32:14 那时,我必使埃及河澄清,江河像油缓流。这是主耶和华说的。

Then will I make their waters deep, and cause their rivers to run like oil, saith the Lord GOD.

32:15 我使埃及地变为荒废凄凉。这地缺少从前所充满的,又击杀其中一切的居民。那时,他们就知道我是耶和华。

When I shall make the land of Egypt desolate, and the country shall be destitute of that whereof it was full, when I shall smite all them that dwell therein, then shall they know that I am the LORD.

32:16 人必用这哀歌去哀哭,列国的女子为埃及和她的群众也必以此悲哀。这是主耶和华说的。

This is the lamentation wherewith they shall lament her: the daughters of the nations shall lament her: they shall lament for her, even for Egypt, and for all her multitude, saith the Lord GOD.

32:17 十二年十二月十五日,耶和华的话临到我说,

It came to pass also in the twelfth year, in the fifteenth day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

32:18 人子阿,你要为埃及群众哀号,又要将埃及和有名之国的女子,并下坑的人,一同扔到阴府去。

Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, even her, and the daughters of the famous nations, unto the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit.

32:19 你埃及的美丽胜过谁呢。你下去与未受割礼的人一同躺卧吧。

Whom dost thou pass in beauty? go down, and be thou laid with the uncircumcised.

32:20 他们必在被杀的人中仆到。她被交给刀剑,要把她和她的群众拉去。

They shall fall in the midst of them that are slain by the sword: she is delivered to the sword: draw her and all her multitudes.

32:21 强盛的勇士要在阴间对埃及王和帮助他的说话。他们是未受割礼被杀的人,已经下去,躺卧不动。

The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword.

32:22 亚述和她的众民都在那里,她民的坟墓在她四围。他们都是被杀倒在刀下的。

Asshur is there and all her company: his graves are about him: all of them slain, fallen by the sword:

32:23 他们的坟墓在坑中极深之处。她的众民在她坟墓的四围,都是被杀倒在刀下的。他们曾在活人之地使人惊恐。

Whose graves are set in the sides of the pit, and her company is round about her grave: all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which caused terror in the land of the living.

32:24 以拦也在那里,她的群众在她坟墓的四围,都是被杀倒在刀下,未受割礼而下阴府的。他们曾在活人之地使人惊恐,并且与下坑的人一同担当羞辱。

There is Elam and all her multitude round about her grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which are gone down uncircumcised into the nether parts of the earth, which caused their terror in the land of the living; yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit.

32:25 人给她和她的群众在被杀的人中设立床榻。她民的坟墓在她四围,他们都是未受割礼被刀杀的。他们曾在活人之地使人惊恐,并且与下坑的人一同担当羞辱。以拦已经放在被杀的人中。

They have set her a bed in the midst of the slain with all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword: though their terror was caused in the land of the living, yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit: he is put in the midst of them that be slain.

32:26 米设,土巴,和她们的群众都在那里。她民的坟墓在她四围,他们都是未受割礼被刀杀的。他们曾在活人之地使人惊恐。

There is Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.

32:27 他们不得与那未受割礼仆倒的勇士一同躺卧。这些勇士带着兵器下阴间,头枕刀剑,骨头上有本身的罪孽。他们曾在活人之地使勇士惊恐。

And they shall not lie with the mighty that are fallen of the uncircumcised, which are gone down to hell with their weapons of war: and they have laid their swords under their heads, but their iniquities shall be upon their bones, though they were the terror of the mighty in the land of the living.

32:28 法老阿,你必在未受割礼的人中败坏,与那些被杀的人一同躺卧。

Yea, thou shalt be broken in the midst of the uncircumcised, and shalt lie with them that are slain with the sword.

32:29 以东也在那里。她君王和一切首领虽然仗着势力,还是放在被杀的人中。他们必与未受割礼的和下坑的人一同躺卧。

There is Edom, her kings, and all her princes, which with their might are laid by them that were slain by the sword: they shall lie with the uncircumcised, and with them that go down to the pit.

32:30 在那里有北方的众王子和一切西顿人,都与被杀的人下去。他们虽然仗着势力使人惊恐,还是蒙羞。他们未受割礼,和被刀杀的一同躺卧,与下坑的人一同担当羞辱。

There be the princes of the north, all of them, and all the Zidonians, which are gone down with the slain; with their terror they are ashamed of their might; and they lie uncircumcised with them that be slain by the sword, and bear their shame with them that go down to the pit.

32:31 法老看见他们,便为他被杀的军队受安慰。这是主耶和华说的。

Pharaoh shall see them, and shall be comforted over all his multitude, even Pharaoh and all his army slain by the sword, saith the Lord GOD.

32:32 我任凭法老在活人之地使人惊恐,法老和他的群众必放在未受割礼和被杀的人中。这是主耶和华说的。

For I have caused my terror in the land of the living: and he shall be laid in the midst of the uncircumcised with them that are slain with the sword, even Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.

以西结书32参考

这已是论埃及的第六个预言──
32章 这个预言是在耶路撒冷遭毁灭的消息传到巴比伦后两个月,由以西结于公元前586年发出的。以西结对许多邪恶的国家发出了审判的预言。这些预言有其积极的目的:它们显明了邪恶会不断地被战胜,所有的罪恶终有一天将被神清除,人间将变成合神心意的完美地方。这些预言也在警告百姓说,惟有神在掌管主权。就是法老这样权势极大的统治者,也要倒在神的面前。一切都在神的掌管以下。

“海中的大鱼”──神话中的妖怪?
32:2 虽然法老把自己看得像少壮狮子一样强壮,但在神的眼中,根本算不上甚么,只不过是一条在泥水中的大鱼(“水妖”)。神的审判使法老显出了他的真正面目。谁否认神都将会面临神的审判。

埃及人怎样看待死亡?
32:18 希伯来人认为所有人死后都还有生命,而且有好有坏。埃及人对死后的生命有他们自己的看法(金字塔就是为让法老在另一种生命中过得舒适而建造的)。以西结的信息说,邪恶的国家已经给扔到“阴府”,埃及的命运就是这样。这里所用词句的诗意要胜过其教义(参伯24:19;诗16:10;赛38:10和太25:46的注释)。这一信息在提醒我们,任何想控制自己的未来及死后的生命却忽视神的人,都极之愚蠢。

先知的信息让我们看到怎样的景象?
32:21-32 在这些经文中,以西结在坟墓(死后生命所到之处)中间领著我们走了一圈。在坟墓中,神的所有敌人都在审判中被定了罪。他们当中有许多人很快就经受到了他们曾加在别人身上的命运。这里虽然没有提到巴比伦,但读者自己将会得出结论,如果其他所有国家都因反抗神而受到了审判的话,那么巴比伦也会在劫难逃。这些话安慰了被掳的百姓。

除了埃及、亚述,受到神审判的还有──
32:24-26 以拦是位于亚述东部地区的民族,他的勇士凶猛强悍。他们被尼布甲尼撒所征服,最后又复兴并成为波斯的一部分。米设和土巴位于小亚细亚的东部,也就是今天土耳其的中部。在第38和39章中,他们被描述为歌革的盟国。歌革是联盟的首领王子。他们都被列入邪恶国家的名单之中,并因与神的百姓争战受到了审判。

32:30 “北方的众王子”大概是腓尼基城市国家的王子。

巴比伦何以没有出现在受审的国家之列?
32:32 读了以西结对外国发出的审判预言,我们也许会奇怪地问:他是否盲目地向本民族效忠呢?其实以西结只在神给他信息的时候说话(3:27)。而且,神的百姓犯了罪同神的敌人犯了罪所受到的惩罚是一样的。但如果巴比伦是神的敌人,为甚么在以西结所说的审判中没提到呢?这也许有几方面的原因:(1)神要增强被掳的人同巴比伦之间的合作精神,以便保守自己的百姓。(2)神仍要用巴比伦来炼净百姓。(3)神要使用但以理这位巴比伦高层中有权力的官员,吸引巴比伦人归向自己。

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